The Illinois Country (French: Pays des Illinois) — sometimes referred to as Upper Louisiana (French: la Haute-Louisiane; Spanish: Alta Luisiana) — was a vast region of New France in what is now the Midwestern United States. While these names generally referred to the entire Upper Mississippi River watershed, French colonial settlement was concentrated along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in what is now the U.S. states of Illinois and Missouri, with outposts in Indiana. Explored in 1673 from Green Bay to the Arkansas River by the Canadien expedition of Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, the area was claimed by France. It was settled primarily from the Pays d'en Haut in the context of the fur trade. The fur trade took some French to the far reaches of the Rocky Mountains, especially al

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  • The Illinois Country (French: Pays des Illinois) — sometimes referred to as Upper Louisiana (French: la Haute-Louisiane; Spanish: Alta Luisiana) — was a vast region of New France in what is now the Midwestern United States. While these names generally referred to the entire Upper Mississippi River watershed, French colonial settlement was concentrated along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in what is now the U.S. states of Illinois and Missouri, with outposts in Indiana. Explored in 1673 from Green Bay to the Arkansas River by the Canadien expedition of Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, the area was claimed by France. It was settled primarily from the Pays d'en Haut in the context of the fur trade. The fur trade took some French to the far reaches of the Rocky Mountains, especially along the branches of the broad Missouri River valley. The French name, Pays des Illinois, means "Land of the Illinois [plural]" and is a reference to the Illinois Confederation, a group of related Algonquian native peoples. Up until 1717, the Illinois Country was governed by the French province of Canada, but by order of King Louis XV, the Illinois Country was annexed to the French province of Louisiana, with the northeastern administrative border being somewhat vaguely on or near the Illinois River. The territory thus became known as "Upper Louisiana." By the mid-18th century, the major settlements included Cahokia, Kaskaskia, Chartres, Saint Philippe, and Prairie du Rocher, all on the east side of the Mississippi in present-day Illinois; and Ste. Genevieve across the river in Missouri, as well as Fort Vincennes in what is now Indiana. As a consequence of the French defeat in the Seven Years' War, the Illinois Country east of the Mississippi River was ceded to the British, and the land west of the river to the Spanish. Following the British occupation of the left bank (when heading downstream) of the Mississippi in 1764, some Canadien settlers remained in the area, while others crossed the river, forming new settlements such as St. Louis. Eventually, the eastern part of the Illinois Country became part of the British Province of Quebec, while the inhabitants chose to side with the Americans during the revolt of the thirteen colonies. Although the lands west of the Mississippi were sold in 1803 to the United States by France—which had reclaimed possession of Luisiana from the Spanish in the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso—French language and culture continued to exist in the area, with the Missouri French dialect still being spoken into the 20th century. Because of the deforestation that resulted from the cutting of much wood for fuel during the 19th-century age of steamboats, the Mississippi River became more shallow and broad, with more severe flooding and lateral changes in its channel in the stretch from St. Louis to the confluence with the Ohio River. As a consequence, many architectural and archaeological resources were lost to flooding and destruction of early French colonial villages originally located near the river, including Kaskaskia, St. Philippe, Cahokia, and Ste. Genevieve. (en)
  • Le Pays des Illinois ou Haute-Louisiane était une subdivision administrative et politique de la Louisiane à l'époque de la Nouvelle-France. Le chef-lieu du Pays des Illinois était Fort de Chartres, au point de rencontre du fleuve Mississippi et du Meramec. La région, peuplée de colons canadiens, connut une effervescence plus marquée entre les confluents du Mississippi, du Meramac et de la rivière des Kaskaskias. Vivant d'étroites fréquentations avec les Amérindiens, la population était regroupée en plusieurs villages : Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Prairie du Rocher, Sainte-Geneviève, Saint-Philippe, et Vincennes un peu plus à l'est, aux abords de l'Ohio. En 1752, la population s'était élevée à 2,573 habitants sans Vincennes. (fr)
  • El país de los illinois (en francés: Pays des Illinois)? o Alta-Luisiana en francés, Haute-Louisiane) fue una de las subdivisiones administrativas y políticas de la Luisiana francesa en la época de la Nueva Francia. Fue nombrado por la tribú nativa de los illinois. La capital del país de Illinois fue Fort de Chartres, en la confluencia del río Misisipi y del Meramec. La región, poblada por colonos francocanadienses, experimentó una efervescencia más acusada entre la confluencia de los ríos Misisipi, Meramac y Kaskaskia. Al vivir en estrecha relación con los nativos americanos, la población se agrupó en varias aldeas: Kaskaskia, Sainte-Geneviève, Cahokia, Prairie du Rocher y Vincennes un poco más al este, cerca del río Ohio. En 1752, la población había aumentado a 2,573 personas sin contar Vincennes. (es)
  • Per Pays des Illinois o Alta Louisiana si intendeva una suddivisione amministrativa della Nuova Francia tra il Seicento e il Settecento. Benché questa regione non avesse confini ben definiti la si può localizzare nella parte sudoccidentale dell'attuale stato dell'Illinois. I primi esploratori della zona furono i francesi Louis Jolliet e Jacques Marquette che incontrarono gli indiani Illinois. Per decenni la presenza francese fu limitata all'attività dei missionari gesuiti, inviati per convertire i nativi alla fede cristiana, e i Coureur des bois. Inizialmente governato dal Canada francese, tra il 1717 e il 1720 il Pays des Illinois venne inglobato dal governo della Louisiana. Da allora, con la speranza di scoprire miniere d'oro e d'argento, iniziò l'interessamento verso questa regione. Venne fondato allora Fort de Chartres, nel 1719, e poco dopo nacquero i primi villaggi, Prairie du Rocher e Saint-Philippe. Un altro stabilimento, Sainte-Geneviève venne fondato attorno al 1750. Il Pays des Illinois, dove i coloni, aiutati dai schiavi neri, coltivavano il frumento e il mais, divenne il granaio della Louisiana francese. Gli invii di farina, ma anche di lardo, contribuirono alla sussistenza delle guarnigioni della Bassa Louisiana. Con il Trattato di Parigi del 1763 finì la sovranità francese nella regione, dato che la parte ad est del fiume Mississippi passò alla Gran Bretagna, mentre quella ad ovest andò alla Spagna. (it)
  • イリノイ郡(-ぐん、英: Illinois Country, Illinois County、仏: Pays des Illinois)は、現在のアメリカ合衆国イリノイ州の南西部を中心とする未定義地域を表現するために17世紀以降に使われた名前である。この地域は1673年にフランス人のルイ・ジョリエとジャック・マルケットがミシシッピ川を探検し、以降フランスがイリノイ郡として領有権を主張し開拓を始めたものであった。 (ja)
  • Иллинойсская земля (фр. Pays des Illinois) или Верхняя Луизиана (фр. Haute-Louisiane) — регион на Среднем Западе США, исследованный и заселённый французами в XVII—XVIII веках. Термин относился ко всему бассейну Миссисипи, хотя поселения были сконцентрированы на территории современных американских штатов Иллинойс, Миссури и Индиана. (ru)
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  • Le Pays des Illinois ou Haute-Louisiane était une subdivision administrative et politique de la Louisiane à l'époque de la Nouvelle-France. Le chef-lieu du Pays des Illinois était Fort de Chartres, au point de rencontre du fleuve Mississippi et du Meramec. La région, peuplée de colons canadiens, connut une effervescence plus marquée entre les confluents du Mississippi, du Meramac et de la rivière des Kaskaskias. Vivant d'étroites fréquentations avec les Amérindiens, la population était regroupée en plusieurs villages : Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Prairie du Rocher, Sainte-Geneviève, Saint-Philippe, et Vincennes un peu plus à l'est, aux abords de l'Ohio. En 1752, la population s'était élevée à 2,573 habitants sans Vincennes. (fr)
  • イリノイ郡(-ぐん、英: Illinois Country, Illinois County、仏: Pays des Illinois)は、現在のアメリカ合衆国イリノイ州の南西部を中心とする未定義地域を表現するために17世紀以降に使われた名前である。この地域は1673年にフランス人のルイ・ジョリエとジャック・マルケットがミシシッピ川を探検し、以降フランスがイリノイ郡として領有権を主張し開拓を始めたものであった。 (ja)
  • Иллинойсская земля (фр. Pays des Illinois) или Верхняя Луизиана (фр. Haute-Louisiane) — регион на Среднем Западе США, исследованный и заселённый французами в XVII—XVIII веках. Термин относился ко всему бассейну Миссисипи, хотя поселения были сконцентрированы на территории современных американских штатов Иллинойс, Миссури и Индиана. (ru)
  • The Illinois Country (French: Pays des Illinois) — sometimes referred to as Upper Louisiana (French: la Haute-Louisiane; Spanish: Alta Luisiana) — was a vast region of New France in what is now the Midwestern United States. While these names generally referred to the entire Upper Mississippi River watershed, French colonial settlement was concentrated along the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers in what is now the U.S. states of Illinois and Missouri, with outposts in Indiana. Explored in 1673 from Green Bay to the Arkansas River by the Canadien expedition of Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, the area was claimed by France. It was settled primarily from the Pays d'en Haut in the context of the fur trade. The fur trade took some French to the far reaches of the Rocky Mountains, especially al (en)
  • El país de los illinois (en francés: Pays des Illinois)? o Alta-Luisiana en francés, Haute-Louisiane) fue una de las subdivisiones administrativas y políticas de la Luisiana francesa en la época de la Nueva Francia. Fue nombrado por la tribú nativa de los illinois. La capital del país de Illinois fue Fort de Chartres, en la confluencia del río Misisipi y del Meramec. La región, poblada por colonos francocanadienses, experimentó una efervescencia más acusada entre la confluencia de los ríos Misisipi, Meramac y Kaskaskia. Al vivir en estrecha relación con los nativos americanos, la población se agrupó en varias aldeas: Kaskaskia, Sainte-Geneviève, Cahokia, Prairie du Rocher y Vincennes un poco más al este, cerca del río Ohio. En 1752, la población había aumentado a 2,573 personas sin contar (es)
  • Per Pays des Illinois o Alta Louisiana si intendeva una suddivisione amministrativa della Nuova Francia tra il Seicento e il Settecento. Benché questa regione non avesse confini ben definiti la si può localizzare nella parte sudoccidentale dell'attuale stato dell'Illinois. I primi esploratori della zona furono i francesi Louis Jolliet e Jacques Marquette che incontrarono gli indiani Illinois. Per decenni la presenza francese fu limitata all'attività dei missionari gesuiti, inviati per convertire i nativi alla fede cristiana, e i Coureur des bois. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Illinois Country (en)
  • País de los illinois (es)
  • Pays des Illinois (fr)
  • Pays des Illinois (it)
  • イリノイ郡 (ja)
  • Иллинойсская земля (ru)
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