The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts, lasting from 1792 until 1802, resulting from the French Revolution. Primarily fought between the French First Republic and several European monarchies, they are traditionally divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition (1792–1797) and the War of the Second Coalition (1798–1802). Initially confined to Europe, the wars gradually assumed a global dimension as the political ambitions of the Revolution expanded. After a decade of constant warfare and aggressive diplomacy, France had succeeded in seizing and conquering a wide array of territories, from the Italian Peninsula and the Low Countries in Europe to the Louisiana Territory in North America. French success in these conflicts ensured the spread of revol

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dbo:abstract
  • Les guerres de la Révolution française sont les conflits qui ont impliqué la France révolutionnaire contre d'autres pays européens, souvent coalisés, durant la période comprise entre 1792 (guerre contre le Saint-Empire et les royaumes de Bohême et de Hongrie) et le traité d'Amiens de 1802. Une distinction peut être faite entre la période dite de la Première Coalition (1792-1797) et la Deuxième Coalition (1798-1801), même si certains pays, et notamment le Royaume-Uni, étaient en guerre continue contre la France de 1793 à 1802. Caractérisées par une ferveur révolutionnaire et des innovations militaires, ces multiples campagnes sauvèrent le régime révolutionnaire français, pourtant confronté à une sérieuse opposition européenne. De surcroît, les victoires qui s'ensuivirent contribuèrent à étendre de façon significative l'emprise territoriale de la France. (fr)
  • Las Guerras revolucionarias francesas o Guerras de Coalición se sucedieron tras el inicio de hostilidades entre el gobierno revolucionario francés y Austria en 1792 y hasta la firma del Tratado de Amiens de 1802. Normalmente se dividen entre la Primera Coalición (1792–1797) y la Segunda Coalición (1798–1801), aunque Francia estuvo constantemente en guerra con Gran Bretaña desde 1793 hasta 1802. Estuvieron marcadas por el fervor revolucionario francés y por las innovaciones en el ámbito militar. Estos eventos representaron una serie de campañas caracterizadas por el enfrentamiento entre Francia y las diversas coaliciones que se le opusieron, expandiendo en cada caso la primera su territorio. Las hostilidades cesaron con el Tratado de Amiens (1802). Para los eventos militares posteriores véanse las Guerras Napoleónicas. Ambos conflictos constituyen la Gran Guerra Francesa. (es)
  • كانت حروب الثورة الفرنسية سلسلة من الصراعات الكبرى من عام 1792 حتى 1802. نشبت الثورة الفرنسية بين الحكومة وعدة دول أوروبية، وقد تميزت هذه الحملات بالحماس الثوري الفرنسي والابتكارات العسكرية، وشهدت "جيوش الثورة الفرنسية" أن قد هزمت عدد من التحالفات المعارضة، وتوسيع نطاق السيطرة الفرنسية إلى البلدان المنخفضة، وإيطاليا، وراينلاند (منطقة الراين بألمانيا). وكان هناك أعداد هائلة من الجنود تشارك في الحروب، ويرجع ذلك إلى تطبيق نظام التجنيد الشامل الحديث. وقد تم تقسيم حروب الثورة الفرنسية إلى :[ 1 ] التحالف الأول : (1792 م : 1797 م)[ 2 ] التحالف الثاني : (1798 م : 1801 م) أن فرنسا كانت بحالة حرب مستمرة مع بريطانيا ما بين أعوام (1793 م إلى عام 1802 م) ,ولكن هذه الحروب توقفت بسبب صلح إميان الذي تم بين بريطانيا وفرنسا عام 1802 م ,ولكن سرعان ما بدأت الحروب مرة أخرى ,(حروب النابليونية نسبة إلى نابليون بونابرت علي الرغــم من أن صلح إميان كان سيكون نهاية حروب الثورة الفرنسية ولكن علي العكس تماماً كانت هذه المعاهدة بداية صلح إميان. (ar)
  • The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts, lasting from 1792 until 1802, resulting from the French Revolution. Primarily fought between the French First Republic and several European monarchies, they are traditionally divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition (1792–1797) and the War of the Second Coalition (1798–1802). Initially confined to Europe, the wars gradually assumed a global dimension as the political ambitions of the Revolution expanded. After a decade of constant warfare and aggressive diplomacy, France had succeeded in seizing and conquering a wide array of territories, from the Italian Peninsula and the Low Countries in Europe to the Louisiana Territory in North America. French success in these conflicts ensured the spread of revolutionary principles over much of Europe and the Middle East. The wars also led to the rebirth of professional armies and the emergence of total war, which defined all future modern conflicts. The Revolutionary Wars began from increasing political pressure on King Louis XVI of France to prove his loyalty to the new direction France was taking. In the spring of 1792, France declared war on Prussia and Austria, which responded with a coordinated invasion of the country that was eventually turned back at the Battle of Valmy in September 1792. The victory rejuvenated the French nation and emboldened the National Convention to abolish the monarchy. A series of victories by the new French armies abruptly ended with defeat at Neerwinden in the spring of 1793. The remainder of the year witnessed additional defeats for the French, and these difficult times allowed the Jacobins to rise to power and impose the Reign of Terror as a method of attempting to unify the nation. In 1794, the situation improved dramatically for the French, as huge victories at Fleurus against the Austrians and at the Black Mountain against the Spanish signaled the start of a new stage in the wars. By 1795, the French had captured the Austrian Netherlands and knocked Spain and Prussia out of the war with the Peace of Basel. A hitherto unknown general called Napoleon Bonaparte began his first campaign in Italy in April 1796. In less than a year, French armies under Napoleon decimated the Habsburg forces and evicted them from the Italian peninsula, winning almost every battle and capturing 150,000 prisoners. With French forces marching towards Vienna, the Austrians sued for peace and agreed to the Treaty of Campo Formio, ending the First Coalition against the Republic. The War of the Second Coalition began with the French invasion of Egypt, headed by Napoleon, in 1798. The Allies took the opportunity presented by the French strategic effort in the Middle East to regain territories lost from the First Coalition. The war began well for the Allies in Europe, where they gradually pushed the French out of Italy and invaded Switzerland—racking up victories at Magnano, Cassano, and Novi along the way. However, their efforts largely unraveled with the French victory at Zurich in September 1799, which caused Russia to drop out of the war. Meanwhile, Napoleon's forces annihilated a series of Egyptian and Ottoman armies at the battles of the Pyramids, Mount Tabor, and Abukir. These victories and the conquest of Egypt further enhanced Napoleon's popularity back in France; he returned in the fall of 1799 to cheering throngs in the streets. However, the Royal Navy had managed to inflict a humiliating defeat on the French fleet at the Battle of the Nile in 1798, further strengthening British control of the Mediterranean. Napoleon's arrival from the Middle East led to the fall of the Directory in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, with Napoleon installing himself as Consul. Napoleon then reorganized the French army and launched a new assault against the Austrians in Italy during the spring of 1800. This latest effort culminated in a decisive French victory at the Battle of Marengo in June 1800, after which the Austrians withdrew from the peninsula once again. Another crushing French triumph at Hohenlinden in Bavaria forced the Austrians to seek peace for a second time, leading to the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801. With Austria and Russia out of the war, the United Kingdom found itself increasingly isolated and agreed to the Treaty of Amiens with Napoleon's government in 1802, concluding the Revolutionary Wars. The lingering tensions proved too difficult to contain, however, and the Napoleonic Wars began a few years later with the formation of the Third Coalition. (en)
  • Le guerre rivoluzionarie francesi furono combattute dal 1792 al 1802 dalla Francia rivoluzionaria contro gran parte delle potenze europee, ostili alla Rivoluzione e decise a frenare l'espansionismo ideologico e territoriale francese e restaurare l'Antico regime. Cronologicamente vengono anche suddivise in guerra della prima coalizione (1792 - 1797), che terminò con il trattato di Campoformio, e in guerra della seconda coalizione (1798 - 1802); in realtà la Francia fu costantemente in guerra con la Gran Bretagna dal 1793 fino al 1802. Caratterizzate dal fervore patriottico e ideologico e dalle innovazioni tattiche e strategiche delle armate rivoluzionarie francesi, poco addestrate ma estremamente motivate e aggressive e guidate da generali giovani ed energici, le guerre rivoluzionarie terminarono, nonostante molte difficoltà ed alcune pesanti sconfitte, con la vittoria della Francia che estese la sua influenza su parte dell'Europa centrale e meridionale, ponendo le premesse per le successive conquiste dell'Impero napoleonico, succeduto alla Repubblica rivoluzionaria. Le ostilità cessarono ufficialmente col Trattato di Amiens (1802). Gli eventi militari posteriori vengono storicamente indicati guerre napoleoniche. Entrambi i conflitti nella storiografia britannica sono anche denominati grande guerra francese. (it)
  • フランス革命戦争(フランスかくめいせんそう、仏: Guerres de la Révolution française, 英: French Revolutionary Wars)は、1792年4月20日から1802年3月25日までの、革命後のフランスと、反革命を標榜する対仏大同盟(イギリスおよびオーストリアを中心としたヨーロッパ列強)との一連の戦争である。当初は革命への外国の干渉戦争であったが、1794年前後を境に形勢は逆転し、フランスによる侵略戦争に変貌した。 (ja)
  • As guerras revolucionárias francesas foram uma série de grandes conflitos, entre 1792 e 1802, nos quais se enfrentaram, de um lado, a França Revolucionária e, de outro, amplas coligações formadas pelo Reino Unido, Prússia, Império Russo, Duas Sicílias, Espanha, Suécia, Países Baixos, Portugal, Reino de Sardenha e Reino de Nápoles, resultando numa vitória francesa decisiva, que garantiu a sobrevivência da República Francesa. De facto, os franceses massacraram as coligações dos países inimigos, numa grande demonstração de habilidade e genialidade militar; e, comandada pelo jovem e habilidoso general Napoleão Bonaparte, a França manteve-se sempre na ofensiva, empreendendo uma violenta reação à invasão aliada. As batalhas foram marcadas pelo fervor revolucionário francês e por inovações militares, as campanhas viram os exércitos revolucionários franceses derrotar coalizões inimigas e expandir o controle francês sobre os Países Baixos, a península Itálica e a Renânia. As guerras envolveram um grande número de soldados, em especial devido ao recurso à mobilização em massa. As guerras revolucionárias francesas costumam ser divididas entre a Primeira Coalizão (1792 –1797) e a Segunda Coalizão (1798 – 1801), embora a França também estivesse em guerra com o Reino Unido continuamente entre 1793 e 1802. As hostilidades cessaram com o tratado de Amiens (1802). Para os eventos militares posteriores, ver Guerras Napoleônicas. (pt)
  • Французские революционные войны — серия конфликтов с участием Франции, проходивших в Европе в период с 1792 года, когда французское революционное правительство объявило войну Австрии, по 1802 год, а именно до заключения Амьенского мира. (ru)
  • 法国大革命战争(法语:Guerres de la Révolution française;英语:French Revolutionary Wars)指的是1792年到1802年间新建立的法兰西共和国和反法同盟之间的一系列戰爭。法國大革命战争在军事史上有重大意义,是历史上的第一场“现代战争”。在民族主义激励下的法国公民组成的軍隊打败了歐洲各国的职业军人,显示了民族主義和徵兵制相结合的巨大威力。法國軍队开创了以普遍征兵制,就地补给制和多兵种合成编制为核心的现代军事体制,成为现代军事体制的先导。新兴的民族主义和军事制度,随着拿破仑战争传遍了欧洲,彻底改变了人类战争的形态,使得席卷全民的残酷的世界大战成为可能。 (zh)
dbo:combatant
  • *Austria
  • ----
  • Portugal
  • French royalists
  • Other Italian states
  • (1792–1795)
  • (1793–1795)
  • (1793–1800)
  • (1798–1800)
  • (1799)
  • (Fourth Anglo-Mysore War)
  • (Haitian Revolution)
  • (Quasi-War)
  • *20pxPolish Legions
  • *French satellites
  • *Spain(1796–1802)
  • *United Irishmen
  • 17pxNewfoundland(1796)
  • Counter-revolutionaries
  • Denmark–Norway(Action of 16 May 1797)
  • French Republic(from 1792)
  • Ireland(1793–1800)
  • Kingdom of France (1791-92)(until 1792)
  • Malta(1798–1800)
  • Order of Saint John(1798)
  • Saint-Dominguerebels (1791–1794)
  • Spain(1793–1795)
  • United Kingdom(1801–1802)
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1792-04-20 (xsd:date)
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • : French victory;Treaty of Lunéville,Treaty of Amiens
  • ;First Coalition
  • ;Second Coalition
  • : French victory;Peace of Basel,Treaty of Campo Formio
dbo:territory
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 233039 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 703148166 (xsd:integer)
dbp:combatant
  • 17 (xsd:integer)
  • Ireland (en)
  • Portugal (en)
  • Spain (en)
  • United Kingdom (en)
  • Counter-revolutionaries (en)
  • French royalists (en)
  • Order of Saint John (en)
  • Other Italian states (en)
  • * Austria (en)
  • French Republic * French satellites * United Irishmen * 20px Polish Legions * Spain ---- Denmark–Norway ---- (en)
  • Kingdom of France (1791-92) (en)
  • Malta ---- (en)
  • Saint-Domingue rebels ---- (en)
dbp:commander
  • 17 (xsd:integer)
  • 20 (xsd:integer)
  • Horatio Nelson (en)
  • André Masséna (en)
  • Archduke Charles (en)
  • Charles IV (en)
  • Duke of Brunswick (en)
  • Ferdinand IV (en)
  • Henry Addington (en)
  • Jacques MacDonald (en)
  • Jean-Baptiste Jourdan (en)
  • Mary I (en)
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (en)
  • Paul Barras (en)
  • Prince of Hohenlohe (en)
  • William Pitt (en)
  • Duke of York (en)
  • Francis II (en)
  • Louis XVI (en)
  • Victor Amadeus III (en)
  • Prince de Condé (en)
  • Ralph Abercromby (en)
  • Alexander Suvorov (en)
  • Count of Clerfayt (en)
  • Louis Desaix (en)
  • Michael von Melas (en)
  • Paul I (en)
  • Pierre Augereau (en)
  • Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (en)
  • Jacques Pierre Brissot (en)
  • ---- John Adams (en)
  • Lazare Hoche (en)
  • Baillet de Latour (en)
  • Charles O'Hara (en)
  • Charles Pichegru (en)
  • Charles-F. Dumouriez (en)
  • Comte de Custine (en)
  • Dagobert von Wurmser (en)
  • François Christophe Kellermann (en)
  • François Étienne Kellermann (en)
  • Frederick William II (en)
  • Jacques François Dugommier (en)
  • Jean Baptiste Kléber (en)
  • Jean V. M. Moreau (en)
  • Jezzar Pasha (en)
  • József Alvinczi (en)
  • Laurens Pieter van de Spiegel (en)
  • Maximilien Robespierre (en)
  • Murad Bey (en)
  • Olfert Fischer (en)
  • Pál Kray (en)
  • Selim III (en)
  • Samuel Hood (en)
  • Steen Bille ---- Tipu Sultan (en)
  • Thomas-Alexandre Dumas (en)
  • Wolfe Tone (en)
  • Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim ---- Toussaint L'Ouverture (en)
dbp:conflict
  • French Revolutionary Wars (en)
dbp:date
  • --04-20
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • ; First Coalition : French victory; Peace of Basel, Treaty of Campo Formio ; Second Coalition : French victory; Treaty of Lunéville, Treaty of Amiens (en)
dbp:territory
  • * Fall of the French monarchy and establishment of the First French Republic * France annexes Piedmont and all the lands west of the Rhine * Establishment of the pro-French Batavian, Helvetian, Italian, and Ligurian Republics * Establishment of the Kingdom of Etruria in Italy * Austria acquires Venetia and Dalmatia * Spain cedes Trinidad to Britain * Spain retrocedes Louisiana to France * Netherlands cedes Ceylon to Britain * Other territorial changes (en)
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • フランス革命戦争(フランスかくめいせんそう、仏: Guerres de la Révolution française, 英: French Revolutionary Wars)は、1792年4月20日から1802年3月25日までの、革命後のフランスと、反革命を標榜する対仏大同盟(イギリスおよびオーストリアを中心としたヨーロッパ列強)との一連の戦争である。当初は革命への外国の干渉戦争であったが、1794年前後を境に形勢は逆転し、フランスによる侵略戦争に変貌した。 (ja)
  • Французские революционные войны — серия конфликтов с участием Франции, проходивших в Европе в период с 1792 года, когда французское революционное правительство объявило войну Австрии, по 1802 год, а именно до заключения Амьенского мира. (ru)
  • 法国大革命战争(法语:Guerres de la Révolution française;英语:French Revolutionary Wars)指的是1792年到1802年间新建立的法兰西共和国和反法同盟之间的一系列戰爭。法國大革命战争在军事史上有重大意义,是历史上的第一场“现代战争”。在民族主义激励下的法国公民组成的軍隊打败了歐洲各国的职业军人,显示了民族主義和徵兵制相结合的巨大威力。法國軍队开创了以普遍征兵制,就地补给制和多兵种合成编制为核心的现代军事体制,成为现代军事体制的先导。新兴的民族主义和军事制度,随着拿破仑战争传遍了欧洲,彻底改变了人类战争的形态,使得席卷全民的残酷的世界大战成为可能。 (zh)
  • The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts, lasting from 1792 until 1802, resulting from the French Revolution. Primarily fought between the French First Republic and several European monarchies, they are traditionally divided in two periods: the War of the First Coalition (1792–1797) and the War of the Second Coalition (1798–1802). Initially confined to Europe, the wars gradually assumed a global dimension as the political ambitions of the Revolution expanded. After a decade of constant warfare and aggressive diplomacy, France had succeeded in seizing and conquering a wide array of territories, from the Italian Peninsula and the Low Countries in Europe to the Louisiana Territory in North America. French success in these conflicts ensured the spread of revol (en)
  • كانت حروب الثورة الفرنسية سلسلة من الصراعات الكبرى من عام 1792 حتى 1802. نشبت الثورة الفرنسية بين الحكومة وعدة دول أوروبية، وقد تميزت هذه الحملات بالحماس الثوري الفرنسي والابتكارات العسكرية، وشهدت "جيوش الثورة الفرنسية" أن قد هزمت عدد من التحالفات المعارضة، وتوسيع نطاق السيطرة الفرنسية إلى البلدان المنخفضة، وإيطاليا، وراينلاند (منطقة الراين بألمانيا). وكان هناك أعداد هائلة من الجنود تشارك في الحروب، ويرجع ذلك إلى تطبيق نظام التجنيد الشامل الحديث. (ar)
  • Las Guerras revolucionarias francesas o Guerras de Coalición se sucedieron tras el inicio de hostilidades entre el gobierno revolucionario francés y Austria en 1792 y hasta la firma del Tratado de Amiens de 1802. Normalmente se dividen entre la Primera Coalición (1792–1797) y la Segunda Coalición (1798–1801), aunque Francia estuvo constantemente en guerra con Gran Bretaña desde 1793 hasta 1802. Estuvieron marcadas por el fervor revolucionario francés y por las innovaciones en el ámbito militar. (es)
  • Les guerres de la Révolution française sont les conflits qui ont impliqué la France révolutionnaire contre d'autres pays européens, souvent coalisés, durant la période comprise entre 1792 (guerre contre le Saint-Empire et les royaumes de Bohême et de Hongrie) et le traité d'Amiens de 1802. Une distinction peut être faite entre la période dite de la Première Coalition (1792-1797) et la Deuxième Coalition (1798-1801), même si certains pays, et notamment le Royaume-Uni, étaient en guerre continue contre la France de 1793 à 1802. (fr)
  • Le guerre rivoluzionarie francesi furono combattute dal 1792 al 1802 dalla Francia rivoluzionaria contro gran parte delle potenze europee, ostili alla Rivoluzione e decise a frenare l'espansionismo ideologico e territoriale francese e restaurare l'Antico regime. Cronologicamente vengono anche suddivise in guerra della prima coalizione (1792 - 1797), che terminò con il trattato di Campoformio, e in guerra della seconda coalizione (1798 - 1802); in realtà la Francia fu costantemente in guerra con la Gran Bretagna dal 1793 fino al 1802. (it)
  • As guerras revolucionárias francesas foram uma série de grandes conflitos, entre 1792 e 1802, nos quais se enfrentaram, de um lado, a França Revolucionária e, de outro, amplas coligações formadas pelo Reino Unido, Prússia, Império Russo, Duas Sicílias, Espanha, Suécia, Países Baixos, Portugal, Reino de Sardenha e Reino de Nápoles, resultando numa vitória francesa decisiva, que garantiu a sobrevivência da República Francesa. De facto, os franceses massacraram as coligações dos países inimigos, numa grande demonstração de habilidade e genialidade militar; e, comandada pelo jovem e habilidoso general Napoleão Bonaparte, a França manteve-se sempre na ofensiva, empreendendo uma violenta reação à invasão aliada. As batalhas foram marcadas pelo fervor revolucionário francês e por inovações milita (pt)
rdfs:label
  • French Revolutionary Wars (en)
  • حروب الثورة الفرنسية (ar)
  • Guerras revolucionarias francesas (es)
  • Guerres de la Révolution française (fr)
  • Guerre rivoluzionarie francesi (it)
  • フランス革命戦争 (ja)
  • Французские революционные войны (ru)
  • Guerras revolucionárias francesas (pt)
  • 法国大革命战争 (zh)
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  • French Revolutionary Wars (en)
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