Heraclius the Elder (Latin: Heraclius; Greek: Ἡράκλειος; died 610) was an East Roman (Byzantine) general and the father of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (r. 610–641). Of possible Armenian origin, Heraclius the Elder distinguished himself in the war against the Sassanid Persians in the 580s. As a subordinate general (or hypostrategos), Heraclius served under the command of Philippicus during the Battle of Solachon and possibly served under Comentiolus during the Battle of Sisarbanon. In circa 595, Heraclius the Elder is mentioned as a magister militum per Armeniam sent by Emperor Maurice (r. 582–602) to quell an Armenian rebellion led by Samuel Vahewuni and Atat Khorkhoruni. In circa 600, he was appointed as the Exarch of Africa and in 608, Heraclius the Elder rebelled with his son against th

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dbo:abstract
  • Herakleios der Ältere († um 611 in Karthago) war der Vater des byzantinischen Kaisers Herakleios. Er war vermutlich gebürtiger Armenier und der erste nachgewiesene Angehörige der herakleischen Dynastie, die mit der Ermordung des Tiberios, des sechsjährigen Sohnes Justinians II., 711 ihr Ende fand. Herakleios der Ältere diente als General unter Maurikios und kämpfte erfolgreich unter dem General Philippikos an der byzantinischen Ostgrenze gegen die Perser, wo er unter anderem als Heermeister fungierte. 587 übernahm er für einige Zeit das Kommando über die dort stationierten Truppen und stellte die Disziplin im Heer wieder her, 589 besiegte er ein persisches Heer in der Nähe von Nisibis. Anschließend wurde er um 595 zum magister militum per Armeniam (Oberbefehlshaber im Militärdistrikt Armenien) ernannt. Einige Zeit später, wohl noch unter Maurikios, vielleicht aber auch erst unter Phokas, der Maurikios 602 gestürzt hatte, wurde Herakleios Exarch von Africa (siehe Exarchat von Karthago). Als oppositionelle Kreise aus der Hauptstadt Konstantinopel Kontakt zu ihm aufnahmen – sie waren mit der als tyrannisch beschriebenen Herrschaft von Kaiser Phokas unzufrieden –, entsandte er seinen Sohn, ebenfalls mit Namen Herakleios, nach Konstantinopel, während Niketas, ein Verwandter des Exarchen, Ägypten besetzte. Bald nach dem Sturz des Phokas verstarb Herakleios der Ältere in Karthago. (de)
  • Héraclius, surnommé l'Ancien pour le distinguer de son fils, est un général et administrateur byzantin, mari d'Epiphania et père de l'empereur Héraclius, de Maria, femme de Martinos (issue les Martinakioi) et d'Eutropius, de Theodorus, curopalate en 613 et décédé en Heliopolis de Syrie en 652/653, et de Gregoria, femme de son cousin Nicétas, et mort peu après l'accession de celui-ci au trône le 5 octobre 610. (fr)
  • Heraclius the Elder (Latin: Heraclius; Greek: Ἡράκλειος; died 610) was an East Roman (Byzantine) general and the father of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (r. 610–641). Of possible Armenian origin, Heraclius the Elder distinguished himself in the war against the Sassanid Persians in the 580s. As a subordinate general (or hypostrategos), Heraclius served under the command of Philippicus during the Battle of Solachon and possibly served under Comentiolus during the Battle of Sisarbanon. In circa 595, Heraclius the Elder is mentioned as a magister militum per Armeniam sent by Emperor Maurice (r. 582–602) to quell an Armenian rebellion led by Samuel Vahewuni and Atat Khorkhoruni. In circa 600, he was appointed as the Exarch of Africa and in 608, Heraclius the Elder rebelled with his son against the usurper Phocas (r. 602–610). Using North Africa as a base, the younger Heraclius managed to overthrow Phocas, beginning the Heraclian dynasty, which would rule Byzantium for a century. Heraclius the Elder died soon after receiving news of his son's accession to the Byzantine throne. (en)
  • Ира́клий Ста́рший (лат. Heraklius, греч. Ηράκλειος) — византийский военачальник, отец византийского императора Ираклия I (правил в 610—641 годах). Армянин по происхождению, Ираклий Старший отличился в войнах против Сасанидского Ирана в 580-х годах. Около 600 года он был назначен экзархом Африки. В 608 году Ираклий и его сын восстали против узурпатора Фоки (правил в 602—610 годах). Используя византийскую часть Африки в качестве своей базы, Ираклий Младший сумел свергнуть Фоку, после чего основал династию Ираклия, правившую Византией на протяжении целого столетия. Ираклий Старший скончался вскоре после получения известия о восхождении своего сына на престол. (ru)
  • Heráclio, o Velho (em latim: Heraclius; em grego: Ἡράκλειος) (m. 610) foi um general bizantino e pai do imperador bizantino Heráclio (r. 610–641). De origem armênia, Heráclio, o pai, se destacou nas guerras bizantino-sassânidas da década de 580. Por volta de 600, ele foi nomeado exarca da África. Em 608, ele se revoltou com o filho contra o usurpador Focas (r. 602–610). Utilizando-se da África como base, o jovem Heráclio conseguiu derrubar Focas e fundou a dinastia heracliana, que reinaria no Império Bizantino por um século. Heráclio, o Velho, morreu logo depois de receber a notícia da ascensão do filho. (pt)
  • Herakliusz Starszy (łac. Heraclius; grec. Ἡράκλειος, zm. 610) – egzarcha Kartaginy w latach 598 lub 602 do 610 roku. Był drugim egzarchą Kartaginy. Po zamordowaniu cesarza Maurycjusza przez Fokasa w 602 roku przerwał dostawy zboża i oliwy go Konstantynopola, nie uznając uzurpatora. Młodszy syn Herakliusza Starszego - Niketas, ruszył z wojskami na Egipt i odbił go z rąk sił Fokasa. Starszy syn Herakliusz ruszył w 610 do Konstantynopola i po obaleniu Fokasa został koronowany na cesarza. (pl)
dbo:allegiance
  • East Roman Empire
dbo:battle
dbo:birthDate
  • 600-1-1
dbo:deathDate
  • 610-1-1
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  • 744436489 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:quote
  • "He [Philippicus] gave part of the army to Heraclius, since he was himself overwhelmed by pain and unable to fight. Heraclius marshaled his soldiery and camped opposite the foothills of Izala, or rather the banks of the river Tigris. Accordingly Heraclius left Thamanon [a location on the eastern banks of the Tigris], advanced towards the southern parts of Media, and ravaged the whole of that area. He even traversed the Tigris and urged the army forward, burning everything of importance in that part of Media. Then he re-entered the Roman state, circled past Theodosiopolis, and once again rejoined the men with Philippicus."
  • "Then [the emperor] ordered the general Heraclius who was located in the country of Armenia to take his troops and go against [the rebels] in battle...Then [the rebels] looted whatever they found, taking a great deal of booty, and departed to the secure Korduats' country. They wanted to have the stronghold there. Now the Byzantine forces with general Heraclius and Hamazasp Mamikonean pursued them. [The rebels] approached the stronghold, crossing by bridge the river called Jermay . They cut down the bridge and fortified themselves in a pass where they held the site of the bridge. [The Byzantines] were on the [opposite] riverbank wondering what to do. Because they were unable to find a ford, they wanted to depart. But unexpectedly, a traveling priest strayed into their midst. They seized him and said: 'If you do not show us the river's ford, we will kill you.' [The traveller] took the forces and showed them the ford [at a place] below where they were. All the troops crossed the river. Some of them held [watch over] the stronghold, others the bridgehead. [Some] held the mouth of the valley, others entered the stronghold and battled with them. The devastation was enormous, and [the rebels] were worn out...Killed in the battle were Nerses, Vstam, and Samuel, who killed quite a few [warriors] around them in fight. But Sargis and Varaz Nerseh were arrested along with some others. They were taken to the city of Karin and later beheaded. When they were about to be beheaded, Varaz Nerseh said to Sargis: 'Let's cast lots to see whom they kill first.' But Sargis replied: 'I am an old, blame-worthy man. I beg you, grant me this little respite, that I not see your death.' So they beheaded him first. Now T'eodoros Trpatuni fled to the court of the Iranian king , for refuge. But [the king] ordered him bound and delivered into the hands of his enemies to be put to death. And [the king] visited severe misfortunes upon him."
dbp:rank
  • magister militum per Armeniam, patrikios, Exarch of Africa
dbp:regent
dbp:relations
  • Emperor Heraclius
dbp:source
  • History of Sebeos, Chapters 6-7
  • The History of Theophylact Simocatta, Book II
dbp:spouse
  • Epiphania
dbp:title
  • Consul of the Roman Empire
dbp:width
  • 750 (xsd:integer)
dbp:years
  • 608 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Byzantine general (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Héraclius, surnommé l'Ancien pour le distinguer de son fils, est un général et administrateur byzantin, mari d'Epiphania et père de l'empereur Héraclius, de Maria, femme de Martinos (issue les Martinakioi) et d'Eutropius, de Theodorus, curopalate en 613 et décédé en Heliopolis de Syrie en 652/653, et de Gregoria, femme de son cousin Nicétas, et mort peu après l'accession de celui-ci au trône le 5 octobre 610. (fr)
  • Ира́клий Ста́рший (лат. Heraklius, греч. Ηράκλειος) — византийский военачальник, отец византийского императора Ираклия I (правил в 610—641 годах). Армянин по происхождению, Ираклий Старший отличился в войнах против Сасанидского Ирана в 580-х годах. Около 600 года он был назначен экзархом Африки. В 608 году Ираклий и его сын восстали против узурпатора Фоки (правил в 602—610 годах). Используя византийскую часть Африки в качестве своей базы, Ираклий Младший сумел свергнуть Фоку, после чего основал династию Ираклия, правившую Византией на протяжении целого столетия. Ираклий Старший скончался вскоре после получения известия о восхождении своего сына на престол. (ru)
  • Heráclio, o Velho (em latim: Heraclius; em grego: Ἡράκλειος) (m. 610) foi um general bizantino e pai do imperador bizantino Heráclio (r. 610–641). De origem armênia, Heráclio, o pai, se destacou nas guerras bizantino-sassânidas da década de 580. Por volta de 600, ele foi nomeado exarca da África. Em 608, ele se revoltou com o filho contra o usurpador Focas (r. 602–610). Utilizando-se da África como base, o jovem Heráclio conseguiu derrubar Focas e fundou a dinastia heracliana, que reinaria no Império Bizantino por um século. Heráclio, o Velho, morreu logo depois de receber a notícia da ascensão do filho. (pt)
  • Herakliusz Starszy (łac. Heraclius; grec. Ἡράκλειος, zm. 610) – egzarcha Kartaginy w latach 598 lub 602 do 610 roku. Był drugim egzarchą Kartaginy. Po zamordowaniu cesarza Maurycjusza przez Fokasa w 602 roku przerwał dostawy zboża i oliwy go Konstantynopola, nie uznając uzurpatora. Młodszy syn Herakliusza Starszego - Niketas, ruszył z wojskami na Egipt i odbił go z rąk sił Fokasa. Starszy syn Herakliusz ruszył w 610 do Konstantynopola i po obaleniu Fokasa został koronowany na cesarza. (pl)
  • Herakleios der Ältere († um 611 in Karthago) war der Vater des byzantinischen Kaisers Herakleios. Er war vermutlich gebürtiger Armenier und der erste nachgewiesene Angehörige der herakleischen Dynastie, die mit der Ermordung des Tiberios, des sechsjährigen Sohnes Justinians II., 711 ihr Ende fand. (de)
  • Heraclius the Elder (Latin: Heraclius; Greek: Ἡράκλειος; died 610) was an East Roman (Byzantine) general and the father of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (r. 610–641). Of possible Armenian origin, Heraclius the Elder distinguished himself in the war against the Sassanid Persians in the 580s. As a subordinate general (or hypostrategos), Heraclius served under the command of Philippicus during the Battle of Solachon and possibly served under Comentiolus during the Battle of Sisarbanon. In circa 595, Heraclius the Elder is mentioned as a magister militum per Armeniam sent by Emperor Maurice (r. 582–602) to quell an Armenian rebellion led by Samuel Vahewuni and Atat Khorkhoruni. In circa 600, he was appointed as the Exarch of Africa and in 608, Heraclius the Elder rebelled with his son against th (en)
rdfs:label
  • Herakleios der Ältere (de)
  • Eraclio il Vecchio (it)
  • Heraclius the Elder (en)
  • Héraclius l'Ancien (fr)
  • Herakliusz (egzarcha) (pl)
  • Ираклий Старший (ru)
  • Heráclio, o Velho (pt)
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foaf:name
  • Heraclius the Elder (en)
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