Hans Georg Calmeyer (June 23, 1903 – 3 September 1972) was a German lawyer from Osnabrück who saved thousands of Jews from certain death during the German occupation of the Netherlands in from 1941 until 1945. Calmeyer studied Law in Freiburg, Marburg and Munich. In 1923, as a member of the Reichswehr, he took part in Hitler’s attempted Putsch. Later, he opened his law practice in Osnabrück where he enjoyed an excellent reputation as a lawyer.

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  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (* 23. Juni 1903 in Osnabrück; † 3. September 1972 ebenda) war ein Rechtsanwalt, der von 1941 bis 1945 während der Besetzung der Niederlande durch die deutsche Wehrmacht leitender Mitarbeiter der deutschen zivilen Besatzungsbehörden unter Arthur Seyß-Inquart war. In dieser Funktion war er auch für die Verfolgung der Juden zuständig. Es gelang ihm aber, mindestens 3700 Juden das Leben zu retten, was ihn als „Schindler aus Osnabrück“ bekannt machte. (de)
  • Hans-Georg Calmeyer (Osnabrück, 23 juni 1903 - 3 september 1972) was een Duitse jurist die als ambtenaar in Nederland werkte. Hij redde duizenden Joden tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Begin maart 1941 werd Calmeyer benoemd tot hoofd van de Abteilung (afdeling) Innere Verwaltung in het bezette Nederland, waar Joden zich sinds januari 1941 moesten laten registreren. Daarmee ontstond de zogenaamde Calmeyer-lijst. Het bleek mogelijk verzoekschriften vanwege twijfel aan joodse afstamming in te dienen bij Calmeyers bureau. Hij was vaak bereid bij twijfel aan de afstamming een vrijstelling te verlenen. Dat bracht hem volgens dr. L. de Jong, in diens werk over de Tweede Wereldoorlog, gaandeweg steeds vaker in conflict met andere Duitse organisaties in Nederland. Niettemin bleef Calmeyer volharden in het accepteren van allerlei ontlastende documenten die vaak werden aangedragen door advocaten, zoals de in 1972 overleden mr. A.N. (Nino) Kotting in samenwerking met de op zijn bureau werkzame advocaat Jaap van Proosdij, die in 2011 in Zuid-Afrika overleed. Ook onderschreef hij de rapportage van antropoloog Arie de Froe, die daarmee aantoonde dat Portugese Joden geen Joden zouden zijn. Volgens De Jong besefte Calmeyer al doende dat veel herzieningsverzoeken op vervalsingen berustten, maar bleef zich ervoor inzetten. Calmeyer zou met zijn werk bij deze organisatie zo'n 2866 tot 17.000 Joden gered hebben van de vernietigingskampen. Na de oorlog werd hij door de geallieerden in Scheveningen gevangengehouden van mei 1945 tot september 1946. Daarna vestigde hij zich weer in Osnabrück in Duitsland. In 1972 overleed Hans Calmeyer op 69-jarige leeftijd aan een hartaanval. In 1974 kreeg zijn levensverhaal hernieuwde aandacht in dr. Lou de Jongs Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorlog; Calmeyer kreeg in 1992 postuum een Yad Vashem-onderscheiding. De advocaten Van Proosdij en Kotting kregen diezelfde onderscheiding, maar later. (nl)
  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (June 23, 1903 – 3 September 1972) was a German lawyer from Osnabrück who saved thousands of Jews from certain death during the German occupation of the Netherlands in from 1941 until 1945. Calmeyer studied Law in Freiburg, Marburg and Munich. In 1923, as a member of the Reichswehr, he took part in Hitler’s attempted Putsch. Later, he opened his law practice in Osnabrück where he enjoyed an excellent reputation as a lawyer. In 1933, his license to practice law was revoked because of his activity and leaning towards Communist lines of thought. Ten months later, his license was reinstated. He was a member of the Federation of the National Socialist German Lawyers, but not the Nazi party. In 1940, Calmeyer, serving as a soldier and a member of an aerial defense intelligence unit, took part in the invasion of the Netherlands by the German Army. In 1941, he was active in the Reichs Commissioner's Office (Reichskommissariat), which was in charge of all occupied districts in the Netherlands. While there, Calmeyer was appointed Director for the Interior Administration, which handled the Jewish Department, thus enabling Calmeyer, as an administrative lawyer, to clear "racially ambiguous" Jewish cases for the German occupational administration in The Hague. Unlike policy in Germany, people of Jewish descent could rebut being registered as "full blooded Jews" by documenting and proving ancestry through word of mouth and birth certificates to qualify as "half-Jewish", "quarter-Jewish", or of Aryan descent. Calmeyer described in his own words, how he used his position: "To build a lifeboat." He accepted falsified papers of ancestry which documented the subject person as Arian or "half-Jewish". He also managed to offer hints and advice on various stratagems and excuses. Despite warnings from the Nazi regime, he persisted in his work. Approximately 5,700 individuals were designated as doubtful cases through Calmeyer’s office, and at least 3,700 were spared certain death. Yet the decisions on "dubious cases" concerning the remaining 2,000 individuals were the equivalent of a death sentence, as they shared the fate of 140,000 Jews transported by the Germans to various concentration camps for extermination. Seventy-five percent of them died on the way to their final destination. According to a description of Calmeyer by the German Bundespresident Johannes Rau: "Calmeyer joined the ranks of human beings who helped, but who were also guilty of being caught up in the unjustifiable wrongdoings of the regime". His work was almost forgotten until a movement to honor him came about during the 1980s. On March 4, 1992, Yad Vashem honored Hans Calmeyer posthumously with the title "A Righteous Man Among Nations". On January 2, 1995 the town of Osnabrück awarded Calmeyer its highest award posthumously: "The Moesermedaille". Present at the ceremony were his son, Dr. Peter Calmeyer, and the Ambassador of Israel, Avi Primor. (en)
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  • 1903-6-23
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  • 1972-9-3
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  • German lawyer and Righteous Among the Nations (en)
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  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (* 23. Juni 1903 in Osnabrück; † 3. September 1972 ebenda) war ein Rechtsanwalt, der von 1941 bis 1945 während der Besetzung der Niederlande durch die deutsche Wehrmacht leitender Mitarbeiter der deutschen zivilen Besatzungsbehörden unter Arthur Seyß-Inquart war. In dieser Funktion war er auch für die Verfolgung der Juden zuständig. Es gelang ihm aber, mindestens 3700 Juden das Leben zu retten, was ihn als „Schindler aus Osnabrück“ bekannt machte. (de)
  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (June 23, 1903 – 3 September 1972) was a German lawyer from Osnabrück who saved thousands of Jews from certain death during the German occupation of the Netherlands in from 1941 until 1945. Calmeyer studied Law in Freiburg, Marburg and Munich. In 1923, as a member of the Reichswehr, he took part in Hitler’s attempted Putsch. Later, he opened his law practice in Osnabrück where he enjoyed an excellent reputation as a lawyer. (en)
  • Hans-Georg Calmeyer (Osnabrück, 23 juni 1903 - 3 september 1972) was een Duitse jurist die als ambtenaar in Nederland werkte. Hij redde duizenden Joden tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Begin maart 1941 werd Calmeyer benoemd tot hoofd van de Abteilung (afdeling) Innere Verwaltung in het bezette Nederland, waar Joden zich sinds januari 1941 moesten laten registreren. Daarmee ontstond de zogenaamde Calmeyer-lijst. Het bleek mogelijk verzoekschriften vanwege twijfel aan joodse afstamming in te dienen bij Calmeyers bureau. Hij was vaak bereid bij twijfel aan de afstamming een vrijstelling te verlenen. (nl)
rdfs:label
  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (de)
  • Hans Calmeyer (nl)
  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (en)
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  • Hans Georg Calmeyer (en)
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