Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (24 March 1819 – 14 March 1885) was a German pathologist born in Aurich. After earning his medical degree from the University of Göttingen in 1841, he returned to Aurich, where he spent several years working as an optician. In 1846 he returned to the University of Göttingen as an instructor, afterwards serving as a professor at the Universities of Kiel (1850) and Breslau (1852). In 1859 he succeeded Johann Lukas Schönlein as head physician at the Charité in Berlin. He remained at the Charité until his death in 1885. Some of his better known assistants and students included Paul Ehrlich (1854–1915), Adolf Weil (1848–1916), Paul Langerhans (1847–1888), Bernhard Naunyn (1839–1925), Heinrich Irenaeus Quincke (1842–1922), Friedrich Albin Hoffmann (1843-1924), Wilh

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  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (* 24. März 1819 in Aurich; † 14. März 1885 in Berlin, seit 1884 von Frerichs) war ein deutscher Internist und Augenarzt. Er gilt als Begründer der experimentellen Klinischen Medizin. (de)
  • Studiò all'Università di Gottinga, dove ricevette il dottorato nel 1841. Ancora studente, dimostrò di avere particolari interessi nell'investigazione chimica e, dopo una breve parentesi altrove come oftalmologo, si imbarcò a Gottinga nella ricerca scientifica. Fu abilitato come docente e ben presto fu conosciuto in tutto il mondo per le sue ricerche. Nel 1848 divenne Professore Straordinario. Nel 1850 accettò un invito a Kiel come direttore della clinica. È di questi anni la sua eccellente monografia sulla sindrome renale di Bright, basata però su osservazioni fatte a Gottinga. Sempre a Kiel pubblicò la sua famosa teoria sull'intossicazione uremica e introdusse il concetto di "esperimento" come una valida prova clinica. Nel 1851 diventa ordinario di patologia e terapia a Breslavia. Nel giro di sette anni la sua carriera e la sua importanza come ricercatore scientifico subisce un'impennata, grazie al suo intento di riformare la metodologia diagnostica. È di questi anni la scoperta della presenza nel sedimento urinario, in pazienti affetti da atrofia gialla del fegato, di leucina e tirosina, rilievo che porta il suo nome segno di Frerichs, sebbene questo termine non abbia avuto molta fortuna, sorpassato dalle stesse innovazioni diagnostiche freirichiane. Ricordiamo poi gli studi sui cambiamenti anatomici nel fegato cirrotico, sulla malaria perniciosa, le tesaurismosi di pigmenti, ecc. Infine occorre citare la Sindrome di Frerichs-Heyd-Flint, sviluppata da una disfunzione renale in pazienti con severo insulto epatico, in assenza di un'altra causa identificabile di patologia renale. Nel 1859 fu chiamato a Berlino per succedere a Johann Lukas Schönlein alla Charité. Nel 1862 ottenne il titolo nobiliare, e poté fregiarsi di apporre von al proprio nome, oltre a riceve numerosi altri più utili onori. Nel 1882 fondò la Deutsche Gesellschaft für Innere Medizin, la società tedesca di medicina interna. Morì per un colpo apoplettico nel 1885. (it)
  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (24 March 1819 – 14 March 1885) was a German pathologist born in Aurich. After earning his medical degree from the University of Göttingen in 1841, he returned to Aurich, where he spent several years working as an optician. In 1846 he returned to the University of Göttingen as an instructor, afterwards serving as a professor at the Universities of Kiel (1850) and Breslau (1852). In 1859 he succeeded Johann Lukas Schönlein as head physician at the Charité in Berlin. He remained at the Charité until his death in 1885. Some of his better known assistants and students included Paul Ehrlich (1854–1915), Adolf Weil (1848–1916), Paul Langerhans (1847–1888), Bernhard Naunyn (1839–1925), Heinrich Irenaeus Quincke (1842–1922), Friedrich Albin Hoffmann (1843-1924), Wilhelm Ebstein (1836–1912) and Hugo Rühle (1824–1888). Frerichs made many contributions to medical science, and is especially known for his research of kidney and liver diseases. He published the first German textbook of nephrology, and performed microscopic research of Bright's disease. He was the first to identify the three primary stages of Bright's disease and how the condition leads to fibrosis and atrophy. Frerichs gave the first clinical description of progressive familial hepatolenticular degeneration (now known as Wilson's disease), and also discovered the presence of leucine and tyrosine in urine involving yellow atrophy of the liver. He also described the anatomical changes that place in liver cirrhosis and malaria perniciosa. Frerichs performed pioneer research of multiple sclerosis, and described nystagmus as a symptom of the disease. He also provided an early clinical description of a link between multiple sclerosis and certain mental disorders. (en)
  • Фридрих Теодор фон Фрерихс (нем. Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs; 24 марта 1819, Аурих — 14 марта 1885, Берлин) — немецкий клиницист и патолог. Медицинское образование получил в Берлине и Гёттингене; с 1848 года профессор в Гёттингене, в 1850 году директор поликлиники в Киле, в 1851 году профессор по кафедре частной патологии и терапии в Бреславле и директор клиник. В 1859 году назначен преемником Шенлейна в Берлинском университете и директором клиники «Шарите». С 1879 года издавал вместе с Лейденом Zeitschrift für klinische Medizin. В берлинском особняке Фрерихса в настоящее время размещается Посольство Швейцарии. (ru)
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  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (* 24. März 1819 in Aurich; † 14. März 1885 in Berlin, seit 1884 von Frerichs) war ein deutscher Internist und Augenarzt. Er gilt als Begründer der experimentellen Klinischen Medizin. (de)
  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (24 March 1819 – 14 March 1885) was a German pathologist born in Aurich. After earning his medical degree from the University of Göttingen in 1841, he returned to Aurich, where he spent several years working as an optician. In 1846 he returned to the University of Göttingen as an instructor, afterwards serving as a professor at the Universities of Kiel (1850) and Breslau (1852). In 1859 he succeeded Johann Lukas Schönlein as head physician at the Charité in Berlin. He remained at the Charité until his death in 1885. Some of his better known assistants and students included Paul Ehrlich (1854–1915), Adolf Weil (1848–1916), Paul Langerhans (1847–1888), Bernhard Naunyn (1839–1925), Heinrich Irenaeus Quincke (1842–1922), Friedrich Albin Hoffmann (1843-1924), Wilh (en)
  • Studiò all'Università di Gottinga, dove ricevette il dottorato nel 1841. Ancora studente, dimostrò di avere particolari interessi nell'investigazione chimica e, dopo una breve parentesi altrove come oftalmologo, si imbarcò a Gottinga nella ricerca scientifica. Nel 1859 fu chiamato a Berlino per succedere a Johann Lukas Schönlein alla Charité. Nel 1862 ottenne il titolo nobiliare, e poté fregiarsi di apporre von al proprio nome, oltre a riceve numerosi altri più utili onori. (it)
  • Фридрих Теодор фон Фрерихс (нем. Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs; 24 марта 1819, Аурих — 14 марта 1885, Берлин) — немецкий клиницист и патолог. Медицинское образование получил в Берлине и Гёттингене; с 1848 года профессор в Гёттингене, в 1850 году директор поликлиники в Киле, в 1851 году профессор по кафедре частной патологии и терапии в Бреславле и директор клиник. В 1859 году назначен преемником Шенлейна в Берлинском университете и директором клиники «Шарите». С 1879 года издавал вместе с Лейденом Zeitschrift für klinische Medizin. (ru)
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  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (de)
  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (it)
  • Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs (en)
  • Фрерихс, Фридрих Теодор фон (ru)
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