Florence Jessie MacWilliams (4 January 1917 – 27 May 1990) was an English mathematician who contributed to the field of coding theory. She was born in Stoke-on-Trent, England and studied at the University of Cambridge, receiving her BA in 1938 and her MA in the following year. She moved to the United States in 1939 and studied at Johns Hopkins University. One year later she left Johns Hopkins for Harvard University. In 1955 she became a programmer and learned coding theory at Bell Labs where she spent most of her career. Although she did major research at Bell Labs, she was denied a promotion to a mathematics research position until she received a Ph.D. She would proceed to fulfill some of the PhD's requirements while working at Bell Labs and taking care of her family, but she completed he

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  • Florence Jessie MacWilliams (4 January 1917 – 27 May 1990) was an English mathematician who contributed to the field of coding theory. She was born in Stoke-on-Trent, England and studied at the University of Cambridge, receiving her BA in 1938 and her MA in the following year. She moved to the United States in 1939 and studied at Johns Hopkins University. One year later she left Johns Hopkins for Harvard University. In 1955 she became a programmer and learned coding theory at Bell Labs where she spent most of her career. Although she did major research at Bell Labs, she was denied a promotion to a mathematics research position until she received a Ph.D. She would proceed to fulfill some of the PhD's requirements while working at Bell Labs and taking care of her family, but she completed her PhD after returning to Harvard for one more year (1961–1962), under the supervision of Andrew Gleason. She and her daughter Anne were both studying mathematics at Harvard that year. She worked on error-correcting codes and co-wrote The Theory of Error-Correcting Codes with Neil Sloane. "MacWilliams also worked on cyclic codes, generalizing them to abelian group codes. With H. B. Mann, she solved a difficult problem involving certain design matrices." She is known for the MacWilliams identities in coding theory. In 1980 she was the first Noether Lecturer. (en)
  • Florence Jessie Collinson MacWilliams (* 1917 in Stoke-on-Trent; † 27. Mai 1990) war eine britisch-US-amerikanische Mathematikerin, die in Kodierungstheorie arbeitete. MacWilliams studierte an der Universität Cambridge, wo sie 1938 ihren Bachelor-Abschluss und 1939 ihren Master-Abschluss machte. Danach ging sie mit einem Stipendium an die Johns Hopkins University, wo sie bei Oscar Zariski studierte, dem sie auch 1940 nach Harvard folgte. 1941 heiratete sie, zog ihre drei Kinder groß und arbeitete ab 1958 als Programmiererin an den Bell Laboratories, wo ihr Mann Walter MacWilliams als Ingenieur arbeitete. Um Wissenschaftlerin an den Bell Labs zu werden promovierte sie 1961 in Harvard (Combinatorial problems of elementary group theory) bei Andrew Gleason. Ihre Dissertation war über Codierungstheorie (ein Thema, für das sie sich nach einem Vortrag von R. C. Bose an den Bell Labs zu interessieren begann) und enthielt die später nach ihr benannte MacWilliams-Identität der Codierungstheorie, die das Gewichtszählpolynom eines Codes mit dem seines dualen Codes in Verbindung bringt. 1983 ging sie bei den Bell Labs in den Ruhestand. 1977 erschien ihr Buch mit Neil Sloane „The Theory of Error Correcting Codes“ bei North-Holland, ein enzyklopädisches Werk mit über 1500 Literaturstellen, das sehr einflussreich für die Kodierungstheorie war. 1980 war sie erster Noether Lecturer. Auch ihre Tochter Ann wurde ebenfalls Mathematikerin und studierte sogar zur selben Zeit in Harvard, als ihre Mutter dort promovierte. (de)
  • Florence Jessie Collinson MacWilliams (4 janvier 1917, Stoke-on-Trent – 27 mai 1990) est une mathématicienne anglaise, surtout connue pour avoir coécrit The Theory of Error-Correcting Codes, un ouvrage de référence en théorie des codes, et pour les identités qui portent son nom. (fr)
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  • 1917-01-04 (xsd:date)
  • 1917-1-4
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  • 1917-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1990-05-27 (xsd:date)
  • 1990-5-27
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  • 1990-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 708733946 (xsd:integer)
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  • Daughter Anne, two sons
dbp:notableWorks
  • The Theory of Error-Correcting Codes, with Neil Sloane
dct:description
  • Mathematician, programmer (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Florence Jessie Collinson MacWilliams (4 janvier 1917, Stoke-on-Trent – 27 mai 1990) est une mathématicienne anglaise, surtout connue pour avoir coécrit The Theory of Error-Correcting Codes, un ouvrage de référence en théorie des codes, et pour les identités qui portent son nom. (fr)
  • Florence Jessie MacWilliams (4 January 1917 – 27 May 1990) was an English mathematician who contributed to the field of coding theory. She was born in Stoke-on-Trent, England and studied at the University of Cambridge, receiving her BA in 1938 and her MA in the following year. She moved to the United States in 1939 and studied at Johns Hopkins University. One year later she left Johns Hopkins for Harvard University. In 1955 she became a programmer and learned coding theory at Bell Labs where she spent most of her career. Although she did major research at Bell Labs, she was denied a promotion to a mathematics research position until she received a Ph.D. She would proceed to fulfill some of the PhD's requirements while working at Bell Labs and taking care of her family, but she completed he (en)
  • Florence Jessie Collinson MacWilliams (* 1917 in Stoke-on-Trent; † 27. Mai 1990) war eine britisch-US-amerikanische Mathematikerin, die in Kodierungstheorie arbeitete. MacWilliams studierte an der Universität Cambridge, wo sie 1938 ihren Bachelor-Abschluss und 1939 ihren Master-Abschluss machte. Danach ging sie mit einem Stipendium an die Johns Hopkins University, wo sie bei Oscar Zariski studierte, dem sie auch 1940 nach Harvard folgte. 1941 heiratete sie, zog ihre drei Kinder groß und arbeitete ab 1958 als Programmiererin an den Bell Laboratories, wo ihr Mann Walter MacWilliams als Ingenieur arbeitete. Um Wissenschaftlerin an den Bell Labs zu werden promovierte sie 1961 in Harvard (Combinatorial problems of elementary group theory) bei Andrew Gleason. Ihre Dissertation war über Codierung (de)
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  • Jessie MacWilliams (en)
  • F. Jessie MacWilliams (de)
  • Jessie MacWilliams (fr)
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  • Jessie MacWilliams (en)
  • Florence Jessie MacWilliams (en)
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