François-Philippe Charpentier (b. Blois, 1734; d. there 22 July 1817) was a French engraver and inventor. His father was a bookbinder, a poor man who reportedly made many sacrifices so that his son might attend the Jesuit college at Blois; but after young Charpentier had studied there a few years he was compelled to leave and work to support himself. He chose to pursue the art of engraving, and entered the atelier of a copperplate engraver in Paris. He made a number of inventions related to this field, the first being a purely mechanical process for engraving in aquatint (gravure au lavis) and in colour. After making many prints using the technique, he sold the secret. An engraver and patron of art, the Comte de Caylus, was one of the first to use the new machine.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • François Philippe Charpentier (1734-1817) fue un artista, grabador e inventor francés que se dedicó principalmente, a la odenación de colores de forma conceptual y operativamente útil para ser utilizado profesionalmente. (es)
  • François-Philippe Charpentier, (* 3. Oktober 1734 in Blois; † 22. Juli 1817 ebenda), war ein französischer Erfinder und Kupferstecher. François-Philippe Charpentier erlernte in Paris die Kupferstecherkunst und erfand die getuschte Manier im Kupferätzen, verkaufte aber sein Geheimnis dem bekannten Archäologen und Kunstsammler Anne-Claude-Philippe, Comte de Caylus. Seine Erfindung verschaffte ihm eine Wohnung im Louvre und den Titel eines königlichen Mechanikers. Als solcher machte er vielfache mechanische Entdeckungen und Versuche: Er schmolz mit dem Brennspiegel Metalle, verbesserte die Laternen der Leuchttürme und Kriegsschiffe, erfand Feuerspritzen, Maschinen zum Bohren von Kanonen, zum Gravieren von Zeichnungen für Spitzenfabriken, zum gleichzeitigen Schneiden mehrerer Platten auf einmal und zum Bohren von sechs Flintenrohren. Für letztere erhielt er das Direktorium des Atelier de perfectionnement. (de)
  • 45xCe modèle est-il pertinent ? Cliquez pour en voir d'autres.Cet article ne cite pas suffisamment ses sources (décembre 2015). Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (modifier l'article, comment ajouter mes sources ?). François-Philippe Charpentier, né à Blois le 3 octobre 1734, et mort dans la même ville le 22 juillet 1817, est un inventeur, graveur et mécanicien français. Il est le père de la sculptrice Julie Charpentier. (fr)
  • François-Philippe Charpentier (b. Blois, 1734; d. there 22 July 1817) was a French engraver and inventor. His father was a bookbinder, a poor man who reportedly made many sacrifices so that his son might attend the Jesuit college at Blois; but after young Charpentier had studied there a few years he was compelled to leave and work to support himself. He chose to pursue the art of engraving, and entered the atelier of a copperplate engraver in Paris. He made a number of inventions related to this field, the first being a purely mechanical process for engraving in aquatint (gravure au lavis) and in colour. After making many prints using the technique, he sold the secret. An engraver and patron of art, the Comte de Caylus, was one of the first to use the new machine. Louis XVI gave him the appointment of "Royal Mechanician" (Mécanicien du Roi), and provided a studio for him in the gardens of the Louvre, where he used a burning-mirror for melting metals without fire. He invented a fire-engine which was very widely adopted and, in 1771, a machine for drilling metals. Another invention for mechanical engraving was one which enabled lace-manufacturers to engrave in a few hours elaborate patterns and designs which formerly had required at least six months work of the burin. Charpentier's device for lighthouse-illumination so pleased Louis XVI that he offered the inventor a pension and a place as the head of the Department of Beacons, asking him to fix the price for his discovery. Charpentier reportedly refused the pension and suggested that the office be given to a younger man, saying that he would "prefer freedom in order to devote himself to the development of his ideas". He received a thousand crowns for his discovery. During the period of the French Directory he made an instrument for boring six gun-barrels at once, and a machine to saw six boards simultaneously. For these the government paid him 24,000 francs and named him director of the Atelier de prefectionnement, established at the Hôtel Montmorency. Charpentier received many offers from Russia and England for his labour-saving devices, but refused them all. He died as he had lived, in poverty. His chief extant works of his, all prints, are: Education of the Virgin, after François Boucher; Death of Archimedes, after Ciro Ferri; Shepherdess, after Nicolaes Berchem; Descent from the Cross, in colour, after Vanloo. (en)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1734-10-3
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:deathDate
  • 1817-7-22
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 15034175 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 713339224 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • French artist (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • François Philippe Charpentier (1734-1817) fue un artista, grabador e inventor francés que se dedicó principalmente, a la odenación de colores de forma conceptual y operativamente útil para ser utilizado profesionalmente. (es)
  • François-Philippe Charpentier, (* 3. Oktober 1734 in Blois; † 22. Juli 1817 ebenda), war ein französischer Erfinder und Kupferstecher. François-Philippe Charpentier erlernte in Paris die Kupferstecherkunst und erfand die getuschte Manier im Kupferätzen, verkaufte aber sein Geheimnis dem bekannten Archäologen und Kunstsammler Anne-Claude-Philippe, Comte de Caylus. (de)
  • 45xCe modèle est-il pertinent ? Cliquez pour en voir d'autres.Cet article ne cite pas suffisamment ses sources (décembre 2015). Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (modifier l'article, comment ajouter mes sources ?). Il est le père de la sculptrice Julie Charpentier. (fr)
  • François-Philippe Charpentier (b. Blois, 1734; d. there 22 July 1817) was a French engraver and inventor. His father was a bookbinder, a poor man who reportedly made many sacrifices so that his son might attend the Jesuit college at Blois; but after young Charpentier had studied there a few years he was compelled to leave and work to support himself. He chose to pursue the art of engraving, and entered the atelier of a copperplate engraver in Paris. He made a number of inventions related to this field, the first being a purely mechanical process for engraving in aquatint (gravure au lavis) and in colour. After making many prints using the technique, he sold the secret. An engraver and patron of art, the Comte de Caylus, was one of the first to use the new machine. (en)
rdfs:label
  • François-Philippe Charpentier (de)
  • François Philippe Charpentier (es)
  • François-Philippe Charpentier (fr)
  • François-Philippe Charpentier (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • François (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • François-Philippe Charpentier (en)
foaf:surname
  • Charpentier (en)
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is owl:sameAs of
is foaf:primaryTopic of