James Whale (22 July 1889 – 29 May 1957) was an English film director, theatre director and actor. He is best remembered for his four classic horror films: Frankenstein (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). Whale also directed films in other genres, including what is considered the definitive film version of the musical Show Boat (1936). He became increasingly disenchanted with his association with horror, but many of his non-horror films have fallen into obscurity.

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dbo:abstract
  • James Whale (22 July 1889 – 29 May 1957) was an English film director, theatre director and actor. He is best remembered for his four classic horror films: Frankenstein (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). Whale also directed films in other genres, including what is considered the definitive film version of the musical Show Boat (1936). He became increasingly disenchanted with his association with horror, but many of his non-horror films have fallen into obscurity. Whale was born into a large family in Dudley, in the Black Country area of the English West Midlands. He discovered his artistic talent early on and studied art. With the outbreak of World War I, he enlisted in the British Army and became an officer. He was captured by the Germans and during his time as a prisoner of war he realized he was interested in drama. Following his release at the end of the war he became an actor, set designer and director. His success directing the 1928 play Journey's End led to his move to the United States, first to direct the play on Broadway and then to Hollywood to direct motion pictures. He lived in Hollywood for the rest of his life, most of that time with his longtime companion, producer David Lewis. Apart from Journey's End (1930), which was released by Tiffany Films, and Hell's Angels (1930), released by United Artists, he directed a dozen films for Universal Studios between 1931 and 1937, developing a style characterized by the influence of German Expressionism and a highly mobile camera. At the height of his career as a director, Whale directed The Road Back (1937), a sequel to All Quiet on the Western Front. Studio interference, possibly spurred by political pressure from Nazi Germany, led to the film's being altered from Whale's vision and The Road Back was a critical and commercial failure. A run of similar box-office disappointments followed and, while he would make one final short film in 1950, by 1941 his film directing career was over. He continued to direct for the stage and also rediscovered his love for painting and travel. His investments made him wealthy and he lived a comfortable retirement until suffering strokes in 1956 that robbed him of his vigor and left him in pain. He committed suicide on 29 May 1957 by drowning himself in his swimming pool. Whale was openly gay throughout his career, something that was very unusual in the 1920s and 1930s. As knowledge of his sexual orientation has become more common, some of his films, Bride of Frankenstein in particular, have been interpreted as having a gay subtext and it has been claimed that his refusal to remain in the closet led to the end of his career. However, his associates dismissed the notions that his sexuality informed his work or that it cost him his career. (en)
  • James Whale (Dudley Staffs, 22 de julio de 1889 - Los Ángeles, 29 de mayo de 1957) fue un director de cine inglés. Iniciado en el teatro, en 1930 se mudó a los Estados Unidos, donde destacó en el cine de terror. Se retiró del cine en los años 1940. James Whale fue un innovador del cine de Hollywood, aunque es especialmente conocido por sus películas de terror Frankenstein, La novia de Frankenstein, o El hombre invisible. (es)
  • James Whale (* 22. Juli 1889 in Dudley, Worcestershire, England; † 29. Mai 1957 in Hollywood, Kalifornien) war ein britischer Regisseur. Obwohl er auch Filme für andere Genres drehte, ist er vor allem durch seine Horrorfilme Frankenstein, Das Haus des Grauens, Der Unsichtbare und Frankensteins Braut bekannt. Er gilt als Vater des klassischen Hollywood-Horrorfilms. (de)
  • James Whale James Whale, né le 22 juillet 1889 à Dudley dans le Worcestershire en Angleterre au Royaume-Uni et mort le 29 mai 1957 à Hollywood à Los Angeles aux États-Unis, est un réalisateur britannique, connu pour avoir mis en scène Frankenstein, Une soirée étrange, L'Homme invisible, La Fiancée de Frankenstein ainsi que Show Boat. (fr)
  • Dopo aver raggiunto la fama internazionale con il dramma Journey's End, Whale cominciò a lavorare come regista cinematografico; dopo alcune collaborazioni minori fu notato dall'allora produttore degli Universal Studios, Carl Laemmle Jr., che gli propose di realizzare Frankenstein (1931), primo adattamento cinematografico sonoro dell'omonimo romanzo scritto da di Mary Shelley. Il film fu un successo di pubblico e inaugurò una mitologia e uno stile che ebbero larghissima influenza nelle successive pellicole horror. Negli anni successivi ottenne la definitiva consacrazione internazionale con le pellicole L'uomo invisibile e La moglie di Frankenstein, per il quale entrò definitivamente nelle grazie degli Universal Stuidios. Dotato di qualità geniali di composizione e concentrazione drammatica, Whale è considerato tuttora uno dei rinnovatori del genere fantastico cinematografico americano, oltre che dei primi gay dichiarati del mondo di Hollywood. Per questa ragione era frequentemente oggetto di scherno e di emarginazione al punto tale da ricevere il soprannome sbeffeggiato di "queen of Hollywood", invece che di "king". Negli anni e nei decenni successivi alla sua morte, Whale è stato spesso citato come vera e propria icona della cinema horror, nonostante abbia diretto anche film di tutt'altro genere. I suoi film horror, specialmente L'uomo invisibile e i due su Frankenstein, sono entrati nell'immaginario collettivo e sono sopravvissuti all'usura del tempo. (it)
  • ジェイムズ・ホエール(James Whale, 1889年7月22日 - 1957年5月29日)は、イギリス出身の映画監督。ホラー映画の制作でよく知られており、代表作は『透明人間』、『フランケンシュタイン』、『フランケンシュタインの花嫁』など。 (ja)
  • James Whale (Dudley, 22 juli 1889 – Hollywood, 29 mei 1957) was een Brits filmregisseur. (nl)
  • James Whale (Dudley, 22 de julho de 1889 – 29 de maio, 1957) foi um cineasta britânico radicado nos Estados Unidos da América, melhor conhecido pelo seu trabalho em filmes de horror bastante populares, principalmente Frankenstein (1931), A noiva de Frankenstein (1935) e O homem invisível (1933). (pt)
  • Джеймс Уэйл (англ. James Whale; 22 июля 1889 — 29 мая 1957) — кинорежиссёр, один из основателей жанра фильма ужасов в звуковом кино. (ru)
  • 詹姆斯·惠尔(James Whale,1889年6月22日-1957年5月29日)是一名英国电影导演、话剧导演和演员。他主要以拍恐怖电影知名,所拍影片包括《科学怪人》(1931)、《老黑屋》(1932)、《隐身人》(1933)和《科学怪人的新娘》(1935)。惠尔也拍过十几部其他类型的电影,其中包括《画航璇宫》(1936),它被认为是同名音乐剧的权威改编。后来他对恐怖片越来越不感兴趣,但他的许多非恐怖电影都被埋没。 (zh)
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  • Jimmy.
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  • James Whale poses with a model of Frankenstein's monster on the set of Bride of Frankenstein, 1935.
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  • To ALL I LOVE, Do not grieve for me. My nerves are all shot and for the last year I have been in agony day and night—except when I sleep with sleeping pills—and any peace I have by day is when I am drugged by pills. I have had a wonderful life but it is over and my nerves get worse and I am afraid they will have to take me away. So please forgive me, all those I love and may God forgive me too, but I cannot bear the agony and it [is] best for everyone this way. The future is just old age and illness and pain. Goodbye and thank you for all your love. I must have peace and this is the only way.
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  • film director (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • James Whale (Dudley Staffs, 22 de julio de 1889 - Los Ángeles, 29 de mayo de 1957) fue un director de cine inglés. Iniciado en el teatro, en 1930 se mudó a los Estados Unidos, donde destacó en el cine de terror. Se retiró del cine en los años 1940. James Whale fue un innovador del cine de Hollywood, aunque es especialmente conocido por sus películas de terror Frankenstein, La novia de Frankenstein, o El hombre invisible. (es)
  • James Whale (* 22. Juli 1889 in Dudley, Worcestershire, England; † 29. Mai 1957 in Hollywood, Kalifornien) war ein britischer Regisseur. Obwohl er auch Filme für andere Genres drehte, ist er vor allem durch seine Horrorfilme Frankenstein, Das Haus des Grauens, Der Unsichtbare und Frankensteins Braut bekannt. Er gilt als Vater des klassischen Hollywood-Horrorfilms. (de)
  • James Whale James Whale, né le 22 juillet 1889 à Dudley dans le Worcestershire en Angleterre au Royaume-Uni et mort le 29 mai 1957 à Hollywood à Los Angeles aux États-Unis, est un réalisateur britannique, connu pour avoir mis en scène Frankenstein, Une soirée étrange, L'Homme invisible, La Fiancée de Frankenstein ainsi que Show Boat. (fr)
  • ジェイムズ・ホエール(James Whale, 1889年7月22日 - 1957年5月29日)は、イギリス出身の映画監督。ホラー映画の制作でよく知られており、代表作は『透明人間』、『フランケンシュタイン』、『フランケンシュタインの花嫁』など。 (ja)
  • James Whale (Dudley, 22 juli 1889 – Hollywood, 29 mei 1957) was een Brits filmregisseur. (nl)
  • James Whale (Dudley, 22 de julho de 1889 – 29 de maio, 1957) foi um cineasta britânico radicado nos Estados Unidos da América, melhor conhecido pelo seu trabalho em filmes de horror bastante populares, principalmente Frankenstein (1931), A noiva de Frankenstein (1935) e O homem invisível (1933). (pt)
  • Джеймс Уэйл (англ. James Whale; 22 июля 1889 — 29 мая 1957) — кинорежиссёр, один из основателей жанра фильма ужасов в звуковом кино. (ru)
  • 詹姆斯·惠尔(James Whale,1889年6月22日-1957年5月29日)是一名英国电影导演、话剧导演和演员。他主要以拍恐怖电影知名,所拍影片包括《科学怪人》(1931)、《老黑屋》(1932)、《隐身人》(1933)和《科学怪人的新娘》(1935)。惠尔也拍过十几部其他类型的电影,其中包括《画航璇宫》(1936),它被认为是同名音乐剧的权威改编。后来他对恐怖片越来越不感兴趣,但他的许多非恐怖电影都被埋没。 (zh)
  • James Whale (22 July 1889 – 29 May 1957) was an English film director, theatre director and actor. He is best remembered for his four classic horror films: Frankenstein (1931), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933) and Bride of Frankenstein (1935). Whale also directed films in other genres, including what is considered the definitive film version of the musical Show Boat (1936). He became increasingly disenchanted with his association with horror, but many of his non-horror films have fallen into obscurity. (en)
  • Dopo aver raggiunto la fama internazionale con il dramma Journey's End, Whale cominciò a lavorare come regista cinematografico; dopo alcune collaborazioni minori fu notato dall'allora produttore degli Universal Studios, Carl Laemmle Jr., che gli propose di realizzare Frankenstein (1931), primo adattamento cinematografico sonoro dell'omonimo romanzo scritto da di Mary Shelley. Il film fu un successo di pubblico e inaugurò una mitologia e uno stile che ebbero larghissima influenza nelle successive pellicole horror. Negli anni successivi ottenne la definitiva consacrazione internazionale con le pellicole L'uomo invisibile e La moglie di Frankenstein, per il quale entrò definitivamente nelle grazie degli Universal Stuidios. (it)
rdfs:label
  • James Whale (en)
  • James Whale (de)
  • James Whale (es)
  • James Whale (fr)
  • James Whale (it)
  • ジェイムズ・ホエール (ja)
  • James Whale (nl)
  • James Whale (pt)
  • Уэйл, Джеймс (ru)
  • 詹姆斯·惠尔 (zh)
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  • James Whale (en)
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