Imbecile was a medical category of people with moderate to severe intellectual disability, as well as a type of criminal. The term arises from the Latin word imbecillus, meaning weak, or weak-minded. It included people with an IQ of 26–50, between "idiot" (IQ of 0–25) and "moron" (IQ of 51–70). The meaning was further refined into mental and moral imbecility. The concepts of "moral insanity", "moral idiocy"," and "moral imbecility", led to the emerging field of eugenic criminology, which held that crime can be reduced by preventing "feeble-minded" people from reproducing.

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  • Imbecile was a medical category of people with moderate to severe intellectual disability, as well as a type of criminal. The term arises from the Latin word imbecillus, meaning weak, or weak-minded. It included people with an IQ of 26–50, between "idiot" (IQ of 0–25) and "moron" (IQ of 51–70). The meaning was further refined into mental and moral imbecility. The concepts of "moral insanity", "moral idiocy"," and "moral imbecility", led to the emerging field of eugenic criminology, which held that crime can be reduced by preventing "feeble-minded" people from reproducing. "Imbecile" as a concrete classification was popularized by psychologist Henry H. Goddard and was used in 1927 by United States Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. in his ruling in the forced-sterilization case Buck v. Bell, 274 U.S. 200 (1927). The concept is closely associated with psychology, psychiatry, criminology, and eugenics. However, the term imbecile quickly passed into vernacular usage as a derogatory term, and fell out of professional use in the 20th century in favor of mental retardation. In recent decades, the phrases "mental retardation", "mentally retarded", and "retarded" initially used in a medical manner, are regarded as derogatory and politically incorrect much like moron, imbecile, cretin, dolt and idiot, formerly used as scientific terms in the early 20th century. On October 5, 2010, President of the United States Barack Obama signed Senate Bill 2781, known as "Rosa's Law", which changed references in many Federal statutes that referred to "mental retardation" to refer instead to "intellectual disability". (en)
  • Niepełnosprawność intelektualna w stopniu umiarkowanym (upośledzenie umysłowe umiarkowane, dawniej imbecylizm - niestosowana z uwagi na negatywne znaczenie w języku potocznym) – funkcjonowanie intelektualne dorosłego człowieka na poziomie 9. roku życia. W okresie przedszkolnym istnieją trudności z nabywaniem reguł społecznych (lojalność, współdziałanie), a także niezręczność fizyczna, powolny rozwój motoryczny. Poza tym do 9. roku życia rozwój jest prawidłowy. Osoby takie mogą nabywać umiejętności samoobsługowe, nie gubią się w dobrze znanym terenie, mogą pracować w zakładach pracy chronionej. Nie powinny zakładać rodzin. IQ w skali Wechslera: 35-54. (pl)
  • Imbecilidade é, na psiquiatria, o grau intermediário da tríade oligofrênica. É um termo em desuso especialmente pela conotação ofensiva que adquiriu e vem sendo substituído por deficiência intelectual de grau moderado. Uma das mais antigas descrições clínicas da "Mentis Imbecillitas" foi realizada por Platero: Plaxeos tratactus (1609). A palavra latina imbecillus, significa fraco, ou mente fraca por derivação do seu uso na "clínica". Segundo Ajuriaguerra os Imbecis apresentam uma idade mental correspondente a uma criança entre dois e sete anos e um Q.I entre 20 e 50. Nesta nomenclatura ainda utilizada e em caminho ao desuso, como referido, corresponde ao grau intermediário da tríade oligofrênica, o termo incluiu pessoas com um QI de 21–50, entre "Débil mental" (QI de 51–70) e "idiota ou retardado (QI de 0–20). (pt)
  • Имбеци́л (от лат. imbecillus — слабый, немощный) — средняя степень олигофрении, слабоумия, умственного недоразвития, обусловленная задержкой развития мозга плода или ребёнка в первые годы жизни. (ru)
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  • Имбеци́л (от лат. imbecillus — слабый, немощный) — средняя степень олигофрении, слабоумия, умственного недоразвития, обусловленная задержкой развития мозга плода или ребёнка в первые годы жизни. (ru)
  • Imbecile was a medical category of people with moderate to severe intellectual disability, as well as a type of criminal. The term arises from the Latin word imbecillus, meaning weak, or weak-minded. It included people with an IQ of 26–50, between "idiot" (IQ of 0–25) and "moron" (IQ of 51–70). The meaning was further refined into mental and moral imbecility. The concepts of "moral insanity", "moral idiocy"," and "moral imbecility", led to the emerging field of eugenic criminology, which held that crime can be reduced by preventing "feeble-minded" people from reproducing. (en)
  • Niepełnosprawność intelektualna w stopniu umiarkowanym (upośledzenie umysłowe umiarkowane, dawniej imbecylizm - niestosowana z uwagi na negatywne znaczenie w języku potocznym) – funkcjonowanie intelektualne dorosłego człowieka na poziomie 9. roku życia. W okresie przedszkolnym istnieją trudności z nabywaniem reguł społecznych (lojalność, współdziałanie), a także niezręczność fizyczna, powolny rozwój motoryczny. Poza tym do 9. roku życia rozwój jest prawidłowy. Osoby takie mogą nabywać umiejętności samoobsługowe, nie gubią się w dobrze znanym terenie, mogą pracować w zakładach pracy chronionej. Nie powinny zakładać rodzin. (pl)
  • Imbecilidade é, na psiquiatria, o grau intermediário da tríade oligofrênica. É um termo em desuso especialmente pela conotação ofensiva que adquiriu e vem sendo substituído por deficiência intelectual de grau moderado. Uma das mais antigas descrições clínicas da "Mentis Imbecillitas" foi realizada por Platero: Plaxeos tratactus (1609). A palavra latina imbecillus, significa fraco, ou mente fraca por derivação do seu uso na "clínica". (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Imbecile (en)
  • Niepełnosprawność intelektualna w stopniu umiarkowanym (pl)
  • Imbecilidade (pt)
  • Имбецильность (ru)
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