Ion Alion Buzdugan (Romanian Cyrillic and Russian: Ион Буздуган, born Ivan Alexandrovici Buzdâga; March 9, 1887 – January 29, 1967) was a Bessarabian-Romanian poet, folklorist, and politician. A young schoolteacher in the Russian Empire by 1908, he wrote poetry and collected folklore emphasizing Bessarabia's links with Romania, and associated with various founding figures of the Romanian nationalist movement, beginning with Ion Pelivan. Buzdugan was a far-left figure during the February Revolution, but eventually rallied with the National Moldavian Party in opposition to the socialists and the Bolsheviks. He vehemently supported the union of Bessarabia with Romania during the existence of an independent Moldavian Democratic Republic, and, as a member of its legislature (Sfatul Ţării), work

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dbo:abstract
  • Ion Alion Buzdugan (Romanian Cyrillic and Russian: Ион Буздуган, born Ivan Alexandrovici Buzdâga; March 9, 1887 – January 29, 1967) was a Bessarabian-Romanian poet, folklorist, and politician. A young schoolteacher in the Russian Empire by 1908, he wrote poetry and collected folklore emphasizing Bessarabia's links with Romania, and associated with various founding figures of the Romanian nationalist movement, beginning with Ion Pelivan. Buzdugan was a far-left figure during the February Revolution, but eventually rallied with the National Moldavian Party in opposition to the socialists and the Bolsheviks. He vehemently supported the union of Bessarabia with Romania during the existence of an independent Moldavian Democratic Republic, and, as a member of its legislature (Sfatul Ţării), worked to bring it about. Threatened by the Bolsheviks, he fled to Romania and returned with the expeditionary corps headed by General Ernest Broșteanu, being one of the delegates who voted for the union, and one of dignitaries who signed its proclamation. In interwar Greater Romania, Buzdugan received mixed reviews as a neo-traditionalist poet, while also serving terms as a Bălți County representative in the Assembly of Deputies. There, he advocated decentralization and a system of zemstva, but opposed Bessarabian autonomy, while also becoming noted for his hawkish stance against the Soviet Union, his radicalized nationalism, and his antisemitic outbursts. He was successively a member of the Bessarabian Peasants' Party, the Peasants' Party, the National Peasants' Party, and the Peasants' Party–Lupu. For a while, he was employed as a civil administrator, before delving in fascist politics with the Romanian Front. His political activity made him a target of repression under the Romanian communist regime, but he avoided arrest by going into hiding during the late 1940s and early '50s. Protected by the literary critic Perpessicius, he later reemerged, but, until the time of his death, was only allowed to publish pseudonymous translations from Russian literature. Since the 1990s, his poetic work has been recovered and reassessed in both Romania and Moldova. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1887-03-09 (xsd:date)
  • 1887-3-9
dbo:birthName
  • Ivan Alexandrovici Buzdâga (en)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1967-01-29 (xsd:date)
  • 1967-1-29
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:nationality
dbo:orderInOffice
  • Member of Sfatul Ţării
  • Member of theAssembly of Deputies
dbo:party
dbo:region
dbo:religion
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 26451340 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 738430210 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Buzdugan, ca. 1914
dbp:imagesize
  • 200 (xsd:integer)
dbp:profession
  • Poet, folklorist, translator, schoolteacher, journalist, lawyer
dbp:termEnd
  • November 1918
  • July 1932
  • May 1925
dbp:termStart
  • June 1926
  • November 1917
  • November 1919
dct:description
  • Moldovan politician (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Ion Alion Buzdugan (Romanian Cyrillic and Russian: Ион Буздуган, born Ivan Alexandrovici Buzdâga; March 9, 1887 – January 29, 1967) was a Bessarabian-Romanian poet, folklorist, and politician. A young schoolteacher in the Russian Empire by 1908, he wrote poetry and collected folklore emphasizing Bessarabia's links with Romania, and associated with various founding figures of the Romanian nationalist movement, beginning with Ion Pelivan. Buzdugan was a far-left figure during the February Revolution, but eventually rallied with the National Moldavian Party in opposition to the socialists and the Bolsheviks. He vehemently supported the union of Bessarabia with Romania during the existence of an independent Moldavian Democratic Republic, and, as a member of its legislature (Sfatul Ţării), work (en)
rdfs:label
  • Ion Buzdugan (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Ion (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Ion Buzdugan (en)
  • Ion Alion Buzdugan (en)
foaf:nick
  • Nică Romanaș (en)
foaf:surname
  • Buzdugan (en)
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