Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916, the last to lead that party in government without a coalition. Asquith took his nation into the First World War, but resigned amid political conflict in December 1916 and David Lloyd George became prime minister.

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dbo:abstract
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916, the last to lead that party in government without a coalition. Asquith took his nation into the First World War, but resigned amid political conflict in December 1916 and David Lloyd George became prime minister. Asquith was born in the West Riding of Yorkshire. His father owned a small establishment in the woollen trade, but died when his son was age 7, and after a brief stay with an uncle, the young Asquith spent the remainder of his childhood at boarding school and lodged with families not his own. He was educated at City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford. He trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn, but after being called to the bar, received few briefs in his early years. Thereafter he gained prominence for his legal skills. In 1886, he was adopted as Liberal candidate for East Fife, a seat he held over thirty years. In 1892, he was appointed as Home Secretary in Gladstone's fourth ministry, remaining in the post until the Liberals lost the 1895 election. In the decade of opposition that followed, Asquith became a major figure in the party, and when the Liberals regained power under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman in 1905, Asquith was named as Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 1908, when the dying Campbell-Bannerman resigned, Asquith succeeded him as prime minister, with Lloyd George as chancellor . With their first majority government since the 1880s, the Liberals were determined to advance their agenda. An impediment to this was the unelected House of Lords, dominated by the Conservatives. When Lloyd George proposed, and the House of Commons passed, the People's Budget of 1909, the Lords rejected it. Asquith called an election for January 1910, and the Liberals won, though only with a minority government. Although the Lords then passed the budget, Asquith was determined to reform the upper house, and after another general election in December 1910 gained passage of the Parliament Act 1911, allowing a bill three times passed by the Commons in consecutive sessions to be enacted regardless of the Lords. Asquith was less successful in dealing with Irish Home Rule; repeated crises led to gun running and violence, a pattern that continued past the start of the First World War in 1914. Asquith's action in taking the country to war has been described as the most important individual prime ministerial decision of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and he did it with Britain united. Historians have also acknowledged the contribution to Britain's ultimate success made by some his early decisions on national mobilisation; the despatch of the British Expeditionary Force, the creation of a mass army, and the development of an industrial strategy designed to support the country's war aims. But Asquith's technique of acting as mediator among talented cabinet members such as Lloyd George and Winston Churchill was less effective in war than in peace, and difficulties with the war effort led him to form a coalition government with the Conservatives early in 1915. Continued crises, over conscription, the Irish Home Rule movement, and as a result of military failures, shook the confidence of MPs in him, and when conflict with Lloyd George erupted in December 1916, Asquith could not keep their support, and he resigned. Asquith remained as leader of the Liberal Party, but the internal conflict, both during and after the war, helped demolish the party's electoral prospects as Labour continued its rise to be the party of the left. Asquith accepted a peerage after his final parliamentary campaign (in 1924) ended in defeat; he died in 1928. His role, both in the First World War and in the fall of the Liberal Party, remains controversial. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) هربرت هنري أسكويث (بالإنجليزية: Herbert Henry Asquith) (ولد 12 سبتمبر 1852 - توفي 15 فبراير 1928).سياسي بريطاني وزعيم حزب الأحرار. تولى رئاسة الوزارة في بريطانيا من 5 أبريل 1908 إلى 5 ديسمبر 1916. في عهده دخلت بلاده الحرب العالمية الأولى عام 1914. ولد في مورلي في مقاطعة يوركشاير شمال شرق إنجلترا، تلقى تعليمه في جامعة أوكسفورد وأصبح محاميا في عام 1876. في عام 1906 تقلد منصب مستشار وزير الخزانة حتى 1908. وفي 1908 أصبح رئيسا للوزراء وطالب مجلس اللوردات بعدد من الإصلاحات بما فيها قانون معاشات المسنين والميزانية العمومية وأدى ذلك إلى خصامه مع مجلس اللوردات في بريطانيا، ولكنه حصل بعد ذلك على موافقة البرلمان على تلك الميزانية وذلك القانون. عام 1916 أثناء الحرب العالمية الأولى أُجبر أسكويث على الاستقالة على إثر ضغوط من الرأي العام الذي أبدى ارتيابا ًكبيراً في قدرة أسكويث في قيادة البلاد في فترة حرجة كتلك. خلفه في رئاسة الوزراء لويد جورج. توفي بمنزله الريفي في يوركشاير في عام 1928 وطلب قبل أن يموت ألاّ تكون جنازته جنازةً عامةً. (ar)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1. Earl of Oxford and Asquith (* 12. September 1852 in Morley, Yorkshire; † 15. Februar 1928 in Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire), auch bekannt als H. H. Asquith, war ein britischer Politiker der Liberalen Partei und Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreichs von 1908 bis 1916. (de)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, KG, PC (12 de septiembre de 1852 - 15 de febrero de 1928) fue Primer Ministro del Reino Unido por el Partido Liberal, entre 1908 y 1916. Antes de su acceso a la nobleza, era conocido como H. H. Asquith, y luego como Lord Oxford. (es)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1er comte d'Oxford et Asquith, est un homme politique britannique, né le 12 septembre 1852 à Morley, dans le Yorkshire de l'Ouest, et mort le 15 février 1928 à Sutton Courtenay, à ce temps dans le Berkshire et aujourd'hui dans l'Oxfordshire. Il fut Premier ministre du Royaume-Uni de 1908 à 1916. Son mandat fut marqué par des changements sociaux notables parmi lesquels la création du National Insurance and Pensions et par le scandale Marconi, qui fit vaciller son gouvernement en 1913. Asquith déclara la guerre à l'Empire allemand le 4 août 1914 à la suite de l'invasion de la Belgique. Son gouvernement tomba à la suite des pertes britanniques durant les premières années du conflit et la crise des obus de 1915. On lui attribue cette citation : « La jeunesse serait idéale si elle venait un peu plus tard dans la vie. » (fr)
  • Fu Primo ministro del Regno Unito per il Partito Liberale dal 1908 al 1916. Fino al 5 gennaio 1988 era stato il primo ministro più longevo che ha servito con continuità nel XX secolo. Come Primo Ministro, guidò il suo partito liberale a una serie di riforme interne, compresa la previdenza sociale e la riduzione del potere della camera dei Lord. Guidò la nazione all'interno della prima guerra mondiale, ma una serie di crisi militari e politiche portarono al suo rimpiazzo verso la fine del 1916 con David Lloyd George. Il suo litigio con Lloyd George giocò un ruolo importante nella caduta del Partito Liberale. Prima del suo mandato da primo ministro ricoprì la carica di ministro dell'Interno (1892–95) e come Cancelliere dello Scacchiere (1905–08). Era noto come H. H. Asquith fino alla sua elevazione alla dignità di pari (1925), quando diventò conte di Oxford e Asquith. Successi di Asquith in tempo di pace sono stati offuscati dalle sue debolezze in tempo di guerra. Molti storici ritraggono un Primo Ministro vacillante, incapace di presentare l'immagine necessaria di azione e dinamicità al pubblico. Altri sottolineano la sua costante alta capacità amministrativa, e sostengono che molte delle principali riforme popolarmente associate a Lloyd George come "l'uomo che ha vinto la guerra" fossero effettivamente attuate da Asquith. Il verdetto storico dominante è che ci sono stati due Asquith: l'Asquith raffinato e conciliante, leader di successo in tempo di pace, e l'Asquith esitante e sempre più esausto, praticante della politica di confusione e di ritardi durante la Grande Guerra. (it)
  • 初代オックスフォード=アスキス伯爵ハーバート・ヘンリー・アスキス(Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC、1852年9月12日 - 1928年2月15日)は、イギリスの政治家、貴族。 ヘンリー・キャンベル=バナマンの引退後、代わって自由党党首・首相となった(在職1908年 - 1916年)。さまざまな内政改革を行いつつ、外交では自由帝国主義者として海軍増強に力を入れ、ドイツ帝国との建艦競争を行い、最終的には第一次世界大戦を招いた。 子に映画監督のアンソニー・アスキス、曾孫に女優のヘレナ・ボナム=カーターがいる。 (ja)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1. hrabia Oxford i Asquith KG (ur. 12 września 1852 w Morley, Yorkshire, zm. 15 lutego 1928 w Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire) – brytyjski polityk, premier Wielkiej Brytanii z ramienia Partii Liberalnej w latach 1908-1916, wcześniej minister spraw wewnętrznych i Kanclerz Skarbu. Kontynuował reformy liberalnego rządu Campbella-Bannermana, zwyciężając w walce o ograniczenie uprawnień Izby Lordów. Stał na czele rządu w pierwszych latach I wojny światowej, a w 1914 r. był również ministrem wojny. (pl)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (Morley, 12 september 1852 – Londen, 15 februari 1928) was een Britse politicus en eerste minister. (nl)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1.º Conde de Oxford e Asquith, KG, PC (12 de Setembro de 1852 – 15 de Fevereiro de 1928) foi um primeiro-ministro liberal do Reino Unido entre 1908 e 1916. (pt)
  • Герберт Генри Асквит, 1-й граф Оксфорда и Асквита (англ. Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, 12 сентября 1852 — 15 февраля 1928) — британский государственный и политический деятель, 52-й премьер-министр Великобритании от Либеральной партии с 1908 по 1916 год. (ru)
  • 第一代牛津及阿斯奎斯伯爵赫伯特·亨利·阿斯奎斯,KG,PC,KC(英语:Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith,1852年9月12日-1928年2月15日),英國自由黨政治家,曾任內政大臣及財政大臣,1908年至1916年出任英國首相,任內見證第一次世界大戰爆發,大戰爆發後兩年由大衛·勞合·喬治接任首相。 在晉為貴族以前,他通稱為H·H·阿斯奎斯(H. H. Asquith),在1925年他獲封伯爵,晚年遂以牛津勳爵(Lord Oxford)為通稱。 (zh)
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  • 1852-09-12 (xsd:date)
  • 1852-9-12
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  • 1928-02-15 (xsd:date)
  • 1928-2-15
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  • Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • Home Secretary
  • Leader of the Liberal Party
  • Leader of the Opposition
  • Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
  • Secretary of State for War
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  • HH Asquith Signature.svg
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  • Herbert Asquith
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  • Perhaps because of his stark beginnings, Asquith was always attracted to the comforts and accoutrements that money can buy. He was personally extravagant, always enjoying the good life—good food, good companions, good conversation and attractive women.
  • I am personally very sorry for poor old Squiff. He has had a hard time and even when 'exhilarated' seems to have had more capacity and brain power than any of the others. However, I expect more action and less talk is needed now
  • I have had a noble offer from Lady Bredalbane who proposes to give me her late husband's Garter robes as a present. I shall jump at this, as it will save me a lot of money
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  • Cursive signature in ink
dbp:source
  • Douglas Haig on Asquith's fall
  • Naomi Levine in a 1991 biography.
  • Asquith on an additional benefit of The Order of the Garter
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  • 40.0
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  • 1886 (xsd:integer)
  • 1892 (xsd:integer)
  • 1905 (xsd:integer)
  • 1908 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1916 (xsd:integer)
  • 1920 (xsd:integer)
  • 1925 (xsd:integer)
  • 1923-10-08 (xsd:date)
  • --04-05
  • ca. 1924–1928
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  • Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916 (en)
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  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1. Earl of Oxford and Asquith (* 12. September 1852 in Morley, Yorkshire; † 15. Februar 1928 in Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire), auch bekannt als H. H. Asquith, war ein britischer Politiker der Liberalen Partei und Premierminister des Vereinigten Königreichs von 1908 bis 1916. (de)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, KG, PC (12 de septiembre de 1852 - 15 de febrero de 1928) fue Primer Ministro del Reino Unido por el Partido Liberal, entre 1908 y 1916. Antes de su acceso a la nobleza, era conocido como H. H. Asquith, y luego como Lord Oxford. (es)
  • 初代オックスフォード=アスキス伯爵ハーバート・ヘンリー・アスキス(Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC、1852年9月12日 - 1928年2月15日)は、イギリスの政治家、貴族。 ヘンリー・キャンベル=バナマンの引退後、代わって自由党党首・首相となった(在職1908年 - 1916年)。さまざまな内政改革を行いつつ、外交では自由帝国主義者として海軍増強に力を入れ、ドイツ帝国との建艦競争を行い、最終的には第一次世界大戦を招いた。 子に映画監督のアンソニー・アスキス、曾孫に女優のヘレナ・ボナム=カーターがいる。 (ja)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1. hrabia Oxford i Asquith KG (ur. 12 września 1852 w Morley, Yorkshire, zm. 15 lutego 1928 w Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire) – brytyjski polityk, premier Wielkiej Brytanii z ramienia Partii Liberalnej w latach 1908-1916, wcześniej minister spraw wewnętrznych i Kanclerz Skarbu. Kontynuował reformy liberalnego rządu Campbella-Bannermana, zwyciężając w walce o ograniczenie uprawnień Izby Lordów. Stał na czele rządu w pierwszych latach I wojny światowej, a w 1914 r. był również ministrem wojny. (pl)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (Morley, 12 september 1852 – Londen, 15 februari 1928) was een Britse politicus en eerste minister. (nl)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1.º Conde de Oxford e Asquith, KG, PC (12 de Setembro de 1852 – 15 de Fevereiro de 1928) foi um primeiro-ministro liberal do Reino Unido entre 1908 e 1916. (pt)
  • Герберт Генри Асквит, 1-й граф Оксфорда и Асквита (англ. Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, 12 сентября 1852 — 15 февраля 1928) — британский государственный и политический деятель, 52-й премьер-министр Великобритании от Либеральной партии с 1908 по 1916 год. (ru)
  • 第一代牛津及阿斯奎斯伯爵赫伯特·亨利·阿斯奎斯,KG,PC,KC(英语:Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith,1852年9月12日-1928年2月15日),英國自由黨政治家,曾任內政大臣及財政大臣,1908年至1916年出任英國首相,任內見證第一次世界大戰爆發,大戰爆發後兩年由大衛·勞合·喬治接任首相。 在晉為貴族以前,他通稱為H·H·阿斯奎斯(H. H. Asquith),在1925年他獲封伯爵,晚年遂以牛津勳爵(Lord Oxford)為通稱。 (zh)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916, the last to lead that party in government without a coalition. Asquith took his nation into the First World War, but resigned amid political conflict in December 1916 and David Lloyd George became prime minister. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) هربرت هنري أسكويث (بالإنجليزية: Herbert Henry Asquith) (ولد 12 سبتمبر 1852 - توفي 15 فبراير 1928).سياسي بريطاني وزعيم حزب الأحرار. تولى رئاسة الوزارة في بريطانيا من 5 أبريل 1908 إلى 5 ديسمبر 1916. في عهده دخلت بلاده الحرب العالمية الأولى عام 1914. ولد في مورلي في مقاطعة يوركشاير شمال شرق إنجلترا، تلقى تعليمه في جامعة أوكسفورد وأصبح محاميا في عام 1876. توفي بمنزله الريفي في يوركشاير في عام 1928 وطلب قبل أن يموت ألاّ تكون جنازته جنازةً عامةً. (ar)
  • Fu Primo ministro del Regno Unito per il Partito Liberale dal 1908 al 1916. Fino al 5 gennaio 1988 era stato il primo ministro più longevo che ha servito con continuità nel XX secolo. Come Primo Ministro, guidò il suo partito liberale a una serie di riforme interne, compresa la previdenza sociale e la riduzione del potere della camera dei Lord. Guidò la nazione all'interno della prima guerra mondiale, ma una serie di crisi militari e politiche portarono al suo rimpiazzo verso la fine del 1916 con David Lloyd George. Il suo litigio con Lloyd George giocò un ruolo importante nella caduta del Partito Liberale. (it)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith, 1er comte d'Oxford et Asquith, est un homme politique britannique, né le 12 septembre 1852 à Morley, dans le Yorkshire de l'Ouest, et mort le 15 février 1928 à Sutton Courtenay, à ce temps dans le Berkshire et aujourd'hui dans l'Oxfordshire. Il fut Premier ministre du Royaume-Uni de 1908 à 1916. Son mandat fut marqué par des changements sociaux notables parmi lesquels la création du National Insurance and Pensions et par le scandale Marconi, qui fit vaciller son gouvernement en 1913. (fr)
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  • H. H. Asquith (en)
  • هربرت أسكويث (ar)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (de)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (es)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (it)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (fr)
  • ハーバート・ヘンリー・アスキス (ja)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (nl)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (pl)
  • Herbert Henry Asquith (pt)
  • Асквит, Герберт Генри (ru)
  • H·H·阿斯奎斯 (zh)
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