Indian defences are chess openings characterised by the moves: 1. d4 Nf6 They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it. Although the Indian defences were championed in the 1920s by players in the hypermodern school, they were not fully accepted until Russian players showed in the late 1940s that these systems are sound for Black. Since then, the Indian defences have become a popular way for Black to respond to 1.d4 because they often offer an unbalanced game with winning chances for both sides. Transpositions are important and many variations can be reached by several move orders.

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dbo:abstract
  • Bei der Indischen Verteidigung handelt es sich um einen Sammelbegriff für bestimmte Eröffnungen des Schachspiels. Die Indischen Verteidigungen zählen zu den Geschlossenen Spielen und beginnen mit den Zügen: 1. d2-d4 Sg8-f62. c2-c4 (de)
  • Indian defences are chess openings characterised by the moves: 1. d4 Nf6 They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it. Although the Indian defences were championed in the 1920s by players in the hypermodern school, they were not fully accepted until Russian players showed in the late 1940s that these systems are sound for Black. Since then, the Indian defences have become a popular way for Black to respond to 1.d4 because they often offer an unbalanced game with winning chances for both sides. Transpositions are important and many variations can be reached by several move orders. The usual White second move is 2.c4, grabbing a larger share of the centre and allowing the move Nc3, to prepare for moving the e-pawn to e4 without blocking the c-pawn with the knight. Black's most popular replies are * 2...e6, freeing the king's bishop and leading into the Nimzo-Indian Defence, Queen's Indian Defence, Bogo-Indian Defence, Modern Benoni, Catalan Opening, or regular lines of the Queen's Gambit Declined, * 2...g6, preparing a fianchetto of the king's bishop and entering the King's Indian Defence or Grünfeld Defence, and * 2...c5, the Benoni Defense, with an immediate counter-punch in the centre, but other moves are played as detailed below. Instead of 2.c4, White often plays 2.Nf3. Then Black may play 2...d5 which may transpose to a Queen's Gambit after 3.c4. Or Black may play 2...e6 which retains possibilities of transposing to a Queen's Gambit or Queen's Indian Defence. Alternatively 2...g6 may transpose to a King's Indian Defence or Grünfeld Defence, while 2...c5 invites transposition to a Benoni. White can deny Black any of these transpositions and by refraining from c2-c4 over the next several moves. On the second move, White can also play 2.Bg5, the Trompowsky Attack. Black can respond 2...Ne4 (see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 Ne4), or 2...e6 (see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 e6), among other moves. A third alternative for White is the rarer 2.Nc3. Then black may play 2...d5 for Richter-Veresov Attack (D01, see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5). Black may also play 2...g6 (see 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 g6). (en)
  • La difesa indiana è una apertura degli scacchi caratterizzata dalle mosse 1.d4 Cf6 Da questa apertura si originano molte delle difese più usate del Nero contro 1.d4, come la Nimzo-Indiana, l'est indiana e l'ovest indiana: tutte queste sono difese ipermoderne, dove il Bianco stabilisce una forte presenza al centro mentre il Nero cerca di minare e distruggere la posizione avversaria. Queste aperture furono usate negli anni Venti dai giocatori della scuola ipermoderna, sebbene non furono del tutto accettate finché non furono giocate dai giocatori Sovietici negli anni Quaranta, i quali mostrarono che questi sistemi erano solidi per il Nero. Le difese indiane sono considerate più ambiziose e rischiose delle aperture che si originano con la replica simmetrica 1...d5: con quest'ultima, infatti, il Nero accetta una posizione passiva, con l'obiettivo di ottenere gradualmente delle possibilità di arrivare ad una posizione pari e poi di contrattaccare. Al contrario, la precoce rottura di simmetria tende a favorire una battaglia per il centro in cui il Nero crea controgioco senza necessariamente arrivare prima ad una posizione di parità. La seconda mossa del Bianco è usualmente 2.c4, con lo scopo di guadagnare più spazio e di poter giocare Cc3 (in sostegno ad una futura e4) senza bloccare il pedone c. Le repliche più giocate dal Nero sono * 2...e6, liberando l'alfiere di Re: da questa mossa si originano molte aperture come la difesa Nimzo-Indiana, l'ovest indiana, la Bogo-indiana; si può anche rientrare nel gambetto di Donna rifiutato. * 2...g6, preparando un fianchetto dell'alfiere di Re ed entrando nella difesa est indiana o nella difesa Grünfeld. * 2...c5, la difesa Benoni moderna. Alcune di queste linee possono anche confluire in altre attraverso trasposizione. (it)
  • Aux échecs, une défense indienne (appellation de Xavier Tartacover) est une ouverture qui débute par le coup 1.d4 des Blancs suivi par le coup asymétrique 1...Cf6 des Noirs, contrôlant le centre (notamment la case e4) à distance sans l'occuper immédiatement par le pion d5. Bien que 2. Cf3 soit couramment joué, le coup usuel est 2. c4. Au second coup, 2...d5 après 1. d4 Cf6 2. c4 et au troisième coup 3...d5 après 1. d4 Cf6 2. c4 e6 3. Cc3/Cf3 retransposent dans le Gambit dame, qui est un début fermé. Les ouvertures indiennes font partie, entre autres (on compte aussi, par exemple, la défense hollandaise) des débuts semi-fermés. (fr)
  • Het Indisch (ook wel de Indische opening of Indische verdediging genoemd) is een schaakopening die gekenmerkt wordt door de zetten 1. d4 Pf6. De eerste zet van zwart is ambitieus: hij wil velden in het centrum onder controle houden, maar breekt gelijk de symmetrie van de stelling en streeft naar een ongebalanceerde partij waarin beide partijen kansen hebben op actief spel. De tweede zet van wit is over het algemeen 2.c4, waarmee hij het veld d5 aanvalt en de zet Pc3 gevolgd door e4 kan spelen zonder zijn c-pion te blokkeren. Ook kan wit 2.Pf3 spelen, maar dit zal vaak overgaan in een andere variant. De belangrijkste tweede zetten voor zwart zijn: * 2...e6, waarmee zwart de zwartveldige loper bevrijdt: dit kan leiden tot het Nimzo-Indisch (3.Pc3 Lb4), Bogo-Indisch (3.Pf3 Lb4+) en het Dame-Indisch (3.Pc3 b6) * 2...g6, waarmee zwart een fianchetto van de zwartveldige loper voorbereidt: dit kan leiden tot het Koningsindisch (3. Pc3 Lg7) en de Grünfeld-verdediging (3. Pc3 d5) * 2...c5, de Benoni * 2...d6, waarmee zwart de witveldige loper bevrijdt en de zwartveldige loper naar e7 kan spelen: dit leidt tot het Oud-Indisch Indische systemen zijn vaak hypermodern te noemen; zwart bezet het centrum niet met pionnen, maar valt het aan vanaf de vleugels, vaak door middel van een fianchetto en pionnenaanvallen als ...c5. Als zwart op een gegeven moment, na ...e6, de zet ...d5 of ...c5 speelt, zal de opening vaak overgaan in respectievelijk het geweigerd damegambiet en de Benoni-verdediging. (nl)
  • 印度防御是國際象棋開局后兵開局的一種,走法為: 1.d4 Nf6 常见的印度防御的变着有: * 古印度防禦(A53–A55)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6 * 后翼印度防御 又名“新印度防御” (E12-E19)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 * 尼姆佐-印度防御 (E20-E59)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 * 王翼印度防御(E60-E99)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 * 别诺尼防御 (A56-A79)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 * 格林菲爾德防禦 (D70–D99)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 (zh)
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  • D70–D99
  • E00–E99
  • A45–A79
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dbp:openingname
  • Indian Defence
dbp:parentopening
dct:subject
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rdfs:comment
  • Bei der Indischen Verteidigung handelt es sich um einen Sammelbegriff für bestimmte Eröffnungen des Schachspiels. Die Indischen Verteidigungen zählen zu den Geschlossenen Spielen und beginnen mit den Zügen: 1. d2-d4 Sg8-f62. c2-c4 (de)
  • Aux échecs, une défense indienne (appellation de Xavier Tartacover) est une ouverture qui débute par le coup 1.d4 des Blancs suivi par le coup asymétrique 1...Cf6 des Noirs, contrôlant le centre (notamment la case e4) à distance sans l'occuper immédiatement par le pion d5. Bien que 2. Cf3 soit couramment joué, le coup usuel est 2. c4. Au second coup, 2...d5 après 1. d4 Cf6 2. c4 et au troisième coup 3...d5 après 1. d4 Cf6 2. c4 e6 3. Cc3/Cf3 retransposent dans le Gambit dame, qui est un début fermé. Les ouvertures indiennes font partie, entre autres (on compte aussi, par exemple, la défense hollandaise) des débuts semi-fermés. (fr)
  • 印度防御是國際象棋開局后兵開局的一種,走法為: 1.d4 Nf6 常见的印度防御的变着有: * 古印度防禦(A53–A55)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6 * 后翼印度防御 又名“新印度防御” (E12-E19)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 * 尼姆佐-印度防御 (E20-E59)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 * 王翼印度防御(E60-E99)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 * 别诺尼防御 (A56-A79)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 * 格林菲爾德防禦 (D70–D99)1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 (zh)
  • Indian defences are chess openings characterised by the moves: 1. d4 Nf6 They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it. Although the Indian defences were championed in the 1920s by players in the hypermodern school, they were not fully accepted until Russian players showed in the late 1940s that these systems are sound for Black. Since then, the Indian defences have become a popular way for Black to respond to 1.d4 because they often offer an unbalanced game with winning chances for both sides. Transpositions are important and many variations can be reached by several move orders. (en)
  • La difesa indiana è una apertura degli scacchi caratterizzata dalle mosse 1.d4 Cf6 Da questa apertura si originano molte delle difese più usate del Nero contro 1.d4, come la Nimzo-Indiana, l'est indiana e l'ovest indiana: tutte queste sono difese ipermoderne, dove il Bianco stabilisce una forte presenza al centro mentre il Nero cerca di minare e distruggere la posizione avversaria. Queste aperture furono usate negli anni Venti dai giocatori della scuola ipermoderna, sebbene non furono del tutto accettate finché non furono giocate dai giocatori Sovietici negli anni Quaranta, i quali mostrarono che questi sistemi erano solidi per il Nero. (it)
  • Het Indisch (ook wel de Indische opening of Indische verdediging genoemd) is een schaakopening die gekenmerkt wordt door de zetten 1. d4 Pf6. De eerste zet van zwart is ambitieus: hij wil velden in het centrum onder controle houden, maar breekt gelijk de symmetrie van de stelling en streeft naar een ongebalanceerde partij waarin beide partijen kansen hebben op actief spel. De belangrijkste tweede zetten voor zwart zijn: Als zwart op een gegeven moment, na ...e6, de zet ...d5 of ...c5 speelt, zal de opening vaak overgaan in respectievelijk het geweigerd damegambiet en de Benoni-verdediging. (nl)
rdfs:label
  • Indische Verteidigung (de)
  • Indian Defence (en)
  • Difesa indiana (it)
  • Défense indienne (fr)
  • Indisch (schaakopening) (nl)
  • 印度防御 (zh)
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