Guglielmo Sirleto (or Sirleti) (1514 – 6 October 1585) was an Italian Cardinal and scholar. He was considered the greatest linguist of his age. Sirleto was born at Guardavalle near Stilo in Calabria. The son of a physician, he received an excellent education, made the acquaintance of distinguished scholars at Rome, and became an intimate friend of Cardinal Marcello Cervino, later Pope Marcellus II. He prepared for Cervino, who was President of the Council of Trent in its initial period, extensive reports on all the important questions presented for discussion. After his appointment as custodian of the Vatican Library, Sirleto drew up a complete descriptive catalogue of its Greek manuscripts and prepared a new edition of the Vulgate.

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dbo:abstract
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (* 1514 in Guardavalle in Kalabrien; † 6. Oktober 1585 in Rom) war ein Kardinal der katholischen Kirche. Er gehörte zunächst der römischen Kurie an und wurde Bischof von San Marco Argentano, später von Squillace. Er wurde am 12. März 1565 von Papst Pius IV. zum Kardinal ernannt. Er war an der Ausarbeitung des Römischen Katechismus beteiligt, ebenso am römischen Brevier und Missale. Er war verantwortlich für die Ausarbeitung eines neuen römischen Martyrologiums. Er war auch Vorsitzender der Kommission für die Kalenderreform unter Gregor XIII. 1554 ist er zum Kustos der Vatikanischen Bibliothek ernannt worden. 1572 wurde er Kardinalbibliothekar, 1573 Mitglied der neu gegründeten Reformkongregation für die Griechen. Am 1. November 1579 ernannte ihn Gregor XIII. mit der Bulle Benedictus Dominus zum Protektor der neuformierten Basilianerkongregation, die an Pfingsten 1579 auf Anordnung Sirletos ihr erstes Generalkapitel abgehalten hatte. Sein Grabmal befindet sich in der Kirche San Bernardino da Siena. (de)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (né en 1514 à Guardavalle, dans l'actuelle région de Calabre, alors dans le royaume de Naples et mort le 6 octobre 1585 à Rome) est un cardinal italien du XVIe siècle. (fr)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (ur. w 1514 w Guardavalle, zm. 6 października 1585 w Rzymie) – włoski kardynał. (pl)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (or Sirleti) (1514 – 6 October 1585) was an Italian Cardinal and scholar. He was considered the greatest linguist of his age. Sirleto was born at Guardavalle near Stilo in Calabria. The son of a physician, he received an excellent education, made the acquaintance of distinguished scholars at Rome, and became an intimate friend of Cardinal Marcello Cervino, later Pope Marcellus II. He prepared for Cervino, who was President of the Council of Trent in its initial period, extensive reports on all the important questions presented for discussion. After his appointment as custodian of the Vatican Library, Sirleto drew up a complete descriptive catalogue of its Greek manuscripts and prepared a new edition of the Vulgate. Pope Paul IV named him prothonotary and tutor to two of his nephews. After this pope's death he taught Greek and Hebrew at Rome, numbering Charles Borromeo among his students. There was talk of making him Pope, but it was considered that the drift of his mind was too much given to letters to permit him to run a strong, practical administration in those troubled times. During the concluding period of the Council of Trent, he was, although he continued to reside at Rome, the adviser of the cardinal-legates. He was himself created cardinal in 1565 at the request of Charles Borromeo, became Bishop of San Marco in Calabria in 1566, and Bishop of Squillace in 1568. An order of the papal secretary of state, however, enjoined his residence at Rome, where he was named, in 1570, librarian of the Vatican Library. This he enriched with many valuable texts on Greek, Latin and Oriental subjects. His influence was paramount in the execution of the scientific undertakings decreed by the Council of Trent. He collaborated in the publication of the Roman Catechism, presided over the Commissions for the reform of Roman Breviary and Roman Missal, and directed the work of the new edition of the Roman Martyrology. Highly appreciative of Greek culture, he entertained all friendly relations with the East and encouraged all efforts tending to ecclesiastical reunion. His learning was such that he was reported to discourse in his sleep in Greek and Latin. Latino Latini declared in a letter to Andreas Masius that he considered that Sirleto was equal in learning to all the others who worked on the Vulgate. He was attended in his last illness by Philip Neri. He died at Rome, and was buried in the presence of Pope Sixtus V. He was a manuscript collector (e.g. Minuscule 373). (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1514-1-1
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1585-10-6
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  • 14448244 (xsd:integer)
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  • 713110030 (xsd:integer)
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  • Catholic cardinal (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (né en 1514 à Guardavalle, dans l'actuelle région de Calabre, alors dans le royaume de Naples et mort le 6 octobre 1585 à Rome) est un cardinal italien du XVIe siècle. (fr)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (ur. w 1514 w Guardavalle, zm. 6 października 1585 w Rzymie) – włoski kardynał. (pl)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (* 1514 in Guardavalle in Kalabrien; † 6. Oktober 1585 in Rom) war ein Kardinal der katholischen Kirche. Er gehörte zunächst der römischen Kurie an und wurde Bischof von San Marco Argentano, später von Squillace. Er wurde am 12. März 1565 von Papst Pius IV. zum Kardinal ernannt. Er war an der Ausarbeitung des Römischen Katechismus beteiligt, ebenso am römischen Brevier und Missale. Er war verantwortlich für die Ausarbeitung eines neuen römischen Martyrologiums. Er war auch Vorsitzender der Kommission für die Kalenderreform unter Gregor XIII. (de)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (or Sirleti) (1514 – 6 October 1585) was an Italian Cardinal and scholar. He was considered the greatest linguist of his age. Sirleto was born at Guardavalle near Stilo in Calabria. The son of a physician, he received an excellent education, made the acquaintance of distinguished scholars at Rome, and became an intimate friend of Cardinal Marcello Cervino, later Pope Marcellus II. He prepared for Cervino, who was President of the Council of Trent in its initial period, extensive reports on all the important questions presented for discussion. After his appointment as custodian of the Vatican Library, Sirleto drew up a complete descriptive catalogue of its Greek manuscripts and prepared a new edition of the Vulgate. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (de)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (it)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (fr)
  • Gugliemo Sirleto (en)
  • Guglielmo Sirleto (pl)
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  • male (en)
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  • Guglielmo (en)
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  • Gugliemo Sirleto (en)
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