Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I, George II, George III, and George IV—who reigned in continuous succession from August 1714 to June 1830. The style was revived in the late 19th century in the United States as Colonial Revival architecture and in the early 20th century in Great Britain as Neo-Georgian architecture; in both it is also called Georgian Revival architecture. In America the term "Georgian" is generally used to describe all building from the period, regardless of style; in Britain it is generally restricted to buildings that are "architectural in intention", and have stylistic characterist

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I, George II, George III, and George IV—who reigned in continuous succession from August 1714 to June 1830. The style was revived in the late 19th century in the United States as Colonial Revival architecture and in the early 20th century in Great Britain as Neo-Georgian architecture; in both it is also called Georgian Revival architecture. In America the term "Georgian" is generally used to describe all building from the period, regardless of style; in Britain it is generally restricted to buildings that are "architectural in intention", and have stylistic characteristics that are typical of the period, though that covers a wide range. The style of Georgian buildings is very variable, but marked by a taste for symmetry and proportion based on the classical architecture of Greece and Rome, as revived in Renaissance architecture. Ornament is also normally in the classical tradition, but typically rather restrained, and sometimes almost completely absent on the exterior. The period brought the vocabulary of classical architecture to smaller and more modest buildings than had been the case before, replacing English vernacular architecture (or becoming the new vernacular style) for almost all new middle-class homes and public buildings by the end of the period. In towns, which expanded greatly during the period, landowners turned into property developers, and rows of identical terraced houses became the norm. Even the wealthy were persuaded to live in these in town, especially if provided with a square of garden in front of the house. There was an enormous amount of building in the period, all over the English-speaking world, and the standards of construction were generally high. Where they have not been demolished, large numbers of Georgian buildings have survived two centuries or more, and they still form large parts of the core of cities such as London, Edinburgh, Dublin and Bristol. The period saw the growth of a distinct and trained architectural profession; before the mid-century "the high-sounding title, 'architect' was adopted by anyone who could get away with it". But most buildings were still designed by builders and landlords together, and the wide spread of Georgian architecture, and the Georgian styles of design more generally, came from dissemination through pattern books and inexpensive suites of engravings. This contrasted with earlier styles, which were primarily disseminated among craftsmen through the direct experience of the apprenticeship system. Authors such as the prolific William Halfpenny (active 1723–1755) received editions in America as well as Britain. From the mid-18th century, Georgian styles were assimilated into an architectural vernacular that became part and parcel of the training of every architect, designer, builder, carpenter, mason and plasterer, from Edinburgh to Maryland. (en)
  • العمارة الجورجية (بالإنجليزية: Georgian architecture) هو الاسم الذي يطلق على مجموعة من الطرز المعمارية لمعظم البلدان الناطقة باللغة الإنجليزية بين 1720 و 1840. وهو مسمى لفترة حكم أربعة من الملوك البريطانيين من سلالة بيت هانوفر ، والذين حكموا بين آب/ أغسطس 1714 وحتى حزيران/ يونيو 1830. (ar)
  • Mit Georgianischer Architektur bezeichnet man einen Architekturstil, der in den englischsprachigen Ländern zwischen zirka 1720 und 1840 weit verbreitet war. Der Name kommt von vier britischen Monarchen mit Namen George aus dem Haus Hannover, die in dieser Zeit in Großbritannien regierten. (de)
  • Mot éponyme qui vient des quatre premiers monarques anglais de la Maison de Hanovre (George Ier, George II, George III et George IV) qui régnèrent d'août 1714 à juin 1830, le terme architecture georgienne fait référence au style architectural des pays anglophones entre 1720 et 1840. (fr)
  • Arquitectura georgiana es el nombre dado en los países de habla inglesa al estilo arquitectónico llevado a cabo entre 1720 y 1840, llamado así por los cuatro reyes británicos llamados Jorge (George) que reinaron en el Reino Unido desde 1714 hasta 1830. (es)
  • Architettura georgiana è il nome dato nei paesi anglofoni agli stili architettonici che si sono susseguiti fra il 1720 e il 1840, che prendono il nome dai quattro monarchi inglesi chiamati George. (it)
  • De georgiaanse architectuur (Engels: Georgian architecture) is een bouwstijl die gebruikelijk was in het Verenigd Koninkrijk tussen 1720 en 1840. Ze straalde ook uit naar de Britse koloniën, in het bijzonder naar de huidige Verenigde Staten. De naam van de stijl heeft betrekking op de opeenvolgende Britse koningen George I tot en met George IV. De georgiaanse architectuur volgde op de Engelse barok van Christopher Wren, John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor. De oorspronkelijke Georgiaanse hoofdrichting was verwant aan de op het Europese continent toen gebruikelijke rococo. Vanaf het midden der jaren 60 van de 18e eeuw werden neoclassicistiche elementen dominant. Tot deze richting behoren Engelse architecten als: Robert Adam, James Gibbs, William Chambers, James Wyatt, Henry Holland en John Soane. Het was hierbij van belang om de verhouding tussen de diverse maten van het bouwwerk zorgvuldig te kiezen en ook om symmetrie na te streven. Georgiaanse architectuur werd regelmatig toegepast bij stadsuitbreidingen. Ook een rij woningen moest een regelmatig aanzien hebben. Rood, oker en wit waren de meest gebruikte kleuren in de Georgiaanse architectuur. De belangrijkste architecten die aan de basis van de georgiaanse architectuur stonden waren Colen Campbell, schrijver van het invloedrijke boek Vitruvius Britannicus, Richard Boyle en zijn leerling William Kent, Thomas Archer and the Venetiaanse bouwmeester Giacomo Leoni, die het grootste deel van zijn loopbaan in Engeland vervulde. (nl)
  • Arquitetura georgiana é o nome dado na maioria dos países anglófonos à arquitetura produzida ao longo dos reinados de Jorge I, Jorge II, e Jorge III e Jorge IV, compreendendo o período de 1720 a 1840, aproximadamente. Apesar de receber um nome genérico, não é um estilo fortemente unificado, pois transita do final do Barroco até o ecletismo romântico de meados do século XIX, passando pela voga palladiana, o Neoclassicismo, recupera traços do Rococó e assimila influências do Neogótico. As estruturas geralmente empregam uma forma básica clássica mas incorporam uma série de elementos e ornamentos daquelas outras origens. Esse ecletismo agradou especialmente a classe média, mas também serviu à nobreza. As casas são geralmente de dois pavimentos principais, amplas e confortáveis, com uma distribuição simétrica e regular de aberturas, e uma ornamentação relativamente discreta, mas podendo ter uma entrada bastante imponente com pórticos, escadarias e colunatas. Foi um estilo largamente empregado nas Ilhas Britânicas, nos Estados Unidos, Canadá e em outras colônias inglesas. O estilo declinou no fim do século XIX, mas no século XX conheceu uma voga revivalista. (pt)
  • Георгианская архитектура (англ. Georgian architecture) — широко распространённое в англоязычных странах обозначение архитектуры, характерной для Георгианской эпохи, которая охватывает практически весь XVIII век. Этот термин бытует как самое общее обозначение английской архитектуры XVIII века, подобно тому как всё многообразие эклектической архитектуры XIX века пытаются охватить термином «викторианская архитектура». (ru)
  • 喬治亞式建築(Georgian architecture)是指1720年和1840年之間,在大多數英語系國家出現的建築風格。漢諾威王朝前四的英國君主:英國喬治一世,喬治二世,喬治三世和喬治四世從1714年8月到1830年6月統治英國。 (zh)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 12924 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 734451620 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • العمارة الجورجية (بالإنجليزية: Georgian architecture) هو الاسم الذي يطلق على مجموعة من الطرز المعمارية لمعظم البلدان الناطقة باللغة الإنجليزية بين 1720 و 1840. وهو مسمى لفترة حكم أربعة من الملوك البريطانيين من سلالة بيت هانوفر ، والذين حكموا بين آب/ أغسطس 1714 وحتى حزيران/ يونيو 1830. (ar)
  • Mit Georgianischer Architektur bezeichnet man einen Architekturstil, der in den englischsprachigen Ländern zwischen zirka 1720 und 1840 weit verbreitet war. Der Name kommt von vier britischen Monarchen mit Namen George aus dem Haus Hannover, die in dieser Zeit in Großbritannien regierten. (de)
  • Mot éponyme qui vient des quatre premiers monarques anglais de la Maison de Hanovre (George Ier, George II, George III et George IV) qui régnèrent d'août 1714 à juin 1830, le terme architecture georgienne fait référence au style architectural des pays anglophones entre 1720 et 1840. (fr)
  • Arquitectura georgiana es el nombre dado en los países de habla inglesa al estilo arquitectónico llevado a cabo entre 1720 y 1840, llamado así por los cuatro reyes británicos llamados Jorge (George) que reinaron en el Reino Unido desde 1714 hasta 1830. (es)
  • Architettura georgiana è il nome dato nei paesi anglofoni agli stili architettonici che si sono susseguiti fra il 1720 e il 1840, che prendono il nome dai quattro monarchi inglesi chiamati George. (it)
  • Георгианская архитектура (англ. Georgian architecture) — широко распространённое в англоязычных странах обозначение архитектуры, характерной для Георгианской эпохи, которая охватывает практически весь XVIII век. Этот термин бытует как самое общее обозначение английской архитектуры XVIII века, подобно тому как всё многообразие эклектической архитектуры XIX века пытаются охватить термином «викторианская архитектура». (ru)
  • 喬治亞式建築(Georgian architecture)是指1720年和1840年之間,在大多數英語系國家出現的建築風格。漢諾威王朝前四的英國君主:英國喬治一世,喬治二世,喬治三世和喬治四世從1714年8月到1830年6月統治英國。 (zh)
  • Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural styles current between 1714 and 1830. It is eponymous for the first four British monarchs of the House of Hanover—George I, George II, George III, and George IV—who reigned in continuous succession from August 1714 to June 1830. The style was revived in the late 19th century in the United States as Colonial Revival architecture and in the early 20th century in Great Britain as Neo-Georgian architecture; in both it is also called Georgian Revival architecture. In America the term "Georgian" is generally used to describe all building from the period, regardless of style; in Britain it is generally restricted to buildings that are "architectural in intention", and have stylistic characterist (en)
  • De georgiaanse architectuur (Engels: Georgian architecture) is een bouwstijl die gebruikelijk was in het Verenigd Koninkrijk tussen 1720 en 1840. Ze straalde ook uit naar de Britse koloniën, in het bijzonder naar de huidige Verenigde Staten. De naam van de stijl heeft betrekking op de opeenvolgende Britse koningen George I tot en met George IV. Georgiaanse architectuur werd regelmatig toegepast bij stadsuitbreidingen. Ook een rij woningen moest een regelmatig aanzien hebben. Rood, oker en wit waren de meest gebruikte kleuren in de Georgiaanse architectuur. (nl)
  • Arquitetura georgiana é o nome dado na maioria dos países anglófonos à arquitetura produzida ao longo dos reinados de Jorge I, Jorge II, e Jorge III e Jorge IV, compreendendo o período de 1720 a 1840, aproximadamente. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Georgian architecture (en)
  • عمارة جورجية (ar)
  • Georgianische Architektur (de)
  • Arquitectura georgiana (es)
  • Architecture georgienne (fr)
  • Architettura georgiana (it)
  • Georgiaanse architectuur (nl)
  • Arquitetura georgiana (pt)
  • Георгианская архитектура (ru)
  • 喬治亞式建築 (zh)
rdfs:seeAlso
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:architecturalStyle of
is dbo:knownFor of
is dbo:type of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:architectural of
is dbp:architecture of
is dbp:architectureStyle of
is dbp:architectureType of
is dbp:style of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is foaf:primaryTopic of