Hybla Gereatis (Greek: Ὕβλα ἡ Γελεᾶτις), is the name of an ancient city of Sicily, located on the southern slope of Mount Etna, not far from the river Symaethus, in the modern comune of Paternò. There were at least three (and possibly as many as five) cities named "Hybla" in ancient accounts of Sicily which are often confounded with each other, and which it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish. Hybla Gereatis has been described as the largest and most considerable of the Sicilian cities called Hybla, thence equated with Hybla Major or Magna.

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  • Hibla Menor es una antigua ciudad de Sicilia mencionada por Esteban de Bizancio como Hybla Mikra y por Pausanias como Hibla Gereátide. Tucídides la ubica entre Centóripa y Catana. Durante la expedición ateniense del 415 a. C. era aliada de los siracusanos y fue atacada por los atenienses, sin éxito. No vuelve a aparecer hasta la segunda guerra púnica cuando el lugar es mencionado como una de las ciudades que se unió a los cartagineses y se sublevó contra los romanos en 211 a. C. pero el cónsul romano Marco Cornelio Cetego logró dominar las ciudades sublevadas. Pausanias la menciona como perteneciente al territorio de Catana, ubica en tu territorio un templo de la diosa Hiblea, que era veneradas por los sículos y la distingue de Hibla Mayor. Hay cierta confusión entre las ciudades que se llamaban Hibla. Esteban de Bizancio habla de sus habitantes llamándolos Hublaioi Galeotai Megareis con lo que parece referirse a la ciudad de Megara Hiblea pero Cicerón dice que los galeotae eran famosos por sus interpretaciones de los sueños, cualidad que Pausanias expresamente atribuye a los habitantes de Hibla Gereátide. El lugar de Hibla Menor suele localizarse en el territorio de la actual Paternò; Tomaso Fazello, en el siglo XVI describió sus ruinas. Pero no está claro que correspondieran a la antigua ciudad y otra teoría las sitúa en la moderna Agosta, en el lugar llamado Melilli (nombre quizá derivado de miel). (es)
  • Hybla Gereatis fu un'antica città della Sicilia orientale, priva di precisa collocazione. (it)
  • Hybla Gereatis (Greek: Ὕβλα ἡ Γελεᾶτις), is the name of an ancient city of Sicily, located on the southern slope of Mount Etna, not far from the river Symaethus, in the modern comune of Paternò. There were at least three (and possibly as many as five) cities named "Hybla" in ancient accounts of Sicily which are often confounded with each other, and which it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish. Hybla Gereatis has been described as the largest and most considerable of the Sicilian cities called Hybla, thence equated with Hybla Major or Magna. Pausanias (in whose time it had ceased to be an independent city) described the city as situated in the territory of Catana (modern Catania). In like manner, we find it noticed by Thucydides as a place between Catana and Centuripa (modern Centuripe), so that the Athenians, on their return from an expedition to the latter city, ravaged the corn fields of the Inessaeans and Hyblaeans. It was clearly a Siculian city; and hence, at an earlier period, it is mentioned among the other towns of that people in the interior of the island which Ducetius sought to unite into a common league, a measure to which the Hyblaeans alone refused to accede. It is quite clear that, in all the above passages, the Aetnaean Hybla is the one meant: and it seems probable that the city of Hybla, which was attacked by the Athenians soon after their landing in Sicily (Thuc. vi. 62), but without success, was no other, but only Thucydides distinguishes the Hybla as Hybla Geleatis (Ὕβλα ἡ Γελεᾶτις) During the Second Punic War, Livy mentions Hybla as one of the towns that were induced to revolt to the Carthaginians in 211 BCE, but were quickly recovered by the Roman praetor M. Cornelius. In the time of Cicero the Hyblenses (evidently the people of the Aetnaean city) appear as a considerable municipal community, with a territory fertile in corn: and Hybla is one of the few places in the interior of Sicily which Pomponius Mela thinks worthy of mention. Its name is also found both in Pliny, who reckons it among the populi stipendiarii of the island, and in Ptolemy. Hence it is strange that Pausanias appears to speak of it as in his time utterly desolate. The passage, however, is altogether so confused that it is very difficult to say of which Hybla he is there speaking. We find no later notice of it, though an inscription of Christian times found at Catana appears to refer to Hybla as still existing under its ancient name. The site, as suggested by Cluverius, at Paternò (about 20 km from Catania), and derives strong confirmation from the discovery in that city of an altar dedicated Veneri Victrici Hyblensi. There is much confounding of this city with that of Aetna. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Hybla Gereatis fu un'antica città della Sicilia orientale, priva di precisa collocazione. (it)
  • Hibla Menor es una antigua ciudad de Sicilia mencionada por Esteban de Bizancio como Hybla Mikra y por Pausanias como Hibla Gereátide. Tucídides la ubica entre Centóripa y Catana. Durante la expedición ateniense del 415 a. C. era aliada de los siracusanos y fue atacada por los atenienses, sin éxito. No vuelve a aparecer hasta la segunda guerra púnica cuando el lugar es mencionado como una de las ciudades que se unió a los cartagineses y se sublevó contra los romanos en 211 a. C. pero el cónsul romano Marco Cornelio Cetego logró dominar las ciudades sublevadas. (es)
  • Hybla Gereatis (Greek: Ὕβλα ἡ Γελεᾶτις), is the name of an ancient city of Sicily, located on the southern slope of Mount Etna, not far from the river Symaethus, in the modern comune of Paternò. There were at least three (and possibly as many as five) cities named "Hybla" in ancient accounts of Sicily which are often confounded with each other, and which it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish. Hybla Gereatis has been described as the largest and most considerable of the Sicilian cities called Hybla, thence equated with Hybla Major or Magna. (en)
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  • Hibla Menor (es)
  • Hybla Gereatis (it)
  • Hybla Gereatis (en)
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