A Historic Site or Monument (HSM) is a protected location of historic interest on the continent of Antarctica, or on its adjacent islands. The list of historic sites was first drawn up in 1972, and has since expanded to cover 85 sites, with the most recent listed in 2013. Five sites have been removed from the list for various reasons. Historic Sites and Monuments are protected under the Antarctic Treaty System, as one of three classes of Antarctic Protected Areas. The criteria for listing a site are that it should fulfil one or more of the following criteria:

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Eine Historische Stätte oder Denkmal (englisch Historic Site or Monument, HSM) ist ein geschützter Ort von historischem Interesse auf dem Kontinent Antarktika oder auf einer der vorgelagerten Inseln. Die Liste der historischen Stätten wurde erstmals 1972 erstellt und seitdem auf 85 Stätten erweitert. Die neuesten Objekte sind seit 2013 gelistet. Fünf Stätten wurden, aus verschiedenen Gründen, von der Liste entfernt. (de)
  • Cet article recense les sites et monuments historiques de l'Antarctique. (fr)
  • Historyczne Miejsca i Pomniki Antarktyki (ang. Historic Sites and Monuments in Antarctica, HSM) – miejsca i obiekty w Antarktyce, które są objęte specjalną ochroną ze względu na wartość historyczną, dokumentującą odkrycia i badania Antarktyki. Miejsca o uznanej wartości historycznej, które zostały wyznaczone jako Szczególnie Chronione Obszary Antarktyki lub Szczególnie Zarządzane Obszary Antarktyki, bądź miejsca i pomniki znajdujące się w ich granicach, powinny zostać zaliczone w poczet Historycznych Miejsc i Pomników Antarktyki. Ponadto takie miejsca mogą być wskazywane przez strony traktatu antarktycznego, na podstawie załącznika V do Protokołu o ochronie środowiska naturalnego (tzw. Protokołu madryckiego, podpisanego w Madrycie 4 października 1991). Strona wskazująca kandydaturę miejsca lub pomnika historycznego musi wykazać, że miejsce lub pomnik spełnia jedno lub więcej z poniższych kryteriów: 1. * w miejscu tym miało miejsce zdarzenie znaczące dla historii nauki lub badań Antarktyki; 2. * istnieje związek miejsca/pomnika z osobą, która odegrała ważną rolę w historii badań; 3. * istnieje związek miejsca/pomnika z wydarzeniem znaczącym w historii Antarktyki; 4. * reprezentuje ono, lub stanowi część większej całości, działań ważnych dla poznania Antarktyki; 5. * w jego konstrukcji, projekcie lub zastosowanych materiałach istnieje techniczna, historyczna lub kulturalna wartość; 6. * ma wartość naukową lub edukacyjną w kwestii ludzkich działań w Antarktyce; 7. * ma wartość symboliczną lub pamiątkową dla ludzi z wielu narodów. (pl)
  • A Historic Site or Monument (HSM) is a protected location of historic interest on the continent of Antarctica, or on its adjacent islands. The list of historic sites was first drawn up in 1972, and has since expanded to cover 85 sites, with the most recent listed in 2013. Five sites have been removed from the list for various reasons. Historic Sites and Monuments are protected under the Antarctic Treaty System, as one of three classes of Antarctic Protected Areas. The criteria for listing a site are that it should fulfil one or more of the following criteria: a) a particular historic event occurred at that location;b) it is associated with a significant person in Antarctic history;c) it is associated with a significant feat of "endurance or achievement";d) it is representative of a wider activity "important in the development and knowledge of Antarctica";e) the building itself is of intrinsic technical, historical, cultural or architectural significance;f) it has educational potential about "significant human activities" in Antarctica; or thatg) it has "symbolic or commemorative value for people of many nations" (en)
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dbp:adopted
  • M 4
  • M 1
  • Rec XV-6
  • M 12
  • M 14
  • M 15
  • M 18
  • M 3 ,
  • M V
  • M 2
  • M 3
  • M 5
  • Rec VII-9
  • Rec XI-3
  • Rec XII-7
  • Rec XIII-16
  • Rec XIV-8
  • Rec XV-12
  • Rec XVI-11
  • Rec XVII-3
dbp:commonscat
  • Amundsen's Tent
  • Argentine Islands Station
  • Borchgrevink's huts, Cape Adare
  • Bust of Arturo Prat in Antarctica
  • Bust of Lenin at the Pole of Inaccessibility
  • Charcot's cairn, Booth Island
  • Charcot's cairn, Petermann Island
  • Cross on Wind Vane Hill
  • Damoy Point Hut
  • Discovery Hut
  • East Base, Stonington Island
  • George Vince's Cross
  • Hut A, Scott Base
  • Marguerite Bay Station
  • Mawson's Cairn, Cape Bruce
  • Mawson's Cairn, Proclamation Island
  • Orcadas Station
  • Pedro Aguirre Cerda Station
  • Port Lockroy Station
  • Richard E. Byrd Historic Monument
  • San Martin Station
  • Scott's Hut
  • Shackleton's Hut, Cape Royds
  • Stonington Island Station
  • Waterboat Point
  • Whalers Bay
dbp:description
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  • 480.0
  • Remains of stone hut at Cape Crozier, Ross Island, constructed in July 1911 by Edward Wilson's party of the British Antarctic Expedition during the winter journey to collect Emperor penguin eggs.
  • The ruins of the Base Pedro Aguirre Cerda Station, being a Chilean meteorological and volcanological center situated at Pendulum Cove, Deception Island, Antarctica, that was destroyed by volcanic eruptions in 1967 and 1969.
  • A brass plaque bearing the Polish Eagle, the national emblem of Poland, the dates 1975 and 1976, and the following text in Polish, English and Russian:
  • The concrete pillar erected by the First Polish Antarctic Expedition at Dobrolowski Station on the Bunger Hill to measure acceleration due to gravity g = 982,439.4 mgal ±0.4 mgal in relation to Warsaw, according to the Potsdam system, in January 1959.
  • Wooden building called ‘Base Marret' on the Ile des Pétrels, Terre Adélie, where seven men under the command of Mario Marret overwintered in 1952 following the fire at Port Martin Base.
  • Mikkelsen Cairn, Tryne Islands, Vestfold Hills. A rock cairn and a wooden mast erected by the landing party led by Captain Klarius Mikkelsen of the Norwegian whaling ship Thorshavn and including Caroline Mikkelsen, Captain Mikkelsen's wife, the first woman to set foot on East Antarctica. The cairn was discovered by Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition field parties in 1957 and again in 1995.
  • ‘Base Y' on Horseshoe Island, Marguerite Bay, western Graham Land. Noteworthy as a relatively unaltered and completely equipped British scientific base of the late 1950s. ‘Blaiklock', the refuge hut nearby, is considered an integral part of the base.
  • Cross on Observation Hill, Ross Island, erected in January 1913 by the British Antarctic Expedition of 1910–13, in memory of Captain Robert F. Scott's party which perished on the return journey from the South Pole in March 1912.
  • Cross erected in 1955, at a distance of 1,300 metres north-east of the Argentine General Belgrano I Station and subsequently moved to Belgrano II Station , Nunatak Bertrab, Confin Coast, Coats Land in 1979.
  • A cairn on Half Moon Beach, Cape Shirreff, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands and a plaque on ‘Cerro Gaviota' opposite San Telmo Islets commemorating the officers, soldiers and seamen aboard the Spanish vessel San Telmo, which sank in September 1819; possibly the first people to live and die in Antarctica. Site incorporated within ASPA 149.
  • Heavy tractor at Vostok Station with plaque in memory of the opening of the station in 1957.
  • 1.57788195E9
  • Cape Denison, Commonwealth Bay, George V Land, including Boat Harbour and the historic artefacts contained within its waters. This Site is contained within ASMA No. 3, designated by Measure 1 . Part of this site is also contained within ASPA No. 162, designated by Measure 2 .
  • Three huts and associated historic relics at Cape Adare. Two were built in February 1899 during the British Antarctic Expedition, 1898–1900, led by Carsten E. Borchgrevink. The third was built in February 1911 by Robert F. Scott's Northern Party, led by Victor L.A.Campbell. Scott's Northern Party hut has largely collapsed with only the porch standing in 2002. Site incorporated within ASPA 159.
  • Hut at Hut Point, Ross Island, built in February 1902 by the British Antarctic Expedition of 1901–04, led by Captain Robert F. Scott. Partially restored in January 1964 by the New Zealand Antarctic Society, with assistance from the United States Government. Site incorporated within ASPA 158
  • The oversnow heavy tractor “Kharkovchanka” was designed and produced at the Malyshev Transport Machine-Building Plant in Kharkov specially for organizing inland sledge-tractor traverses in Antarctica. This was the first non-serial transport vehicle of the Soviet machine-building produced exclusively for operations in Antarctica. This tractor was not used outside Antrctica. Thus, the STT “Kharkovchanka” is a unique historical example of engineering-technical developments made for exploration of Antarctica.
  • This Monument is located near the Frei, Bellingshausen and Escudero bases, Fildes Peninsula, King George Island. The plaque at the foot of the monument commemorates the signatories of the Antarctic Treaty. This Monument has 4 plaques in the official languages of the Antarctic Treaty. The plaques were installed in February 2011 and read as follows: “This historic monument, dedicated to the memory of the signatories of the Antarctic Treaty, Washington D.C., 1959, is also a reminder of the legacy of the First and Second International Polar Years and of the International Geophysical Year that preceded the Antarctic Treaty, and recalls the heritage of International Cooperation that led to the International Polar Year 2007–2008.” This monument was designed and built by the American Joseph W. Pearson, who offered it to Chile. It was unveiled in 1999, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the signature of the Antarctic Treaty.
  • Stone hut at Hope Bay, Trinity Peninsula, built in January 1903 by a party of the Swedish South Polar Expedition.
  • Stone with inscribed plaque, erected at Mirny Observatory, Mabus Point, in memory of driver-mechanic Ivan Kharma who perished on fast ice in the performance of official duties in 1956.
  • The site consists of a well-preserved hut and the scientific equipment and other artefacts inside it. It is located at Damoy Point on Dorian Bay, Wiencke Island, Palmer Archipelago. The hut was erected in 1973 and used for a number of years as a British summer air facility and transit station for scientific personnel. It was last occupied in 1993.
  • Wooden cross and statue of the Virgin of Carmen erected in 1947 near Capitán Arturo Prat Base , Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. The monument is representative of pre-IGY activities and has a particularly symbolic and architectural value.
  • Memorial Cross for the 1979 Mount Erebus crash victims, Lewis Bay, Ross Island. A cross of stainless steel which was erected in January 1987 on a rocky promontory three kilometers from the Mount Erebus crash site in memory of the 257 people of different nationalities who lost their lives when the aircraft in which they were travelling crashed into the lower slopes of Mount Erebus, Ross Island. The cross was erected as a mark of respect and in remembrance of those who died in the tragedy.
  • Rock cairn and plaque at Cape Bruce, Mac. Robertson Land, erected in February 1931 by Sir Douglas Mawson. The cairn and plaque commemorate the landing on Cape Bruce of Sir Douglas Mawson with a party from the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.
  • Lillie Marleen Hut, Mt. Dockery, Everett Range, Northern Victoria Land. The hut was erected to support the work of the German Antarctic Northern Victoria Land Expedition of 1979/1980. The hut, a bivouac container made of prefabricated fiberglass units insulated with polyurethane foam, was named after the Lillie Glacier and the song "Lillie Marleen". The hut is closely associated with the dramatic sinking of the expedition ship "Gotland II" during GANOVEX II in December 1981.
  • Shelter and cross with plaque near Capitán Arturo Prat Base , Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Named in memory of Lieutenant-Commander González Pacheco, who died in 1960 while in charge of the station. The monument commemorates events related to a person whose role and the circumstances of his death have a symbolic value and the potential to educate people about significant human activities in Antarctica.
  • ‘Base F ' on Winter Island, Argentine Islands. Of historic importance as an example of an early British scientific base.
  • Cairn with a replica of a lead plaque erected on Megalestris Hill, Petermann Island, in 1909 by the second French expedition led by Jean-Baptiste E. A. Charcot. The original plaque is in the reserves of the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle .
  • Whalers Bay, Deception Island, South Shetland Islands. The site comprises all pre-1970 remains on the shore of Whalers Bay, including those from the early whaling period initiated by Captain Adolfus Andresen of the Sociedad Ballenera de Magallanes, Chile; the remains of the Norwegian Hektor Whaling Station established in 1912 and all artefacts associated with its operation until 1931; the site of a cemetery with 35 burials and a memorial to ten men lost at sea; and the remains from the period of British scientific and mapping activity . The site also acknowledges and commemorates the historic value of other events that occurred there, from which nothing remains.
  • Grave at Cape Adare of Norwegian biologist Nicolai Hanson, a member of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1898–1900, led by Carsten E. Borchgrevink. A large boulder marks the head of the grave with the grave itself outlined in white quartz stones. A cross and plaque are attached to the boulder.
  • Metal monument-sledge at Mirny Observatory, Mabus Point, with plaque in memory of driver-mechanic Anatoly Shcheglov who perished in the performance of official duties.
  • Rock cairn at Port Charcot, Booth Island, with wooden pillar and plaque inscribed with the names of the first French expedition led by Jean-Baptiste E. A. Charcot which wintered here in 1904 aboard Le Français.
  • Waterboat Point, Danco Coast, Antarctic Peninsula. The remains and immediate environs of the Waterboat Point hut. It was occupied by the UK two-man expedition of Thomas W. Bagshawe and Maxime C. Lester in 1921–22. Only the base of the boat, foundations of doorposts and an outline of the hut and extension still exist. It is situated close to the Chilean station ‘President Gabriel Gonzáles Videla'.
  • Richard E. Byrd Historic Monument, McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Bronze bust on black marble, 5ft high x 2ft square, on wood platform, bearing inscriptions describing the polar achievements of Richard Evelyn Byrd. Erected at McMurdo Station in 1965.
  • East Base, Antarctica, Stonington Island. Buildings and artefacts at East Base, Stonington Island and their immediate environs. These structures were erected and used during two U.S. wintering expeditions: the Antarctic Service Expedition and the Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition . The size of the historic area is approximately 1,000 metres in the north-south direction and approximately 500 metres in the east-west direction.
  • Building at Dobrowolski Station, Bunger Hills, with plaque in memory of the opening of Oasis Station in 1956.
  • Cross on Wind Vane Hill, Cape Evans, Ross Island, erected by the Ross Sea Party, led by Captain Aeneas Mackintosh, of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1916, in memory of three members of the party who died in the vicinity in 1916. Site incorporated within ASPA 155
  • Abandoned installations of Argentine Station ‘General San Martín' on Barry Island, Debenham Islands, Marguerite Bay, with cross, flag mast, and monolith built in 1951.
  • Bust of General San Martin, grotto with a statue of the Virgin of Lujan, and a flag mast at Base ‘Esperanza', Hope Bay, erected by Argentina in 1955; together with a graveyard with stele in memory of members of Argentine expeditions who died in the area.
  • Statue erected in 1948 at General Bernardo O'Higgins Base , Trinity Peninsula, of Bernardo O'Higgins, the first ruler of Chile to envisage the importance of Antarctica. This monument is representative of pre-IGY activities in Antarctica and has a symbolic meaning in the history of Antarctic exploration since it was during O'Higgins' government that the vessel Dragon landed on the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula in 1820.
  • Rock cairn at Walkabout Rocks, Vestfold Hills, Princess Elizabeth Land, erected in 1939 by Sir Hubert Wilkins. The cairn houses a canister containing a record of his visit.
  • Site of ice cave at Inexpressible Island, Terra Nova Bay, constructed in March 1912 by Victor Campbell's Northern Party, British Antarctic Expedition, 1910–13. The party spent the winter of 1912 in this ice cave. A wooden sign, plaque and seal bones remain at the site.
  • Concrete monolith erected in 1947, near Capitán Arturo Prat Base on Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Point of reference for Chilean Antarctic hydrographic surveys. The monolith is representative of an important pre-IGY activity and is currently preserved and maintained by personnel from Prat Base.
  • Commemorative plaque at ‘Yankee Bay' , MacFarlane Strait, Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Near a Chilean refuge. Erected to the memory of Captain Andrew MacFarlane, who in 1820 explored the Antarctic Peninsula area in the brigantine Dragon.
  • Lighthouse named ‘Primero de Mayo' erected on Lambda Island, Melchior Islands, by Argentina in 1942. This was the first Argentine lighthouse in the Antarctic.
  • The drilling complex building was constructed in the summer season of 1983–84. Under the leadership of Professor Boris Kudryashov, ancient mainland ice samples were obtained.
  • Hut at Cape Evans, Ross Island, built in January 1911 by the British Antarctic Expedition of 1910–1913, led by Captain Robert F. Scott. Restored in January 1961 by the Antarctic Division of New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. Site incorporated within ASPA 155
  • Camp Site location consists of a slightly elevated area of gravel and includes some aligned rocks, which may have been used to weight the tent valences. The camp site was used by a science party on Captain Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition, who undertook mapping and collected geological specimens on Mount Erebus in December 1912
  • Bust at Capitán Arturo Prat Base , Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands, of the Chilean naval hero Arturo Prat, erected in 1947. The monument is representative of pre-IGY activities and has symbolic value in the context of Chilean presence in Antarctica.
  • The plaque is approximately 18 x 24 inches, made of bronze and secured to a large vertical rock at McMurdo Station, the former site of the PM-3A nuclear power reactor. It is approximately half way up the west side of Observation Hill. The plaque text details achievements of PM-3A, Antarctica's first nuclear power plant.
  • ‘Base A' at Port Lockroy, Goudier Island, off Wiencke Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Of historic importance as an Operation Tabarin base from 1944 and for scientific research, including the first measurements of the ionosphere, and the first recording of an atmospheric whistler, from Antarctica. Port Lockroy was a key monitoring site during the International Geophysical Year of 1957/58.
  • Flag mast erected in December 1965 at the South Geographical Pole by the First Argentine Overland Polar Expedition.
  • Station building to which a bust of V.I. Lenin is fixed, together with a plaque in memory of the conquest of the Pole of Inaccessibility by Soviet Antarctic explorers in 1958.
  • Shelter at Paradise Harbour erected in 1950 near the Chilean Base ‘Gabriel Gonzalez Videla' to honour Gabriel Gonzalez Videla, the first Head of State to visit the Antarctic. The shelter is a representative example of pre-IGY activity and constitutes an important national commemoration.
  • Area of Scotia Bay, Laurie Island, South Orkney Island, in which are found: stone hut built in 1903 by the Scottish Antarctic Expedition led by William S. Bruce; the Argentine meteorological hut and magnetic observatory, built in 1905 and known as Moneta House; and a graveyard with twelve graves, the earliest of which dates from 1903.
  • Cross at Hut Point, Ross Island, erected in February 1904 by the British Antarctic Expedition of 1901–04, in memory of George Vince, a member of the expedition, who died in the vicinity.
  • Stone hut on Paulet Island built in February 1903 by survivors of the wrecked vessel Antarctic under Captain Carl A. Larsen, members of the Swedish South Polar Expedition led by Otto Nordenskjöld, together with a grave of a member of the expedition and the rock cairn built by the survivors of the wreck at the highest point of the island to draw the attention of rescue expeditions.
  • Camp Site location includes part of a circle of rocks, which were likely used to weight the tent valences. The camp site was used by a science party on Captain Scott’s Terra Nova Expedition, who undertook mapping and collected geological specimens on Mount Erebus in December 1912.
  • Hut at Cape Royds, Ross Island, built in February 1908 by the British Antarctic Expedition of 1907–09, led by Sir Ernest Shackleton. Restored in January 1961 by the Antarctic Division of New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. Site incorporated within ASPA 157
  • The cove on the south-west coast of Elephant Island, including the foreshore and the intertidal area, in which the wreckage of a large wooden sailing vessel, possibly the SS Hampson, is located.
  • The Lame Dog Hut was erected in April 1988, and had been the main building of St. Kliment Ohridski base until 1998. It is presently the oldest preserved building on Livingston Island, used as radio shack and post office, and hosting a museum exhibition of associated artefacts from the early Bulgarian science and logistic operations in Antarctica.
  • Wooden hut on Snow Hill Island built in February 1902 by the main party of the Swedish South Polar Expedition led by Otto Nordenskjöld.
  • The A Hut of Scott Base, being the only existing Trans Antarctic Expedition 1956/1957 building in Antarctica sited at Pram Point, Ross Island, Ross Sea Region, Antarctica.
  • Rock cairn and plaque on Proclamation Island, Enderby Land, erected in January 1930 by Sir Douglas Mawson. The cairn and plaque commemorate the landing on Proclamation Island of Sir Douglas Mawson with a party from the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–31.
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dbp:management
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  • Poland
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  • Chile, United Kingdom
  • France, United Kingdom
  • Australia, Norway
  • Chile, Norway
  • Chile, Peru, Spain
  • New Zealand, Norway
  • New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States
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dbp:proponent
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dbp:type
  • HSM
dbp:url
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Eine Historische Stätte oder Denkmal (englisch Historic Site or Monument, HSM) ist ein geschützter Ort von historischem Interesse auf dem Kontinent Antarktika oder auf einer der vorgelagerten Inseln. Die Liste der historischen Stätten wurde erstmals 1972 erstellt und seitdem auf 85 Stätten erweitert. Die neuesten Objekte sind seit 2013 gelistet. Fünf Stätten wurden, aus verschiedenen Gründen, von der Liste entfernt. (de)
  • Cet article recense les sites et monuments historiques de l'Antarctique. (fr)
  • Historyczne Miejsca i Pomniki Antarktyki (ang. Historic Sites and Monuments in Antarctica, HSM) – miejsca i obiekty w Antarktyce, które są objęte specjalną ochroną ze względu na wartość historyczną, dokumentującą odkrycia i badania Antarktyki. Strona wskazująca kandydaturę miejsca lub pomnika historycznego musi wykazać, że miejsce lub pomnik spełnia jedno lub więcej z poniższych kryteriów: (pl)
  • A Historic Site or Monument (HSM) is a protected location of historic interest on the continent of Antarctica, or on its adjacent islands. The list of historic sites was first drawn up in 1972, and has since expanded to cover 85 sites, with the most recent listed in 2013. Five sites have been removed from the list for various reasons. Historic Sites and Monuments are protected under the Antarctic Treaty System, as one of three classes of Antarctic Protected Areas. The criteria for listing a site are that it should fulfil one or more of the following criteria: (en)
rdfs:label
  • Historische Stätten und Denkmäler in der Antarktis (de)
  • Liste des sites et monuments historiques de l'Antarctique (fr)
  • Historyczne Miejsca i Pomniki Antarktyki (pl)
  • Historic Sites and Monuments in Antarctica (en)
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