James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, PC, FRS, FSS (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, PC, FRS, FSS (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976. First entering Parliament in 1945, Wilson was immediately appointed the Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Works and rose quickly through the ministerial ranks, becoming the Secretary for Overseas Trade in 1947 and being appointed to the Cabinet just months later as the President of the Board of Trade. Later, in the Labour Shadow Cabinet, he served first as Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1955 to 1961 and then as the Shadow Foreign Secretary from 1961 to 1963, when he was elected Leader of the Labour Party after the sudden death of Hugh Gaitskell. Wilson narrowly won the 1964 election, going on to win a much increased majority in a snap 1966 election. Wilson's first period as Prime Minister coincided with a period of low unemployment and relative economic prosperity, though also of significant problems with Britain's external balance of payments. In 1969 Wilson sent British troops to Northern Ireland. After losing the 1970 general election to Edward Heath, he spent four years as Leader of the Opposition before the February 1974 general election resulted in a hung parliament. After Heath's talks with the Liberals broke down, Wilson returned to power as leader of a minority government until there was a second general election in the autumn, which resulted in a narrow Labour victory. A period of economic crisis was now beginning to hit most Western countries, and in 1976 Wilson suddenly announced his resignation as Prime Minister. Wilson's own approach to socialism was moderate, with emphasis on increasing opportunity within society, for example through change and expansion within the education system, allied to the technocratic aim of taking better advantage of rapid scientific progress, rather than on the more controversial socialist goal of promoting wider public ownership of industry. He took little action to pursue the Labour Party constitution's stated dedication to such nationalisation, though he did not formally disown it. Himself a member of the Labour Party's "soft left", Wilson joked about leading a Cabinet that was made up mostly of social democrats, comparing himself to a Bolshevik revolutionary presiding over a Tsarist cabinet, but there was arguably little to divide him ideologically from the cabinet majority. Labour Party historians see his years in office as lost opportunities for major reforms. However, in keeping with the mood of the 1960s his government sponsored liberal changes in a number of social areas; they were generally not his initiatives. These included the liberalisation of laws on censorship, divorce, homosexuality, immigration, and abortion; as well as the abolition of capital punishment, which was due in part to the initiatives of backbench MPs who had the support of Roy Jenkins during his time as Home Secretary. Overall, Wilson is seen to have managed a number of difficult political issues with considerable tactical skill, including such potentially divisive issues for his party as the role of public ownership, British membership of the European Community, and the Vietnam War, while continuing to maintain a costly military presence East of Suez. His stated ambition of substantially improving Britain's long-term economic performance remained largely unfulfilled. He lost his energy and drive in his second government 1974-76 and accomplished little as the leadership split over Europe and trade union issues began tearing Labour apart. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) هارولد ويلسون (بالإنجليزية: Harold Wilson) سياسي بريطاني (11 مارس 1916-24 مايو 1995). تولى رئاسة الوزارة في بريطانيا مرتين: * من 16 أكتوبر 1964 إلى 19 يونيو 1970. * من 4 مارس 1974 إلى 5 أبريل 1976.مشاريع شقيقة في كومنز صور وملفات عن: هارولد ويلسون * 32xبوابة المملكة المتحدة * 32xبوابة السياسة * 32xبوابة أعلام * 32xبوابة الحرب الباردة 25بك هذه بذرة مقالة عن حياة شخصية بريطانية بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx K.G. (* 11. März 1916 in Huddersfield, Yorkshire; † 24. Mai 1995 in London) war ein britischer Politiker der Labour Party und zwischen Oktober 1964 und Juni 1970 sowie von März 1974 bis März 1976 Premierminister von Großbritannien. (de)
  • James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson de Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 de marzo de 1916 - 24 de mayo de 1995) fue un político del Partido Laborista Británico y Primer Ministro del Reino Unido en dos ocasiones. Wilson es considerado por muchos como uno de los políticos más intelectuales del siglo XX. (es)
  • Harold, baron Wilson de Rievaulx, né à Huddersfield le 11 mars 1916 et mort à Londres le 24 mai 1995, est un homme d'État britannique. Député travailliste de 1945 à 1983, il est Premier ministre du Royaume-Uni de 1964 à 1970 et de 1974 à 1976. (fr)
  • Dopo essere stato docente di economia a Oxford, dal 1945 fu deputato del Partito Laburista; dal 1947 al 1951 fu ministro del commercio con C.R. Atlee e nel 1963 sostituì Hugh Gaitskell alla guida dei laburisti. Vinte le elezioni dell'anno seguente divenne Primo ministro del Regno Unito mantenendosi in carica fino al 1970 e poi ancora dal 1974 al 1976, quando decise di ritirarsi a favore di James Callaghan. In politica estera Wilson fu sostanzialmente contrario alle istituzioni europee; di fronte alla crisi dell'economia britannica cercò di preservare il benessere e la stabilità sociale del Welfare State applicando una politica deflazionistica e il "controllo sociale" dei redditi concertato con le Trade Unions. I costi elevati del Welfare State e l'eccessivo peso politico concesso ai sindacati forumularono tuttavia le premesse alla crisi del Partito laburista e, quindi, dei successivi trionfi di Margaret Thatcher. Wilson fu il Primo Ministro inglese che fece nominare dalla Regina Elisabetta II i Beatles come "baronetti". (it)
  • ジェームズ・ハロルド・ウィルソン(James Harold Wilson, 1916年3月11日 – 1995年5月24日)は、英国の政治家。労働党党首、首相を務めた。 (ja)
  • Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx (Cowlersley bij Huddersfield (Yorkshire), 11 maart 1916 - Londen, 24 mei 1995) was een Brits politicus voor de Labour Party. (nl)
  • James Harold Wilson, baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE (ur. 11 marca 1916 w Huddersfield, zm. 24 maja 1995 w Londynie) – polityk brytyjskiej Partii Pracy, premier Wielkiej Brytanii w okresie od 16 października 1964 do 19 czerwca 1970 i od 4 marca 1974 do 5 kwietnia 1976 r. Za rządów Wilsona nastąpił gwałtowny zwrot w polityce państwa w stosunku do związków zawodowych i organizacji pracodawców. Zatwierdzono także ustawę mającą zapobiegać dyskryminacji ze względu na płeć. Wielka Brytania wpadła jednak w kryzys finansowy. Kolejne problemy wywołała jednostronna deklaracja niepodległości ogłoszona przez białą mniejszość w Rodezji oraz walki w Irlandii Północnej. Spowodowało to utratę na cztery lata władzy przez Partię Pracy. Wilson powrócił na fotel premiera, ale w 1976 nagle i niespodziewanie złożył dymisję, podobno ze względu na stan zdrowia. Dziś natomiast bardziej prawdopodobnym jest, że dymisję wymusił brytyjski kontrwywiad MI5, który miał Wilsonowi za złe głównie politykę pojednania z Irlandią. Jeden z byłych agentów ujawnił, że MI5 organizował strajk powszechny w Irlandii Północnej, by zachwiać rządem Wilsona, a także że przy pomocy usłużnych dziennikarzy sugerowano, że premier jest agentem KGB. W ostatnich latach życia dosięgła go choroba Alzheimera. (pl)
  • James Harold Wilson, Barão Wilson de Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, RSS, PC (Huddersfield, 11 de março de 1916 - Londres, 24 de maio de 1995), político e economista britânico, foi primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido entre 1964 a 1970 e 1974 a 1976 pelo Partido Trabalhista. (pt)
  • Джеймс Гарольд Вильсон, барон Вильсон из Риво (англ. James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx; 11 марта 1916 года, Хаддерсфилд, Уэст-Йоркшир, — 24 мая 1995 года, Лондон) — политик-лейборист, лидер партии с 1963, премьер-министр Великобритании (1964—1970 и 1974—1976); считается одним из самых выдающихся британских государственных деятелей XX века. Под его руководством лейбористы выиграли 4 раза всеобщие выборы. Вильсон ушёл в отставку, не сумев исправить ухудшающееся положение британской экономики. (ru)
  • 詹姆士·哈羅德·威爾遜,里沃的威爾遜男爵,KG,OBE,FRS,PC(James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx,1916年3月11日-1995年5月24日),英國政治家,兩任首相。他曾分別在1964年、1966年、1974年2月和10月的大選中勝出,雖然每次在大選只是險勝,但綜合而言,他在大選獲勝的次數,冠絕所有20世紀的其他首相。相較其他同時代的政客,他被普遍認為是一位知識型的政客。 (zh)
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  • 1916-03-11 (xsd:date)
  • 1916-3-11
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  • James Harold Wilson (en)
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  • 1995-05-23 (xsd:date)
  • 1995-5-24
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  • Leader of the Labour Party
  • Leader of the Opposition
  • Ministry of Works
  • Parliamentary Secretaryto the
  • President of the Board of Trade
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • Secretary for Overseas Trade
  • Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • Shadow Foreign Secretary
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  • Grey-scale portrait of a middle-aged man with a round face and coiffed grey hair, wearing a dark suit
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  • James Harold Wilson
dbp:crest
  • On a wreath of the colours, Upon a Rock a Lighthouse in front thereof a Spade blade downwards and a Quill point downwards in saltire all proper.
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  • Argent an ancient ship proper on a chief Gules a stag's head caboshed Or between two water bougets Argent.
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  • George Brown
  • Hugh Gaitskell
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  • Tempus Rerum Semperatur
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  • The arms of Harold Wilson consist of:
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  • Dexter, a Winged Lion Purpure charged on the Wing with three Roses Argent barbed and seeded Proper; and Sinister, a Griffin Or charged on the Wing with three Roses Gules barbed and seeded Proper
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  • 1950-02-23 (xsd:date)
  • 1983-06-09 (xsd:date)
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  • British Labour Party politician (en)
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  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) هارولد ويلسون (بالإنجليزية: Harold Wilson) سياسي بريطاني (11 مارس 1916-24 مايو 1995). تولى رئاسة الوزارة في بريطانيا مرتين: * من 16 أكتوبر 1964 إلى 19 يونيو 1970. * من 4 مارس 1974 إلى 5 أبريل 1976.مشاريع شقيقة في كومنز صور وملفات عن: هارولد ويلسون * 32xبوابة المملكة المتحدة * 32xبوابة السياسة * 32xبوابة أعلام * 32xبوابة الحرب الباردة 25بك هذه بذرة مقالة عن حياة شخصية بريطانية بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx K.G. (* 11. März 1916 in Huddersfield, Yorkshire; † 24. Mai 1995 in London) war ein britischer Politiker der Labour Party und zwischen Oktober 1964 und Juni 1970 sowie von März 1974 bis März 1976 Premierminister von Großbritannien. (de)
  • James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson de Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 de marzo de 1916 - 24 de mayo de 1995) fue un político del Partido Laborista Británico y Primer Ministro del Reino Unido en dos ocasiones. Wilson es considerado por muchos como uno de los políticos más intelectuales del siglo XX. (es)
  • Harold, baron Wilson de Rievaulx, né à Huddersfield le 11 mars 1916 et mort à Londres le 24 mai 1995, est un homme d'État britannique. Député travailliste de 1945 à 1983, il est Premier ministre du Royaume-Uni de 1964 à 1970 et de 1974 à 1976. (fr)
  • ジェームズ・ハロルド・ウィルソン(James Harold Wilson, 1916年3月11日 – 1995年5月24日)は、英国の政治家。労働党党首、首相を務めた。 (ja)
  • Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx (Cowlersley bij Huddersfield (Yorkshire), 11 maart 1916 - Londen, 24 mei 1995) was een Brits politicus voor de Labour Party. (nl)
  • James Harold Wilson, Barão Wilson de Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, RSS, PC (Huddersfield, 11 de março de 1916 - Londres, 24 de maio de 1995), político e economista britânico, foi primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido entre 1964 a 1970 e 1974 a 1976 pelo Partido Trabalhista. (pt)
  • Джеймс Гарольд Вильсон, барон Вильсон из Риво (англ. James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx; 11 марта 1916 года, Хаддерсфилд, Уэст-Йоркшир, — 24 мая 1995 года, Лондон) — политик-лейборист, лидер партии с 1963, премьер-министр Великобритании (1964—1970 и 1974—1976); считается одним из самых выдающихся британских государственных деятелей XX века. Под его руководством лейбористы выиграли 4 раза всеобщие выборы. Вильсон ушёл в отставку, не сумев исправить ухудшающееся положение британской экономики. (ru)
  • 詹姆士·哈羅德·威爾遜,里沃的威爾遜男爵,KG,OBE,FRS,PC(James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx,1916年3月11日-1995年5月24日),英國政治家,兩任首相。他曾分別在1964年、1966年、1974年2月和10月的大選中勝出,雖然每次在大選只是險勝,但綜合而言,他在大選獲勝的次數,冠絕所有20世紀的其他首相。相較其他同時代的政客,他被普遍認為是一位知識型的政客。 (zh)
  • James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, PC, FRS, FSS (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976. (en)
  • Dopo essere stato docente di economia a Oxford, dal 1945 fu deputato del Partito Laburista; dal 1947 al 1951 fu ministro del commercio con C.R. Atlee e nel 1963 sostituì Hugh Gaitskell alla guida dei laburisti. Vinte le elezioni dell'anno seguente divenne Primo ministro del Regno Unito mantenendosi in carica fino al 1970 e poi ancora dal 1974 al 1976, quando decise di ritirarsi a favore di James Callaghan. Wilson fu il Primo Ministro inglese che fece nominare dalla Regina Elisabetta II i Beatles come "baronetti". (it)
  • James Harold Wilson, baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE (ur. 11 marca 1916 w Huddersfield, zm. 24 maja 1995 w Londynie) – polityk brytyjskiej Partii Pracy, premier Wielkiej Brytanii w okresie od 16 października 1964 do 19 czerwca 1970 i od 4 marca 1974 do 5 kwietnia 1976 r. W ostatnich latach życia dosięgła go choroba Alzheimera. (pl)
rdfs:label
  • Harold Wilson (en)
  • هارولد ويلسون (ar)
  • Harold Wilson (de)
  • Harold Wilson (es)
  • Harold Wilson (it)
  • Harold Wilson (fr)
  • ハロルド・ウィルソン (ja)
  • Harold Wilson (nl)
  • Harold Wilson (pl)
  • Harold Wilson (pt)
  • Вильсон, Гарольд (ru)
  • 哈羅德·威爾遜 (zh)
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