The Hermes project (November 15, 1944 - December 31, 1954), was started in response to Germany's rocket attacks in Europe. Project Hermes was to determine the missile needs of army field forces. "Accordingly the Ordnance Department entered into a research and development contract with the General Electric Company on 20 November 1944. "This contract authorized the General Electric Company to seek the development of long-range missiles that could be used against both ground targets and high-altitude aircraft. The contractor agreed to perform investigations, research, experiments, design, development, and engineering work in connection with the development of long-range missiles for use against ground targets and high-altitude aircraft." General Electric was also to investigate ramjets, solid

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dbo:abstract
  • ヘルメス計画(Hermes project)は1944年11月20日から1954年12月31日まで行われたアメリカ陸軍武器科のロケット計画。主契約者はゼネラル・エレクトリック。 第二次世界大戦終結後、計画は燃焼試験やナチス・ドイツの開発したV2ロケットの発展開発を含むよう拡張された。1946年4月16日、当計画における初のV2ロケットの打上げがホワイトサンズ・ミサイル実験場のLC-33で行われた。到達高度は3.4マイル(約5.47km)だった。 (ja)
  • The Hermes project (November 15, 1944 - December 31, 1954), was started in response to Germany's rocket attacks in Europe. Project Hermes was to determine the missile needs of army field forces. "Accordingly the Ordnance Department entered into a research and development contract with the General Electric Company on 20 November 1944. "This contract authorized the General Electric Company to seek the development of long-range missiles that could be used against both ground targets and high-altitude aircraft. The contractor agreed to perform investigations, research, experiments, design, development, and engineering work in connection with the development of long-range missiles for use against ground targets and high-altitude aircraft." General Electric was also to investigate ramjets, solid rocket motors, liquid propellant rocket engines, and hybrid propellents. "The contract also required the General Electric Company to develop remote control equipment, ground equipment, fire control devices, and homing devices." Hermes was the Army's second missile program. In May 1944 the Army contracted with the California Institute of Technology's Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratories to start the ORDCIT Project to research, test and develop guided missiles. The Hermes program originally was to have three phases; first would be a literature search, second a research group would be dispatched to Europe to investigate the German Missiles, third "it would design and develop its own experimental systems. Basically, this project covered every phase of missile technology with the exception of large-scale development and production of warheads and fuzes. However, . . . these many areas may be grouped within three general categories, namely, the A1 and A2 missiles, the A3 missiles, and all other Hermes missiles and supporting research." In December 1944, Project Hermes was tasked with studying the V-2. Subjects which were to be addressed were ". . .transporting, handling,unpacking, classifying (identifying) , reconditioning and testing components of German rockets as well as assembling and testing subassemblies ahd (sic) complete rockets, manufacturing new parts, modification of existing parts, conducting special tests, constructing temporary test equipment not available at the Proving Ground, procuring and handling of propellants and supervision of launching rockets." Project Hermes's mandate created a need for an extensive area where missiles could be safely tested. The Army moved to create the White Sands Proving Grounds in south central New Mexico as a place to test the new missiles. When the U.S. Army captured the Peenemünde engineers, including Werner Von Braun, Dr. Richard W. Porter of Project Hermes was close behind. Following the capture by American forces of the Mitteilelwerk V-2 factory, Special Mission V-2 swept in and scooped up enough components to assemble 100 V-2s. The components were quickly removed to New Mexico. Three hundred rail cars of V-2 parts and documentation arrived at the White Sands Proving Grounds and General Electric personnel started the task of inventorying the components. For the next five years overhauling and manufacture of parts, assembly, modification and launching V-2 rockets would be the major part of Project Hermes. Many of the V-2 components were in poor condition or unusable. After the German V-2 parts and technology were imported into the United States, the U. S. Army formed the Upper Atmosphere Research Panel in early 1946 to oversee experiments both about their technology and their use for upper atmosphere research. One-third of the panel members were General Electric scientists. The Hermes project was expanded to include testing of the V-2 sounding rockets. General Electric employees, with the help of German specialists, assembled V-2s at White Sands Proving Grounds in New Mexico where the Army constructed a blockhouse and Launch Complex 33, now a National Historical Landmark. The first V-2 launch there was on April 16, 1946 but reached only 3.4 miles altitude. The maximum altitude reached by a Project Hermes V-2 was 114 miles achieved by V-2 #17 on 17 December 1946. There were 58 standard V-2s, 6 Bumper" V-2s with a WAC Corporal second stage, and 4 drastically modified V-2s launched as Hermes IIs (Hermes B) by Project Hermes. The last Hermes flight was by V-2 #60 on 29 October 1951, carrying a Signal Corps Electronic Laboratory payload. Most photos of American V-2s show the common white and black markings. The first two flown were painted in yellow and black. Others had combinations of white, black, silver and red. The last two fired by Project Hermes were black, white, and red with a big "Buy Bonds" logo (V-2 #52) and white, black, and silver with a small "Buy Bonds" logo. The Project Hermes V-2 program had achieved its objectives. First, it had gained experience in handling and firing large missiles and trained Army personnel to launch them (The last 4 American V-2 flights were not part of Project Hermes, they were Army launched "Training Flights"). Second, Hermes had provided vehicles for experiments which aided the design of future missiles. Third, Hermes had tested components for future missiles. Fourth, Hermes had obtained ballistic data on high-altitude trajectories as well as developing various means of tracking such trajectories. Fifth, the V-2 program had provided vehicles for upper atmosphere and biological research. Additionally many components had to be manufactured due to shortages and deteriorated condition. Most notable was the inertial guidance system and mix computer. (en)
  • O Projeto Hermes, (20 de Novembro de 1944 - 31 de Dezembro de 1954) foi um programa de mísseis do United States Army Ordnance Corps, contratado junto à General Electric Company. O desenvolvimento do míssil Hermes A-1 de 7,85 m de altura foi iniciado pela General Eletric em 1946. Construído em sua maior parte de aço. Ele era uma versão Norte americana do míssil antiaéreo Wasserfall da Alemanha Nazista. O Wasserfall tinha cerca de metade do tamanho do míssil A4 (V-2). A partir de 1947, os componentes do A-1 começaram a ser testados com sucesso na Estação de teste de Malta em Nova Iorque e em White Sands. Cinco mísseis A-1 foram lançados com sucesso de White Sands entre Maio de 1950 e Abril de 1951 O Hermes A-1 tinha um alcance máximo de 61 km e altitude máxima de 24 km. Um modelo ligeiramente maior, o Hermes A-3B foi o último veículo produzido no Projeto Hermes. Ele foi projetado como míssil tático terra-terra carregando uma ogiva de 453 kg com alcance previsto de 240 km, mas nunca conseguiu essa marca na prática, produzindo um empuxo de 100 kN. Entre 1953 e 1954 seis mísseis A-3B de teste haviam sido lançados de White Sands, cinco deles com sucesso. Nenhum míssil Hermes chegou a se tornar operacional, mas geraram experiência nos processos de projeto, construção e manipulação de mísseis e motores de foguete em larga escala. O Projeto Hermes foi cancelado em 1954. (pt)
  • Программа «Гермес» (англ. Hermes) — программа разработки баллистических управляемых ракет, инициированная армией США в 1944 году, после первых сообщений о применении германских баллистических ракет Фау-2. После окончания войны, и получения доступа к трофейным германским ракетным технологиям, программа была переориентирована в первую очередь на воспроизведение и развитие технологий германских инженеров. В 1946—1953 годах, в рамках этой программы был создан ряд исследовательских ракет, но в конечном итоге работы по программе «Гермес» были остановлены в пользу более перспективной программы «Redstone» (ru)
dbo:countryOrigin
dbo:launchSite
dbo:manufacturer
dbo:rocketFunction
dbo:status
  • Retired
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:totalLaunches
  • 58 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 11536366 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 730747429 (xsd:integer)
dbp:boosterthrust
  • A-3B: 22600 lb-force
dbp:caption
  • The first Hermes A-1 test rocket, fired at White Sands Proving Ground
dbp:diameter
  • A-1: 34 5/8 in; A-3B 47 in
dbp:height
  • A-1: 300 in; A-3B 396 in
dbp:mass
  • A-1: 3000 lb; A-3B 5139 lb
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • ヘルメス計画(Hermes project)は1944年11月20日から1954年12月31日まで行われたアメリカ陸軍武器科のロケット計画。主契約者はゼネラル・エレクトリック。 第二次世界大戦終結後、計画は燃焼試験やナチス・ドイツの開発したV2ロケットの発展開発を含むよう拡張された。1946年4月16日、当計画における初のV2ロケットの打上げがホワイトサンズ・ミサイル実験場のLC-33で行われた。到達高度は3.4マイル(約5.47km)だった。 (ja)
  • Программа «Гермес» (англ. Hermes) — программа разработки баллистических управляемых ракет, инициированная армией США в 1944 году, после первых сообщений о применении германских баллистических ракет Фау-2. После окончания войны, и получения доступа к трофейным германским ракетным технологиям, программа была переориентирована в первую очередь на воспроизведение и развитие технологий германских инженеров. В 1946—1953 годах, в рамках этой программы был создан ряд исследовательских ракет, но в конечном итоге работы по программе «Гермес» были остановлены в пользу более перспективной программы «Redstone» (ru)
  • The Hermes project (November 15, 1944 - December 31, 1954), was started in response to Germany's rocket attacks in Europe. Project Hermes was to determine the missile needs of army field forces. "Accordingly the Ordnance Department entered into a research and development contract with the General Electric Company on 20 November 1944. "This contract authorized the General Electric Company to seek the development of long-range missiles that could be used against both ground targets and high-altitude aircraft. The contractor agreed to perform investigations, research, experiments, design, development, and engineering work in connection with the development of long-range missiles for use against ground targets and high-altitude aircraft." General Electric was also to investigate ramjets, solid (en)
  • O Projeto Hermes, (20 de Novembro de 1944 - 31 de Dezembro de 1954) foi um programa de mísseis do United States Army Ordnance Corps, contratado junto à General Electric Company. O desenvolvimento do míssil Hermes A-1 de 7,85 m de altura foi iniciado pela General Eletric em 1946. Construído em sua maior parte de aço. Ele era uma versão Norte americana do míssil antiaéreo Wasserfall da Alemanha Nazista. O Wasserfall tinha cerca de metade do tamanho do míssil A4 (V-2). (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Hermes (missile program) (en)
  • ヘルメス計画 (ja)
  • Hermes (programa de mísseis) (pt)
  • Программа Hermes (ru)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Hermes A-1, A-3B (en)
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