Giovanni Battista Vitali (18 February 1632 – 12 October 1692) was an Italian composer and violone player. Vitali was born in Bologna and spent all of his life in the Emilian region, moving to Modena in 1674. His teacher in his early years was probably Maurizio Cazzati (1616–1678), maestro di cappella at the main church in Bologna, San Petronio Basilica from 1657 to 1671.

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  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (* 18. Februar 1632 in Bologna; † 12. Oktober 1692 ebenda) war ein italienischer Komponist und Kapellmeister des Barock. (de)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (* 18 février 1632 à Bologne - † 12 octobre 1692 à Modène), violoniste, chanteur et compositeur italien. (fr)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali fue un compositor y violinista italiano del denominado Barroco Medio (1600-1649), nacido en Bolonia el 18 de febrero de 1632 y fallecido en Módena el 12 de octubre de 1692. Autor de cantatas, oratorios y sublimes producciones instrumentales, creó una síntesis entre el contrapunto de sonata de iglesia y libre melodía de cámara. Influenciado por Jean-Baptiste Lully, fue precursor junto a Giuseppe Torelli en introducir el minué en la suite. Entre sus obras hay que destacar doce sonatas instrumentales y dos salmos. Sobre la célebre chacona en sol menor para violín y bajo continuo, se cree que es obra de su hijo, Tommaso Antonio Vitali, pues el manuscrito reza tan sólo Tommaso Vitallino. Sin embargo, lo más probable es que haya sido obra del violinista Ferdinand David (quien estrenó el concierto para volín de Mendelssohn). David dijo haberla descubierto, y la publicó junto con otras obras. Hoy se la puede oír también con una orquestación de Ottorino Respighi. (es)
  • ジョバンニ・バティスタ・ヴィターリ(Giovanni Battista Vitali、1632年2月18日 - 1692年10月12日)は、イタリアのヴィオローネ奏者、歌手、作曲家。息子はトマソ・アントニオ・ヴィターリ。 (ja)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (Bologna, 18 februari 1632 - aldaar, 12 oktober 1692) was een Italiaanse componist en vioolspeler. (nl)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (1632 - 1692) cantor, compositor e violoncelista, Vitali viveu na pulsante cena musical institucional, cortesã e eclesiástica da Itália. Sua produção relativamente modesta inclui música instrumental inovadora, e suas idéias como ligar temas e tons por meio de movimentos e usar ritmos de dança em todos eles - assentaram as bases do trio-sonata para sucessores como Arcangelo Corelli e Henry Purcell. Pioneiro na edição de música, Vitali também escreveu manuais importantes sobre composição musical, como os Artifici musicali, publicado em 1689. (pt)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (18 February 1632 – 12 October 1692) was an Italian composer and violone player. Vitali was born in Bologna and spent all of his life in the Emilian region, moving to Modena in 1674. His teacher in his early years was probably Maurizio Cazzati (1616–1678), maestro di cappella at the main church in Bologna, San Petronio Basilica from 1657 to 1671. The first documented evidence of Vitali’s musical activities appears in the records of the San Petronio orchestra for 1658, when he is listed under the title ‘Violoni’, referring to the cello/bass instrument that he played (to be discussed below). Vitali remained in the orchestra until 1673, when he took up an appointment as maestro di cappella at the chapel of the Confraternità del Rosario, Bologna. His first publication, Opus 1 (1666), tells us that he was a member of the Accademia dei Filaschisi. This musical institution, which had been established in 1633, disbanded in 1666 when most of its members joined the Accademia Filarmonica. Vitali is also listed as a member of the Accademia Filarmonica in 1666, the year of its founding. The academy archives record various details of its members, including where they came from (if not from Bologna) and their dates of birth and death. Vitali’s death date is here recorded as 12 October 1692. Vitali never reached a higher position in Bologna than that of maestro di cappella at the Santissimo Rosario. There may be several reasons for this. By the time he left Bologna and moved to Modena he had not published any vocal music and is known to have composed only two vocal works, the oratorios Agare and Il Gefte. He was also, significantly, not an organist – unlike the vast majority of maestri di cappella in Bologna during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It is unlikely, therefore, that even if Vitali had stayed longer in Bologna he would have been offered the job of maestro di cappella at San Petronio, the most important musical position in the city. In 1674 Vitali attained the position of one of two vice-maestri di cappella at the secular court of the Este family in Modena. Unlike Modena, Bologna was part of the Papal States, under the administration of Rome. The Church’s influence was strong (around one hundred and fifty religious institutions at the end of the seventeenth century). Music and the theatre were evidently strongly supported and patronised by the court under Duke Francesco II (1660–1694). Here, Vitali must have witnessed a greater diversity of musical styles and genres than he had been exposed to in Bologna. The period between 1680 and 1685 saw his most productive time: he published six collections of music and was promoted to maestro di cappella in 1684. He was succeeded in this position by the opera composer Antonio Giannettini (1648–1721) in 1686. His last two publications, Artificii musicali, Opus 13 (1689), and the posthumously published Sonate da camera, Opus 14 (1692), make no mention of Vitali holding any official position, although the fact that both publications are dedicated to members of the Este family implies that he maintained links with the court. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1632-2-18
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1692-10-12 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
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  • 14584767 (xsd:integer)
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  • 740806881 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Italian composer (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (* 18. Februar 1632 in Bologna; † 12. Oktober 1692 ebenda) war ein italienischer Komponist und Kapellmeister des Barock. (de)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (* 18 février 1632 à Bologne - † 12 octobre 1692 à Modène), violoniste, chanteur et compositeur italien. (fr)
  • ジョバンニ・バティスタ・ヴィターリ(Giovanni Battista Vitali、1632年2月18日 - 1692年10月12日)は、イタリアのヴィオローネ奏者、歌手、作曲家。息子はトマソ・アントニオ・ヴィターリ。 (ja)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (Bologna, 18 februari 1632 - aldaar, 12 oktober 1692) was een Italiaanse componist en vioolspeler. (nl)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (1632 - 1692) cantor, compositor e violoncelista, Vitali viveu na pulsante cena musical institucional, cortesã e eclesiástica da Itália. Sua produção relativamente modesta inclui música instrumental inovadora, e suas idéias como ligar temas e tons por meio de movimentos e usar ritmos de dança em todos eles - assentaram as bases do trio-sonata para sucessores como Arcangelo Corelli e Henry Purcell. Pioneiro na edição de música, Vitali também escreveu manuais importantes sobre composição musical, como os Artifici musicali, publicado em 1689. (pt)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali fue un compositor y violinista italiano del denominado Barroco Medio (1600-1649), nacido en Bolonia el 18 de febrero de 1632 y fallecido en Módena el 12 de octubre de 1692. Autor de cantatas, oratorios y sublimes producciones instrumentales, creó una síntesis entre el contrapunto de sonata de iglesia y libre melodía de cámara. Influenciado por Jean-Baptiste Lully, fue precursor junto a Giuseppe Torelli en introducir el minué en la suite. Entre sus obras hay que destacar doce sonatas instrumentales y dos salmos. (es)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (18 February 1632 – 12 October 1692) was an Italian composer and violone player. Vitali was born in Bologna and spent all of his life in the Emilian region, moving to Modena in 1674. His teacher in his early years was probably Maurizio Cazzati (1616–1678), maestro di cappella at the main church in Bologna, San Petronio Basilica from 1657 to 1671. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (de)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (es)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (fr)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (it)
  • ジョヴァンニ・バティスタ・ヴィターリ (ja)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (en)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (nl)
  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (pt)
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  • Giovanni Battista (en)
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  • Giovanni Battista Vitali (en)
foaf:surname
  • Vitali (en)
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