In software engineering, front end and back end distinguish between the separation of concerns between a presentation layer (the front end) and a data access layer (the back end).The front end is an interface between the user and the back end. The front and back ends may be distributed among one or more systems.In software architecture, there may be many layers between the hardware and end user. Each can be spoken of as having a front end and a back end. The front is an abstraction, simplifying the underlying component by providing a user-friendly interface.

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  • Front-end y back-end son términos que se refieren a la separación de intereses entre una capa de presentación y una capa de acceso a datos, respectivamente. Pueden traducirse al español el primero como interfaz, final frontal o frontal y el segundo como motor, dorsal finalo zaga, aunque es común dejar estos términos en inglés. (es)
  • In software engineering, front end and back end distinguish between the separation of concerns between a presentation layer (the front end) and a data access layer (the back end). The front end is an interface between the user and the back end. The front and back ends may be distributed among one or more systems. In software architecture, there may be many layers between the hardware and end user. Each can be spoken of as having a front end and a back end. The front is an abstraction, simplifying the underlying component by providing a user-friendly interface. In software design, for example, the model-view-controller architecture provides front and back ends for the database, the user and the data processing components. The separation of software systems into front and back ends simplifies development and separates maintenance. A rule of thumb is that the front (or "client") side is any component manipulated by the user. The server-side (or "back end") code resides on the server. The confusion arises when one must make front-end edits to server-side files. Most HTML designers, for instance, don't need to be on the server when they are developing the HTML. Conversely, the server-side engineers are, by definition, never on anything but a server. It takes both to make a functioning, interactive website. For major computer subsystems, a graphical file manager is a front end to the computer’s file system, and a shell interfaces with the operating system. The front end faces the user, and the back end launches the programs of the operating system in response. Using the command-line interface (CLI) requires the acquisition of special terminology and memorization of commands, so a graphical user interface (GUI) acts as a front end desktop environment instead. In the Unix environment, ncurses is a simpler, semi-graphical front end to the CLI. At the level of the Unix CLI itself, most byte stream-oriented (that is, using stdin/stdout/stderr as their interface) programs act as filters—standalone programs that can also serve as front ends and back ends to other programs. (They function by piping data between themselves, mostly for text processing; for example: $ grep word ~user/dir/infile | sort | tee ~user/dir/outfile) In network computing, front end can refer to any hardware that optimizes or protects network traffic. It is called application front-end hardware because it is placed on the network's outward-facing front end or boundary. Network traffic passes through the front-end hardware before entering the network. In content management systems, the terms front end and back end may refer to the end-user facing views of the CMS and the administrative views, respectively. In compilers, the front end translates a computer programming source code into an intermediate representation, and the back end works with the intermediate representation to produce code in a computer output language. The back end usually optimizes to produce code that runs faster. The front-end/back-end distinction can separate the parser section that deals with source code and the back end that generates code and optimizes. Some designs, such as GCC, offer choices between multiple front ends (parsing different source languages) or back ends (generating code for different target processors). In speech synthesis, the front end refers to the part of the synthesis system that converts the input text into a symbolic phonetic representation, and the back end converts the symbolic phonetic representation into actual sounds. In the context of WWW applications, a mediator is a service that functions simultaneously as a server on its front end and as a client on its back end. (en)
  • Die Begriffe Front-End und Back-End (von englisch für Vor- bzw. Über- und Unterbau, wörtlich vorderes und hinteres Ende) werden in der Informationstechnik an verschiedenen Stellen in Verbindung mit einer Schichteneinteilung verwendet. Dabei ist typischerweise das Front-End näher am Benutzer, das Back-End näher am System. In manchen Fällen ist diese Interpretation nicht anwendbar, es gilt aber prinzipiell, dass das Front-End näher an der Eingabe und das Back-End näher an der Verarbeitung ist. (de)
  • I termini front end e back end (anche scritti, con grafia meno corretta ma più comune, frontend o front-end e backend o back-end) denotano, rispettivamente, la parte visibile all'utente e con cui egli può interagire (user interface) e la parte che permette l'effettivo funzionamento di queste interazioni. Il front end, nella sua accezione più generale, è responsabile dell'acquisizione dei dati di ingresso e della loro elaborazione con modalità conformi a specifiche predefinite e invarianti, tali da renderli utilizzabili dal back end. Il collegamento del front end al back end è un caso particolare di interfaccia. (it)
  • Em ciência da computação, front-end e back-end são termos generalizados que se referem às etapas inicial e final de um processo. O front-end é responsável por coletar a entrada do usuário em várias formas e processá-la para adequá-la a uma especificação em que o back-end possa utilizar. O front-end é uma espécie de interface entre o usuário e o back-end. Ambos podem estar distribuídos entre um ou mais sistemas. (pt)
  • Front-end i back-end – początkowe oraz końcowe stadium procesu. Front-end jest odpowiedzialny za pobieranie danych od użytkownika oraz przekazanie ich do back-endu. Następnie back-end na podstawie tych danych wykonuje określone zadanie. Opcjonalnie front-end może pokazać użytkownikowi wyniki otrzymane od back-endu. Często stosowanym tłumaczeniem jest „fasada” i „wnętrze”. Obydwa terminy front-end i back-end nabierają więcej praktycznych znaczeń w dziedzinach takich jak te wymienione poniżej. (pl)
  • 前端(英语:front-end)和后端(英语:back-end)是描述进程开始和结束的通用词汇。前端作用于采集输入信息,后端进行处理。计算机程序的界面样式,视觉呈现属于前端。 (zh)
  • Front-end и back-end — термины в программной инженерии, которые различают согласно принципу разделения ответственности между представительским уровнем и уровнем доступа к данным соответственно. Front-end — интерфейс взаимодействия между пользователем и основной программно-аппаратной частью (back-end). Front-end и back-end могут быть распределены между одной или несколькими системами.В архитектуре программного обеспечения может быть много уровней между аппаратной частью и конечным пользователем, каждый из которых также может иметь front-end и back-end. Front end — это абстракция, которая предоставляет пользовательский интерфейс.Например, в проектировании программного обеспечения, Model-View-Controller архитектура обеспечивает front-end и back-end между базой данных, компонентами обработки данных и пользователями.Разделение между программными системами на front-end и back-end упрощает разработку. Front (или клиент) сторона — это любой компонент, управляемый пользователем, а back (сервер) сторона выполняется на сервере. Путаница возникает, когда кто-то должен применить front-end изменения к файлам на стороне сервера. Большинство HTML дизайнеров, к примеру, не должны знать особенностей работы сервера, во время вёрстки сайта и, наоборот, back-end программистам не требуется глубоких знаний Javascript, HTML и CSS. (ru)
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  • Front-end y back-end son términos que se refieren a la separación de intereses entre una capa de presentación y una capa de acceso a datos, respectivamente. Pueden traducirse al español el primero como interfaz, final frontal o frontal y el segundo como motor, dorsal finalo zaga, aunque es común dejar estos términos en inglés. (es)
  • Die Begriffe Front-End und Back-End (von englisch für Vor- bzw. Über- und Unterbau, wörtlich vorderes und hinteres Ende) werden in der Informationstechnik an verschiedenen Stellen in Verbindung mit einer Schichteneinteilung verwendet. Dabei ist typischerweise das Front-End näher am Benutzer, das Back-End näher am System. In manchen Fällen ist diese Interpretation nicht anwendbar, es gilt aber prinzipiell, dass das Front-End näher an der Eingabe und das Back-End näher an der Verarbeitung ist. (de)
  • Em ciência da computação, front-end e back-end são termos generalizados que se referem às etapas inicial e final de um processo. O front-end é responsável por coletar a entrada do usuário em várias formas e processá-la para adequá-la a uma especificação em que o back-end possa utilizar. O front-end é uma espécie de interface entre o usuário e o back-end. Ambos podem estar distribuídos entre um ou mais sistemas. (pt)
  • 前端(英语:front-end)和后端(英语:back-end)是描述进程开始和结束的通用词汇。前端作用于采集输入信息,后端进行处理。计算机程序的界面样式,视觉呈现属于前端。 (zh)
  • In software engineering, front end and back end distinguish between the separation of concerns between a presentation layer (the front end) and a data access layer (the back end).The front end is an interface between the user and the back end. The front and back ends may be distributed among one or more systems.In software architecture, there may be many layers between the hardware and end user. Each can be spoken of as having a front end and a back end. The front is an abstraction, simplifying the underlying component by providing a user-friendly interface. (en)
  • I termini front end e back end (anche scritti, con grafia meno corretta ma più comune, frontend o front-end e backend o back-end) denotano, rispettivamente, la parte visibile all'utente e con cui egli può interagire (user interface) e la parte che permette l'effettivo funzionamento di queste interazioni. (it)
  • Front-end i back-end – początkowe oraz końcowe stadium procesu. Front-end jest odpowiedzialny za pobieranie danych od użytkownika oraz przekazanie ich do back-endu. Następnie back-end na podstawie tych danych wykonuje określone zadanie. Opcjonalnie front-end może pokazać użytkownikowi wyniki otrzymane od back-endu. Często stosowanym tłumaczeniem jest „fasada” i „wnętrze”.Obydwa terminy front-end i back-end nabierają więcej praktycznych znaczeń w dziedzinach takich jak te wymienione poniżej. (pl)
  • Front-end и back-end — термины в программной инженерии, которые различают согласно принципу разделения ответственности между представительским уровнем и уровнем доступа к данным соответственно. Front-end — интерфейс взаимодействия между пользователем и основной программно-аппаратной частью (back-end). (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Front and back ends (en)
  • Front-End und Back-End (de)
  • Front-end y back-end (es)
  • Front-end e back-end (it)
  • Front-end i back-end (pl)
  • Front-end e back-end (pt)
  • 前端和后端 (zh)
  • Front end и Back end (ru)
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