Georg Scheffers was a German mathematician specializing in differential geometry. He was born on November 21, 1866 in the village of Altendorf near Holzminden (today incorporated into Holzminden). Scheffers began his university career at the University of Leipzig where he studied with Felix Klein and Sophus Lie. Scheffers was a coauthor with Lie for three of the earliest expressions of Lie theory: * Lectures on Differential equations with known Infinitesimal transformations (1893), * Lectures on Continuous groups (1893), and * Geometry of Contact Transformations (1896).

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Georg Wilhelm Scheffers (* 21. November 1866 in Altendorf bei Holzminden; † 12. August 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Mathematiker, der sich vor allem mit Differentialgeometrie beschäftigte. Scheffers studierte ab 1884 an der Universität Leipzig bei Sophus Lie und Felix Klein. 1890 wurde er dort bei Lie promoviert („Bestimmung einer Classe von Berührungstransformationsgruppen des dreifach ausgedehnten Raumes“). Ab 1896 war er Dozent an der Technischen Hochschule zu Darmstadt, wo er 1900 Professor wurde. 1907 bis zu seiner Emeritierung 1935 war er Professor an der Technischen Universität Berlin-Charlottenburg. 1910 wurde er zum Mitglied der Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina gewählt. Von 1911 bis 1912 war er Rektor der Hochschule. Scheffers arbeitete angeregt von Lie über die Geometrie der Berührungstransformationen (über die er mit Lie ein Buch schrieb) und Translationsflächen („Das Abelsche und das Liesche Theorem über Translationsflächen“, Acta Mathematica 1904). Er gab auch Vorlesungen von Lie (über Liegruppen) heraus. Scheffers ist Autor einer Reihe von seinerzeit verbreiteten Lehrbüchern (er gab auch das Analysis-Lehrbuch von Joseph Serret in deutscher Übersetzung heraus) und einiger populärwissenschaftlicher Bücher. (de)
  • Georg Wilhelm Scheffers (Holzminden, 21 de novembro de 1866 — Berlim, 12 de agosto de 1945) foi um matemático alemão. Trabalhou principalmente com geometria diferencial. (pt)
  • Georg Scheffers was a German mathematician specializing in differential geometry. He was born on November 21, 1866 in the village of Altendorf near Holzminden (today incorporated into Holzminden). Scheffers began his university career at the University of Leipzig where he studied with Felix Klein and Sophus Lie. Scheffers was a coauthor with Lie for three of the earliest expressions of Lie theory: * Lectures on Differential equations with known Infinitesimal transformations (1893), * Lectures on Continuous groups (1893), and * Geometry of Contact Transformations (1896). All three are now available online through archive.org; see External links section below. In 1896 Scheffers became docent at the Technical University of Darmstadt, where he was raised to professor in 1900. From 1907 to 1935, when he retired, Scheffers was a professor at the Technical University of Berlin. In 1901–1902 he published a famous two-volume textbook entitled Anwendung der Differential- und Integralrechnung auf die Geometrie (application of differential and integral calculus to geometry). The first volume subtitled Einführung in die Theorie der Curven in der Ebene und in Raum was published in 1901 and dealt with curves. The second volume subtitled Einführung in die Theorie der Flächen (introduction to the theory of surfaces) was published in 1902. A second edition was published in 1910 (volume 2, 1913), and a third edition in 1922. In 1907 Scheffers published the first two volumes of his extensive revision and rewriting of Georg Bohlmann's 1897–1899 revision of Harnack's 1884 German translation of Serret's famous two-volume Cours de calcul différentiel et intégral, which was first published by Gauthier-Villars in 1868. In 1909 Scheffers published the third and last volume of his rewriting of Bohlman's version of Serret's two-volume work. For a new edition, Scheffers added an appendix with 46 pages of historical notes for the first and second volumes. Another very successful book was prepared for students of science and technology: Lehrbuch der Mathematik (textbook of mathematics). It provided an introduction to analytic geometry as well as calculus of derivatives and integrals. In 1958 this book was republished for the fourteenth time. Scheffers is known for an article on special transcendental curves (including W-curves) which appeared in the Enzyklopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften in 1903: "Besondere transzendenten Kurven" (special transcendental curves). He wrote on translation surfaces for Acta Mathematica in 1904: "Das Abel'sche und das Lie'sche Theorem über Translationsflächen" (the theorem of Abel and Lie on translation surfaces). Other books written by Scheffers are Lehrbuch der darstellenden Geometrie (textbook on descriptive geometry) (1919), Allerhand aus der zeichnenden Geometrie (1930), and Wie findet und zeichnet man Gradnetze von Land- und Sternkarten? (1934). Georg Scheffers died August 12, 1945, in Berlin. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1866-11-21 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1945-8-12
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 31778680 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 720005110 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Mathematician (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Georg Wilhelm Scheffers (Holzminden, 21 de novembro de 1866 — Berlim, 12 de agosto de 1945) foi um matemático alemão. Trabalhou principalmente com geometria diferencial. (pt)
  • Georg Wilhelm Scheffers (* 21. November 1866 in Altendorf bei Holzminden; † 12. August 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Mathematiker, der sich vor allem mit Differentialgeometrie beschäftigte. Scheffers studierte ab 1884 an der Universität Leipzig bei Sophus Lie und Felix Klein. 1890 wurde er dort bei Lie promoviert („Bestimmung einer Classe von Berührungstransformationsgruppen des dreifach ausgedehnten Raumes“). Ab 1896 war er Dozent an der Technischen Hochschule zu Darmstadt, wo er 1900 Professor wurde. 1907 bis zu seiner Emeritierung 1935 war er Professor an der Technischen Universität Berlin-Charlottenburg. 1910 wurde er zum Mitglied der Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina gewählt. Von 1911 bis 1912 war er Rektor der Hochschule. (de)
  • Georg Scheffers was a German mathematician specializing in differential geometry. He was born on November 21, 1866 in the village of Altendorf near Holzminden (today incorporated into Holzminden). Scheffers began his university career at the University of Leipzig where he studied with Felix Klein and Sophus Lie. Scheffers was a coauthor with Lie for three of the earliest expressions of Lie theory: * Lectures on Differential equations with known Infinitesimal transformations (1893), * Lectures on Continuous groups (1893), and * Geometry of Contact Transformations (1896). (en)
rdfs:label
  • Georg Scheffers (de)
  • Georg Scheffers (pt)
  • Georg Scheffers (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Georg (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Georg Scheffers (en)
foaf:surname
  • Scheffers (en)
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of