Jia Dao (traditional Chinese: 賈島; simplified Chinese: 贾岛; pinyin: Jiǎ Dǎo; Wade–Giles: Chia Tao) (779–843), courtesy name Langxian (浪先), was a Chinese poet active during the Tang dynasty. He was born near modern Beijing; after a period as a Buddhist monk, he went to Chang'an. He became one of Han Yu's disciples, but failed the jinshi exam several times. He wrote both discursive gushi and lyric jintishi. His works were criticised as "thin" by Su Shi, and some other commentators have considered them limited and artificial.

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dbo:abstract
  • Jia Dao (traditional Chinese: 賈島; simplified Chinese: 贾岛; pinyin: Jiǎ Dǎo; Wade–Giles: Chia Tao) (779–843), courtesy name Langxian (浪先), was a Chinese poet active during the Tang dynasty. He was born near modern Beijing; after a period as a Buddhist monk, he went to Chang'an. He became one of Han Yu's disciples, but failed the jinshi exam several times. He wrote both discursive gushi and lyric jintishi. His works were criticised as "thin" by Su Shi, and some other commentators have considered them limited and artificial. According to Dr. James J.Y. Liu (1926–1986), a professor of Chinese and comparative literature, Jia’s poem The Swordsman "seems...to sum up the spirit of knight errantry in four lines." The Swordsman is as follows: For ten years I have been polishing this sword;Its frosty edge has never been put to the test.Now I am holding it and showing it to you, sir:Is there anyone suffering from injustice? (en)
  • 賈 島(か とう、779年(大暦14年) - 843年(中和4年))は中国唐代の詩人。字は浪仙、または閬仙。 (ja)
  • 贾岛(779年—843年),字浪仙(亦作阆仙),范阳(今河北省涿州市)人,中国唐朝诗人。賈島為詩奴 贾岛贫寒,曾经做过和尚,法号无本。元和五年(810年)冬,至长安,见张籍。据说在洛阳的时候后因当时有命令禁止和尚午后外出,贾岛做诗发牢骚,被韩愈发现其才华。后受教于韩愈,并还俗参加科举,但累举不中第。元和十四年(819年),韩愈抵潮州(今廣東潮州),致信贾岛,贾岛作《寄韩潮州愈》诗给韩愈。长庆二年(822年)举进士,以“僻涩之才无所用”。唐文宗的时候被排挤,贬做长江主簿。唐武宗会昌年初由普州司仓参军改任司户,未任病逝。《新唐书》将贾岛附名于《韩愈传》之後。 贾岛是著名的“苦吟派”诗人,著名的典故“推敲”即出自此人。传说他在驴背上苦思“鸟宿池边树,僧推月下门”两句,反复斟酌用推还是用敲字,以至错入了韩愈的仪仗。他自己后来也说这两句是“二句三年得,一吟双泪流”,后来人们将斟酌炼字称作“推敲”。 贾岛的代表作有〈寻隐者不遇〉:“松下問童子,言師採藥去;只在此山中,雲深不知處?”,他较为擅长五言律诗,意境多孤苦荒凉,赵紫芝、翁灵舒之辈,独喜贾岛、姚合之诗。姚合与贾岛友善,后世合稱“姚贾”,并将二人之诗称为“姚贾诗派”;又有一說,姚诗学贾。 司空图说贾岛:“贾浪仙诚有警句,视其全篇,意思殊馁,大抵附于蹇涩,方可致才,亦为体之不备也。”苏轼在〈祭柳子玉文〉中提到:“元輕白俗,郊寒島瘦。”评价他和同时代的诗人孟郊,遂成千古定評。歐陽修譏其詩如“燒殺活和尚”。有《长江集》10卷,通行有《四部丛刊》影印明翻宋本。 (zh)
dbo:birthDate
  • 779-1-1
dbo:deathDate
  • 843-1-1
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 671688 (xsd:integer)
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  • 703328140 (xsd:integer)
dbp:p
  • Jiǎ Dǎo
dbp:s
  • 贾岛
dbp:t
  • 賈島
dbp:w
  • Chia Tao
dct:description
  • Tang Dynasty poet (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • 賈 島(か とう、779年(大暦14年) - 843年(中和4年))は中国唐代の詩人。字は浪仙、または閬仙。 (ja)
  • Jia Dao (traditional Chinese: 賈島; simplified Chinese: 贾岛; pinyin: Jiǎ Dǎo; Wade–Giles: Chia Tao) (779–843), courtesy name Langxian (浪先), was a Chinese poet active during the Tang dynasty. He was born near modern Beijing; after a period as a Buddhist monk, he went to Chang'an. He became one of Han Yu's disciples, but failed the jinshi exam several times. He wrote both discursive gushi and lyric jintishi. His works were criticised as "thin" by Su Shi, and some other commentators have considered them limited and artificial. (en)
  • 贾岛(779年—843年),字浪仙(亦作阆仙),范阳(今河北省涿州市)人,中国唐朝诗人。賈島為詩奴 贾岛贫寒,曾经做过和尚,法号无本。元和五年(810年)冬,至长安,见张籍。据说在洛阳的时候后因当时有命令禁止和尚午后外出,贾岛做诗发牢骚,被韩愈发现其才华。后受教于韩愈,并还俗参加科举,但累举不中第。元和十四年(819年),韩愈抵潮州(今廣東潮州),致信贾岛,贾岛作《寄韩潮州愈》诗给韩愈。长庆二年(822年)举进士,以“僻涩之才无所用”。唐文宗的时候被排挤,贬做长江主簿。唐武宗会昌年初由普州司仓参军改任司户,未任病逝。《新唐书》将贾岛附名于《韩愈传》之後。 贾岛是著名的“苦吟派”诗人,著名的典故“推敲”即出自此人。传说他在驴背上苦思“鸟宿池边树,僧推月下门”两句,反复斟酌用推还是用敲字,以至错入了韩愈的仪仗。他自己后来也说这两句是“二句三年得,一吟双泪流”,后来人们将斟酌炼字称作“推敲”。 贾岛的代表作有〈寻隐者不遇〉:“松下問童子,言師採藥去;只在此山中,雲深不知處?”,他较为擅长五言律诗,意境多孤苦荒凉,赵紫芝、翁灵舒之辈,独喜贾岛、姚合之诗。姚合与贾岛友善,后世合稱“姚贾”,并将二人之诗称为“姚贾诗派”;又有一說,姚诗学贾。 (zh)
rdfs:label
  • Jia Dao (en)
  • 賈島 (ja)
  • 贾岛 (zh)
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  • Jia Dao (en)
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