Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈriːa donidˈdzetti]; 29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century.

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  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈriːa donidˈdzetti]; 29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century. Donizetti was born in Bergamo in Lombardy. Although he did not come from a musical background, at an early age he was taken under the wing of composer Simon Mayr who had enrolled him by means of a full scholarship in a school which he had set up. There he received detailed training in the arts of fugue and counterpoint. Mayr was also instrumental in obtaining a place for the young man at the Bologna Academy, where, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, which may not have ever been performed during his lifetime. Over the course of his career, Donizetti wrote almost 70 operas. An offer in 1822 from Domenico Barbaja, the impresario of the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, which followed the composer's ninth opera, led to his move to that city and his residency there which lasted until the production of Caterina Cornaro in January 1844. In all, Naples presented 51 of Donizetti's operas. Before 1830, success came primarily with his comic operas, the serious ones failing to attract significant audiences. However, his first notable success came with an opera seria, Zoraida di Granata, which was presented in 1822 in Rome. In 1830, when Anna Bolena was premiered, Donizetti made a major impact on the Italian and international opera scene and this shifted the balance of success away from primarily comedic operas, although even after that date, his best-known works included comedies such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Don Pasquale (1843). Significant historical dramas did appear and became successful; they included Lucia di Lammermoor (the first to have a libretto written by Salvadore Cammarano) given in Naples in 1835, and one of the most successful Neapolitan operas, Roberto Devereux in 1837. Up to that point, all of his operas had been set to Italian libretti. Donizetti found himself increasingly chafing against the censorial limitations which existed in Italy (and especially in Naples). From about 1836, he became interested in working in Paris, where he saw much greater freedom to choose subject matter, in addition to receiving larger fees and greater prestige. From 1838 onward, with an offer from the Paris Opéra for two new works, he spent a considerable period of the following ten years in that city, and set several operas to French texts as well as overseeing staging of his Italian works. The first opera was a French version of the then-unperformed Poliuto which, in April 1840, was revised to become Les martyrs. Two new operas were also given in Paris at that time. As the 1840s progressed, Donizetti moved regularly between Naples, Rome, Paris, and Vienna continuing to compose and stage his own operas as well as those of other composers. But from around 1843, severe illness began to take hold and to limit his activities. Eventually, by early 1846 he was obliged to be confined to an institution for the mentally ill and, by late 1847, friends had him moved back to Bergamo, where he died in April 1848. (en)
  • دومينيكو غايتانو ماريا دونيزيتي (Gaetano Donizetti) (بيرغامو، 29 نوفمبر 1797 - بيرغامو، 8 أبريل 1848) ملحن أوبرا إيطالي. أشهر أعماله مسرحية لوشيا دي لاميرمور أو عروس لاميرمور (1835). كان هو وفينشينسو بيليني وجواكينو روسيني من رواد الملحنين والمؤلفين لأوبرا البل كانتو. (ar)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (* 29. November 1797 in Borgo Canale, heute in Bergamo in Italien; † 8. April 1848 in Bergamo) war einer der wichtigsten Opernkomponisten des Belcanto. Einige seiner Opern wie L’elisir d’amore (Der Liebestrank), Lucia di Lammermoor, Anna Bolena, Don Pasquale und La fille du régiment (Die Regimentstochter) gehören zum Standardrepertoire der Opernhäuser weltweit. (de)
  • Gaetano Donizetti, cuyo nombre completo era Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, (Bérgamo, 29 de noviembre de 1797 - Bérgamo, 8 de abril de 1848) fue un compositor italiano de óperas muy prolífico, conocido por sus obras L'elisir d'amore, que contiene la famosa aria "Una furtiva lágrima"; Lucia di Lammermoor, inspirada en la novela de Walter Scott; y La favorita. Aunque su repertorio de compositor abarca un gran número de géneros, incluida la música religiosa, cuartetos de cuerda y obras orquestales, es sobre todo conocido por su obra lírica, componiendo hasta 75 óperas. (es)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti est un compositeur italien né à Bergame le 29 novembre 1797 et mort à Bergame le 8 avril 1848. Bien que son répertoire de compositeur très prolifique comprenne un grand nombre de genres, dont de la musique religieuse, des pièces pour quatuor à cordes et œuvres orchestrales, il est surtout célèbre pour ses opéras. Héritier de Rossini, rival de Bellini, précurseur de Verdi, Donizetti fait partie avec eux des principaux compositeurs italiens du XIXe siècle. Il marque la naissance de la musique romantique italienne illustrée par son opéra : Lucia di Lammermoor, chef-d'œuvre du belcanto dont le succès « ne s'est jamais démenti ». (fr)
  • Scrisse più di settanta opere, oltre a numerose composizioni di musica sacra e da camera.Le opere del Donizetti oggi più sovente rappresentate nei teatri di tutto il mondo sono L'elisir d'amore, la Lucia di Lammermoor e il Don Pasquale. Con frequenza sono allestite anche La fille du régiment, La Favorite, la Maria Stuarda, l'Anna Bolena, la Lucrezia Borgia e il Roberto Devereux. (it)
  • ガエターノ・ドニゼッティ(Gaetano Donizetti, 1797年11月29日 - 1848年4月8日)は、イタリアのベルガモに生れて同地で没したオペラの作曲家。ジョアキーノ・ロッシーニやヴィンチェンツォ・ベッリーニと共に19世紀前半のイタリアを代表するオペラ作曲家として人気を博した。 (ja)
  • Gaetano Domenico Maria Donizetti (Bergamo, 29 november 1797 – aldaar, 8 april 1848) was een Italiaans operacomponist. Verscheidene opera's van zijn hand houden tot op de dag van vandaag repertoire. (nl)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (ur 29 listopada 1797 w Bergamo, zm. 8 kwietnia 1848 tamże) – kompozytor włoski I poł. XIX w. (pl)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Bérgamo, 29 de novembro de 1797 — Bérgamo, 8 de abril de 1848) foi um compositor de óperas italiano, um dos mais fecundos do Romantismo. Nasceu numa família pobre sem tradições no mundo da música, mas em 1806, foi um dos primeiros alunos da escola caritativa de Bergamo. Donizetti iniciou os seus estudos musicais com Simon Mayr em Bérgamo e, em seguida com Mattei em Bolonha. Nas suas primeiras peças compõe apenas composições religiosas num estilo restrito. Em 1814 regressa a Bergamo ficando responsável pela música na Igreja de Santa Maria Maggiore. Em 1818 é representada a sua primeira ópera, Enrico di Borgogna, em Veneza. O seu primeiro grande sucesso foi com a ópera Esule di Roma, estreada em 1828 em Nápoles. Donizetti é muito conhecido pelas suas óperas, mas também compôs outros tipos de música, como quartetos de cordas, obras orquestrais etc. (pt)
  • Домени́ко Гаэта́но Мари́а Донице́тти (итал. Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti [donidˈdzetti]; 29 ноября 1797, Бергамо, Ломбардия — 8 апреля 1848, там же) — итальянский оперный композитор, автор 74 опер. Вершины творчества композитора — оперы «Любовный напиток», «Лючия ди Ламмермур», «Фаворитка» и «Дон Паскуале». (ru)
  • 多米尼科·葛塔諾·玛利亚·多尼采蒂(意大利语:Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti,1797年11月29日-1848年4月8日),又譯唐尼采蒂,是一位義大利著名的歌劇作曲家。他最著名的代表作,也是他的成名作是1835年首演的《拉美莫爾的露琪亞》。 多尼采蒂出生於貝加莫(Bergamo)一個並非音樂世家的窮苦家庭。但在1806年他成為西門·邁爾(Simon Mayr)在貝爾加莫的慈善學校的第一批學生中的一員。 多尼采蒂以他的歌劇著名,不過他也寫了不少其他格式的音樂,如教會禮樂,弦樂四重奏和一些管弦樂樂曲。 他的弟弟朱塞佩·多尼采蒂在1828年成為奧斯曼帝國的宮廷音樂總監,為蘇丹馬哈茂德二世服務。 多尼采蒂作品的聲樂風格,豐富了由罗西尼和贝利尼推至流行市場的美聲歌劇基礎。這三位作曲家的作品被視為19世紀初美聲歌剧的典範之作。 (zh)
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  • 1797-11-29 (xsd:date)
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1848-4-8
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  • Gaetano Donizetti
dbp:id
  • Donizetti, Gaetano
dct:description
  • Italian composer (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • دومينيكو غايتانو ماريا دونيزيتي (Gaetano Donizetti) (بيرغامو، 29 نوفمبر 1797 - بيرغامو، 8 أبريل 1848) ملحن أوبرا إيطالي. أشهر أعماله مسرحية لوشيا دي لاميرمور أو عروس لاميرمور (1835). كان هو وفينشينسو بيليني وجواكينو روسيني من رواد الملحنين والمؤلفين لأوبرا البل كانتو. (ar)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (* 29. November 1797 in Borgo Canale, heute in Bergamo in Italien; † 8. April 1848 in Bergamo) war einer der wichtigsten Opernkomponisten des Belcanto. Einige seiner Opern wie L’elisir d’amore (Der Liebestrank), Lucia di Lammermoor, Anna Bolena, Don Pasquale und La fille du régiment (Die Regimentstochter) gehören zum Standardrepertoire der Opernhäuser weltweit. (de)
  • Gaetano Donizetti, cuyo nombre completo era Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti, (Bérgamo, 29 de noviembre de 1797 - Bérgamo, 8 de abril de 1848) fue un compositor italiano de óperas muy prolífico, conocido por sus obras L'elisir d'amore, que contiene la famosa aria "Una furtiva lágrima"; Lucia di Lammermoor, inspirada en la novela de Walter Scott; y La favorita. Aunque su repertorio de compositor abarca un gran número de géneros, incluida la música religiosa, cuartetos de cuerda y obras orquestales, es sobre todo conocido por su obra lírica, componiendo hasta 75 óperas. (es)
  • Scrisse più di settanta opere, oltre a numerose composizioni di musica sacra e da camera.Le opere del Donizetti oggi più sovente rappresentate nei teatri di tutto il mondo sono L'elisir d'amore, la Lucia di Lammermoor e il Don Pasquale. Con frequenza sono allestite anche La fille du régiment, La Favorite, la Maria Stuarda, l'Anna Bolena, la Lucrezia Borgia e il Roberto Devereux. (it)
  • ガエターノ・ドニゼッティ(Gaetano Donizetti, 1797年11月29日 - 1848年4月8日)は、イタリアのベルガモに生れて同地で没したオペラの作曲家。ジョアキーノ・ロッシーニやヴィンチェンツォ・ベッリーニと共に19世紀前半のイタリアを代表するオペラ作曲家として人気を博した。 (ja)
  • Gaetano Domenico Maria Donizetti (Bergamo, 29 november 1797 – aldaar, 8 april 1848) was een Italiaans operacomponist. Verscheidene opera's van zijn hand houden tot op de dag van vandaag repertoire. (nl)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (ur 29 listopada 1797 w Bergamo, zm. 8 kwietnia 1848 tamże) – kompozytor włoski I poł. XIX w. (pl)
  • Домени́ко Гаэта́но Мари́а Донице́тти (итал. Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti [donidˈdzetti]; 29 ноября 1797, Бергамо, Ломбардия — 8 апреля 1848, там же) — итальянский оперный композитор, автор 74 опер. Вершины творчества композитора — оперы «Любовный напиток», «Лючия ди Ламмермур», «Фаворитка» и «Дон Паскуале». (ru)
  • 多米尼科·葛塔諾·玛利亚·多尼采蒂(意大利语:Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti,1797年11月29日-1848年4月8日),又譯唐尼采蒂,是一位義大利著名的歌劇作曲家。他最著名的代表作,也是他的成名作是1835年首演的《拉美莫爾的露琪亞》。 多尼采蒂出生於貝加莫(Bergamo)一個並非音樂世家的窮苦家庭。但在1806年他成為西門·邁爾(Simon Mayr)在貝爾加莫的慈善學校的第一批學生中的一員。 多尼采蒂以他的歌劇著名,不過他也寫了不少其他格式的音樂,如教會禮樂,弦樂四重奏和一些管弦樂樂曲。 他的弟弟朱塞佩·多尼采蒂在1828年成為奧斯曼帝國的宮廷音樂總監,為蘇丹馬哈茂德二世服務。 多尼采蒂作品的聲樂風格,豐富了由罗西尼和贝利尼推至流行市場的美聲歌劇基礎。這三位作曲家的作品被視為19世紀初美聲歌剧的典範之作。 (zh)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈriːa donidˈdzetti]; 29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century. (en)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti est un compositeur italien né à Bergame le 29 novembre 1797 et mort à Bergame le 8 avril 1848. Bien que son répertoire de compositeur très prolifique comprenne un grand nombre de genres, dont de la musique religieuse, des pièces pour quatuor à cordes et œuvres orchestrales, il est surtout célèbre pour ses opéras. (fr)
  • Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Bérgamo, 29 de novembro de 1797 — Bérgamo, 8 de abril de 1848) foi um compositor de óperas italiano, um dos mais fecundos do Romantismo. Nasceu numa família pobre sem tradições no mundo da música, mas em 1806, foi um dos primeiros alunos da escola caritativa de Bergamo. Donizetti iniciou os seus estudos musicais com Simon Mayr em Bérgamo e, em seguida com Mattei em Bolonha. Nas suas primeiras peças compõe apenas composições religiosas num estilo restrito. Em 1814 regressa a Bergamo ficando responsável pela música na Igreja de Santa Maria Maggiore. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Gaetano Donizetti (en)
  • غايتانو دونيزيتي (ar)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (de)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (es)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (fr)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (it)
  • ガエターノ・ドニゼッティ (ja)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (nl)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (pl)
  • Gaetano Donizetti (pt)
  • Доницетти, Гаэтано (ru)
  • 葛塔諾·多尼采蒂 (zh)
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