John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland KG (1504 – 22 August 1553) was an English general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young King Edward VI from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install Lady Jane Grey on the English throne after the King's death. The son of Edmund Dudley, a minister of Henry VII executed by Henry VIII, John Dudley became the ward of Sir Edward Guildford at the age of seven. He grew up in Guildford's household together with his future wife, Guildford's daughter Jane, with whom he was to have 13 children. Dudley served as Vice-Admiral and Lord Admiral from 1537 until 1547, during which time he set novel standards of navy organisation and was an innovative commander at sea. He also developed a strong interest in overseas exploration. Dud

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dbo:abstract
  • John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland KG (1504 – 22 August 1553) was an English general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young King Edward VI from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install Lady Jane Grey on the English throne after the King's death. The son of Edmund Dudley, a minister of Henry VII executed by Henry VIII, John Dudley became the ward of Sir Edward Guildford at the age of seven. He grew up in Guildford's household together with his future wife, Guildford's daughter Jane, with whom he was to have 13 children. Dudley served as Vice-Admiral and Lord Admiral from 1537 until 1547, during which time he set novel standards of navy organisation and was an innovative commander at sea. He also developed a strong interest in overseas exploration. Dudley took part in the 1544 campaigns in Scotland and France and was one of Henry VIII's intimates in the last years of the reign. He was also a leader of the religious reform party at court. In 1547 Dudley was created Earl of Warwick and, with the Duke of Somerset, England's Lord Protector, distinguished himself in the renewed Scottish war at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh. During the country-wide uprisings of 1549 Dudley put down Kett's Rebellion in Norfolk. Convinced of the Protector's incompetence, he and other privy councillors forced Somerset out of office in October 1549. Having averted a conservative reaction in religion and a plot to destroy him alongside Somerset, Dudley emerged in early 1550 as de facto regent for the 12-year-old Edward VI. He reconciled himself with Somerset, who nevertheless soon began to intrigue against him and his policies. Somerset was executed on largely fabricated charges, three months after Dudley had been raised to the Dukedom of Northumberland in October 1551. As Lord President of the Council, Dudley headed a distinctly conciliar government and sought to introduce the adolescent King into business. Taking over an almost bankrupt administration, he ended the costly wars with France and Scotland and tackled finances in ways that led to some economic recovery. To prevent further uprisings he introduced countrywide policing on a local basis, appointing Lords Lieutenants who were in close contact with the central authority. Dudley's religious policy was—in accordance with Edward's proclivities—decidedly Protestant, further enforcing the English Reformation and promoting radical reformers to high Church positions. The 15-year-old King fell ill in early 1553 and excluded his half-sisters Mary and Elizabeth, whom he regarded as illegitimate, from the succession, designating non-existent, hypothetical male heirs. As his death approached, Edward changed his will so that his Protestant cousin Jane Grey, Northumberland's daughter-in-law, could inherit the Crown. To what extent the Duke influenced this scheme is uncertain. The traditional view is that it was Northumberland's plot to maintain his power by placing his family on the throne. Many historians see the project as genuinely Edward's, enforced by Dudley after the King's death. The Duke did not prepare well for this occasion. Having marched to East Anglia to capture Princess Mary, he surrendered on hearing that the Privy Council had changed sides and proclaimed Mary as Queen. Convicted of high treason, Northumberland returned to Catholicism and abjured the Protestant faith before his execution. Having secured the contempt of both religious camps, popularly hated, and a natural scapegoat, he became the "wicked Duke"—in contrast to his predecessor Somerset, the "good Duke". Only since the 1970s has he also been seen as a Tudor Crown servant: self-serving, inherently loyal to the incumbent monarch, and an able statesman in difficult times. (en)
  • John Dudley, 1. Duke of Northumberland (* 1504; † 22. August 1553 in London) war ein englischer Adliger, der von 1549 bis 1553 im Namen des minderjährigen Königs Edward VI. de facto England regierte. Nach dessen Tod 1553 versuchte er, seine Schwiegertochter Lady Jane Grey als Königin zu etablieren, was jedoch scheiterte und zu seiner Hinrichtung führte. (de)
  • John Dudley (1504, Londres – Tour de Londres, 22 août 1553), 1er comte de Warwick puis 1er duc de Northumberland, fils de Edmund Dudley et d'Elisabeth Grey (en), 6e baronne Lisle. Il jouit de la faveur de Henri VIII d'Angleterre, malgré la disgrâce de son père, et fut nommé Lord Grand Amiral. Il eut encore plus de crédit auprès de son successeur, le jeune Édouard VI d'Angleterre, dont il devint le Lord President. Au terme d'un complot de palais qu'il mena à la fin 1549, il devint le véritable détenteur du pouvoir, et fut créé comte de Warwick, duc de Northumberland, grand maréchal d'Angleterre et supplanta Edward Seymour Duc de Somerset, le Lord Protector. Somerset, ayant tenté de l'assassiner par vengeance, fut mis à mort le 22 janvier 1552. Égaré par l'ambition, Dudley conçut le projet de faire entrer la couronne dans sa famille : voyant Édouard VI près du tombeau, il le persuada d'exclure du trône ses propres demi-sœurs Marie Tudor et Élisabeth, puis de choisir pour héritière Jeanne Grey, descendante d'Henri VII d'Angleterre et protestante, à laquelle il avait marié un de ses fils, Guilford Dudley. À la mort d'Édouard en 1553, Jeanne reçut en effet pendant neuf jours le titre de reine, mais Marie Tudor, ayant fait reconnaître ses droits, monta sur le trône et Dudley, abandonné de tous, fut mis à mort, ainsi que Guilford et Jeanne Grey par la suite. Il fut décapité à la hache à la Tour de Londres. Son deuxième fils, Robert Dudley devint un favori d'Élisabeth Ire. (fr)
  • John Dudley, I duque de Northumberland (1501 - 22 de agosto de 1553), hijo de Edmund Dudley y Elizabeth Grey, fue un general, almirante y político inglés de la época Tudor que dirigió el gobierno del joven rey Eduardo VI de 1550 a 1553. Tras la muerte del rey, intentó colocar en el trono a su nuera Juana Grey, sobrina en segundo grado de Isabel I y casada con su hijo Guilford Dudley. Murió ejecutado por traición en 1553 en Tower Hill, y está enterrado en la capilla de San Pedro ad Vincula, en el recinto de la Torre de Londres. (es)
  • Rivestì un ruolo di primo piano nel governo durante il regno di Edoardo VI d'Inghilterra e, alla morte di questi, provò a mettere sul trono la nuora Jane Grey. (it)
  • 初代ノーサンバランド公爵ジョン・ダドリー(英: John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC、1502年 - 1553年8月22日)は、イングランドの政治家、廷臣、軍人、貴族。 テューダー朝の国王ヘンリー8世とエドワード6世の時代に官職を歴任し、1542年にライル子爵、1547年にウォリック伯に叙された。1549年にエドワード6世の摂政である初代サマセット公エドワード・シーモアを失脚に追いやったことで国政を主導する立場となり、ノーサンバランド公に叙された。財政改革やプロテスタント政策を推進した。1553年にエドワード6世が崩御するとカトリックのメアリー王女の即位を防ぐためにジェーン・グレイを女王に擁立したが、蜂起したメアリーに敗れて捕らえられ、大逆罪で処刑された。 (ja)
  • John Dudley (Londres, 1501/1504 - Londres, 1553) foi visconde Lisle, Conde de Warwick, Duque de Northumberland e Lorde Protetor da Inglaterra. Amigo de Henrique VIII, foi notável militar. Fez maiores progressos ainda sob seu filho Eduardo VI em 1547: achava o Protetor Somerset muito moderado. Intrigou contra a família dos Seymour. Esmagou a jacquerie de 1549, sendo o verdadeiro campeão da aristocracia de terras. Lutou pela monarquia absoluta, após vencer o Protetor em 1552. Sua ambição desmesurada o fez impopular. Foi executado em Agosto de 1553. (pt)
  • John Dudley, 1. książę Northumberland (ur. 1501, zm. 22 sierpnia 1553) – w 1543 mianowany wicehrabią Lisle, 1547 księciem Warwick, 1551 księciem Nordhumberland, przyczynił się do tego, że król pominąwszy księżniczki Marię i Elżbietę do następstwa tronu naznaczył spadkobierczynią krewną swą Jane Grey, którą zaślubił młodszy syn Dudleya, Guildford Dudley, jednak po śmierci króla nie utrzymał swych wpływów i wraz z synem i synową zostali straceni. (pl)
  • Джон Дадли (англ. John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland; 1502 — 22 августа 1553, Лондон) — английский государственный деятель, регент Англии в 1549—1553 годах (от имени малолетнего короля Эдуарда VI). После смерти последнего в 1553 году попытался возвести на трон свою невестку леди Джейн Грей, однако потерпел неудачу, был арестован и казнён. (ru)
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  • John Dudley, 1. Duke of Northumberland (* 1504; † 22. August 1553 in London) war ein englischer Adliger, der von 1549 bis 1553 im Namen des minderjährigen Königs Edward VI. de facto England regierte. Nach dessen Tod 1553 versuchte er, seine Schwiegertochter Lady Jane Grey als Königin zu etablieren, was jedoch scheiterte und zu seiner Hinrichtung führte. (de)
  • John Dudley, I duque de Northumberland (1501 - 22 de agosto de 1553), hijo de Edmund Dudley y Elizabeth Grey, fue un general, almirante y político inglés de la época Tudor que dirigió el gobierno del joven rey Eduardo VI de 1550 a 1553. Tras la muerte del rey, intentó colocar en el trono a su nuera Juana Grey, sobrina en segundo grado de Isabel I y casada con su hijo Guilford Dudley. Murió ejecutado por traición en 1553 en Tower Hill, y está enterrado en la capilla de San Pedro ad Vincula, en el recinto de la Torre de Londres. (es)
  • Rivestì un ruolo di primo piano nel governo durante il regno di Edoardo VI d'Inghilterra e, alla morte di questi, provò a mettere sul trono la nuora Jane Grey. (it)
  • 初代ノーサンバランド公爵ジョン・ダドリー(英: John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC、1502年 - 1553年8月22日)は、イングランドの政治家、廷臣、軍人、貴族。 テューダー朝の国王ヘンリー8世とエドワード6世の時代に官職を歴任し、1542年にライル子爵、1547年にウォリック伯に叙された。1549年にエドワード6世の摂政である初代サマセット公エドワード・シーモアを失脚に追いやったことで国政を主導する立場となり、ノーサンバランド公に叙された。財政改革やプロテスタント政策を推進した。1553年にエドワード6世が崩御するとカトリックのメアリー王女の即位を防ぐためにジェーン・グレイを女王に擁立したが、蜂起したメアリーに敗れて捕らえられ、大逆罪で処刑された。 (ja)
  • John Dudley (Londres, 1501/1504 - Londres, 1553) foi visconde Lisle, Conde de Warwick, Duque de Northumberland e Lorde Protetor da Inglaterra. Amigo de Henrique VIII, foi notável militar. Fez maiores progressos ainda sob seu filho Eduardo VI em 1547: achava o Protetor Somerset muito moderado. Intrigou contra a família dos Seymour. Esmagou a jacquerie de 1549, sendo o verdadeiro campeão da aristocracia de terras. Lutou pela monarquia absoluta, após vencer o Protetor em 1552. Sua ambição desmesurada o fez impopular. Foi executado em Agosto de 1553. (pt)
  • John Dudley, 1. książę Northumberland (ur. 1501, zm. 22 sierpnia 1553) – w 1543 mianowany wicehrabią Lisle, 1547 księciem Warwick, 1551 księciem Nordhumberland, przyczynił się do tego, że król pominąwszy księżniczki Marię i Elżbietę do następstwa tronu naznaczył spadkobierczynią krewną swą Jane Grey, którą zaślubił młodszy syn Dudleya, Guildford Dudley, jednak po śmierci króla nie utrzymał swych wpływów i wraz z synem i synową zostali straceni. (pl)
  • Джон Дадли (англ. John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland; 1502 — 22 августа 1553, Лондон) — английский государственный деятель, регент Англии в 1549—1553 годах (от имени малолетнего короля Эдуарда VI). После смерти последнего в 1553 году попытался возвести на трон свою невестку леди Джейн Грей, однако потерпел неудачу, был арестован и казнён. (ru)
  • John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland KG (1504 – 22 August 1553) was an English general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young King Edward VI from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install Lady Jane Grey on the English throne after the King's death. The son of Edmund Dudley, a minister of Henry VII executed by Henry VIII, John Dudley became the ward of Sir Edward Guildford at the age of seven. He grew up in Guildford's household together with his future wife, Guildford's daughter Jane, with whom he was to have 13 children. Dudley served as Vice-Admiral and Lord Admiral from 1537 until 1547, during which time he set novel standards of navy organisation and was an innovative commander at sea. He also developed a strong interest in overseas exploration. Dud (en)
  • John Dudley (1504, Londres – Tour de Londres, 22 août 1553), 1er comte de Warwick puis 1er duc de Northumberland, fils de Edmund Dudley et d'Elisabeth Grey (en), 6e baronne Lisle. Il jouit de la faveur de Henri VIII d'Angleterre, malgré la disgrâce de son père, et fut nommé Lord Grand Amiral. Il eut encore plus de crédit auprès de son successeur, le jeune Édouard VI d'Angleterre, dont il devint le Lord President. Au terme d'un complot de palais qu'il mena à la fin 1549, il devint le véritable détenteur du pouvoir, et fut créé comte de Warwick, duc de Northumberland, grand maréchal d'Angleterre et supplanta Edward Seymour Duc de Somerset, le Lord Protector. Somerset, ayant tenté de l'assassiner par vengeance, fut mis à mort le 22 janvier 1552. (fr)
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  • John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland (en)
  • John Dudley, 1. Duke of Northumberland (de)
  • John Dudley (es)
  • John Dudley (1er duc de Northumberland) (fr)
  • John Dudley, I duca di Northumberland (it)
  • ジョン・ダドリー (初代ノーサンバランド公) (ja)
  • John Dudley (pl)
  • João Dudley, 1.º Duque de Northumberland (pt)
  • Дадли, Джон, 1-й герцог Нортумберленд (ru)
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