Georg Gradnauer (16 November 1866 – 18 November 1946) was a German newspaper editor and politician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), and the first elected Minister-President of Saxony following the abolition of the Kingdom of Saxony. After resigning as Minister-President, Gradnauer was reelected to the Reichstag, serving from 1920 to 1924, and briefly (1921) holding a cabinet post as Minister of the Interior under Joseph Wirth. He also served as delegate of the Saxon state government to Berlin from 1921 to 1932.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Georg Gradnauer (* 16. November 1866 in Magdeburg; † 18. November 1946 in Berlin-Schlachtensee) war ein deutscher Politiker (SPD). (de)
  • Georg Gradnauer, né le 16 novembre 1866 à Magdebourg et mort le 18 novembre 1946 à Berlin, est un homme politique allemand. Né dans une famille de la petite bourgeoisie juive de Magdebourg, Gradnauer fait des études de littérature, d'histoire et de philosophie à l'université de Genève, l'université Humboldt de Berlin, l'université de Marbourg et l'université de Halle, où il soutient en 1889 une thèse consacrée aux idées de Mirabeau sur la réorganisation de la France. Il adhère en 1888 au parti social-démocrate (SPD). De 1891 à 1896, il est rédacteur en chef du Sächsischen Arbeiterzeitung, le journal du SPD en Saxe, publié à Dresde. De 1897 à 1905, à Berlin, il contribue à Vorwärts, l'organe principal du SPD. Il quitte ce journal en 1905, « en tant que représentant de la soi-disant « aile droite » » du parti et retourne diriger le Sächsischen Arbeiterzeitung, renommé entretemps Dresdner Volkszeitung, à la tête duquel il reste jusqu'en 1918. Dans cette période, il est à deux reprises député de Saxe au Reichstag. Après la révolution allemande de 1918-1919, Gradnauer est successivement ministre de la justice, ministre de l'intérieur et chef du gouvernement de Saxe, devenant le premier ministre-président de Saxe en mars 1919. Socialiste modéré, il s'appuie en mai 1919 sur l'armée et les corps francs pour mater à Leipzig l'opposition de socialistes de gauche inspirés par la révolte spartakiste de Berlin. L'opposition induite au sein du SPD conduit le gouvernement Gradnauer à la démission en avril 1920. Il est de nouveau député au Reichstag entre 1921 et 1924 et représente la Saxe à Berlin jusqu'en 1932. Il est arrêté et rapidement relâché par les nazis en 1933, déporté en 1944 au camp de concentration de Theresienstadt et libéré l'année suivante. (fr)
  • Georg Gradnauer (16 November 1866 – 18 November 1946) was a German newspaper editor and politician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), and the first elected Minister-President of Saxony following the abolition of the Kingdom of Saxony. Born in Magdeburg, Gradnauer earned a PhD in 1889, and became editor of the Sächsische Arbeiterzeitung (later Dresdner Volkszeitung), the SPD paper in Saxony, in 1891. A relative moderate within the Saxon SPD, he was replaced as editor by radicals Alexander Parvus and Julian Marchlewski in 1896. Gradnauer subsequently moved to the SPD's Berlin paper, Vorwärts, where he worked from 1897 with fellow reformists Friedrich Stampfer and Kurt Eisner, until 1905, when they were ousted in favor of editors from the SPD's left wing. Gradnauer then returned to head the Sächsische Arbeiterzeitung once more, meanwhile renamed Dresdner Volkszeitung, and remained in that role until the outbreak of the German Revolution in 1918. In parallel with this newspaper work, he served as an SPD delegate to the Reichstag, in two stints: 1898 to 1907, and 1912 to 1918. Following the German Revolution, Gradnauer initially served as Minister of Justice in the new republican government of Saxony in 1918, and soon succeeded Richard Lipinski as Minister of the Interior and chair of the provisional government. The SPD won a plurality of the votes in the first Saxon elections under the Weimar Republic, on February 2, 1919, and Gradnauer ended up forming a minority government, becoming Saxony's first constitutional Minister-President on March 14. His minority government was formed after an attempt to form a coalition with the Independent SPD (USPD) foundered over the USPD's demand for recognition of workers' councils, and Gradnauer's preferred alternative, a coalition with the German Democratic Party (DDP), was rejected by the majority of SPD delegates. Gradnauer served as Minister-President for a little over a year. In May 1919, he used the military and Freikorps to put down left-wing radicals in Leipzig, in a small-scale reprise of the actions taken by the SPD national government under Friedrich Ebert in putting down the Spartacist uprising some months prior. This furthered the rift with the USPD, but enabled an SPD–DDP coalition in October 1919, with Gradnauer continuing as Minister-President at the head of the now-majority government. Left-wing resentment within the SPD began to build in early 1920, however, and Gradnauer was forced to resign in April 1920, with opposition to his use of the military against the radical left being joined by discontent over his unwillingness to replace conservative elements of the bureaucracy with Social Democrats. He was succeeded as Minister-President by Wilhelm Buck. After resigning as Minister-President, Gradnauer was reelected to the Reichstag, serving from 1920 to 1924, and briefly (1921) holding a cabinet post as Minister of the Interior under Joseph Wirth. He also served as delegate of the Saxon state government to Berlin from 1921 to 1932. He was initially arrested by the Nazis in 1933, but released. Being of Jewish extraction, he was eventually sent to Theresienstadt concentration camp in 1944, but survived and was liberated in 1945. He died a year later in Berlin. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1866-11-16 (xsd:date)
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1946-11-18 (xsd:date)
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 27445440 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 726863697 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • German politician (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Georg Gradnauer (* 16. November 1866 in Magdeburg; † 18. November 1946 in Berlin-Schlachtensee) war ein deutscher Politiker (SPD). (de)
  • Georg Gradnauer, né le 16 novembre 1866 à Magdebourg et mort le 18 novembre 1946 à Berlin, est un homme politique allemand. Né dans une famille de la petite bourgeoisie juive de Magdebourg, Gradnauer fait des études de littérature, d'histoire et de philosophie à l'université de Genève, l'université Humboldt de Berlin, l'université de Marbourg et l'université de Halle, où il soutient en 1889 une thèse consacrée aux idées de Mirabeau sur la réorganisation de la France. Il adhère en 1888 au parti social-démocrate (SPD). De 1891 à 1896, il est rédacteur en chef du Sächsischen Arbeiterzeitung, le journal du SPD en Saxe, publié à Dresde. De 1897 à 1905, à Berlin, il contribue à Vorwärts, l'organe principal du SPD. Il quitte ce journal en 1905, « en tant que représentant de la soi-disant « aile d (fr)
  • Georg Gradnauer (16 November 1866 – 18 November 1946) was a German newspaper editor and politician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), and the first elected Minister-President of Saxony following the abolition of the Kingdom of Saxony. After resigning as Minister-President, Gradnauer was reelected to the Reichstag, serving from 1920 to 1924, and briefly (1921) holding a cabinet post as Minister of the Interior under Joseph Wirth. He also served as delegate of the Saxon state government to Berlin from 1921 to 1932. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Georg Gradnauer (de)
  • Georg Gradnauer (fr)
  • Georg Gradnauer (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Georg (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Georg Gradnauer (en)
foaf:surname
  • Gradnauer (en)
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:after of
is foaf:primaryTopic of