Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period. His best known works include Typee (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesian life, and his whaling novel Moby-Dick (1851). His work was almost forgotten during his last thirty years. His writing draws on his experience at sea as a common sailor, exploration of literature and philosophy, and engagement in the contradictions of American society in a period of rapid change. He developed a complex, baroque style: the vocabulary is rich and original, a strong sense of rhythm infuses the elaborate sentences, the imagery is often mystical or ironic, and the abundance of allusion extends to Scripture, myth, philosophy, literature, and th

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dbo:abstract
  • Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period. His best known works include Typee (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesian life, and his whaling novel Moby-Dick (1851). His work was almost forgotten during his last thirty years. His writing draws on his experience at sea as a common sailor, exploration of literature and philosophy, and engagement in the contradictions of American society in a period of rapid change. He developed a complex, baroque style: the vocabulary is rich and original, a strong sense of rhythm infuses the elaborate sentences, the imagery is often mystical or ironic, and the abundance of allusion extends to Scripture, myth, philosophy, literature, and the visual arts. Born in New York City as the third child of a merchant in French dry goods, Melville's formal education ended abruptly after his father died in 1832, leaving the family in financial straits. Melville briefly became a schoolteacher before he took to sea in 1839 as a common sailor on a merchant ship. In 1840 he signed aboard the whaler Acushnet for his first whaling voyage, but jumped ship in the Marquesas Islands. After further adventures, he returned to Boston in 1844. His first book, Typee (1845), a highly romanticized account of his life among Polynesians, became such a best-seller that he worked up a sequel, Omoo (1847). These successes encouraged him to marry Elizabeth Shaw, of a prominent Boston family, but were hard to sustain. His first novel not based on his own experiences, Mardi (1849), is a sea narrative that develops into a philosophical allegory, but was not well received. Redburn (1849), a story of life on a merchant ship, and his 1850 expose of harsh life aboard a Man-of-War, White-Jacket yielded warmer reviews but not financial security. In August 1850, Melville moved his growing family to Arrowhead, a farm near Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where he established a profound but short-lived friendship with Nathaniel Hawthorne, to whom he dedicated Moby-Dick. Moby-Dick was another commercial failure, published to mixed reviews. Melville's career as a popular author effectively ended with the cool reception of Pierre (1852), in part a satirical portrait of the literary scene. His Revolutionary War novel Israel Potter appeared in 1855. From 1853 to 1856, Melville published short fiction in magazines, most notably "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853), "The Encantadas" (1854), and "Benito Cereno" (1855). These and three other stories were collected in 1856 as The Piazza Tales. In 1857, he voyaged to England, where he reunited with Hawthorne for the first time since 1852, and then went on to tour the Near East. The Confidence-Man (1857), was the last prose work he published during his lifetime. He moved to New York to take a position as Customs Inspector and turned to poetry. Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866) was his poetic reflection on the moral questions of the Civil War. In 1867 his oldest child, Malcolm, died at home from a self-inflicted gunshot. Clarel: A Poem and Pilgrimage in the Holy Land, a metaphysical epic, appeared in 1876. In 1886, his second son, Stanwix, died and Melville retired. During his last years, he privately published two volumes of poetry, left one volume unpublished, and returned to prose of the sea: the novella Billy Budd, left unfinished at his death, was published in 1924. Melville's death from cardiovascular disease in 1891 subdued a reviving interest in his work. The centennial of his birth in 1919 became the starting point of the "Melville Revival". Critics discovered his work, scholars explored his life, his major novels and stories have become world classics, and his poetry has gradually attracted respect. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) هرمان ملفيل (1819-1891م) (بالإنجليزية: Herman Melville) وُلد ملفيل هرمان في مدينة نيويورك عام 1819. من أبرز الروائيين في أمريكا. كتب موبي ديك، وهي واحدة من أشهر الروايات الأدبية. ترجع شهرته إلى هذه الرواية بشكل رئيس، لكنَّ كثيراً من أعماله الأخرى هي أيضاً إبداعات أدبية عالية المستوى؛ تمتزج فيها الحقيقة والخيال والمغامرة والرمزية البارعة. كتب ملفيل عن تجاربه بطريقة جذابة جعلته أحد أكثر الكُتَّاب شعبية في زمانه. وقد أضفى على مغامراته خيالاً خصباً وشكلاً فلسفياً، إلى جانب مهارةٍ فائقة في استعمال اللغة الإنجليزية الأمريكية. (ar)
  • Herman Melville, geboren als Herman Melvill (* 1. August 1819 in New York City, New York; † 28. September 1891 ebenda) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Essayist. Sein Roman Moby-Dick zählt zu den bedeutendsten der Weltliteratur. (de)
  • Herman Melville (Nueva York, 1 de agosto de 1819 – ib., 28 de septiembre de 1891) fue un escritor estadounidense que además de novela y cuento escribió ensayo y poesía. (es)
  • Herman Melville, né le 1er août 1819 à Pearl Street, au sud-est de Manhattan (New York), mort le 28 septembre 1891 à New York, est un romancier, essayiste et poète américain. Pratiquement oublié de tous à sa mort, Melville est redécouvert dans les années 1920 à travers son œuvre maîtresse Moby Dick. Il est désormais considéré comme l'une des plus grandes figures de la littérature américaine. (fr)
  • ハーマン・メルヴィル(Herman Melville、1819年8月1日 - 1891年9月28日)は、アメリカの作家、小説家。ニューヨーク出身。代表作は『白鯨』など。 (ja)
  • Herman Melville (New York, 1 augustus 1819 - aldaar, 28 september 1891) was een Amerikaans schrijver van romans, novellen, en gedichten. Zijn bekendste werken zijn de romans Typee (1846) en Moby-Dick (1851) en de novellen Bartleby, the Scrivener (1853) en Benito Cereno (1855). In zijn tijd waren Zuidzeeavonturen een populair literair genre in de Verenigde Staten, maar bij zijn dood was hij alweer vrijwel vergeten. (nl)
  • Herman Melville (ur. 1 sierpnia 1819 w Nowym Jorku, zm. 28 września 1891 tamże) – amerykański powieściopisarz, poeta i eseista. Był synem kupca pochodzenia szkockiego. Jego ojciec zbankrutował, kiedy Herman miał 15 lat. Wcześnie musiał rzucić szkołę i imał się różnych zajęć. Był między innymi robotnikiem rolnym, ekspedientem, urzędnikiem bankowym i nauczycielem. Wiele lat spędził na morzu, na statku wielorybniczym, a swoje doświadczenia zawarł w późniejszej twórczości. Jego najsłynniejszym dziełem, zaliczanym do kanonu literatury światowej, jest Moby Dick, fikcyjna opowieść o białym kaszalocie. Pomysł do jej napisania zaczerpnął Melville z prawdziwej historii statku wielorybniczego Essex. Przedstawił w niej żywy obraz społeczności wielorybników i właścicieli statków wielorybniczych oraz zawarł alegorię odwiecznej walki dobra ze złem. (pl)
  • Herman Melville (1 de agosto de 1819, Nova York - 28 de setembro de 1891, Nova York) foi um escritor, poeta e ensaísta norte-americano. Embora tenha obtido grande sucesso no início de sua carreira, sua popularidade foi decaindo ao longo dos anos. Faleceu quase completamente esquecido, sem conhecer o sucesso que sua mais importante obra, o romance Moby Dick, alcançaria no século XX. O livro, dividido em três volumes, foi publicado em 1851 com o título de A baleia e não obteve sucesso de crítica, tendo sido considerado o principal motivo para o declínio da carreira do autor. (pt)
  • Ге́рман Ме́лвилл (англ. Herman Melville; 1 августа 1819 — 28 сентября 1891) — американский писатель и моряк, автор классического романа «Моби Дик». Писал не только прозу, но и стихи. (ru)
  • 赫爾曼·梅爾維爾(Herman Melville,1819年8月1日-1891年9月28日)是美国小说家、散文家和诗人,也擔任過水手、教師,最著名的作品是《白鯨記》。其作品《泰皮》(Typee)獲得社會大眾相當多的注意,成為暢銷書,他也籍此在19世紀40年代後期快速取得文學上的成功。然而,他的人氣於在19世紀50年代中急劇下降,再也沒有上升。 當赫爾曼·梅爾維爾在1891年去世時,社會大眾幾乎完全遺忘他的存在。直到20世紀早期“梅爾維爾復興”後,他的作品獲得廣泛的認可,尤其是《白鯨記》,它被譽為美國乃至世界文學的經典之一。 (zh)
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  • 1819-08-01 (xsd:date)
  • 1819-8-1
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  • Herman Melvill (en)
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  • 1891-09-28 (xsd:date)
  • 1891-9-28
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  • Herman Melville, 1870. Oil painting by Joseph Oriel Eaton.
dbp:children
  • * Malcolm * Stanwix * Elizabeth * Frances
dbp:id
  • Melville,+Herman
dbp:name
  • Herman Melville
dbp:quote
  • I tell you it will be more tolerable for the Feegee that salted down a lean missionary in his cellar against a coming famine; it will be more tolerable for that provident Feegee, I say, in the day of judgment, than for thee, civilized and enlightened gourmand, who nailest geese to the ground and feastest on their bloated livers in thy paté-de-foie-gras.
  • Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city.
  • The other world beyond this, which was longed for by the devout before Columbus' time, was found in the New; and the deep-sea land, that first struck these soundings, brought up the soil of Earth's Paradise. Not a Paradise then, or now; but to be made so at God's good pleasure, and in the fulness and mellowness of time. The seed is sown, and the harvest must come; and our children's children, on the world's jubilee morning, shall all go with their sickles to the reaping. Then shall the curse of Babel be revoked, a new Pentecost come, and the language they shall speak shall be the language of Britain. Frenchmen, and Danes, and Scots; and the dwellers on the shores of the Mediterranean, and in the regions round about; Italians, and Indians, and Moors; there shall appear unto them cloven tongues as of fire.
dbp:restingPlace
  • Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York City
dbp:signature
  • Herman Melville signature.svg
dbp:source
  • — Melville paraphrases the Bible in "The Whale as a Dish", Moby-Dick Chapter 65
  • 615.0
  • — The American melting pot described in Redburn's Biblical language, with Nathalia Wright's glosses.
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  • 1847 (xsd:integer)
  • Elizabeth Knapp Shaw
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  • American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) هرمان ملفيل (1819-1891م) (بالإنجليزية: Herman Melville) وُلد ملفيل هرمان في مدينة نيويورك عام 1819. من أبرز الروائيين في أمريكا. كتب موبي ديك، وهي واحدة من أشهر الروايات الأدبية. ترجع شهرته إلى هذه الرواية بشكل رئيس، لكنَّ كثيراً من أعماله الأخرى هي أيضاً إبداعات أدبية عالية المستوى؛ تمتزج فيها الحقيقة والخيال والمغامرة والرمزية البارعة. كتب ملفيل عن تجاربه بطريقة جذابة جعلته أحد أكثر الكُتَّاب شعبية في زمانه. وقد أضفى على مغامراته خيالاً خصباً وشكلاً فلسفياً، إلى جانب مهارةٍ فائقة في استعمال اللغة الإنجليزية الأمريكية. (ar)
  • Herman Melville, geboren als Herman Melvill (* 1. August 1819 in New York City, New York; † 28. September 1891 ebenda) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Essayist. Sein Roman Moby-Dick zählt zu den bedeutendsten der Weltliteratur. (de)
  • Herman Melville (Nueva York, 1 de agosto de 1819 – ib., 28 de septiembre de 1891) fue un escritor estadounidense que además de novela y cuento escribió ensayo y poesía. (es)
  • Herman Melville, né le 1er août 1819 à Pearl Street, au sud-est de Manhattan (New York), mort le 28 septembre 1891 à New York, est un romancier, essayiste et poète américain. Pratiquement oublié de tous à sa mort, Melville est redécouvert dans les années 1920 à travers son œuvre maîtresse Moby Dick. Il est désormais considéré comme l'une des plus grandes figures de la littérature américaine. (fr)
  • ハーマン・メルヴィル(Herman Melville、1819年8月1日 - 1891年9月28日)は、アメリカの作家、小説家。ニューヨーク出身。代表作は『白鯨』など。 (ja)
  • Herman Melville (New York, 1 augustus 1819 - aldaar, 28 september 1891) was een Amerikaans schrijver van romans, novellen, en gedichten. Zijn bekendste werken zijn de romans Typee (1846) en Moby-Dick (1851) en de novellen Bartleby, the Scrivener (1853) en Benito Cereno (1855). In zijn tijd waren Zuidzeeavonturen een populair literair genre in de Verenigde Staten, maar bij zijn dood was hij alweer vrijwel vergeten. (nl)
  • Herman Melville (1 de agosto de 1819, Nova York - 28 de setembro de 1891, Nova York) foi um escritor, poeta e ensaísta norte-americano. Embora tenha obtido grande sucesso no início de sua carreira, sua popularidade foi decaindo ao longo dos anos. Faleceu quase completamente esquecido, sem conhecer o sucesso que sua mais importante obra, o romance Moby Dick, alcançaria no século XX. O livro, dividido em três volumes, foi publicado em 1851 com o título de A baleia e não obteve sucesso de crítica, tendo sido considerado o principal motivo para o declínio da carreira do autor. (pt)
  • Ге́рман Ме́лвилл (англ. Herman Melville; 1 августа 1819 — 28 сентября 1891) — американский писатель и моряк, автор классического романа «Моби Дик». Писал не только прозу, но и стихи. (ru)
  • 赫爾曼·梅爾維爾(Herman Melville,1819年8月1日-1891年9月28日)是美国小说家、散文家和诗人,也擔任過水手、教師,最著名的作品是《白鯨記》。其作品《泰皮》(Typee)獲得社會大眾相當多的注意,成為暢銷書,他也籍此在19世紀40年代後期快速取得文學上的成功。然而,他的人氣於在19世紀50年代中急劇下降,再也沒有上升。 當赫爾曼·梅爾維爾在1891年去世時,社會大眾幾乎完全遺忘他的存在。直到20世紀早期“梅爾維爾復興”後,他的作品獲得廣泛的認可,尤其是《白鯨記》,它被譽為美國乃至世界文學的經典之一。 (zh)
  • Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period. His best known works include Typee (1846), a romantic account of his experiences in Polynesian life, and his whaling novel Moby-Dick (1851). His work was almost forgotten during his last thirty years. His writing draws on his experience at sea as a common sailor, exploration of literature and philosophy, and engagement in the contradictions of American society in a period of rapid change. He developed a complex, baroque style: the vocabulary is rich and original, a strong sense of rhythm infuses the elaborate sentences, the imagery is often mystical or ironic, and the abundance of allusion extends to Scripture, myth, philosophy, literature, and th (en)
  • Herman Melville (ur. 1 sierpnia 1819 w Nowym Jorku, zm. 28 września 1891 tamże) – amerykański powieściopisarz, poeta i eseista. Był synem kupca pochodzenia szkockiego. Jego ojciec zbankrutował, kiedy Herman miał 15 lat. Wcześnie musiał rzucić szkołę i imał się różnych zajęć. Był między innymi robotnikiem rolnym, ekspedientem, urzędnikiem bankowym i nauczycielem. Wiele lat spędził na morzu, na statku wielorybniczym, a swoje doświadczenia zawarł w późniejszej twórczości. (pl)
rdfs:label
  • Herman Melville (en)
  • هرمان ملفيل (ar)
  • Herman Melville (de)
  • Herman Melville (es)
  • Herman Melville (fr)
  • Herman Melville (it)
  • ハーマン・メルヴィル (ja)
  • Herman Melville (nl)
  • Herman Melville (pl)
  • Herman Melville (pt)
  • Мелвилл, Герман (ru)
  • 赫尔曼·梅尔维尔 (zh)
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