Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he opened a medical practice in Bath in 1702. He is best known for his contribution to vegetarianism. Cheyne was acquainted with Sir Isaac Newton and provoked Newton to publish his Quadratures and with it, his Light & Colours. Newton later offered him financial support to publish Fluxionum methodus inversa (The Inverse Method of Fluxions), but apparently he turned down the offer. Newton refused to see him any more. The book was an immediate success and by 1742 was in its third edition. His clients included Alexander Pope, John Gay and Samuel Richardson.

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  • George Cheyne (* 1671 in Auchencreive, Methlick, Aberdeenshire; † 12. April 1743 in Bath) war ein bahnbrechender schottischer Arzt, Vorläufer der Psychologie, Philosoph und Mathematiker. Er ist in Schottland geboren, praktizierte später aber ab 1702 als Arzt in der Kur- und Badestadt Bath in Südwestengland. Bath gehörte zu den Zentren gesellschaftlichen Lebens. Cheyne hat sich einen Namen gemacht als Befürworter vegetarischer Ernährung, die auch selbst praktizierte. (de)
  • Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he opened a medical practice in Bath in 1702. He is best known for his contribution to vegetarianism. Cheyne was acquainted with Sir Isaac Newton and provoked Newton to publish his Quadratures and with it, his Light & Colours. Newton later offered him financial support to publish Fluxionum methodus inversa (The Inverse Method of Fluxions), but apparently he turned down the offer. Newton refused to see him any more. In order to succeed in medical practice, Cheyne tried to develop a rapport with his patients by regularly visiting the local taverns where they spent time, a practice common among medical practitioners of the day. He became a popular figure of local social life, and the quantity of rich food and drink he consumed in consequence left him grossly obese and very unhealthy. He began a meatless diet, taking only milk and vegetables, and regained his health. But when he returned to a more typical diet - albeit more moderate than he had previously indulged - he regained weight and his health once again deteriorated. He went back to his vegetarian diet for the remainder of his life, recommending it for everyone suffering from obesity. He also published a number of medical treatises, including a 1715 essay arguing that life cannot be created from non-living matter, and thus "must of necessity have existed from all eternity." He also wrote on fevers, nervous disorders, and hygiene. In 1740, he penned his last work, a study of nutrition and natural living, "The Natural Method of Cureing [sic] the Diseases of the Body, and the Disorders of the Mind." His work is often quoted by vegetarians and animal rights activists, particularly the following passage: To see the convulsions, agonies and tortures of a poor fellow-creature, whom they cannot restore nor recompense, dying to gratify luxury and tickle callous and rank organs, must require a rocky heart, and a great degree of cruelty and ferocity. I cannot find any great difference between feeding on human flesh and feeding on animal flesh, except custom and practice. The book was an immediate success and by 1742 was in its third edition. Speaking from personal experience, Cheyne asserted that mental depression afflicted the brilliant rather than the dull, writing that "those of the liveliest and quickest natural Parts...whose Genius is most keen and penetrating were most prone to such disorders. Fools, weak or stupid Persons, heavy and dull Souls, are seldom troubled with Vapours or Lowness of Spirits." His clients included Alexander Pope, John Gay and Samuel Richardson. (en)
  • Lo stesso Cheyne si curò con questa dieta da una grave forma di obesità che lo aveva portato al peso di duecento chili. Per la sua figura corpulenta, fu satireggiato nell'Opera del mendicante del drammaturgo John Gay. Tra i suoi pazienti annoverò il poeta Alexander Pope e lo scrittore Samuel Richardson, oltre al teologo John Wesley. Cheyne dedicò numerosi trattati alle sue tesi. Riprese la tradizione di Luigi Cornaro, conferendole un taglio più scientifico ma anche più sentimentale. Nel suo libro di maggior successo, l'Essay of Health and Long Life (1724), ricorse ad argomentazioni filosofico-religiose, affermando che l'alimentazione sobria e moderata costituisce, oltre che una necessità fisica, un imperativo morale verso Dio e la natura, dato che ignorare le regole della buona salute equivale a un tentativo di suicidio. Fece inoltre appello, nelle opere più tarde, alla compassione verso gli animali. Grazie a lui, si diffuse in Inghilterra un vegetarianismo argomentato in maniera eclettica (Cheyne sosteneva infatti, oltre ad argomentazioni salutistiche e filosofiche, anche idee mistiche che lo avevano portato a credere nella reincarnazione e a simpatizzare con la teosofia), e il suo pensiero divenne oggetto di un ampio dibattito, veicolato attraverso i giornali, il teatro e la letteratura. (it)
  • George Cheyne (Aberdeenshire, 1671 — 1743) foi um médico pioneiro, proto-psicólogo, filósofo e matemático escocês (pt)
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  • 1671-1-1
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  • 1671-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathDate
  • 1743-4-12
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  • 1743-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • George Cheyne by John Faber Junior, 1732
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  • British doctor (en)
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  • George Cheyne (* 1671 in Auchencreive, Methlick, Aberdeenshire; † 12. April 1743 in Bath) war ein bahnbrechender schottischer Arzt, Vorläufer der Psychologie, Philosoph und Mathematiker. Er ist in Schottland geboren, praktizierte später aber ab 1702 als Arzt in der Kur- und Badestadt Bath in Südwestengland. Bath gehörte zu den Zentren gesellschaftlichen Lebens. Cheyne hat sich einen Namen gemacht als Befürworter vegetarischer Ernährung, die auch selbst praktizierte. (de)
  • George Cheyne (Aberdeenshire, 1671 — 1743) foi um médico pioneiro, proto-psicólogo, filósofo e matemático escocês (pt)
  • Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he opened a medical practice in Bath in 1702. He is best known for his contribution to vegetarianism. Cheyne was acquainted with Sir Isaac Newton and provoked Newton to publish his Quadratures and with it, his Light & Colours. Newton later offered him financial support to publish Fluxionum methodus inversa (The Inverse Method of Fluxions), but apparently he turned down the offer. Newton refused to see him any more. The book was an immediate success and by 1742 was in its third edition. His clients included Alexander Pope, John Gay and Samuel Richardson. (en)
  • Lo stesso Cheyne si curò con questa dieta da una grave forma di obesità che lo aveva portato al peso di duecento chili. Per la sua figura corpulenta, fu satireggiato nell'Opera del mendicante del drammaturgo John Gay. Tra i suoi pazienti annoverò il poeta Alexander Pope e lo scrittore Samuel Richardson, oltre al teologo John Wesley. (it)
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  • George Cheyne (de)
  • George Cheyne (physician) (en)
  • George Cheyne (it)
  • George Cheyne (pt)
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