Johann Christoph Gatterer (July 13, 1727 – April 5, 1799) was a German historian who was a native of Lichtenau. He was the father of cameralist Christoph Wilhelm Jacob Gatterer (1759–1838) and poet Magdalena Philippine Engelhard (1756–1831). He was a member of the Göttingen School of History. In 1785 Gatterer estimated that the time span from Creation to the birth of Christ to be 4181 years.

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  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (* 13. Juli 1727 in Lichtenau bei Nürnberg; † 5. April 1799 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Historiker in der Zeit der Aufklärung. (de)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer, né le 13 juillet 1727 à Lichtenau près de Ansbach, en Bavière, et mort le 5 avril 1799 à Göttingen, est un historien allemand de l’Aufklärung. (fr)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (Lichtenau, 13 de julho de 1727 - Göttingen, 5 de abril de 1799) foi um historiador alemão. Um dos mais significativos representantes alemães do chamado Iluminismo tardio, Gatterer notabilizou-se pelas suas contribuições nos campos da história universal e das ciências históricas auxiliares. A relevância da sua obra deriva sobretudo da sua tentativa de combinar uma abordagem histórica global com as práticas metódicas favorecidas pelo desenvolvimento das mencionadas ciências auxiliares. Gatterer proveio de um contexto familiar atípico no contexto da vida acadêmica da sua época. O seu pai era um soldado lotado em Nurembergue, e parece não ter nutrido muito interesse pela educação do futuro historiador. Apesar disso, o jovem conseguiu frequentar o Gymnasium local, iniciando, em 1747, estudos superiores em teologia na Universidade de Altdorf. Depois da sua habilitação em 1752, Gatterer recebeu o cargo de professor de geografia e história no Gymnasium de Nurembergue. Em 1759 tornou-se professor de história na Universidade de Göttingen - à época, o mais importante centro de investigações históricas do espaço cultural alemão. Permaneceria em Göttingen por cerca de 40 anos, ao longo dos quais ministraria cursos regulares e atuaria na organização de periódicos históricos. Ficaria também a cargo da direção do Historischen Institut de Göttingen, instituição fundada em 1764. Gatterer casou-se em 1753 com Helena Schubert (1728-1806); o casal teria quinze filhos, dentre eles a poetiza Magdalene Philippine Engelhard (1756-1831) e Christoph Wilhelm Jakob (1759-1838), professor de ciência política na Universidade de Heidelberg. (pt)
  • Иоганн Кристоф Гаттерер (нем. Johann Christoph Gatterer; 1727—1799) — историк. Учёный эпохи Просвещения в Германии. Один из первых стремился превратить изучение истории в самостоятельную научную дисциплину. (ru)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (July 13, 1727 – April 5, 1799) was a German historian who was a native of Lichtenau. He was the father of cameralist Christoph Wilhelm Jacob Gatterer (1759–1838) and poet Magdalena Philippine Engelhard (1756–1831). He was a member of the Göttingen School of History. From 1747 he studied theology at Altdorf, where his interest later changed to history. In 1752 he became a school teacher of history and geography in Nuremberg, and in 1756 gained his professorship in natural history. In 1759 he was appointed professor of history at the University of Göttingen, where he remained for the next forty years. Gatterer was a pioneer of "universal history", and with fellow Göttingen historian August Ludwig von Schlözer (1735–1809), he was instrumental in developing a modern, hermeneutical approach to history. He believed that historical events needed to be systematically arranged by describing their causal relationships, rather than simply providing a chronology of events. Gatterer used the phrase nexus rerum universalis to represent "a universal connection of things in the world". His focus dealt largely with ancillary disciplines such as genealogy, heraldry, diplomatics, and physical geography, and he treated these subjects from a modern scientific viewpoint. Gatterer promoted his ideas on these subjects in the journals Allgemeine historische Bibliothek (1767–1771) and Historisches Journal (1772–1781). Since 1954 the "Johann Christoph-Gatterer Medal" is awarded by the Genealogisch-Heraldische Gesellschaft Göttingen (GHGG) for scientific achievements in the field of genealogy and heraldry. In 1785 Gatterer estimated that the time span from Creation to the birth of Christ to be 4181 years. (en)
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  • 1727-07-13 (xsd:date)
  • 1727-7-13
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  • 1727-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1799-04-05 (xsd:date)
  • 1799-4-5
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dbo:deathYear
  • 1799-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 18705353 (xsd:integer)
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  • 718616878 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • German historian (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (* 13. Juli 1727 in Lichtenau bei Nürnberg; † 5. April 1799 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Historiker in der Zeit der Aufklärung. (de)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer, né le 13 juillet 1727 à Lichtenau près de Ansbach, en Bavière, et mort le 5 avril 1799 à Göttingen, est un historien allemand de l’Aufklärung. (fr)
  • Иоганн Кристоф Гаттерер (нем. Johann Christoph Gatterer; 1727—1799) — историк. Учёный эпохи Просвещения в Германии. Один из первых стремился превратить изучение истории в самостоятельную научную дисциплину. (ru)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (July 13, 1727 – April 5, 1799) was a German historian who was a native of Lichtenau. He was the father of cameralist Christoph Wilhelm Jacob Gatterer (1759–1838) and poet Magdalena Philippine Engelhard (1756–1831). He was a member of the Göttingen School of History. In 1785 Gatterer estimated that the time span from Creation to the birth of Christ to be 4181 years. (en)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (Lichtenau, 13 de julho de 1727 - Göttingen, 5 de abril de 1799) foi um historiador alemão. Um dos mais significativos representantes alemães do chamado Iluminismo tardio, Gatterer notabilizou-se pelas suas contribuições nos campos da história universal e das ciências históricas auxiliares. A relevância da sua obra deriva sobretudo da sua tentativa de combinar uma abordagem histórica global com as práticas metódicas favorecidas pelo desenvolvimento das mencionadas ciências auxiliares. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (de)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (fr)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (pt)
  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (en)
  • Гаттерер, Иоганн Кристоф (ru)
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  • Johann Christoph Gatterer (en)
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