John (24 December 1166 – 18/19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland, was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death. During John's reign, England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, which resulted in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire and contributed to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty during the 13th century.

PropertyValue
dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • Jan zonder Land was koning van Engeland van 1199 tot 1216. Hij was de jongste zoon van Hendrik II en Eleonora van Aquitanië. Hij was zijn vaders favoriete zoon, maar aangezien hij de jongste was, ontving hij geen gebieden op het vasteland, wat zijn bijnaam verklaart. Na de dood van zijn broer Richard Leeuwenhart in 1199 volgde hij hem, overigens niet zonder slag of stoot, op.
  • Johann Ohneland, engl. John Lackland, eigentlich franz. Jean Plantagenêt, genannt Jean Sans-Terre, war von 1199 bis 1216 König von England. Er war der jüngste Sohn König Heinrichs II. und folgte seinem Bruder Richard I. , genannt Richard Löwenherz, auf den Thron.
  • ジョン(John, 1167年12月24日 - 1216年10月18日または10月19日)はプランタジネット朝第3代イングランド王(在位:1199年 - 1216年)。イングランド王ヘンリー2世とアリエノール・ダキテーヌの末子。ヘンリー2世が幼年のジョンに領土を与えなかったことから、欠地王と呼ばれる。また、領地を大幅に失ったため失地王とも呼ばれることがある。
  • Johan (prins Johan, även prins John), född 24 december 1166 på Beaumont Castle vid Oxford, död 18/19 oktober 1216 på Newark Castle i Nottinghamshire, kung av England från 1199. Yngste son till Henrik II av England och Eleonora av Akvitanien, bror till Rikard I Lejonhjärta, far till Henrik III av England, av den normandiska ätten Plantagenet. Johan fick öknamnet Johan utan land,. Ibland kallades han även "John Softsword".
  • 约翰(英文:John,1166年12月24日-1216年10月19日),英格蘭國王,由1199年到1216年在位。亨利二世第五子,母親為阿基坦的埃莉诺,而幼王亨利、狮心王理查、布列塔尼公爵若弗鲁瓦二世則是约翰的兄長。他父王把在法国的领地全部授予几位兄长,由于已经没有领地可以封给约翰,他被称为无地王(the Lackland,源自亨利二世的戏称)。
  • Juan I de Inglaterra, más conocido como Juan sin Tierra (originalmente Sans-Terre en francés, Lackland en inglés), fue rey de Inglaterra y Señor de Irlanda. Reinó sobre Inglaterra desde el 6 de abril de 1199 hasta su muerte en 1216. Sucedió en el trono a su hermano mayor, el rey Ricardo I de Inglaterra (conocido como «Ricardo Corazón de León»). Juan se ganó el apodo de «Sin tierra» debido a su carencia de herencia por ser el menor de los hijos y por su pérdida de los territorios en Francia; también fue apodado «Espada Suave» por su conocida ineptitud militar. Fue un rey Plantagenet o de la línea angevina.
  • Era il quinto e ultimo dei cinque figli maschi del re d'Inghilterra, duca di Normandia, conte del Maine, d'Angiò e di Turenna, Enrico II d'Inghilterra e della duchessa d'Aquitania e Guascogna e contessa di Poitiers, Eleonora d'Aquitania. Giovanni fu, per parte di madre, il fratellastro minore di Maria di Champagne e di Alice di Francia. Era anche il fratello minore di Guglielmo, Conte di Poitiers, di Enrico, di Matilda d'Inghilterra, di Riccardo Cuor di Leone, di Goffredo II, Duca di Bretagna, di Leonora d'Aquitania e Giovanna d'Inghilterra.
  • Иоа́нн (Джон) Безземе́льный — король Англии с 1199 года и герцог Аквитании из династии Плантагенетов, младший (пятый) сын Генриха II и Элеоноры Аквитанской. Его правление считается одним из самых катастрофических за всю историю Англии — оно началось с завоевания Нормандии французским королем Филиппом II Августом и закончилось гражданской войной, почти свергшей его с трона (за свои поражения он получил ещё одно прозвище «Мягкий Меч», Softsword). В 1213 году он признал Англию вассалом римского папы, чтобы закончить раздор с католической церковью, а в 1215 году восставшие бароны заставили его подписать Великую хартию вольностей, за что Иоанн наиболее всего и стал известен. Некоторые историки считают, что правление Иоанна было не лучше и не хуже царствований Ричарда I и Генриха III. Тем не менее, репутация Иоанна такова, что с тех пор ни один английский монарх не называл своих наследников этим именем (оно впоследствии стало считаться несчастливым также в правящих династиях Шотландии и Франции).
  • John (24 December 1166 – 18/19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland, was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death. During John's reign, England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, which resulted in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire and contributed to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered to be an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. John, the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, was at first not expected to inherit significant lands. Following the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, however, John became Henry's favourite child. He was appointed the Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young; by the time Richard I became king in 1189, John was a potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's royal administrators whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade. Despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England, and came to an agreement with Philip II of France to recognise John's possession of the continental Angevin lands at the peace treaty of Le Goulet in 1200. When war with France broke out again in 1202, John achieved early victories, but shortages of military resources and his treatment of Norman, Breton and Anjou nobles resulted in the collapse of his empire in northern France in 1204. John spent much of the next decade attempting to regain these lands, raising huge revenues, reforming his armed forces and rebuilding continental alliances. John's judicial reforms had a lasting, positive impact on the English common law system, as well as providing an additional source of revenue. An argument with Pope Innocent III led to John's excommunication in 1209, a dispute finally settled by the king in 1213. John's attempt to defeat Philip in 1214 failed due to the French victory over John's allies at the battle of Bouvines. When he returned to England, John faced a rebellion by many of his barons, who were unhappy with his fiscal policies and his treatment of many of England's most powerful nobles. Although both John and the barons agreed to the Magna Carta peace treaty in 1215, neither side complied with its conditions. Civil war broke out shortly afterwards, with the barons aided by Louis of France. It soon descended into a stalemate. John died of dysentery contracted whilst on campaign in eastern England during late 1216; supporters of his son Henry III went on to achieve victory over Louis and the rebel barons the following year. Contemporary chroniclers were mostly critical of John's performance as king, and his reign has since been the subject of significant debate and periodic revision by historians from the 16th century onwards. Historian Jim Bradbury has summarised the contemporary historical opinion of John's positive qualities, observing that John is today usually considered a "hard-working administrator, an able man, an able general". Nonetheless, modern historians agree that he also had many faults as king, including what historian Ralph Turner describes as "distasteful, even dangerous personality traits", such as pettiness, spitefulness and cruelty. These negative qualities provided extensive material for fiction writers in the Victorian era, and John remains a recurring character within Western popular culture, primarily as a villain in films and stories depicting the Robin Hood legends.
  • Jean d’Angleterre, fut duc de Normandie (1199-1204) et roi d’Angleterre de 1199 à 1216. Son sobriquet, Jean sans Terre (en anglais, John Lackland), que son père semble lui avoir donné dans les années 1180, provient du fait que vu sa position, il semblait qu'il n'hériterait d'aucune terre significative. Membre de la dynastie angevine des Plantagenêts, il était le cinquième et dernier fils du roi Henri II d’Angleterre et d’Aliénor d’Aquitaine.
  • Jan I, zwany "Janem bez Ziemi" (ang. John the Lackland, fr. Jean sans Terre) – król Anglii od 6 kwietnia 1199, brat Ryszarda I. Jego przydomek pochodzi stąd, że w odróżnieniu od swych starszych braci nie otrzymał od ojca Henryka II Plantageneta żadnych posiadłości ziemskich. Dopiero w roku 1189, kiedy tron objął jego brat Ryszard Lwie Serce, otrzymał od niego hrabstwo Gloucester.
  • João ou João Sem Terra foi Rei de Inglaterra, Duque da Normandia e Duque da Aquitânia de 1199 a 1216. Quinto filho de Henrique II, não herdou nenhuma terra quando da morte de seu pai, fato que lhe deu o seu cognome. Passou à História como o rei que assinou a Magna Carta, considerado o início da monarquia constitucional em Inglaterra. Era o mais novo entre os cinco filhos do rei Henrique II de Inglaterra e Leonor da Aquitânia e não se esperava que sucedesse ao trono. Foi, no entanto, o único dos filhos legítimos de Henrique II que não se revoltou contra o poder do pai. Talvez, como compensação, João foi nomeado Senhor da Irlanda em 1185. O seu governo foi desastroso e foi obrigado a abandonar o território poucos meses depois. Em 1188, Henrique tentou tornar João Duque da Aquitânia, em substituição de Ricardo Coração de Leão, que considerava de pouca confiança. O resultado foi catastrófico para Henrique II, que morreu durante a expedição punitiva organizada contra Ricardo. Ricardo ascendeu ao trono e, antes de partir para a Terra Santa, nomeou como seu sucessor e herdeiro da coroa o sobrinho Artur. Entre 1189 e 1194, João foi a figura mais importante de Inglaterra durante a ausência de Ricardo, primeiro em cruzada, depois no cativeiro na Alemanha. João insurgiu-se contra Ricardo e, aliando-se de novo ao rei da França, apoderou-se da alta Normandia e da Touraine. Foi a si que coube a tarefa de reunir os 150,000 marcos necessários para pagar o resgate de Ricardo a Henrique VI, Imperador do Sacro Império. Esta soma representava na altura uma verdadeira fortuna que obrigou à imposição de impostos especiais e deixou Inglaterra na bancarrota. Talvez devido a isto, João não foi um regente popular e é frequentemente retratado como vilão em histórias como Ivanhoé ou nas lendas de Robin Hood. Ricardo, em seu regresso, concedeu-lhe o perdão e, pouco antes de morrer, proclamou-o herdeiro do trono.
dbpedia-owl:activeYearsEndYear
  • 1216-01-01 00:00:00 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:activeYearsStartYear
  • 1199-01-01 00:00:00 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:birthDate
  • 1166-12-24 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:birthPlace
dbpedia-owl:deathDate
  • 1216-10-19 (xsd:date)
dbpedia-owl:deathPlace
dbpedia-owl:parent
dbpedia-owl:predecessor
dbpedia-owl:restingPlace
dbpedia-owl:spouse
dbpedia-owl:successor
dbpedia-owl:thumbnail
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageExternalLink
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageID
  • 16550 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageInLinkCount
  • 1856 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageOutLinkCount
  • 460 (xsd:integer)
dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 548146032 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:after
dbpprop:alt
  • A drawing of the effigy of King John in Worcester Cathedral.
dbpprop:alternativeNames
  • John Lackland
dbpprop:before
dbpprop:birthDate
  • 1166-12-24 (xsd:date)
dbpprop:birthPlace
dbpprop:caption
  • Funerary effigy of King John, Worcester Cathedral
dbpprop:coronation
  • 27 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:dateOfBirth
  • 24 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:dateOfDeath
  • 19 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:deathDate
  • 1216-10-19 (xsd:date)
dbpprop:deathPlace
dbpprop:father
dbpprop:gnd
  • 118639927 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:hasPhotoCollection
dbpprop:house
dbpprop:issue
dbpprop:lccn
  • n/80/126225
dbpprop:moretext
  • (more...)
dbpprop:mother
dbpprop:name
  • John
dbpprop:placeOfBirth
dbpprop:placeOfBurial
dbpprop:placeOfDeath
dbpprop:predecessor
dbpprop:regent
dbpprop:reign
  • 6 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:rows
  • 3 (xsd:integer)
  • 5 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:selibr
  • 192324 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:shortDescription
  • King of England
dbpprop:spouse
dbpprop:succession
dbpprop:successor
dbpprop:title
dbpprop:type
  • monarch
dbpprop:viaf
  • 36954467 (xsd:integer)
dbpprop:years
  • 1185 (xsd:integer)
  • 1199 (xsd:integer)
dc:description
  • King of England
dcterms:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Jan zonder Land was koning van Engeland van 1199 tot 1216. Hij was de jongste zoon van Hendrik II en Eleonora van Aquitanië. Hij was zijn vaders favoriete zoon, maar aangezien hij de jongste was, ontving hij geen gebieden op het vasteland, wat zijn bijnaam verklaart. Na de dood van zijn broer Richard Leeuwenhart in 1199 volgde hij hem, overigens niet zonder slag of stoot, op.
  • John (24 December 1166 – 18/19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland, was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death. During John's reign, England lost the duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, which resulted in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire and contributed to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty during the 13th century.
  • Johann Ohneland, engl. John Lackland, eigentlich franz. Jean Plantagenêt, genannt Jean Sans-Terre, war von 1199 bis 1216 König von England. Er war der jüngste Sohn König Heinrichs II. und folgte seinem Bruder Richard I. , genannt Richard Löwenherz, auf den Thron.
  • Era il quinto e ultimo dei cinque figli maschi del re d'Inghilterra, duca di Normandia, conte del Maine, d'Angiò e di Turenna, Enrico II d'Inghilterra e della duchessa d'Aquitania e Guascogna e contessa di Poitiers, Eleonora d'Aquitania. Giovanni fu, per parte di madre, il fratellastro minore di Maria di Champagne e di Alice di Francia.
  • ジョン(John, 1167年12月24日 - 1216年10月18日または10月19日)はプランタジネット朝第3代イングランド王(在位:1199年 - 1216年)。イングランド王ヘンリー2世とアリエノール・ダキテーヌの末子。ヘンリー2世が幼年のジョンに領土を与えなかったことから、欠地王と呼ばれる。また、領地を大幅に失ったため失地王とも呼ばれることがある。
  • Иоа́нн (Джон) Безземе́льный — король Англии с 1199 года и герцог Аквитании из династии Плантагенетов, младший (пятый) сын Генриха II и Элеоноры Аквитанской. Его правление считается одним из самых катастрофических за всю историю Англии — оно началось с завоевания Нормандии французским королем Филиппом II Августом и закончилось гражданской войной, почти свергшей его с трона (за свои поражения он получил ещё одно прозвище «Мягкий Меч», Softsword).
  • Johan (prins Johan, även prins John), född 24 december 1166 på Beaumont Castle vid Oxford, död 18/19 oktober 1216 på Newark Castle i Nottinghamshire, kung av England från 1199. Yngste son till Henrik II av England och Eleonora av Akvitanien, bror till Rikard I Lejonhjärta, far till Henrik III av England, av den normandiska ätten Plantagenet. Johan fick öknamnet Johan utan land,. Ibland kallades han även "John Softsword".
  • Juan I de Inglaterra, más conocido como Juan sin Tierra (originalmente Sans-Terre en francés, Lackland en inglés), fue rey de Inglaterra y Señor de Irlanda. Reinó sobre Inglaterra desde el 6 de abril de 1199 hasta su muerte en 1216. Sucedió en el trono a su hermano mayor, el rey Ricardo I de Inglaterra (conocido como «Ricardo Corazón de León»).
  • 约翰(英文:John,1166年12月24日-1216年10月19日),英格蘭國王,由1199年到1216年在位。亨利二世第五子,母親為阿基坦的埃莉诺,而幼王亨利、狮心王理查、布列塔尼公爵若弗鲁瓦二世則是约翰的兄長。他父王把在法国的领地全部授予几位兄长,由于已经没有领地可以封给约翰,他被称为无地王(the Lackland,源自亨利二世的戏称)。
  • Jean d’Angleterre, fut duc de Normandie (1199-1204) et roi d’Angleterre de 1199 à 1216. Son sobriquet, Jean sans Terre (en anglais, John Lackland), que son père semble lui avoir donné dans les années 1180, provient du fait que vu sa position, il semblait qu'il n'hériterait d'aucune terre significative. Membre de la dynastie angevine des Plantagenêts, il était le cinquième et dernier fils du roi Henri II d’Angleterre et d’Aliénor d’Aquitaine.
  • Jan I, zwany "Janem bez Ziemi" (ang. John the Lackland, fr. Jean sans Terre) – król Anglii od 6 kwietnia 1199, brat Ryszarda I. Jego przydomek pochodzi stąd, że w odróżnieniu od swych starszych braci nie otrzymał od ojca Henryka II Plantageneta żadnych posiadłości ziemskich. Dopiero w roku 1189, kiedy tron objął jego brat Ryszard Lwie Serce, otrzymał od niego hrabstwo Gloucester.
  • João ou João Sem Terra foi Rei de Inglaterra, Duque da Normandia e Duque da Aquitânia de 1199 a 1216. Quinto filho de Henrique II, não herdou nenhuma terra quando da morte de seu pai, fato que lhe deu o seu cognome. Passou à História como o rei que assinou a Magna Carta, considerado o início da monarquia constitucional em Inglaterra. Era o mais novo entre os cinco filhos do rei Henrique II de Inglaterra e Leonor da Aquitânia e não se esperava que sucedesse ao trono.
rdfs:label
  • 约翰 (英格兰国王)
  • Johann Ohneland
  • John, King of England
  • Juan I de Inglaterra
  • Jean d'Angleterre
  • Giovanni d'Inghilterra
  • ジョン (イングランド王)
  • Jan zonder Land
  • Jan bez Ziemi
  • João de Inglaterra
  • Иоанн Безземельный
  • Johan av England
owl:sameAs
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • John
is dbpedia-owl:builder of
is dbpedia-owl:child of
is dbpedia-owl:commander of
is dbpedia-owl:monarch of
is dbpedia-owl:parent of
is dbpedia-owl:predecessor of
is dbpedia-owl:spouse of
is dbpedia-owl:successor of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbpedia-owl:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbpprop:builder of
is dbpprop:commander of
is dbpprop:father of
is dbpprop:founder of
is dbpprop:issue of
is dbpprop:leader of
is dbpprop:monarch of
is dbpprop:people of
is dbpprop:predecessor of
is dbpprop:regent of
is dbpprop:spouse of
is dbpprop:successor of
is owl:sameAs of
is foaf:primaryTopic of