Ion Călugăru (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈon kəˈluɡəru]; born Ștrul Leiba Croitoru, also known as Buium sin Strul-Leiba Croitoru, B. Croitoru; February 14, 1902 – May 22, 1956) was a Romanian novelist, short story writer, journalist and critic. As a figure on Romania's modernist scene throughout the early interwar period, he was noted for combining a picturesque perspective on the rural Jewish-Romanian community, to which he belonged, with traditionalist and avant-garde elements. His early works, including the novel Copilăria unui netrebnic ("The Childhood of a Ne'er-do-well"), bring together elements of Social Realism, Surrealism and Expressionism over a conventional narrative line based on oral tradition and the classics of Romanian literature. Călugăru, who moved from the moderate Contim

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dbo:abstract
  • Ion Călugăru (né Ştrul Leiba Croitoru, également connu sous les noms de Buium sin Strul-Leiba Croitoru et B. Croitoru ; 14 février 1902- 22 mai 1956), était un romancier, nouvelliste, journaliste et critique roumain. En tant que figure de la scène moderniste roumaine tout au long de la première période de l'entre-deux-guerres, il s'est fait connaître en combinant un point de vue pittoresque sur la communauté juive rurale, à laquelle il appartenait, avec des éléments traditionalistes et avant-gardistes. (fr)
  • Ion Călugăru (ur. 14 lutego 1902 r. w Dorohoi w Rumunii, zm. 22 maja 1956 r. w Bukareszcie) – przybrane nazwisko Ștrul Leiba Croitoru – rumuńskiego prozaika, dramaturga, publicysty i tłumacza pochodzenia żydowskiego. Swoje artykuły i książki wydawał do 1924 roku pod pseudonimem Ion Popescu. (pl)
  • Ион Кэлугэру (рум. Ion Călugăru; настоящее имя и фамилия Срул-Лейб Кройтору, рум. Srul Leib Croitoru; 14 февраля 1902, Дорохой — 22 мая 1956, Бухарест) — румынский прозаик, драматург, переводчик и публицист еврейского происхождения. Перевёл на румынский язык разнообразные произведения русской и советской литературы. Один из основных представителей официальной культуры пятидесятых годов XX века в Румынии. (ru)
  • Ion Călugăru (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈon kəˈluɡəru]; born Ștrul Leiba Croitoru, also known as Buium sin Strul-Leiba Croitoru, B. Croitoru; February 14, 1902 – May 22, 1956) was a Romanian novelist, short story writer, journalist and critic. As a figure on Romania's modernist scene throughout the early interwar period, he was noted for combining a picturesque perspective on the rural Jewish-Romanian community, to which he belonged, with traditionalist and avant-garde elements. His early works, including the novel Copilăria unui netrebnic ("The Childhood of a Ne'er-do-well"), bring together elements of Social Realism, Surrealism and Expressionism over a conventional narrative line based on oral tradition and the classics of Romanian literature. Călugăru, who moved from the moderate Contimporanul magazine to the Surrealist platform unu, was also one of the main contributors to Integral, a tribune for avant-garde literature in general. Although publicly known for his socialist convictions and his far left inclinations, he was, through his position at Cuvântul newspaper, present in the proximity of fascist circles, and had an ambiguous attitude toward his employer, the far right thinker Nae Ionescu. Shortly before the establishment of Romania's communist regime, Călugăru embraced Socialist Realism and became and made official his relationship with the ruling Romanian Communist Party. During this final period of his career, he wrote the controversial novel Oțel și pîine ("Steel and Bread"), an epic of industrialization, widely seen as one of the most representative samples of politicized literature to have seen print in 1950s Romania. Despite his formal affiliation to Marxism-Leninism, Călugăru had doubts about the new political realities and commented with sarcasm on the regime's self-contradictions. These opinions were expressed in his private diaries, which became the subject of research and public scrutiny some fifty years after his death. (en)
dbo:activeYearsEndYear
  • 1956-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:activeYearsStartYear
  • 1920-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1902-02-14 (xsd:date)
  • 1902-2-14
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1956-05-22 (xsd:date)
  • 1956-5-22
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:genre
dbo:influencedBy
dbo:movement
dbo:nationality
dbo:pseudonym
  • Moș Ion Popescu (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 26228889 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 736792587 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Ion Călugăru, photographed before 1935
dbp:imagesize
  • 220 (xsd:integer)
dbp:occupation
  • novelist, short story writer, dramatist, journalist, film critic, art critic, literary critic, theater critic, screenwriter, poet
dct:description
  • Romanian writer (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Ion Călugăru (né Ştrul Leiba Croitoru, également connu sous les noms de Buium sin Strul-Leiba Croitoru et B. Croitoru ; 14 février 1902- 22 mai 1956), était un romancier, nouvelliste, journaliste et critique roumain. En tant que figure de la scène moderniste roumaine tout au long de la première période de l'entre-deux-guerres, il s'est fait connaître en combinant un point de vue pittoresque sur la communauté juive rurale, à laquelle il appartenait, avec des éléments traditionalistes et avant-gardistes. (fr)
  • Ion Călugăru (ur. 14 lutego 1902 r. w Dorohoi w Rumunii, zm. 22 maja 1956 r. w Bukareszcie) – przybrane nazwisko Ștrul Leiba Croitoru – rumuńskiego prozaika, dramaturga, publicysty i tłumacza pochodzenia żydowskiego. Swoje artykuły i książki wydawał do 1924 roku pod pseudonimem Ion Popescu. (pl)
  • Ион Кэлугэру (рум. Ion Călugăru; настоящее имя и фамилия Срул-Лейб Кройтору, рум. Srul Leib Croitoru; 14 февраля 1902, Дорохой — 22 мая 1956, Бухарест) — румынский прозаик, драматург, переводчик и публицист еврейского происхождения. Перевёл на румынский язык разнообразные произведения русской и советской литературы. Один из основных представителей официальной культуры пятидесятых годов XX века в Румынии. (ru)
  • Ion Călugăru (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈon kəˈluɡəru]; born Ștrul Leiba Croitoru, also known as Buium sin Strul-Leiba Croitoru, B. Croitoru; February 14, 1902 – May 22, 1956) was a Romanian novelist, short story writer, journalist and critic. As a figure on Romania's modernist scene throughout the early interwar period, he was noted for combining a picturesque perspective on the rural Jewish-Romanian community, to which he belonged, with traditionalist and avant-garde elements. His early works, including the novel Copilăria unui netrebnic ("The Childhood of a Ne'er-do-well"), bring together elements of Social Realism, Surrealism and Expressionism over a conventional narrative line based on oral tradition and the classics of Romanian literature. Călugăru, who moved from the moderate Contim (en)
rdfs:label
  • Ion Călugăru (fr)
  • Ion Călugăru (pl)
  • Кэлугэру, Ион (ru)
  • Ion Călugăru (en)
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  • male (en)
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  • Ion (en)
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foaf:name
  • B. Croitoru (en)
  • Ion Călugăru (en)
  • Ștrul Leiba Croitoru (en)
foaf:surname
  • Călugăru (en)
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