Giovanni Battista Venturi (15 March 1746 - 24 April 1822) was an Italian physicist, savant, man of letters, diplomat and historian of science.

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  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (15 March 1746 - 24 April 1822) was an Italian physicist, savant, man of letters, diplomat and historian of science. He was the discoverer of Venturi effect, which was described in 1797 in his Recherches Experimentales sur le Principe de la Communication Laterale du Mouvement dans les Fluides applique a l'Explication de Differens Phenomenes Hydrauliques, translated into English in 1837 by Thomas Tredgold as "Experimental Inquiries Concerning the Principle of the Lateral Communication of a Motion in Fluids," in Tracts on Hyraulics. Because of this discovery, he is the eponym for the Venturi tube, the Venturi flow meter and the Venturi pump.Born in Bibbiano, Italy, in the Province of Reggio Emilia Giovanni was a contemporary of Lagrange and Laplace, and a pupil of Lazzaro Spallanzani. He was ordained as a priest in 1769, at the age of 23, and in the same year was appointed as teacher of logic at the seminary of Reggio Emilia, where he had earlier received an education. In 1774 he became a professor of geometry and philosophy at the University of Modena. He later held the posts of ducal mathematician, state engineer, and auditor under the Duke of Modena. As state engineer he was responsible for bridge construction, rectification of water courses, draining of marsh land, and the establishment of State regulations for dam construction. In 1786 he was given the post of professor of experimental physics at the University of Modena, where he organized a laboratory, equipping it with state-of-the-art equipment. During this time he was also able to complete the town of Modena's historical memoirs, which had been left incomplete following the death of Girolamo Tiraboschi, the appointed historian.Venturi moved to Paris as Secretary of a delegation sent by the Duke of Modena to undertake negotiations with the Supreme Executive Council. Following unsuccessful negotiations, he remained in there for a year and a half to improve his knowledge of physics and chemistry. While in Paris, he came into contact with some of the most learned scholars of the age, such as Georges Cuvier, René Just Haüy, Jean-Baptiste Biot, Jérôme Lalande, Gaspard Monge, Pierre-Simon Laplace, and many more. He also published several treatises, including the famous "Venturi effect" treatise of 1797. However, Venturi's design was not applied to a practical apparatus until 1888, when Clemens Herschel was awarded a patent first commercial model of the Venturi tube. This was followed in 1926 by Cecil Aggeler's bachelor's thesis, "Design of a Venturi Type Current Meter."Another of Venturi's treatises demonstrated his abilities as a historian of science. He was the first to call attention to the importance of Leonardo da Vinci as a scientist, rather than simply as an artist, in the 1797 booklet, Essai sur les ouvrages physico-mathcmatiques de Leonard de Vinci.Jérôme Lalande, Director of the Paris Observatory, commended Venturi to General Napoleon Bonaparte as "one of the men most competent to bring renown to Italy and to build there useful waterworks and do good work in mathematics and physics" and praised his ability in the art of civil engineering and military architecture. The Abbé Venturi used Napoleon's influence and protection to frustrate the intrigues of those in his country who tried to oust him from his position at the University. Bonaparte made him a member of the Corps législatif, professor at the Military School of Modena, and Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Adverse political influences subjected Venturi to many vicissitudes, even leading to imprisonment. But after the conquest of Italy, the First Consul Napoleon gave him a professorship at the University of Pavia, and he was assigned several diplomatic missions. Venturi also continued to apply his engineering expertise in mine work and hydraulic construction.Later, he was made Diplomatic Agent of the Helvetic Confederation and spent twelve years in Switzerland. He retired in 1813, due to failing health, and was granted a pension on the maximum scale by the Emperor Napoleon. On his return to Reggio he set about the publication of a number of scientific and literary works. In 1814 Venturi wrote Commentarj sopra la storia e le teorie dell' ottica (Commentaries about the history and theory of optics), which included Hero of Alexandria's treatise on the dioptra and from 1818 to 1821 he compiled, edited and published many of Galileo's manuscripts and letters in Memorie e lettere inedite finora o disperse di Galileo Galilei, ordinate e illustrate con annotazioni. He died at Reggio Emilia in April 1822, at the age of seventy-six.
  • جيوفاني باتيستا فينتوري (بالإيطالية: Giovanni Battista Venturi) (15 مارس 1746 -24 ابريل 1822) فيزيائي ومؤرخ علمي ودبلوماسي إيطالي. اشتهر باختراعه أنبوب فينتوري الذي يصف العلاقة بين سرعة المائع وضغطه. حيث اكتشف أن ضغط السائل الجاري في الأنبوب ينخفض عند حدوث تضيق في مقطع الأنبوب.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (* 1746 in Bibbiano; † 1822 in Reggio nell’Emilia) war ein italienischer Physiker.Er ist der Entdecker des nach ihm benannten Venturi-Effekts. Außerdem entwickelte er die Venturi-Pumpe und die Venturi-Düse.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (1746 - 1822) fue un físico italiano. Descubrió el efecto Venturi del cual toma su epónimo. Fue el epónimo también de la bomba Venturi (Aspiradora) y el tubo Venturi.Nació en Bibbiano, Italia y fue contemporáneo de personajes como Leonhard Euler y de Daniel Bernoulli. Fue alumno de Lazzaro Spallanzani y ordenado sacerdote en 1769. En ese mismo año es nombrado como profesor de lógica en el seminario de Reggio Emilia. En 1774 se convirtió en profesor de geometría y filosofía en la Universidad de Módena, donde en 1776 se convirtió en profesor de física.Venturi fue el primero que mostró la importancia de Leonardo da Vinci como científico, y compiló y publicó muchos de los manuscritos y cartas de Galileo. Murió en Reggio Emilia, Italia en 1822.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (né en 1746 à Reggio d'Émilie et décédé en 1822 dans sa ville natale) était un physicien italien. Il a découvert et formalisé l'effet du même nom. Deux dispositifs utilisant cet effet portent également son nom, la pompe Venturi et le tube de Venturi.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (Bibbiano, 1746 – Reggio nell'Emilia, 1822) è stato un fisico italiano.Discepolo di Lazzaro Spallanzani, viene ordinato sacerdote nel 1769, anno in cui viene chiamato ad insegnare logica nel seminario di Reggio Emilia.Nel 1774 passa ad insegnare geometria all'Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, dove dal 1776 insegna poi fisica.Nel 1796 è a Parigi, dove redige la sua opera più importante Ricerche sperimentali sul principio della trasmissione laterale entro i fluidi applicata alla spiegazione dei diversi fenomeni idraulici.Sempre a Parigi, dove si trattiene fino al 1797, Venturi esamina i codici di Leonardo da Vinci, pubblicandone alcuni estratti nel saggio Essai sur les ouvrages physico-mathématiques de Léonard de Vinci (Paris, 1797), nel quale per primo mette in evidenza la componente scientifica e tecnologica dell'opera leonardesca.Lavora anche sugli scritti di Galileo Galilei.Importante è il suo contributo allo studio della meccanica dei fluidi con la descrizione di quello che viene chiamato effetto Venturi, che descrive il legame tra velocità e pressione di un fluido in un condotto.Applicazione di tale effetto è il cosiddetto tubo di Venturi, che si impiega per la misura della velocità di un fluido in un condotto.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (Bibbiano, 15 maart 1746 - Reggio Emilia, 24 april 1822) was een Italiaans natuurkundige. Hij was de ontdekker van het venturi-effect - het zuigeffect dat optreedt wanneer vloeistof door een vernauwing stroomt - en naamgever van de venturipomp en venturibuis.Hij was een leerling van Lazzaro Spallanzani en een tijdgenoot van Lagrange en Laplace. In 1769 werd hij tot priester gewijd. Na zijn wijding werd hij in hetzelfde jaar als wiskundeleraar aangesteld op het seminarie van Reggio Emilia. In 1774 werd hij professor in de meetkunde en de filosofie aan de universiteit van Modena, waar hij in 1776 ook professor werd in de natuurkunde. Hij was de eerste die het belang zag van Leonardo da Vinci als wetenschapper. Verder publiceerde en becommentarieerde hij vele van Galileo's manuscripten en brieven.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (ur. 1746 - zm. 1822) - włoski fizyk. Odkrywca zjawiska nazwanego od jego nazwiska efektem Venturiego. Zobacz też: Zwężka Venturiego
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (Reggio Emilia, 1746 - Reggio Emilia, 1822) foi um físico Italiano. Ele foi o descobridor e epónimo do efeito Venturi. Foi, também, epónimo da bomba Venturi e do tubo Venturi.Aprendiz de Lazzaro Spallanzani. Foi ordenado padre em 1769 e, no mesmo ano, apontado professor de lógica no seminário de Reggio Emilia. Em 1774, ele é professor de geometriae filosofia na Universidade de Modena onde, em 1776, tornou-se professor de física.Contemporâneo de Leonhard Euler e Daniel Bernoulli.
  • Джова́нни Батти́ста Венту́ри (11 сентября 1746 — 10 сентября 1822) — итальянский ученый, известен работами в области гидравлики, теории света и оптики. Его именем названы открытый им эффект понижения давления газа или жидкости с увеличением скорости их движения, а также труба Вентури.Родился в Биббиано, современник Леонарда Эйлера и Даниила Бернулли, ученик Ладзаро Спалланцани.В 1769 был посвящен в сан священника и в том же году определен на должность учителя логики в семинарию Реджо-Эмилии. В 1774 стал профессором геометрии и философии Моденского университета, через два года — профессором физики.Вентури был первым, кто привлек внимание к личности Леонардо да Винчи как ученого, и собрал и опубликовал множество работ и записей Галилея.Умер в Реджо-Эмилии в 1822.
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  • جيوفاني باتيستا فينتوري (بالإيطالية: Giovanni Battista Venturi) (15 مارس 1746 -24 ابريل 1822) فيزيائي ومؤرخ علمي ودبلوماسي إيطالي. اشتهر باختراعه أنبوب فينتوري الذي يصف العلاقة بين سرعة المائع وضغطه. حيث اكتشف أن ضغط السائل الجاري في الأنبوب ينخفض عند حدوث تضيق في مقطع الأنبوب.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (* 1746 in Bibbiano; † 1822 in Reggio nell’Emilia) war ein italienischer Physiker.Er ist der Entdecker des nach ihm benannten Venturi-Effekts. Außerdem entwickelte er die Venturi-Pumpe und die Venturi-Düse.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (né en 1746 à Reggio d'Émilie et décédé en 1822 dans sa ville natale) était un physicien italien. Il a découvert et formalisé l'effet du même nom. Deux dispositifs utilisant cet effet portent également son nom, la pompe Venturi et le tube de Venturi.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (Bibbiano, 1746 – Reggio nell'Emilia, 1822) è stato un fisico italiano.Discepolo di Lazzaro Spallanzani, viene ordinato sacerdote nel 1769, anno in cui viene chiamato ad insegnare logica nel seminario di Reggio Emilia.Nel 1774 passa ad insegnare geometria all'Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, dove dal 1776 insegna poi fisica.Nel 1796 è a Parigi, dove redige la sua opera più importante Ricerche sperimentali sul principio della trasmissione laterale entro i fluidi applicata alla spiegazione dei diversi fenomeni idraulici.Sempre a Parigi, dove si trattiene fino al 1797, Venturi esamina i codici di Leonardo da Vinci, pubblicandone alcuni estratti nel saggio Essai sur les ouvrages physico-mathématiques de Léonard de Vinci (Paris, 1797), nel quale per primo mette in evidenza la componente scientifica e tecnologica dell'opera leonardesca.Lavora anche sugli scritti di Galileo Galilei.Importante è il suo contributo allo studio della meccanica dei fluidi con la descrizione di quello che viene chiamato effetto Venturi, che descrive il legame tra velocità e pressione di un fluido in un condotto.Applicazione di tale effetto è il cosiddetto tubo di Venturi, che si impiega per la misura della velocità di un fluido in un condotto.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (ur. 1746 - zm. 1822) - włoski fizyk. Odkrywca zjawiska nazwanego od jego nazwiska efektem Venturiego. Zobacz też: Zwężka Venturiego
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (15 March 1746 - 24 April 1822) was an Italian physicist, savant, man of letters, diplomat and historian of science.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (1746 - 1822) fue un físico italiano. Descubrió el efecto Venturi del cual toma su epónimo. Fue el epónimo también de la bomba Venturi (Aspiradora) y el tubo Venturi.Nació en Bibbiano, Italia y fue contemporáneo de personajes como Leonhard Euler y de Daniel Bernoulli. Fue alumno de Lazzaro Spallanzani y ordenado sacerdote en 1769. En ese mismo año es nombrado como profesor de lógica en el seminario de Reggio Emilia.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (Bibbiano, 15 maart 1746 - Reggio Emilia, 24 april 1822) was een Italiaans natuurkundige. Hij was de ontdekker van het venturi-effect - het zuigeffect dat optreedt wanneer vloeistof door een vernauwing stroomt - en naamgever van de venturipomp en venturibuis.Hij was een leerling van Lazzaro Spallanzani en een tijdgenoot van Lagrange en Laplace. In 1769 werd hij tot priester gewijd.
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi (Reggio Emilia, 1746 - Reggio Emilia, 1822) foi um físico Italiano. Ele foi o descobridor e epónimo do efeito Venturi. Foi, também, epónimo da bomba Venturi e do tubo Venturi.Aprendiz de Lazzaro Spallanzani. Foi ordenado padre em 1769 e, no mesmo ano, apontado professor de lógica no seminário de Reggio Emilia.
  • Джова́нни Батти́ста Венту́ри (11 сентября 1746 — 10 сентября 1822) — итальянский ученый, известен работами в области гидравлики, теории света и оптики. Его именем названы открытый им эффект понижения давления газа или жидкости с увеличением скорости их движения, а также труба Вентури.Родился в Биббиано, современник Леонарда Эйлера и Даниила Бернулли, ученик Ладзаро Спалланцани.В 1769 был посвящен в сан священника и в том же году определен на должность учителя логики в семинарию Реджо-Эмилии.
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  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Giovanni Battista Venturi
  • Вентури, Джованни Баттиста
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