Hip hop is a subcultural art movement that was formed during the early 1970s by African-American youths residing in the South Bronx in New York City. Art historian Robert Farris Thompson describes the demographics of the youth that characterize the South Bronx in the early 1970s as "English-speaking blacks from Barbados" like Grandmaster Flash, "black Jamaicans" like Kool DJ Herc, "thousands of blacks from Cuba," that introduced the dance rhythms from the mambo and danzón as well as Afro conga and bonga drums, and "thousands and thousands more of boricuas [sic]" who emulated the sounds of Tito Puente and Willie Colòn with existing styles of musical styles from jazz to funk associated with African Americans prior to the 1970s. Hip-hop music became popular outside of the African-American com

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dbo:abstract
  • Hip-Hop ist eine kulturelle Bewegung, die ihre Ursprünge in den afroamerikanischen Ghettos New York Citys der 1970er-Jahre hat und sich mittlerweile zu einer weltweiten Subkultur der urbanen Jugend (Jugendkultur) entwickelt hat. Aufgrund ihrer Ursprünge versteht sich Hip-Hop als Street Culture, als Kultur, die zum erheblichen Maße auf der Straße gelebt wird. Die ursprünglichen, integralen Bestandteile (die sogenannten vier Elemente) der Hip-Hop-Kultur sind Rap (MCing), DJing, B-Boying (Breakdance) und Graffiti-Writing. Diese Einteilung in vier Elemente, die Resultat einer bestimmten sozialen Konstellation im New York der 1970er- und 1980er-Jahre war, ist durch die Entwicklung des Hip-Hop mit zunehmender Fixierung auf die Hip-Hop-Musik, die fortschreitende Kommerzialisierung der Kultur und durch veränderte soziale, technische und kulturelle Rahmenbedingungen problematisch geworden. Inzwischen können Beatboxing, Street fashion oder Producing ebenfalls als Elemente der Hip-Hop-Kultur betrachtet werden. Darüber hinaus hat sich in der Hip-Hop-Szene ein eigener Jargon entwickelt (siehe Hip-Hop-Jargon). Die Hip-Hop-Kultur wird von verschiedenen Seiten als gewalt- sowie drogenverherrlichend und sexistisch kritisiert. (de)
  • Hip hop is a subcultural art movement that was formed during the early 1970s by African-American youths residing in the South Bronx in New York City. Art historian Robert Farris Thompson describes the demographics of the youth that characterize the South Bronx in the early 1970s as "English-speaking blacks from Barbados" like Grandmaster Flash, "black Jamaicans" like Kool DJ Herc, "thousands of blacks from Cuba," that introduced the dance rhythms from the mambo and danzón as well as Afro conga and bonga drums, and "thousands and thousands more of boricuas [sic]" who emulated the sounds of Tito Puente and Willie Colòn with existing styles of musical styles from jazz to funk associated with African Americans prior to the 1970s. Hip-hop music became popular outside of the African-American community in the late 1980s. After the rise of new media platforms and Web 2.0 technology of the Internet, fans would primarily consume the musical genre through social networking sites (SNS) beginning with MySpace evolving to notable mobile apps like YouTube, Worldstarhiphop, SoundCloud, and Spotify. The musical genre is characterized by four or more distinct elements as different manifestations of the norms, culture: MCing (oral), turntablism or DJing (aural), b-boying (physical), graffiti art (visual) and knowledge. The writer Greg Tate described the hip-hop movement as "the only avant-garde still around, still delivering the shock of the new, and its got a shockable bourgeoisie, to boot." Even as the genre continues to develop globally in myriad styles, the five foundational elements provide coherence to hip hop culture. The term is often used in a restrictive fashion as synonymous only with the oral practice of rap music. The early roots of South Bronx hip hop scene stems from block parties thrown by the Ghetto Brothers, when they plugged in the amplifiers for their instruments and speakers into the lampposts on 163rd Street and Prospect Avenue and used music to break down racial barriers, and from DJ Kool Herc at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, where Herc mixed samples of existing records with his own shouts to the crowd and dancers. Kool Herc is credited as the "father" of hip hop. DJ Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, to which he coined the terms: "Rap", "DJing", B-boying and graffiti writing or "Aerosol Writin". Since its evolution throughout the South Bronx, hip hop culture has spread to both urban and suburban communities throughout the world. Hip hop music first emerged with Kool Herc and contemporary disc jockeys and imitators creating rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on two turntables. This was later accompanied by "rap", a rhythmic style of chanting of poetry often presented in 16-bar measures or time frames, and beatboxing, a vocal technique mainly used to provide percussive elements of music and various technical effects of hip hop DJs.An original form of dancing and particular styles of dress arose among fans of this new music. These elements were adapted and developed considerably over the history of the culture. Hip hop is simultaneously a new and old phenomenon; the importance of sampling to the art form means that much of the culture has revolved around the idea of updating classic recordings, attitudes, and experiences for modern audiences—called "flipping" within the culture. It follows in the footsteps of earlier American musical genres such as blues, salsa, jazz, rag-time, and rock and roll in having become one of the most practiced genres of music in existence worldwide, and also takes additional inspiration regularly from soul music, funk, and rhythm and blues. (en)
  • ヒップホップ (hip hop) は、1970年代のアメリカ合衆国ニューヨークのブロンクス区で、アフロ・アメリカンやカリビアン・アメリカン、ヒスパニック系の住民のコミュニティで行われていたブロックパーティから生まれた文化。 hipはかっこいい(スラング)、hopは(ぴょんと)跳ぶ/跳躍するという意味で、アフリカ・バンバータは、音楽やダンスのみならず、ファッションやアートを含めた黒人の創造性文化を「黒人の弾ける文化」という意味を込めてヒップホップと呼称した。これは1974年11月のことだったとされる。このことから、11月を「Hip Hop History Month」として祝う習慣がある。 単に「ヒップホップ」と言った場合、文化から派生したサンプリングや打ち込みを中心としたバックトラックに、MCによるラップを乗せた音楽形態を特に指すことが一般化しているが、これらは本来はヒップホップ・ミュージックあるいはラップ・ミュージックと呼ぶのが正しい。 (ja)
  • La culture du hip-hop est un mouvement lancé dans les années 1970 chez la jeunesse afro-américaine résidant au sud du Bronx à New York. Elle se caractérise par quatre éléments distincts, desquels découlent les différents aspects de la culture : le rap (oral), le turntablism ou « DJing » (musical), b-boying (physique) et graffiti artistique (visuel). Bien qu'ils se soient globalement développé, ces quatre éléments fondamentaux font partie intégrante de la culture du hip-hop. Le terme est souvent utilisé de manière restrictive et définit le plus souvent la pratique orale du rap. (fr)
  • Хип-хо́п (англ. hip hop) — культурное направление, зародившееся в среде рабочего класса Нью-Йорка 12 ноября 1974 года. Диджей Afrika Bambaataa первым определил пять столпов хип-хоп-культуры: эмсиинг (англ. MCing), диджеинг (англ. DJing), брейкинг (англ. breaking), граффити (англ. graffiti writing) и knowledge (определённую философию). Другие элементы включают битбоксинг, хип-хоп-моду и сленг. Возникнув в Южном Бронксе, в 1970-х годах хип-хоп стал частью молодёжной культуры во многих странах мира. С конца 1990-х из уличного андеграунда, имеющего остро социальную направленность, хип-хоп постепенно превратился в часть музыкальной индустрии, а к середине первого десятилетия XXI века субкультура стала «модной», «мейнстримной». Однако, несмотря на это, внутри хип-хоп немало деятелей всё ещё продолжают его «основную линию» — протест против неравенства и несправедливости, оппозицию к власть имушим. (ru)
  • 嘻哈(英语:Hip-hop),是1970年代源自紐約市南布朗克斯與哈林區的非洲裔及拉丁裔青年之間的一種邊緣性次文化,繼而发展壮大成為新興藝術型態,并席捲全球。嘻哈包含饒舌、DJ、地板霹靂舞及塗鴉四大要素。另外,亦衍生出節奏口技、嘻哈時裝、嘻哈俗語等次文化。 (zh)
  • Hip-hop – miejska kultura, powstała w afroamerykańskich społecznościach w Nowym Jorku w latach siedemdziesiątych XX wieku. (pl)
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  • Education Program:SUNY-New Paltz/Gender and Sexuality in Hip Hop Culture
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  • March 2009
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  • Many black rappers--including Ice-T and Sister Souljah--contend that they are being unfairly singled out because their music reflects deep changes in society not being addressed anywhere else in the public forum. The white politicians, the artists complain, neither understand the music nor desire to hear what's going on in the devastated communities that gave birth to the art form.
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  • — Chuck Philips, Los Angeles Times, 1992
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  • Spring 2015
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  • hip hop
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  • ヒップホップ (hip hop) は、1970年代のアメリカ合衆国ニューヨークのブロンクス区で、アフロ・アメリカンやカリビアン・アメリカン、ヒスパニック系の住民のコミュニティで行われていたブロックパーティから生まれた文化。 hipはかっこいい(スラング)、hopは(ぴょんと)跳ぶ/跳躍するという意味で、アフリカ・バンバータは、音楽やダンスのみならず、ファッションやアートを含めた黒人の創造性文化を「黒人の弾ける文化」という意味を込めてヒップホップと呼称した。これは1974年11月のことだったとされる。このことから、11月を「Hip Hop History Month」として祝う習慣がある。 単に「ヒップホップ」と言った場合、文化から派生したサンプリングや打ち込みを中心としたバックトラックに、MCによるラップを乗せた音楽形態を特に指すことが一般化しているが、これらは本来はヒップホップ・ミュージックあるいはラップ・ミュージックと呼ぶのが正しい。 (ja)
  • La culture du hip-hop est un mouvement lancé dans les années 1970 chez la jeunesse afro-américaine résidant au sud du Bronx à New York. Elle se caractérise par quatre éléments distincts, desquels découlent les différents aspects de la culture : le rap (oral), le turntablism ou « DJing » (musical), b-boying (physique) et graffiti artistique (visuel). Bien qu'ils se soient globalement développé, ces quatre éléments fondamentaux font partie intégrante de la culture du hip-hop. Le terme est souvent utilisé de manière restrictive et définit le plus souvent la pratique orale du rap. (fr)
  • 嘻哈(英语:Hip-hop),是1970年代源自紐約市南布朗克斯與哈林區的非洲裔及拉丁裔青年之間的一種邊緣性次文化,繼而发展壮大成為新興藝術型態,并席捲全球。嘻哈包含饒舌、DJ、地板霹靂舞及塗鴉四大要素。另外,亦衍生出節奏口技、嘻哈時裝、嘻哈俗語等次文化。 (zh)
  • Hip-hop – miejska kultura, powstała w afroamerykańskich społecznościach w Nowym Jorku w latach siedemdziesiątych XX wieku. (pl)
  • Hip hop is a subcultural art movement that was formed during the early 1970s by African-American youths residing in the South Bronx in New York City. Art historian Robert Farris Thompson describes the demographics of the youth that characterize the South Bronx in the early 1970s as "English-speaking blacks from Barbados" like Grandmaster Flash, "black Jamaicans" like Kool DJ Herc, "thousands of blacks from Cuba," that introduced the dance rhythms from the mambo and danzón as well as Afro conga and bonga drums, and "thousands and thousands more of boricuas [sic]" who emulated the sounds of Tito Puente and Willie Colòn with existing styles of musical styles from jazz to funk associated with African Americans prior to the 1970s. Hip-hop music became popular outside of the African-American com (en)
  • Hip-Hop ist eine kulturelle Bewegung, die ihre Ursprünge in den afroamerikanischen Ghettos New York Citys der 1970er-Jahre hat und sich mittlerweile zu einer weltweiten Subkultur der urbanen Jugend (Jugendkultur) entwickelt hat. Aufgrund ihrer Ursprünge versteht sich Hip-Hop als Street Culture, als Kultur, die zum erheblichen Maße auf der Straße gelebt wird. Die ursprünglichen, integralen Bestandteile (die sogenannten vier Elemente) der Hip-Hop-Kultur sind Rap (MCing), DJing, B-Boying (Breakdance) und Graffiti-Writing. (de)
  • Хип-хо́п (англ. hip hop) — культурное направление, зародившееся в среде рабочего класса Нью-Йорка 12 ноября 1974 года. Диджей Afrika Bambaataa первым определил пять столпов хип-хоп-культуры: эмсиинг (англ. MCing), диджеинг (англ. DJing), брейкинг (англ. breaking), граффити (англ. graffiti writing) и knowledge (определённую философию). Другие элементы включают битбоксинг, хип-хоп-моду и сленг. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Hip hop (en)
  • Hip-Hop (Subkultur) (de)
  • Culture du hip-hop (fr)
  • ヒップホップ (ja)
  • Hip-hop (pl)
  • Хип-хоп (субкультура) (ru)
  • 嘻哈 (zh)
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