Leonard James "Jim" Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005) was a British politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and the Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980. Callaghan is to date the only politician in history to have served in all four of the "Great Offices of State", having been Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1964 to 1967, Home Secretary from 1967 to 1970, and Foreign Secretary from 1974, until his appointment as Prime Minister in 1976. As Prime Minister, he had some successes, but was chiefly remembered for the "Winter of Discontent" in 1978–79. During a very cold winter, his battle with trade unions led to massive strikes that seriously inconvenienced the public, leading to his defeat in the p

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dbo:abstract
  • Leonard James "Jim" Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005) was a British politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and the Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980. Callaghan is to date the only politician in history to have served in all four of the "Great Offices of State", having been Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1964 to 1967, Home Secretary from 1967 to 1970, and Foreign Secretary from 1974, until his appointment as Prime Minister in 1976. As Prime Minister, he had some successes, but was chiefly remembered for the "Winter of Discontent" in 1978–79. During a very cold winter, his battle with trade unions led to massive strikes that seriously inconvenienced the public, leading to his defeat in the polls by Margaret Thatcher. As a new MP in 1945 he was on the left wing of the party; he steadily moved right but maintained his reputation as "The Keeper of the Cloth Cap" – that is he was seen as dedicated to maintaining close ties between the Party and the trade unions. Callaghan's period as Chancellor of the Exchequer coincided with a turbulent period for the British economy, during which he had to wrestle with a balance of payments deficit and speculative attacks on the pound sterling (its exchange rate to other currencies was almost fixed by the Bretton Woods system). On 18 November 1967, the government devalued the pound sterling. Callaghan became Home Secretary. He sent the British Army to support the police in Northern Ireland, after a request from the Northern Ireland Government. After Labour lost the 1970 election, Callaghan played a key role in the Shadow Cabinet. He became Foreign Secretary in 1974, taking responsibility for renegotiating the terms of Britain's membership of the European Economic Community, and supporting a "Yes" vote in the 1975 referendum to remain in the EEC. When Prime Minister Harold Wilson resigned in 1976, Callaghan defeated five other candidates to be elected as his replacement. Labour had already lost its small majority in the House of Commons by the time he became prime minister, and further by-election defeats and defections forced Callaghan to deal with minor parties such as the Liberal Party, particularly in the "Lib–Lab pact" from 1977 to 1978. Industrial disputes and widespread strikes in the 1978 "Winter of Discontent" made Callaghan's government unpopular, and the defeat of the referendum on devolution for Scotland led to the successful passage of a motion of no confidence on 28 March 1979. This was followed by a defeat in the ensuing general election. Callaghan remained Leader of the Labour Party until November 1980, to reform the process by which the party elected its leader, before returning to the backbenches where he remained until he was made a life peer as Baron Callaghan of Cardiff. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) جيمس كالاهان (بالإنجليزية: James Callaghan) سياسي بريطاني (27 مارس 1912-26 مارس 2005). كان رئيساً لوزراء بريطانيا من 5 أبريل 1976 إلى 4 مايو 1979. مشاريع شقيقة في كومنز صور وملفات عن: جيمس كالاهان * 32xبوابة المملكة المتحدة * 32xبوابة السياسة * 32xبوابة أعلام * 32xبوابة اشتراكية * 32xبوابة الحرب الباردة * 32xبوابة الاقتصاد25بك هذه بذرة مقالة عن حياة شخصية بريطانية بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • Leonard James („Jim“) Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (* 27. März 1912 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England; † 26. März 2005 in Ringmer, East Sussex, England) war ein britischer Politiker der Labour Party und von 1976 bis 1979 Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreichs. (de)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, LG, CP (27 de marzo de 1912 – 26 de marzo de 2005) fue un político británico que se desempeñó como Primer Ministro del Reino Unido desde 1976 hasta 1979 y líder del Partido Laborista desde 1976 hasta 1980. Callaghan es hasta la fecha el único político de la historia británica que ocupó las denominadas "Grandes Oficinas del Estado": fue ministro de hacienda (Chancellor of the Exchequer) entre 1964 y 1967, Secretario de Estado para Asuntos Internos (Home Department) entre 1967 y 1970 y Secretario de Estado para Relaciones Exteriores (Foreign Secretary) desde 1974 hasta su elección como Primer Ministro en 1976. Durante el período en que estuvo a cargo del Ministerio de Hacienda la economía británica se encontraba en una situación difícil: tuvo que lidiar con un déficit en la balanza de pagos y dificultades monetarias. En noviembre de 1967 el gobierno se vio forzado devaluar la libra esterlina a pesar de que había declarado previamente que tal medida no iba a ser necesaria. Callaghan presentó su renuncia pero terminó intercambiando su posición con Roy Jenkins. Como ministro de interior (Secretario de Estados para Asuntos Internos) Callaghan envió a las fuerzas armadas en apoyo de la policía de Irlanda del Norte. (es)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, baron Callaghan de Cardiff, né le 27 mars 1912 à Portsmouth (Hampshire) et mort le 26 mars 2005 près de Lewes dans le comté d'East Sussex, est un homme politique britannique appartenant au Parti travailliste. (fr)
  • Ha fatto parte del Partito Laburista. È stato Primo ministro del Regno Unito dal 5 aprile 1976 al 4 maggio 1979 sostituendo Harold Wilson al numero 10 di Downing Street in un momento assai delicato per la storia del Regno Unito. (it)
  • カーディフのキャラハン男爵レナード・ジェームズ・キャラハン(Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff、1912年3月27日 - 2005年3月26日)は、イギリスの政治家。1976年から1979年まで、首相として労働党政権を率いた。労働党の「巨人」と称されたほか、「サニー・ジム」「ビッグ・ジム」の愛称があった。 (ja)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, baron Callaghan van Cardiff (Portsmouth (Hampshire), 27 maart 1912 - Ringmer (East Sussex), 26 maart 2005) was een Brits politicus. Hij was premier van 1976 tot 1979 voor de Labour Party. Van 1973 tot 1974 was hij ook partijvoorzitter. (nl)
  • Leonard James Callaghan KG (ur. 27 marca 1912 w Portsmouth, Hampshire, zm. 26 marca 2005 w Ringmer, East Sussex) – brytyjski polityk, członek Partii Pracy. W latach 1945-1987 był deputowany do Izby Gmin. Od 1964 do 1967 r. Kanclerzem Skarbu, w latach 1967-1970 ministrem spraw wewnętrznych, od 1974 do 1976 r. – spraw zagranicznych, od roku 1976 przez trzy lata sprawował funkcję premiera. W 1987 roku otrzymał dożywotni tytuł barona Callaghan of Cardiff. Najdłużej żyjący ze wszystkich premierów brytyjskich. (pl)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, Barão Callaghan de Cardiff, KG, PC, (Portsmouth, 27 de março de 1912 — Ringmer, 26 de março de 2005) foi um político britânico, ex-primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido. Originário da classe operária e sem qualquer diploma universitário, James Callaghan iniciou a sua carreira na função pública, antes de se demitir em 1937, para se tornar dirigente sindical a tempo inteiro. Após a II Guerra Mundial, na qual serviu na Royal Navy, entrou no Partido Trabalhista, sendo eleito deputado por Cardiff em 1945. Na sua carreira política ocupou por diversas vezes o lugar de ministro-sombra na oposição trabalhista, antes de se tornar Secretário de Estado e depois Ministro nos governos de Harold Wilson. Ocupou a pasta de Finanças (1964-1967), Interior (1967-1970) e Negócios Estrangeiros (1974-1976). Em Abril de 1976 substituiu Harold Wilson como líder trabalhista e primeiro-ministro. Três anos mais tarde, não resistiu à agitação social e à renovação conservadora protagonizada pela líder do Partido Conservador Margaret Thatcher, para quem perdeu as eleiçőes em 1979. James Callaghan faleceu na véspera do seu 93° aniversário, onze dias depois do falecimento da sua mulher, Audrey Callaghan, com quem esteve casado durante 67 anos. Eles tiveram um filho e duas filhas: * Margaret Jay, Baronesa Jay de Paddington * A Honoravél Julie Hubbard * O Honoravél Michael Callaghan (pt)
  • Леона́рд Дже́ймс Ка́ллагэн, барон Каллагэн Кардиффский (англ. Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff; 27 марта 1912 — 26 марта 2005) — политик-лейборист, премьер-министр Великобритании с 1976 по 1979, перед 18-летней эрой господства консерваторов. Известен как Джим Каллагэн («Солнечный Джим», «Джентльмен Джим», «Большой Джим»). (ru)
  • 倫納德·詹姆斯·卡拉漢,卡地夫的卡拉漢男爵,KG,PC(Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff,1912年3月27日—2005年3月26日),英國工黨政治家,1976年至1979年出任英國首相。「詹姆斯」和「吉姆」是一般人對他的稱呼,所以他又有「陽光吉姆」(Sunny Jim)和「大吉姆」(Big Jim)等綽號。此外,卡拉漢是唯一一位曾出任四大重大國務官位,即英國首相、財政大臣、內政大臣和外務大臣的人。 卡拉漢自1964年至1967年出任財政大臣,當時英國經濟陷入混亂狀態,他除了要應付財政赤字,又要阻止投機者對英鎊的狙擊。但到了1967年11月,英國政府仍無可奈何地將英鎊貶值,卡拉漢亦因此辭職。卡拉漢辭職後沒有退出內閣,反而得到了挽留,並與羅伊·詹金斯(Roy Jenkins)對調職位,自1967年至1970年出掌內政大臣。任內,卡拉漢諮詢北愛爾蘭政府後,決定將英軍撤出北愛爾蘭。 卡拉漢在1974年3月重返政府,出任外務大臣一職,負責重新就是否加入共同市場展開談判,並在1975年的全民投票中,表態支持英國留在歐洲經濟共同體。當哈羅德·威爾遜在1976年辭任首相後,卡拉漢得以繼任首相和黨魁。但是在任內,由於工黨於下議院只佔小數,而被迫與一些細小的黨派,如阿爾斯太聯合黨合作,而日後備受批評的「自由黨-工黨協議」(Lib-Lab Pact)也是因此而生。後來,卡拉漢嘗試以公投方式下放權力到蘇格蘭,但卻失敗而回。至於在1978年至1979年爆發的「不滿的冬天」(Winter of Discontent),更使工黨政府陷於癱瘓,當時,無數的工業糾紛、大罷工和高失業率,使卡拉漢政府聲望急挫。國會遂於1979年3月28日通過了對卡拉漢的不信任動議,從而舉行了1979年大選,最終卡拉漢敗於保守黨的戴卓爾夫人,結束了工黨的執政。 (zh)
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  • Leonard James Callaghan
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  • A Sea-Dragon sejant Gules, langued and scaled Or, its tail Or, scaled Gules, the dorsal fin Gules, gorged with a Mural Crown Or, masoned Gules, supporting to the front with the fin of the dexter foreleg a Portcullis Or.
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  • Quarterly Vert and Azure, in the former a portcullis chained Or, in the latter a lymphad with an anchor at its prow and masted also Or, the sail set Argent, and pennants flying Gules, over all a fess Or, to the sinister thereof a grassy mount thereon a hurst of oak trees and issuing therefrom passant to the dexter a wolf, all proper.
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  • MALO LABORARE QUAM LANGURE
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  • Constituency abolished
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  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; 1976-1979 (en)
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  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (فبراير 2016) جيمس كالاهان (بالإنجليزية: James Callaghan) سياسي بريطاني (27 مارس 1912-26 مارس 2005). كان رئيساً لوزراء بريطانيا من 5 أبريل 1976 إلى 4 مايو 1979. مشاريع شقيقة في كومنز صور وملفات عن: جيمس كالاهان * 32xبوابة المملكة المتحدة * 32xبوابة السياسة * 32xبوابة أعلام * 32xبوابة اشتراكية * 32xبوابة الحرب الباردة * 32xبوابة الاقتصاد25بك هذه بذرة مقالة عن حياة شخصية بريطانية بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • Leonard James („Jim“) Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (* 27. März 1912 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England; † 26. März 2005 in Ringmer, East Sussex, England) war ein britischer Politiker der Labour Party und von 1976 bis 1979 Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreichs. (de)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, baron Callaghan de Cardiff, né le 27 mars 1912 à Portsmouth (Hampshire) et mort le 26 mars 2005 près de Lewes dans le comté d'East Sussex, est un homme politique britannique appartenant au Parti travailliste. (fr)
  • Ha fatto parte del Partito Laburista. È stato Primo ministro del Regno Unito dal 5 aprile 1976 al 4 maggio 1979 sostituendo Harold Wilson al numero 10 di Downing Street in un momento assai delicato per la storia del Regno Unito. (it)
  • カーディフのキャラハン男爵レナード・ジェームズ・キャラハン(Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff、1912年3月27日 - 2005年3月26日)は、イギリスの政治家。1976年から1979年まで、首相として労働党政権を率いた。労働党の「巨人」と称されたほか、「サニー・ジム」「ビッグ・ジム」の愛称があった。 (ja)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, baron Callaghan van Cardiff (Portsmouth (Hampshire), 27 maart 1912 - Ringmer (East Sussex), 26 maart 2005) was een Brits politicus. Hij was premier van 1976 tot 1979 voor de Labour Party. Van 1973 tot 1974 was hij ook partijvoorzitter. (nl)
  • Leonard James Callaghan KG (ur. 27 marca 1912 w Portsmouth, Hampshire, zm. 26 marca 2005 w Ringmer, East Sussex) – brytyjski polityk, członek Partii Pracy. W latach 1945-1987 był deputowany do Izby Gmin. Od 1964 do 1967 r. Kanclerzem Skarbu, w latach 1967-1970 ministrem spraw wewnętrznych, od 1974 do 1976 r. – spraw zagranicznych, od roku 1976 przez trzy lata sprawował funkcję premiera. W 1987 roku otrzymał dożywotni tytuł barona Callaghan of Cardiff. Najdłużej żyjący ze wszystkich premierów brytyjskich. (pl)
  • Леона́рд Дже́ймс Ка́ллагэн, барон Каллагэн Кардиффский (англ. Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff; 27 марта 1912 — 26 марта 2005) — политик-лейборист, премьер-министр Великобритании с 1976 по 1979, перед 18-летней эрой господства консерваторов. Известен как Джим Каллагэн («Солнечный Джим», «Джентльмен Джим», «Большой Джим»). (ru)
  • Leonard James "Jim" Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005) was a British politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and the Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980. Callaghan is to date the only politician in history to have served in all four of the "Great Offices of State", having been Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1964 to 1967, Home Secretary from 1967 to 1970, and Foreign Secretary from 1974, until his appointment as Prime Minister in 1976. As Prime Minister, he had some successes, but was chiefly remembered for the "Winter of Discontent" in 1978–79. During a very cold winter, his battle with trade unions led to massive strikes that seriously inconvenienced the public, leading to his defeat in the p (en)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, LG, CP (27 de marzo de 1912 – 26 de marzo de 2005) fue un político británico que se desempeñó como Primer Ministro del Reino Unido desde 1976 hasta 1979 y líder del Partido Laborista desde 1976 hasta 1980. Callaghan es hasta la fecha el único político de la historia británica que ocupó las denominadas "Grandes Oficinas del Estado": fue ministro de hacienda (Chancellor of the Exchequer) entre 1964 y 1967, Secretario de Estado para Asuntos Internos (Home Department) entre 1967 y 1970 y Secretario de Estado para Relaciones Exteriores (Foreign Secretary) desde 1974 hasta su elección como Primer Ministro en 1976. (es)
  • Leonard James Callaghan, Barão Callaghan de Cardiff, KG, PC, (Portsmouth, 27 de março de 1912 — Ringmer, 26 de março de 2005) foi um político britânico, ex-primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido. Originário da classe operária e sem qualquer diploma universitário, James Callaghan iniciou a sua carreira na função pública, antes de se demitir em 1937, para se tornar dirigente sindical a tempo inteiro. Após a II Guerra Mundial, na qual serviu na Royal Navy, entrou no Partido Trabalhista, sendo eleito deputado por Cardiff em 1945. Na sua carreira política ocupou por diversas vezes o lugar de ministro-sombra na oposição trabalhista, antes de se tornar Secretário de Estado e depois Ministro nos governos de Harold Wilson. Ocupou a pasta de Finanças (1964-1967), Interior (1967-1970) e Negócios Estrangeir (pt)
  • 倫納德·詹姆斯·卡拉漢,卡地夫的卡拉漢男爵,KG,PC(Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff,1912年3月27日—2005年3月26日),英國工黨政治家,1976年至1979年出任英國首相。「詹姆斯」和「吉姆」是一般人對他的稱呼,所以他又有「陽光吉姆」(Sunny Jim)和「大吉姆」(Big Jim)等綽號。此外,卡拉漢是唯一一位曾出任四大重大國務官位,即英國首相、財政大臣、內政大臣和外務大臣的人。 卡拉漢自1964年至1967年出任財政大臣,當時英國經濟陷入混亂狀態,他除了要應付財政赤字,又要阻止投機者對英鎊的狙擊。但到了1967年11月,英國政府仍無可奈何地將英鎊貶值,卡拉漢亦因此辭職。卡拉漢辭職後沒有退出內閣,反而得到了挽留,並與羅伊·詹金斯(Roy Jenkins)對調職位,自1967年至1970年出掌內政大臣。任內,卡拉漢諮詢北愛爾蘭政府後,決定將英軍撤出北愛爾蘭。 (zh)
rdfs:label
  • James Callaghan (en)
  • جيمس كالاهان (ar)
  • James Callaghan (de)
  • James Callaghan (es)
  • James Callaghan (fr)
  • James Callaghan (it)
  • ジェームズ・キャラハン (ja)
  • James Callaghan (nl)
  • James Callaghan (pl)
  • James Callaghan (pt)
  • Каллагэн, Джеймс (ru)
  • 詹姆斯·卡拉漢 (zh)
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