Fife and drum blues is an American folk music form derived from country blues, martial music tradition, and African rhythms. It is performed typically with one lead fife player and a troop of drummers. Unlike a drum corps, the drum troop is loosely structured. As such, a fife and drum band may have a variable number of snare, tom, and bass drum players. A large military-style bass drum is preferred. Fife and drum performances are often family affairs held at reunions, summer community picnics, and on holidays.

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  • Fife and drum blues is an American folk music form derived from country blues, martial music tradition, and African rhythms. It is performed typically with one lead fife player and a troop of drummers. Unlike a drum corps, the drum troop is loosely structured. As such, a fife and drum band may have a variable number of snare, tom, and bass drum players. A large military-style bass drum is preferred. Fife and drum performances are often family affairs held at reunions, summer community picnics, and on holidays. Pre-American Civil War military fife and drum bands provided a rough framework which black musicians would fill with African and African-American influences to create a new music. Black fife and drum music persists in a stretch of Southern states stretching from northwest Georgia to an area south of Memphis, namely North Mississippi. The music is infused with Euro-American military drum tradition and distinctly African polyrhythms, talking drum influence, and call and response patterns. Performers play blues, marches, minstrel show pieces, popular music, instrumentals, and spirituals such as "When the Saints Go Marching In", "When I Lay My Burden Down", "My Babe" and "Sitting on Top of the World". A "march" becomes more of a swaying dance, sometimes led by a dancer, and singing comes in sporadic shouts, whoops, and moans from the different players. While spirituals are sometimes played, gatherings of drum and fife music are not religious in nature and not held on Sundays or in church. Alan Lomax first recorded black fife and drum music in 1942. He found a group, including Sid Hemphill, near Sledge, Mississippi consisting of a cane fife, two snare drums, and a bass drum. These same musicians constituted themselves as a string band, using violin, banjo, guitar, and bass drum, and also incorporated quills. Notable performers include Napoleon Strickland, Othar Turner, Turner's granddaughter Shardé Thomas and Jessie Mae Hemphill. (en)
  • Fife and Drum Blues ist ein amerikanischer Musikstil, der als eine der Wurzeln des Blues gilt; seine Ursprünge dürften weit in die amerikanische Geschichte zurückreichen. Die Fife-and-Drum-Musik mischt Elemente militärischer Marschmusik mit afrikanischen Rhythmen. Instrumente sind die Fife, eine aus Schilfrohr gefertigte einfache Querflöte, und verschiedene Trommeln, wobei Zahl und Zusammensetzung variieren. Typischerweise wird ein einzelner Fifespieler von einer mehrköpfigen Trommlergruppe begleitet, und die Gruppe zieht beim Spielen tanzend umher. Fife-and-Drum-Bands treten meist bei lokalen Festen, sogenannten Picnics, auf. Alan Lomax nahm 1942 erstmals Fife-and-Drum-Musik auf. Die Gruppe um Sid Hemphill spielte eine Fife, zwei kleine Trommeln (Snare Drums) und eine Grosse Trommel (Basstrommel). Die gleiche Gruppe trat auch als Stringband mit Geige, Banjo, Gitarre und Basstrommel auf. Bekannte Vertreter des Fife and Drum Blues sind unter anderem Napoleon Strickland, Othar Turner, Turners Enkelin Shardé Thomas und Jessie Mae Hemphill. (de)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Fife and drum blues is an American folk music form derived from country blues, martial music tradition, and African rhythms. It is performed typically with one lead fife player and a troop of drummers. Unlike a drum corps, the drum troop is loosely structured. As such, a fife and drum band may have a variable number of snare, tom, and bass drum players. A large military-style bass drum is preferred. Fife and drum performances are often family affairs held at reunions, summer community picnics, and on holidays. (en)
  • Fife and Drum Blues ist ein amerikanischer Musikstil, der als eine der Wurzeln des Blues gilt; seine Ursprünge dürften weit in die amerikanische Geschichte zurückreichen. Die Fife-and-Drum-Musik mischt Elemente militärischer Marschmusik mit afrikanischen Rhythmen. Instrumente sind die Fife, eine aus Schilfrohr gefertigte einfache Querflöte, und verschiedene Trommeln, wobei Zahl und Zusammensetzung variieren. Typischerweise wird ein einzelner Fifespieler von einer mehrköpfigen Trommlergruppe begleitet, und die Gruppe zieht beim Spielen tanzend umher. Fife-and-Drum-Bands treten meist bei lokalen Festen, sogenannten Picnics, auf. (de)
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  • Fife and drum blues (en)
  • Fife and Drum Blues (de)
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