Herbert Baum (February 10, 1912 – June 11, 1942) was a Jewish member of the German resistance against National Socialism. Baum was born in Moschin, Province of Posen; his family moved to Berlin when he was young. After he graduated from secondary school there, he began an apprenticeship as an electrician, which became his profession. By 1926, he was an active member of different left wing and Jewish youth organizations, and from 1931 he became a member of the Young Communist League of Germany (KJVD).

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  • Herbert Baum (* 10. Februar 1912 in Moschin, Provinz Posen; † 11. Juni 1942 in Berlin) war ein deutsch-jüdischer Widerstandskämpfer und Kommunist. (de)
  • Herbert Baum (Mosina, Polonia, 10 de febrero de 1912 – 11 de junio de 1942) fue un miembro judío de la resistencia alemana frente al nazismo. Nacido en Polonia, su familia se trasladó a Berlín cuando aún era niño. Tras graduarse en secundaria, se hizo aprendiz de electricista, actividad que terminó por convertirse en su profesión. Hacia 1926, era ya un miembro activo de diferentes organizaciones juveniles izquierdistas y judías, y desde 1931 se convirtió en miembro de la Young Communist League of Germany (KJVD; «Liga comunista juvenil de Alemania»). Tras la llegada al poder del Partido Nazi, comenzó, junto con su mujer Marianne Baum (9 de febrero de 1912 - 18 de agosto de 1942) y sus amigos Martin y Sala Kochmann, a organizar reuniones en las casas de Kochmann y de otros miembros para consensuar una línea de actuación contra la amenaza del nazismo. El grupo, que contaba con más de 100 miembros, la mayoría jóvenes judíos y muchos de ellos mujeres, nombró jefé a Herbert Baum. El grupo distribuyó públicamente panfletos contra el nacional-socialismo. Durante 1940, Baum fue enviado a trabajos forzados en la construcción de motores eléctricos para Siemens-Schuckertwerke (hoy en día Siemens AG). Desde 1941, lideró un grupo de trabajadores forzados judíos en la planta, quienes, para escapar de la deportación a los campos de concentración, huyeron a los subterráneos de Berlín. El 18 de mayo 1942, el grupo provocó un incendio en una exposición antisemita y anticomunista preparada por Joseph Goebbels en el Lustgarten de Berlín denominada "El Paraíso soviético". En los días siguientes muchos de los miembros del grupo fueron detenidos y 28 de ellos fueron sentenciados a muerte. Baum y su mujer Marianne fueron arrestados el 22 de mayo. Herbert Baum murió en prisión después de excesivas torturas, y su mujer fue ejecutada en la Prisión Plötzensee dos meses después. (es)
  • Herbert Baum (February 10, 1912 – June 11, 1942) was a Jewish member of the German resistance against National Socialism. Baum was born in Moschin, Province of Posen; his family moved to Berlin when he was young. After he graduated from secondary school there, he began an apprenticeship as an electrician, which became his profession. By 1926, he was an active member of different left wing and Jewish youth organizations, and from 1931 he became a member of the Young Communist League of Germany (KJVD). After the seizure of power by the National Socialists he began, together with his wife Marianne Baum (February 9, 1912 - August 18, 1942) and their friends, Martin and Sala Kochmann, to organize meetings dealing with the threat of Nazism, meeting in the Kochmann drawing room and in the apartments of other members. The circle of friends, most of whom were Jewish, designated Herbert Baum as chairman. Up to 100 youths attended these meetings at various times, engaging in political debates and cultural discussions. The group openly distributed leaflets arguing against National Socialism. In 1940 Baum was rounded up and forced into slave labour at the electromotive works of the Siemens-Schuckertwerke (today Siemens AG). From 1941, he headed a group of Jewish slave labourers at the plant, who, to escape deportation to concentration camps, went into the Berlin underground. On 18 May 1942, the group organised an arson attack on an anticommunist and anti-Semitic propaganda exhibition prepared by Joseph Goebbels at the Berliner Lustgarten. The attack was only partially successful and, within days, a large number of the group's members were arrested and 20 were sentenced to death. Baum and his wife Marianne were arrested on May 22. Herbert Baum was tortured to death in Moabit Prison, dying on June 11, 1942. The Gestapo reported his death as a suicide. His wife, Marianne, was executed in Plötzensee Prison on August 18, 1942.Listing of some of the Baum Group's members with their dates of birth and death; they were all executed in Berlin-Plötzensee on March 4, 1943.:Heinz Rotholz (1922–1943), Heinz Birnbaum (1920–1943), Hella Hirsch (1921–1943), Hanni Meyer (1921–1943), Marianne Joachim (1922–1943), Lothar Salinger (1920–1943), Helmut Neumann (1922–1943), Hildegard Löwy and Siegbert Rotholz (1922–1943). There is some disagreement as to the manner of death of at least one of the members. Helmut Neumann was either hanged or decapitated. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1912-02-10 (xsd:date)
  • 1912-2-10
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:birthYear
  • 1912-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1942-06-11 (xsd:date)
  • 1942-6-11
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:deathYear
  • 1942-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • 3598968 (xsd:integer)
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  • 744436542 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Herbert Baum, 1930 portrait from a photograph
dbp:nationality
  • German
dbp:religion
  • Jewish
dbp:spouse
  • Marianne Baum
dct:description
  • German resistance fighter (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Herbert Baum (* 10. Februar 1912 in Moschin, Provinz Posen; † 11. Juni 1942 in Berlin) war ein deutsch-jüdischer Widerstandskämpfer und Kommunist. (de)
  • Herbert Baum (February 10, 1912 – June 11, 1942) was a Jewish member of the German resistance against National Socialism. Baum was born in Moschin, Province of Posen; his family moved to Berlin when he was young. After he graduated from secondary school there, he began an apprenticeship as an electrician, which became his profession. By 1926, he was an active member of different left wing and Jewish youth organizations, and from 1931 he became a member of the Young Communist League of Germany (KJVD). (en)
  • Herbert Baum (Mosina, Polonia, 10 de febrero de 1912 – 11 de junio de 1942) fue un miembro judío de la resistencia alemana frente al nazismo. Nacido en Polonia, su familia se trasladó a Berlín cuando aún era niño. Tras graduarse en secundaria, se hizo aprendiz de electricista, actividad que terminó por convertirse en su profesión. Hacia 1926, era ya un miembro activo de diferentes organizaciones juveniles izquierdistas y judías, y desde 1931 se convirtió en miembro de la Young Communist League of Germany (KJVD; «Liga comunista juvenil de Alemania»). (es)
rdfs:label
  • Herbert Baum (de)
  • Herbert Baum (en)
  • Herbert Baum (es)
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  • Herbert (en)
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  • Herbert Baum (en)
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  • Baum (en)
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