Harry Partch (June 24, 1901 – September 3, 1974) was an American composer, music theorist, and creator of musical instruments. He composed using scales of unequal intervals in just intonation, and was one of the first 20th-century composers in the West to work systematically with microtonal scales. He built custom-made instruments in these tunings on which to play his compositions, and described his theory and practice in his book Genesis of a Music (1947).

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dbo:abstract
  • Harry Partch (June 24, 1901 – September 3, 1974) was an American composer, music theorist, and creator of musical instruments. He composed using scales of unequal intervals in just intonation, and was one of the first 20th-century composers in the West to work systematically with microtonal scales. He built custom-made instruments in these tunings on which to play his compositions, and described his theory and practice in his book Genesis of a Music (1947). Partch composed with scales dividing the octave into 43 unequal tones derived from the natural harmonic series; these scales allowed for more tones of smaller intervals than in standard Western tuning, which uses twelve equal intervals to the octave. To play his music, Partch built a large number of unique instruments, with such names as the Chromelodeon, the Quadrangularis Reversum, and the Zymo-Xyl. Partch described his music as corporeal, and distinguished it from abstract music, which he perceived as the dominant trend in Western music since the time of Bach. His earliest compositions were small-scale pieces to be intoned to instrumental backing; his later works were large-scale, integrated theater productions in which he expected each of the performers to sing, dance, speak, and play instruments. Ancient Greek theatre and Japanese Noh and kabuki heavily influenced his music theatre. Encouraged by his mother, Partch learned several instruments at a young age. By fourteen, he was composing, and in particular took to setting dramatic situations. He dropped out of the University of Southern California's School of Music in 1922 over dissatisfaction with the quality of his teachers. He took to self-study in San Francisco's libraries, where he discovered Hermann von Helmholtz's Sensations of Tone, which convinced him to devote himself to music based on scales tuned in just intonation. In 1930, he burned all his previous compositions in a rejection of the European concert tradition. Partch frequently moved around the US. Early in his career, he was a transient worker, and sometimes a hobo; later he depended on grants, university appointments, and record sales to support himself. In 1970, supporters created the Harry Partch Foundation to administer Partch's music and instruments. (en)
  • Harry Partch (* 24. Juni 1901 in Oakland, Kalifornien; † 3. September 1974 in San Diego, Kalifornien) war ein US-amerikanischer Komponist, Erfinder, Instrumentenbauer und avantgardistischer Theoretiker. Er gehört zu den ersten westlichen Komponisten, die sich mikrotonaler Musik zuwandten. Die meisten Musikstücke schrieb Partch für selbst erfundene und gebaute Instrumente, die in reiner („Just Intonation“) 11-Limit-Stimmung gestimmt waren (auf ganzzahligen Verhältnissen beruhend, bis zum 11. Naturton gehend). (de)
  • Harry Partch (Oakland (California), 24 de junio de 1901 - San Diego (California), 3 de septiembre de 1974) fue un compositor e inventor de instrumentos estadounidense. Fue uno de los primeros compositores del siglo XX en utilizar sistemáticamente la escala microtonal. Muchas de sus obras están escritas para instrumentos que él mismo construía. (es)
  • Harry Partch, né le 24 juin 1901 à Oakland et mort le 3 septembre 1974 à San Diego, est un compositeur et constructeur d'instruments de musique américain. Cet autodidacte « éclectique et visionnaire » fut parmi les premiers compositeurs du XXe siècle à faire un travail intensif et systématique avec des gammes musicales microtonales. Une grande partie de sa musique est destinée à des instruments préparés qu'il fabriquait lui-même, accordés selon une échelle musicale à 43 degrés. Son œuvre influença l'apparition de la musique minimaliste ainsi que d'importantes figures de la musique populaire comme Tom Waits ou Dr. John. (fr)
  • Autodidatta per la composizione, è stato una delle personalità più individualiste e originali del Novecento. La sua opera occupa un posto particolare nell'evoluzione della musica contemporanea, in particolare è molto rilevante per l'evoluzione della produzione timbrica del suono la sua attività di inventore e adattatore di strumenti musicali, creati utilizzando anche materie naturali o modificando strumenti preesistenti. È inoltre considerato un importante precursore degli happening musicali.Ha esercitato una notevole influenza anche in ambito rock, come testimoniano gli attestati di stima di artisti quali Tom Waits e Frank Zappa. (it)
  • Harry Partch (Oakland (Californië), 24 juni 1901 – San Diego (Californië), 3 september 1974) was een Amerikaans componist, musicoloog en muziekinstrumentenbouwer. Hij was een van de eerste componisten uit de twintigste eeuw die zich intensief bezighielden met de systematisering van microtonale toonschalen. Voor zijn composities vervaardigde hij veel zelfontworpen instrumenten met alternatieve toonschalen, gestemd in een 11-limiet rein geïntoneerde schaal. Tevens is de 43-delige toonschaal een uitvinding van hem. Met deze toonschaal was het mogelijk om volkomen zuiver te spelen. (nl)
  • ハリー・パーチ(Harry Partch、1901年6月24日 - 1974年9月3日)はアメリカ合衆国の現代音楽の作曲家。 (ja)
  • Harry Partch (ur. 24 czerwca 1901 w Oakland, Kalifornia, zm. 3 września 1974 w San Diego, Kalifornia) - kompozytor amerykański, autodydakta, poświęcił się przede wszystkim muzyce, opartej na oryginalnych wizjach scenicznych, a często także na własnych tekstach, komponowanej na instrumenty, które sam budował, realizując wymarzony oryginalny system dźwiękowy. (pl)
  • Harry Partch (Oakland (California), 24 de junho de 1901 - San Diego (California), 3 de Setembro de 1974) foi um compositor, teórico musical, escritor, construtor de instrumentos musicais e artista estadunidense. Partch foi um pioneiro da música microtonal, do uso de instrumentos não convencionais, bem como do uso não convencional de instrumentos convencionais, sendo considerado uma das figuras chave nas vanguardas artísticas do pós-guerra. Críticos o têm como um dos mais influentes compositores estadunidenses do século XX. (pt)
  • Га́рри Парч (англ. Harry Partch; 24 июня 1901, Окленд — 3 сентября 1974, Сан-Диего) — американский композитор и конструктор музыкальных инструментов, один из пионеров микрохроматической музыки. Большинство своих произведений он написал для новаторских, сконструированных им самим инструментов, для воспроизведения микротоновой музыки с необычным делением октавы (вплоть до 43 ступеней). (ru)
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  • portrait of Harry Partch, circa 1969
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  • , from the cover of The World of Harry Partch
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  • composer from the United States (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Harry Partch (* 24. Juni 1901 in Oakland, Kalifornien; † 3. September 1974 in San Diego, Kalifornien) war ein US-amerikanischer Komponist, Erfinder, Instrumentenbauer und avantgardistischer Theoretiker. Er gehört zu den ersten westlichen Komponisten, die sich mikrotonaler Musik zuwandten. Die meisten Musikstücke schrieb Partch für selbst erfundene und gebaute Instrumente, die in reiner („Just Intonation“) 11-Limit-Stimmung gestimmt waren (auf ganzzahligen Verhältnissen beruhend, bis zum 11. Naturton gehend). (de)
  • Harry Partch (Oakland (California), 24 de junio de 1901 - San Diego (California), 3 de septiembre de 1974) fue un compositor e inventor de instrumentos estadounidense. Fue uno de los primeros compositores del siglo XX en utilizar sistemáticamente la escala microtonal. Muchas de sus obras están escritas para instrumentos que él mismo construía. (es)
  • Autodidatta per la composizione, è stato una delle personalità più individualiste e originali del Novecento. La sua opera occupa un posto particolare nell'evoluzione della musica contemporanea, in particolare è molto rilevante per l'evoluzione della produzione timbrica del suono la sua attività di inventore e adattatore di strumenti musicali, creati utilizzando anche materie naturali o modificando strumenti preesistenti. È inoltre considerato un importante precursore degli happening musicali.Ha esercitato una notevole influenza anche in ambito rock, come testimoniano gli attestati di stima di artisti quali Tom Waits e Frank Zappa. (it)
  • Harry Partch (Oakland (Californië), 24 juni 1901 – San Diego (Californië), 3 september 1974) was een Amerikaans componist, musicoloog en muziekinstrumentenbouwer. Hij was een van de eerste componisten uit de twintigste eeuw die zich intensief bezighielden met de systematisering van microtonale toonschalen. Voor zijn composities vervaardigde hij veel zelfontworpen instrumenten met alternatieve toonschalen, gestemd in een 11-limiet rein geïntoneerde schaal. Tevens is de 43-delige toonschaal een uitvinding van hem. Met deze toonschaal was het mogelijk om volkomen zuiver te spelen. (nl)
  • ハリー・パーチ(Harry Partch、1901年6月24日 - 1974年9月3日)はアメリカ合衆国の現代音楽の作曲家。 (ja)
  • Harry Partch (ur. 24 czerwca 1901 w Oakland, Kalifornia, zm. 3 września 1974 w San Diego, Kalifornia) - kompozytor amerykański, autodydakta, poświęcił się przede wszystkim muzyce, opartej na oryginalnych wizjach scenicznych, a często także na własnych tekstach, komponowanej na instrumenty, które sam budował, realizując wymarzony oryginalny system dźwiękowy. (pl)
  • Harry Partch (Oakland (California), 24 de junho de 1901 - San Diego (California), 3 de Setembro de 1974) foi um compositor, teórico musical, escritor, construtor de instrumentos musicais e artista estadunidense. Partch foi um pioneiro da música microtonal, do uso de instrumentos não convencionais, bem como do uso não convencional de instrumentos convencionais, sendo considerado uma das figuras chave nas vanguardas artísticas do pós-guerra. Críticos o têm como um dos mais influentes compositores estadunidenses do século XX. (pt)
  • Га́рри Парч (англ. Harry Partch; 24 июня 1901, Окленд — 3 сентября 1974, Сан-Диего) — американский композитор и конструктор музыкальных инструментов, один из пионеров микрохроматической музыки. Большинство своих произведений он написал для новаторских, сконструированных им самим инструментов, для воспроизведения микротоновой музыки с необычным делением октавы (вплоть до 43 ступеней). (ru)
  • Harry Partch (June 24, 1901 – September 3, 1974) was an American composer, music theorist, and creator of musical instruments. He composed using scales of unequal intervals in just intonation, and was one of the first 20th-century composers in the West to work systematically with microtonal scales. He built custom-made instruments in these tunings on which to play his compositions, and described his theory and practice in his book Genesis of a Music (1947). (en)
  • Harry Partch, né le 24 juin 1901 à Oakland et mort le 3 septembre 1974 à San Diego, est un compositeur et constructeur d'instruments de musique américain. Cet autodidacte « éclectique et visionnaire » fut parmi les premiers compositeurs du XXe siècle à faire un travail intensif et systématique avec des gammes musicales microtonales. Une grande partie de sa musique est destinée à des instruments préparés qu'il fabriquait lui-même, accordés selon une échelle musicale à 43 degrés. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Harry Partch (en)
  • Harry Partch (de)
  • Harry Partch (es)
  • Harry Partch (fr)
  • Harry Partch (it)
  • Harry Partch (nl)
  • ハリー・パーチ (ja)
  • Harry Partch (pl)
  • Harry Partch (pt)
  • Парч, Гарри (ru)
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