Hvar (pronounced [xv̞âːr]; local Chakavian dialect: Hvor or For, Greek: Pharos, Φάρος, Latin: Pharia, Italian: Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač, Vis and Korčula. Approximately 68 km (42.25 mi) long, with a high east-west ridge of Mesozoic limestone and dolomite, the island of Hvar is unusual in the area for having a large fertile coastal plain, and fresh water springs. Its hillsides are covered in pine forests, with vineyards, olive groves, fruit orchards and lavender fields in the agricultural areas. The climate is characterized by mild winters, and warm summers with many hours of sunshine. The island has 11,103 residents, making it the 4th most populated of the Croatian islands.

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dbo:abstract
  • Hvar [ˈxʋǎːr] (lateinisch Pharina, italienisch Lesina, in der Antike griechisch Pharos) ist eine kroatische Insel in der Adria vor der dalmatinischen Küste. Sie gehört zur Gespanschaft Split-Dalmatien. Die langgestreckte Insel ist die viertgrößte der Adriainseln. (de)
  • Hvar (pronounced [xv̞âːr]; local Chakavian dialect: Hvor or For, Greek: Pharos, Φάρος, Latin: Pharia, Italian: Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač, Vis and Korčula. Approximately 68 km (42.25 mi) long, with a high east-west ridge of Mesozoic limestone and dolomite, the island of Hvar is unusual in the area for having a large fertile coastal plain, and fresh water springs. Its hillsides are covered in pine forests, with vineyards, olive groves, fruit orchards and lavender fields in the agricultural areas. The climate is characterized by mild winters, and warm summers with many hours of sunshine. The island has 11,103 residents, making it the 4th most populated of the Croatian islands. Hvar’s location at the center of the Adriatic sailing routes has long made this island an important base for commanding trade up and down the Adriatic, across to Italy and throughout the wider Mediterranean. It has been inhabited since pre-historic times, originally by a Neolithic people whose distinctive pottery gave rise to the term Hvar culture, and later by the Illyrians. The ancient Greeks founded the colony of Pharos in 384 BC on the site of today’s Stari Grad, making it one of the oldest towns in Europe. They were also responsible for setting out the agricultural field divisions of the Stari Grad Plain, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In medieval times, Hvar (city) rose to importance within the Venetian Empire as a major naval base. Prosperity brought culture and the arts, with one of the first public theatres in Europe, nobles’ palaces and many fine communal buildings. The 16th century was an unsettled time, with the Hvar Rebellion, coastal raids by pirates and the Ottoman army from the mainland, resulting in some unusual fortified buildings on the northern shore to protect the local population. After a brief time under Napoleonic rule, the island became part of the Austrian Empire, a more peaceful and prosperous time. On the coast, harbours were expanded, quays built, fishing and boat building businesses grew. At the same time, the island’s wine exports increased, along with lavender and rosemary production for the French perfume industry. Unfortunately, this prosperity did not continue into the 20th century as wooden sailing boats went out of fashion, and the phylloxera blight hit wine production. Many islanders left to make a new life elsewhere. One industry, however, has continued to grow and is now a significant contributor to the island’s economy. The formation of The Hygienic Association of Hvar in 1868 for the assistance of visitors to the island has been instrumental in developing an infrastructure of hotels, apartments, restaurants, marinas, museums, galleries and cafes. Today, the island of Hvar is a popular destination for tourists, consistently listed in the top 10 islands by Conde Nast Traveler magazine. (en)
  • Hvar (en dialecto chakavo: Hvor o For, en italiano, Lesina, en griego: Pharos, en latín, Pharina) es una isla localizada en el mar Adriático, frente a la recortada costa de Croacia, en la región de Dalmacia central. (es)
  • Cet article concerne l’île de Hvar. Pour la ville homonyme, voir Hvar (ville). Hvar (en dialecte local : Hvor ou For, en grec : Pharos, Φαρος, en latin : Pharina, en italien : Lesina) est une île croate de la mer Adriatique. C'est l'une des îles les plus touristiques de Croatie. (fr)
  • L'isola di Lèsina (in croato Hvar, in dialetto locale ciacavo Hvor o For, in greco antico Phàros, Φάρος, in latino Pharia) è la più lunga fra le isole della Dalmazia, situata nel mare Adriatico tra le isole di Brazza, Lissa e Curzola. Lunga approssimativamente 68 km, con un'area di 299,66 km², uno sviluppo costiero di 269,2 km e un'altitudine massima di 628 m, all'interno di un'alta dorsale est-ovest di calcare e dolomite del Mesozoico, l'isola di Lesina è insolita nell'area per avere una grande e fertile pianura costiera e sorgenti d'acqua dolce. I pendii delle sue colline sono coperti di pinete, con vigneti, uliveti, frutteti e campi di lavanda nelle aree agricole. Il clima è caratterizzato da inverni miti ed estati calde con molte ore di insolazione. L'isola ha 11.103 residenti, che ne fanno la 4ª più popolosa delle isole croate. L'ubicazione di Lesina al centro delle rotte di navigazione dell'Adriatico ha reso a lungo quest'isola un'importante base per il controllo dei traffici su e giù per l'Adriatico, attraverso l'Italia e per tutto il Mediterraneo. Essa è abitata fin dai tempi preistorici, originariamente da un popolo del Neolitico la cui caratteristica ceramica diede origine al termine cultura di Lesina, e in seguito dagli Illiri. Gli antichi Greci fondarono la colonia di Pharos nel 384 a.C. sul sito dell'odierna Cittavecchia (Stari Grad), facendone una delle più antiche città d'Europa. Essi furono responsabili anche dell'istituzione delle divisioni dei campi agricoli nella Pianura di Cittavecchia, ora patrimonio dell'umanità dell'UNESCO. Nei tempi medievali, la città di Lesina acquistò importanza all'interno dell'Impero veneziano come importante base navale. La prosperità portò la cultura e le arti, con uno dei primi teatri pubblici in Europa, i palazzi dei nobili e molti raffinati edifici comunali. Il XVI secolo fu un periodo tumultuoso, con la ribellione di Lesina, le incursioni costiere dei pirati e dell'esercito ottomano dal continente, dando luogo ad alcuni insoliti edifici fortificati sulla costa settentrionale per proteggere la popolazione locale. Dopo un breve periodo sotto il dominio napoleonico, l'isola divenne parte dell'Impero austriaco, conoscendo un periodo più pacifico e prospero. Sulla costa, furono ampliati i porti, costruiti i moli e si svilupparono le attività della pesca e della cantieristica. Allo stesso tempo, aumentarono le esportazioni di vino dell'isola, insieme alla produzione di lavanda e rosmarino per l'industria francese dei profumi. Sfortunatamente, questa prosperità non continuò nel XX secolo poiché le barche a vela di legno andarono fuori uso e la piaga della fillossera colpì la produzione vinicola. Molti isolani partirono per farsi una nuova vita altrove. Un'industria, tuttavia, ha continuato a crescere e contribuisce ora in modo significativo all'economia dell'isola. La creazione dell'Associazione igienica di Lesina nel 1868 per l'assistenza ai visitatori dell'isola è stata strumentale per lo sviluppo di un'infrastruttura di alberghi, appartamenti, ristoranti, porticcioli turistici, musei, gallerie e caffè. Grazie al suo clima mite, alla sua natura intatta e ai suoi monumenti storici l'isola di Lesina è stata presto scoperta dai turisti di tutto il mondo e oggi è una popolare meta, regolarmente inclusa tra le prime 10 isole dalla rivista Conde Nast Traveler. Centri principali sono Lèsina (Hvar), Gelsa (Jelsa), Cittavecchia (Stari Grad), Verbosca (Vrboska) e San Giorgio (Sućuraj). Dal punto di vista amministrativo l'isola appartiene alla regione spalatino-dalmata. (it)
  • Hvar (italiaans Lesina) is een eiland in de Adriatische Zee voor de Kroatische kust en ligt tegenover de stad Split. Ten Noorden van Hvar ligt het eiland Brač. De grootste plaatsen op het eiland zijn Hvar, Jelsa en Stari Grad. Het eiland is ca. 70 km lang en max. 10 km breed. (nl)
  • フヴァル島 (-とう、クロアチア語:Hvar、フヴァルでの方言:HvorまたはFor、ギリシャ語: Pharos、ラテン語:Pharina、イタリア語:Lesina)は、クロアチアの島。ダルマチア沿岸のアドリア海に浮かぶ。島は東西の長さがおよそ80キロメートルあり、観光客で賑わう。 (ja)
  • Hvar (wł. Lesina) – górzysta wyspa u wybrzeży Chorwacji. Wyspa Hvar jest długa (68 km) i wąska (4 do 10,5 km). Powierzchnia wynosi 297,38 km², a liczba mieszkańców 11,5 tys. Długość linii brzegowej wynosi 270,0 km. Odbijająca od lądu stałego na wysokości miasta Drvenik, wyspa rozciąga się między Bracem a Korculą, na linii wschód–zachód. Od północy omywa ją Hvarski kanał, a od południa kanały Šćedrovski, Korčulanski i Neretvanski. Najwyższy szczyt wyspy to Sveti Nikola (626 m n.p.m.). Po północnej stronie wybrzeża występują półwyspy i zatoczki, natomiast południowy brzeg jest stromy i skalisty. Wyspa porośnięta jest roślinnością śródziemnomorską (makią), a także lawendą dlatego też Hvar znana jest również jako "lawendowa wyspa", ze względu na sadzoną masowo lawendę, która jest jednym z głównych źródeł dochodów wyspy. Hvar jest znany z niebezpiecznych i krętych dróg. Chorwaci mają nawet swoje powiedzenie, jeśli chcą komuś źle życzyć: "obyś zginął na drogach Hvaru". Największe w Chorwacji nasłonecznienie (średnio 2 724 godz. rocznie) powoduje że wyspa jest atrakcyjna nawet zimą. Na Hvarze nie ma żadnych rzek ani jezior, a roczna suma opadów wynosi mniej niż 800 mm. Do tradycyjnych zajęć ludności należy rybołówstwo oraz uprawa winnej latorośli, oliwek, fig, a także lawendy i rozmarynu. Bardziej intratne źródło utrzymania to turystyka, którą też można nazwać „tradycyjną”, jako że rozwija się już od ponad 140 lat (pierwszą organizację turystyczną założono w 1868). Największe miejscowości na wyspie to Hvar, Jelsa, Stari Grad, Vrboska i Sućuraj. W 2008 krajobraz kulturowy wyspy Hvar został wpisany na listę światowego dziedzictwa UNESCO pod nazwą Równina Starego Gradu. (pl)
  • Hvar (em italiano Lesina; em latim Pharus; em grego clássico Φάρος) é uma ilha do mar Adriático localizada na costa da Dalmácia na Croácia. A maior vila da ilha é Hvar com 4.138 habitantes (em 2001). Outras localidades da ilha são Stari Grad, Jelsa e Sucuraj. (pt)
  • Хвар (хорв. Hvar, итал. Lesina, лат. Pharia, греч. Χβαρ) — остров в Адриатическом море, в южной части Хорватии, возле далматинского побережья, а также расположенного на нём одноимённого города. Название острова происходит от его греческого имени Pharos, означающего маяк. (ru)
  • 赫瓦爾島(克羅埃西亞語:Hvar、希臘語: Pharos、拉丁語:Pharina、義大利語:Lesina)是克羅埃西亞的一個島嶼。位於亞德里亞海內,在布拉奇島、科爾丘拉島和維斯島之間。古希臘人在公元前384年於島北側設立殖民地(斯塔里格勒),並持續到中世紀早期。島嶼東西長約80公里,最東端距克羅埃西亞本土僅有6公里。面積297.37平方公里。2001年島上有人口11,459人。 (zh)
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  • Hvar [ˈxʋǎːr] (lateinisch Pharina, italienisch Lesina, in der Antike griechisch Pharos) ist eine kroatische Insel in der Adria vor der dalmatinischen Küste. Sie gehört zur Gespanschaft Split-Dalmatien. Die langgestreckte Insel ist die viertgrößte der Adriainseln. (de)
  • Hvar (en dialecto chakavo: Hvor o For, en italiano, Lesina, en griego: Pharos, en latín, Pharina) es una isla localizada en el mar Adriático, frente a la recortada costa de Croacia, en la región de Dalmacia central. (es)
  • Cet article concerne l’île de Hvar. Pour la ville homonyme, voir Hvar (ville). Hvar (en dialecte local : Hvor ou For, en grec : Pharos, Φαρος, en latin : Pharina, en italien : Lesina) est une île croate de la mer Adriatique. C'est l'une des îles les plus touristiques de Croatie. (fr)
  • Hvar (italiaans Lesina) is een eiland in de Adriatische Zee voor de Kroatische kust en ligt tegenover de stad Split. Ten Noorden van Hvar ligt het eiland Brač. De grootste plaatsen op het eiland zijn Hvar, Jelsa en Stari Grad. Het eiland is ca. 70 km lang en max. 10 km breed. (nl)
  • フヴァル島 (-とう、クロアチア語:Hvar、フヴァルでの方言:HvorまたはFor、ギリシャ語: Pharos、ラテン語:Pharina、イタリア語:Lesina)は、クロアチアの島。ダルマチア沿岸のアドリア海に浮かぶ。島は東西の長さがおよそ80キロメートルあり、観光客で賑わう。 (ja)
  • Hvar (em italiano Lesina; em latim Pharus; em grego clássico Φάρος) é uma ilha do mar Adriático localizada na costa da Dalmácia na Croácia. A maior vila da ilha é Hvar com 4.138 habitantes (em 2001). Outras localidades da ilha são Stari Grad, Jelsa e Sucuraj. (pt)
  • Хвар (хорв. Hvar, итал. Lesina, лат. Pharia, греч. Χβαρ) — остров в Адриатическом море, в южной части Хорватии, возле далматинского побережья, а также расположенного на нём одноимённого города. Название острова происходит от его греческого имени Pharos, означающего маяк. (ru)
  • 赫瓦爾島(克羅埃西亞語:Hvar、希臘語: Pharos、拉丁語:Pharina、義大利語:Lesina)是克羅埃西亞的一個島嶼。位於亞德里亞海內,在布拉奇島、科爾丘拉島和維斯島之間。古希臘人在公元前384年於島北側設立殖民地(斯塔里格勒),並持續到中世紀早期。島嶼東西長約80公里,最東端距克羅埃西亞本土僅有6公里。面積297.37平方公里。2001年島上有人口11,459人。 (zh)
  • Hvar (pronounced [xv̞âːr]; local Chakavian dialect: Hvor or For, Greek: Pharos, Φάρος, Latin: Pharia, Italian: Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač, Vis and Korčula. Approximately 68 km (42.25 mi) long, with a high east-west ridge of Mesozoic limestone and dolomite, the island of Hvar is unusual in the area for having a large fertile coastal plain, and fresh water springs. Its hillsides are covered in pine forests, with vineyards, olive groves, fruit orchards and lavender fields in the agricultural areas. The climate is characterized by mild winters, and warm summers with many hours of sunshine. The island has 11,103 residents, making it the 4th most populated of the Croatian islands. (en)
  • L'isola di Lèsina (in croato Hvar, in dialetto locale ciacavo Hvor o For, in greco antico Phàros, Φάρος, in latino Pharia) è la più lunga fra le isole della Dalmazia, situata nel mare Adriatico tra le isole di Brazza, Lissa e Curzola. Lunga approssimativamente 68 km, con un'area di 299,66 km², uno sviluppo costiero di 269,2 km e un'altitudine massima di 628 m, all'interno di un'alta dorsale est-ovest di calcare e dolomite del Mesozoico, l'isola di Lesina è insolita nell'area per avere una grande e fertile pianura costiera e sorgenti d'acqua dolce. I pendii delle sue colline sono coperti di pinete, con vigneti, uliveti, frutteti e campi di lavanda nelle aree agricole. Il clima è caratterizzato da inverni miti ed estati calde con molte ore di insolazione. L'isola ha 11.103 residenti, che ne (it)
  • Hvar (wł. Lesina) – górzysta wyspa u wybrzeży Chorwacji. Wyspa Hvar jest długa (68 km) i wąska (4 do 10,5 km). Powierzchnia wynosi 297,38 km², a liczba mieszkańców 11,5 tys. Długość linii brzegowej wynosi 270,0 km. Odbijająca od lądu stałego na wysokości miasta Drvenik, wyspa rozciąga się między Bracem a Korculą, na linii wschód–zachód. Od północy omywa ją Hvarski kanał, a od południa kanały Šćedrovski, Korčulanski i Neretvanski. Największe miejscowości na wyspie to Hvar, Jelsa, Stari Grad, Vrboska i Sućuraj. (pl)
rdfs:label
  • Hvar (en)
  • Hvar (de)
  • Hvar (isla) (es)
  • Hvar (fr)
  • Lesina (isola) (it)
  • Hvar (eiland) (nl)
  • フヴァル島 (ja)
  • Hvar (wyspa) (pl)
  • Hvar (pt)
  • Хвар (ru)
  • 赫瓦爾島 (zh)
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