Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (12 August 1644 (baptised) – 3 May 1704) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg (Stráž pod Ralskem), Biber worked at Graz and Kroměříž before he illegally left his Kremsier (Kroměříž) employer (Prince-Bishop Carl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn) and settled in Salzburg. He remained there for the rest of his life, publishing much of his music but apparently seldom, if ever, giving concert tours.

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dbo:abstract
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (12 August 1644 (baptised) – 3 May 1704) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg (Stráž pod Ralskem), Biber worked at Graz and Kroměříž before he illegally left his Kremsier (Kroměříž) employer (Prince-Bishop Carl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn) and settled in Salzburg. He remained there for the rest of his life, publishing much of his music but apparently seldom, if ever, giving concert tours. Biber was one of the most important composers for the violin in the history of the instrument. His technique allowed him to easily reach the 6th and 7th positions, employ multiple stops in intricate polyphonic passages, and explore the various possibilities of scordatura tuning. He also wrote one of the earliest known pieces for solo violin, the monumental passacaglia of the Mystery Sonatas. During Biber's lifetime, his music was known and imitated throughout Europe. In the late 18th century he was named the best violin composer of the 17th century by music historian Charles Burney. In the late 20th century Biber's music, especially the Mystery Sonatas, enjoyed a renaissance. Today, it is widely performed and recorded. (en)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern (getauft 12. August 1644 in Wartenberg, Böhmen als Hennericus Pieber; † 3. Mai 1704 in Salzburg als Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern) war ein böhmischer Komponist und berühmter Geiger der Barockzeit. (de)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber né le 12 août 1644 à Wartenberg (aujourd'hui Stráž pod Ralskem, en République tchèque), mort le 3 mai 1704 à Salzbourg, est un violoniste et compositeur baroque austro-tchèque. (fr)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (Wartenberg, 12 de agosto de 1644 – Salzburgo, 3 de mayo de 1704) fue un compositor y violinista austro-bohemio. (es)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern (Wartenberg am Roll, sinds 1945 Stráž pod Ralskem, 12 augustus 1644 — Salzburg, 3 mei 1704) was een Oostenrijks componist en violist van Boheemse herkomst. (nl)
  • ハインリヒ・イグナツ・フランツ・フォン・ビーバー(Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber、1644年8月12日受洗 - 1704年5月3日)は、オーストリアの作曲家でヴァイオリニスト。 北ボヘミア・ヴァルテンベルク(現チェコ領ストラーシュ・ポド・ラルスケム Stráž pod Ralskem)でドイツ系の家庭に生まれた。 1668年から1670年の間、チェコのクロムニェジーシュ城のヴァイオリニストを務めた後、ザルツブルクの宮廷楽団のヴァイオリニストとなり、次いで1684年には、同楽団の宮廷楽長となった。代表作に『ロザリオのソナタ』などがある。ヴァイオリンの技巧にすぐれ、彼のヴァイオリン作品には当時としてはかなり高度な技術を必要とするものも多い。スコルダトゥーラという調弦を変えて演奏する技巧を多用した。 息子のカール・ハインリヒもザルツブルク宮廷楽団の楽長を務めた作曲家であった。 (ja)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (Wartenberg, Boêmia, atual Stráž pod Ralskem, República Checa, 12 de agosto de 1644 – 3 de maio de 1704) foi um compositor e violinista virtuose barroco. Pouco se sabe de sua educação, além de que pode ter estudado num colégio jesuíta em Opava, na Boêmia, e que possivelmente recebeu alguma educação musical de um organista local. Antes de 1668, Biber trabalhou na corte do Príncipe Johann Seyfried von Eggenberg, em Graz, e depois foi empregado pelo príncipe-bispo de Olomouc, Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn , em Kroměříž. Aparentemente Biber tinha boa reputação, e suas habilidades no violino eram altamente apreciadas . No verão de 1670 Karl II enviou Biber a Absam, perto de Innsbruck, para adquirir novos violinos, feitos pelo luthier Jacob Stainer, para a Kapelle, porém Biber nunca retornou e, em vez disso, começou a trabalhar para o Arcebispo de Salzburg], Maximilian Gandolph von Kuenburg. Como Karl e Maximilian eram amigos, o antigo empregador não tomou nenhuma atitude. Biber permaneceu em Salzburg pelo resto de sua vida. Em 1684, foi nomeado Kapellmeister (mestre de capela) em Salzburg. Sua vasta produção musical foi recuperada e é interpretada até hoje. Biber serviu à nobreza com afinco, provavelmente sem participar de turnês por outros países. Foi inovador, trazendo para o repertório de violinos, inovações técnicas e estéticas. São relevantes as pitorescas e virtuosísticas Sonatas de Biber, com destaque para a Mystery (Rosary) Sonatas, que inclui novas técnicas e tonalidades incomuns. Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber é pai de Carl Heinrich Biber. (pt)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (ur. 12 sierpnia 1644 w Wartenbergu, zm. 3 maja 1704 w Salzburgu) - austriacki kompozytor i barokowy skrzypek-wirtuoz pochodzenia czeskiego. (pl)
  • Генрих Игнац Франц фон Бибер (нем. Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, 12 августа 1644, Страж под Ралскем (чеш. Stráž pod Ralskem), бывш. Вартенберг (нем. Wartenberg), ныне Чехия — 3 мая 1704, Зальцбург) — австрийский композитор и скрипач родом из Богемии. (ru)
  • 海因里希·伊格纳兹·弗朗兹·凡·比贝尔(德语:Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber,1644年8月12日-1704年5月3日),波西米亞-奥地利作曲家,小提琴家。 比貝爾生于瓦尔腾堡的一個波西米亞小鎮(今捷克斯特拉茨·波德·拉尔斯肯),在维也纳師從施梅尔策学习。比貝爾早年在格拉茨和克羅梅日什工作,後來他非法地離開了在克羅梅日什的雇主并定居於薩爾斯堡。他余生都留在了那里,并在那里出版了他的絕大部分作品。偶爾,他也會舉辦巡演。 比貝爾是器樂歷史上最重要的小提琴作曲家之一。他卓越的技巧讓他能在演奏中輕易地到達第六甚至第七把位,在複雜的複調音樂段落中駕馭雙音奏法,并探索泛音的多種可能性。他還撰寫了已知最早的小提琴獨奏曲目之一——《神跡奏鳴曲》(又稱為《玫瑰經奏鳴曲》)中里程碑性的《帕薩卡利亞》舞曲。在比貝爾生活的年代,他的音樂被整個歐洲所熟知和模仿。十八世紀晚期,他被音樂史家Charles Burney稱頌為十七世紀最偉大的小提琴作曲家。二十世紀後期,比貝爾的音樂,尤其是《神跡奏鳴曲》,重新為人所重視。如今,它正廣泛地被人演奏和錄音。 (zh)
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  • 1644-8-12
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  • 1704-5-3
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  • * C. 1 – Missa Alleluja à 36 * C. 2 – Missa Sancti Alexii * C. 3 – Missa Christi resurgentis * C. 4 – Missa ex B * C. 5 – Missa Quadragemisalis * C. 6 – Missa Sancti Henrici * C. 7 – Requiem à 15 in Concerto * C. 8 – Requiem ex F con terza minore * C. 9 – Laetatus sum a 7 * C. 10 – Nisi Dominus a 2, violino e basso * Vesperae à 32 ** C. 11 – Dixit Dominus ** C. 12 – Magnificat * Vesperae longiores ac breviores ** C. 13 – Dixit Dominus ** C. 14 – Confitebor tibi Domine ** C. 15 – Beatus vir ** C. 16 – Laudate, pueri, Dominum ** C. 17 – Laudate Dominum ** C. 18 – Magnificat ** C. 20 – Laudate pueri ** C. 23 – Lauda Jerusalem * C. 43 – In Festo Trium Regium, Muttetum Natale à 6 * C. 44 – Litaniae de Sancto Josepho * C. 45 – Lux perpetua * C. 46 – Huc poenitentes * C. 47 – Ne cedite mentes * C. 48 – Quo abiit dilectus tuus a 8 * C. 49 – Salve Regina * C. 51 – Arminio, chi la dura la vince. Dramma musicale in three acts * C. 52 – Arien à 4 * C. 53 – Arien à 4, for violin, 2 violas & continuo in A major * C. 55 – Ballettae à 4 Violettae * C. 56 – Balletti à 4, for violin, 2 violas & continuo in G major * C. 58 – Balletti * C. 59 – Balletti Lamentabili à 4 * C. 60 – Balletti * C. 61 – Battalia à 10, for 3 violins, 4 violas, 2 violone, and continuo, * Harmonia artificioso-ariosa: diversi mode accordata ** C. 62 – Partia, No. 1 in D minor ** C. 63 – Partia, No. 2 in B minor ** C. 64 – Partia, No. 3 in A major ** C. 65 – Partia, No. 4 in E flat major ** C. 66 – Partia, No. 5 in G minor ** C. 67 – Partia, No. 6 in D major ** C. 68 – Partia, No. 7 in C minor * "Mensa Sonora seu Musica Instrumentalis" ** C. 69–74 * C. 75 – Serenada à 5 'Der Nachtwächter' * C. 76 – Trombet-undt Musicalischer Taffeldienst à 4 * Fidicinium sacroprofanum ** C. 78–89 * Rosary Sonatas ** C. 90 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 1 in D minor, ** C. 91 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 2 in A major, ** C. 92 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 3 in B minor, ** C. 93 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 4 in D minor, ** C. 94 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 5 in A major, ** C. 95 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 6 in C minor, ** C. 96 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 7 in F major, ** C. 97 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 8 in B flat major, ** C. 98 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 9 in A minor, ** C. 99 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 10 in G minor, ** C. 100 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 11 in G major, ** C. 101 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 12 in C major, ** C. 102 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 13 in D minor, ** C. 103 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 14 in D major, ** C. 104 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 15 in C major, ** C. 105 – Passacaglia, for violin solo in G minor * C. 106 – Pastorella, sonata for violin & continuo in A major * C. 108 – Sonata, for violin & continuo in E major * C. 109 – Sonata a 6 * C. 110 – Sonata à 6 "Die pauern kirchfartt genandt", for 3 violins, 2 violas & continuo in B-flat major * C. 111 – Sonata à 7, 6 Tromb, Tramburin con Organo Ao. 1668 * C. 112 – Sonata 'pro tabula' for 5 recorders, 2 violins, 3 violas & continuo in C major * C. 113 – Sonata Sancti Polycarpi * Sonatae tam aris quam aulis servientes ** C. 114 – Sonata, for 2 trumpets, 2 violins, 2 violas & continuo No. 1 in C major ** C. 115 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 3 violas & continuo No. 2 in D major ** C. 116 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 3 violas & continuo No. 3 in G minor ** C. 117 – Sonata, for trumpet, violin, 2 violas & continuo No. 4 in C major ** C. 118 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 3 violas & continuo No. 5 in E minor ** C. 119 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 2 violas & continuo No. 6 in F major ** C. 120 – Sonata, for 2 trumpets, 2 violins & continuo No. 7 in C major ** C. 121 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 2 violas & continuo No. 8 in G major ** C. 122 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 2 violas & continuo No. 9 in B flat major ** C. 123 – Sonata, for trumpet, violin, 2 violas & continuo No. 10 in G minor ** C. 124 – Sonata, for 2 violins, 2 violas & continuo No. 11 in A major ** C. 125 – Sonata, for 2 trumpets, 2 violins, 2 violas & continuo No. 12 in C major ** C. 126–137 – A due No. 1–12 * Sonatae violino solo ** C. 138 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 1 in A major ** C. 139 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 2 in D minor ** C. 140 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 3 in F major ** C. 141 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 4 in D major ** C. 142 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 5 in E minor ** C. 143 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 6 in C minor ** C. 144 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 7 in G minor ** C. 145 – Sonata, for violin & continuo No. 8 in G major * C. 146 – Sonata violino solo representativa , for violin & continuo in A major, 1669? * C. 147 – Sonata, for solo violin in A major * C. App. 100 – Missa Bruxellensis * C. App. 101 – Missa Salisburgensis * C. App. 106 – Hymnus "Plaudite Tympana" * C. App. 111 – Harmonia Romana * C. App. 117 – Sonata à 3 "AB" * C. App. 118 – Sonata à 3 * C. App. 119 – Sonata à 4 * C. App. 121 – Sonata Jucunda, for 2 violins, 3 violas & continuo in D major Lost vocal works * Applausi festivi di Giove * Li trofei della fede cattolica * Alessandro in Pietra * Trattenimento musicale del'ossequio di Salisburgo * Sonata à 3 The theory that Biber wrote this suggests Antonio Bertali as a teacher. Bertali wrote a number of similar sonatas for exactly the same scoring. This sonata could possibly be attributed to Bertali except that the violin passages are sometimes more fanciful than any other in Bertali's works.
dbp:header
  • List of works
dbp:headerstyle
  • background:#ccccff
dct:description
  • Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern (getauft 12. August 1644 in Wartenberg, Böhmen als Hennericus Pieber; † 3. Mai 1704 in Salzburg als Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern) war ein böhmischer Komponist und berühmter Geiger der Barockzeit. (de)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber né le 12 août 1644 à Wartenberg (aujourd'hui Stráž pod Ralskem, en République tchèque), mort le 3 mai 1704 à Salzbourg, est un violoniste et compositeur baroque austro-tchèque. (fr)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (Wartenberg, 12 de agosto de 1644 – Salzburgo, 3 de mayo de 1704) fue un compositor y violinista austro-bohemio. (es)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber von Bibern (Wartenberg am Roll, sinds 1945 Stráž pod Ralskem, 12 augustus 1644 — Salzburg, 3 mei 1704) was een Oostenrijks componist en violist van Boheemse herkomst. (nl)
  • ハインリヒ・イグナツ・フランツ・フォン・ビーバー(Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber、1644年8月12日受洗 - 1704年5月3日)は、オーストリアの作曲家でヴァイオリニスト。 北ボヘミア・ヴァルテンベルク(現チェコ領ストラーシュ・ポド・ラルスケム Stráž pod Ralskem)でドイツ系の家庭に生まれた。 1668年から1670年の間、チェコのクロムニェジーシュ城のヴァイオリニストを務めた後、ザルツブルクの宮廷楽団のヴァイオリニストとなり、次いで1684年には、同楽団の宮廷楽長となった。代表作に『ロザリオのソナタ』などがある。ヴァイオリンの技巧にすぐれ、彼のヴァイオリン作品には当時としてはかなり高度な技術を必要とするものも多い。スコルダトゥーラという調弦を変えて演奏する技巧を多用した。 息子のカール・ハインリヒもザルツブルク宮廷楽団の楽長を務めた作曲家であった。 (ja)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (ur. 12 sierpnia 1644 w Wartenbergu, zm. 3 maja 1704 w Salzburgu) - austriacki kompozytor i barokowy skrzypek-wirtuoz pochodzenia czeskiego. (pl)
  • Генрих Игнац Франц фон Бибер (нем. Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber, 12 августа 1644, Страж под Ралскем (чеш. Stráž pod Ralskem), бывш. Вартенберг (нем. Wartenberg), ныне Чехия — 3 мая 1704, Зальцбург) — австрийский композитор и скрипач родом из Богемии. (ru)
  • 海因里希·伊格纳兹·弗朗兹·凡·比贝尔(德语:Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber,1644年8月12日-1704年5月3日),波西米亞-奥地利作曲家,小提琴家。 比貝爾生于瓦尔腾堡的一個波西米亞小鎮(今捷克斯特拉茨·波德·拉尔斯肯),在维也纳師從施梅尔策学习。比貝爾早年在格拉茨和克羅梅日什工作,後來他非法地離開了在克羅梅日什的雇主并定居於薩爾斯堡。他余生都留在了那里,并在那里出版了他的絕大部分作品。偶爾,他也會舉辦巡演。 比貝爾是器樂歷史上最重要的小提琴作曲家之一。他卓越的技巧讓他能在演奏中輕易地到達第六甚至第七把位,在複雜的複調音樂段落中駕馭雙音奏法,并探索泛音的多種可能性。他還撰寫了已知最早的小提琴獨奏曲目之一——《神跡奏鳴曲》(又稱為《玫瑰經奏鳴曲》)中里程碑性的《帕薩卡利亞》舞曲。在比貝爾生活的年代,他的音樂被整個歐洲所熟知和模仿。十八世紀晚期,他被音樂史家Charles Burney稱頌為十七世紀最偉大的小提琴作曲家。二十世紀後期,比貝爾的音樂,尤其是《神跡奏鳴曲》,重新為人所重視。如今,它正廣泛地被人演奏和錄音。 (zh)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (12 August 1644 (baptised) – 3 May 1704) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg (Stráž pod Ralskem), Biber worked at Graz and Kroměříž before he illegally left his Kremsier (Kroměříž) employer (Prince-Bishop Carl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn) and settled in Salzburg. He remained there for the rest of his life, publishing much of his music but apparently seldom, if ever, giving concert tours. (en)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (Wartenberg, Boêmia, atual Stráž pod Ralskem, República Checa, 12 de agosto de 1644 – 3 de maio de 1704) foi um compositor e violinista virtuose barroco. Pouco se sabe de sua educação, além de que pode ter estudado num colégio jesuíta em Opava, na Boêmia, e que possivelmente recebeu alguma educação musical de um organista local. Antes de 1668, Biber trabalhou na corte do Príncipe Johann Seyfried von Eggenberg, em Graz, e depois foi empregado pelo príncipe-bispo de Olomouc, Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn , em Kroměříž. Aparentemente Biber tinha boa reputação, e suas habilidades no violino eram altamente apreciadas . (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (en)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (de)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Biber (es)
  • Heinrich Biber (fr)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (it)
  • ハインリヒ・ビーバー (ja)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (nl)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Biber (pl)
  • Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (pt)
  • Бибер, Генрих Игнац Франц фон (ru)
  • 海因里希·比贝尔 (zh)
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