Gayle, or Gail, is an English and Afrikaans-based gay argot or cant slang used primarily by English and Afrikaans-speaking homosexual men in urban communities of South Africa, and is similar in some respects to Polari in the United Kingdom, from which some lexical items have been borrowed. The equivalent language used by homosexual South African men who speak Bantu languages is called IsiNgqumo, and is based on a Nguni lexicon.

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dbo:abstract
  • Gayle, or Gail, is an English and Afrikaans-based gay argot or cant slang used primarily by English and Afrikaans-speaking homosexual men in urban communities of South Africa, and is similar in some respects to Polari in the United Kingdom, from which some lexical items have been borrowed. The equivalent language used by homosexual South African men who speak Bantu languages is called IsiNgqumo, and is based on a Nguni lexicon. Gayle originally manifested as moffietaal (Afrikaans: literally, "homosexual language") in the drag culture of the Cape Coloured community in the 1950s. It permeated into white homosexual circles in the 1960s and became part of mainstream white gay culture through South African Airways "koffie-moffies" (Afrikaans: literally, "coffee gay men", a slang name for male flight attendants) in the 1970s. Besides a few core words borrowed from Polari (such as the word varda meaning "to see", itself a borrowing from Lingua Franca), most of Gayle's words are alliterative formations using women's names, such as Beulah for "beauty", Priscilla, meaning "police", and Hilda for "hideous". Men, especially other homosexual men, are often referred to by female pronouns in some circles, as is the custom among many homosexual countercultures throughout the world. Gayle arose for the same reason that most antilanguages develop in marginalised communities—to have a secret language in an oppressive society. However it also fulfilled other functions such as to "camp up" conversation, and provide entertainment in a subculture where verbal wit and repartee are highly valued. (en)
  • Gail, ou Gayle, é uma gíria derivada da Língua inglesa e da Língua africâner usada basicamente pelas comunidades urbanas de homens “gays” da África do sul, sendo similar em muitos aspectos ao "Polari" do Reino Unido, dos quais tomou muitas de suas palavras. A língua similar usada pelos “gays” sul africanos de origem Bantu é o "IsiNgqumo" e tem como base os léxicos Nguni;. Gail era denominada "moffietaal", em Africâner literal “Língua de Gays masculinos” no grupo Drag Queen de cultura e vestuário da cultura “Cape Coloured” dos anos 50. Infiltrou-se nos círculos homossexuais brancos nos anos e se tornou dominante na cultura “gay” através dos "koffie-moffies" (Africâner literal – “Café dos Gays”, gíria para comissárias de bordo) da South African Airways nos anos 70; Ao lado de umas poucas palavras típicas do grupo em questão vindas do "Polari" (como a palavra “varda” vinda do Romani, de significado “Ver”), a maioria das palavras “Gayle” são formações originada de nomes próprios femininos, tais como: Beulah para “beleza”, Priscilla para “polícia”, Hilda for "horrível (feio)”. Homens e em especial homens que sejam “gays” são designados por pronomes femininos, conforme na contra cultura “gay” no mundo todo. Gail surgiu pela mesma razão que outras “antilinguagens” desenvolvidas por grupos marginalizados: para ser como um língua secreta numa sociedade opressiva. Entretanto isso também veio ao encontro de atender outras funções, tais como para “conversas efeminadas” e para dar entretenimento a uma subcultura onde sutileza verbal e respostas rápidas são muito valorizadas. (pt)
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  • gic
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  • 1255957 (xsd:integer)
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  • 737668206 (xsd:integer)
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  • based on varying mixtures of English and Afrikaans, with similarity to Polari
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  • Indo-European
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  • gail1235
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  • Gail
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  • e18
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  • none
  • 20000.0
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Gayle, or Gail, is an English and Afrikaans-based gay argot or cant slang used primarily by English and Afrikaans-speaking homosexual men in urban communities of South Africa, and is similar in some respects to Polari in the United Kingdom, from which some lexical items have been borrowed. The equivalent language used by homosexual South African men who speak Bantu languages is called IsiNgqumo, and is based on a Nguni lexicon. (en)
  • Gail, ou Gayle, é uma gíria derivada da Língua inglesa e da Língua africâner usada basicamente pelas comunidades urbanas de homens “gays” da África do sul, sendo similar em muitos aspectos ao "Polari" do Reino Unido, dos quais tomou muitas de suas palavras. A língua similar usada pelos “gays” sul africanos de origem Bantu é o "IsiNgqumo" e tem como base os léxicos Nguni;. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Gayle language (en)
  • Língua gail (pt)
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  • Gayle (en)
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