Field marshal is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army, and when it is, few (if any) persons are appointed to it. Considered as a five-star rank (OF-10) in modern-day armed forces in many countries.The origin of the term dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses (from Old German Marh-scalc = "horse-servant"), from the time of the early Frankish kings.

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  • Field marshal est un grade militaire utilisé dans différents pays anglophones. Traditionnellement, il s'agit du plus haut grade de l'armée et n'est attribué qu'en temps de guerre. (fr)
  • Field marshal is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army, and when it is, few (if any) persons are appointed to it. Considered as a five-star rank (OF-10) in modern-day armed forces in many countries. The origin of the term dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses (from Old German Marh-scalc = "horse-servant"), from the time of the early Frankish kings. Promotion to the rank of field marshal in many countries historically required extraordinary military achievement by a general (a wartime victory). However, the rank has also been used as a divisional command rank and also as a brigade command rank. Examples of the different uses of the rank include Austria-Hungary, Prussia and Germany for an extraordinary achievement; Spain and Mexico for a divisional command (Spanish: mariscal de campo); and France, Portugal and Brazil for a brigade command (French: maréchal de camp, Portuguese: marechal de campo). The traditional attribute distinguishing a field marshal is a baton. The baton nowadays is purely ornamental, and as such may be richly decorated. That said, it is not necessary for the insignia to be a baton. (Such is the case in Russia post-1991 and the former Soviet Union, which use a jewelled star referred to as a marshal's star.) The exact wording of the titles used by field marshals varies: examples include "marshal" and "field marshal general". The air force equivalent in Commonwealth and many Middle Eastern air forces is marshal of the air force (not to be confused with air marshal). Navies, which usually do not use the nomenclature employed by armies or air forces, use titles such as "fleet admiral," "grand admiral" or "admiral of the fleet" for the equivalent rank. Note that 'field marshal' or 'marshal' is never written as 'marshall' with two ls. (en)
  • Il maresciallo di campo (a volte feldmaresciallo, da non confondere con il feldmaresciallo generale) è un grado militare della categoria degli ufficiali generali dell'esercito. Le sue origini risalgono all'alto medioevo, quando, all'epoca dei primi re franchi, il termine maresciallo indicava il custode dei cavalli del sovrano. La denominazione ha valore diverso nelle tradizioni militari delle varie nazioni. Storicamente il maresciallo di campo è stato in alcuni paesi (Spagna, Messico) l'ufficiale di comando della divisione, in altri (Francia, Portogallo, Brasile) della brigata. Laddove oggi il grado è ancora usato (ad esempio nel Regno Unito), esso è il più alto rango militare e si situa al di sopra del generale o del colonnello generale. Alcune nazioni usano però il grado di maresciallo, mentre altre hanno avuto il feldmaresciallo generale. In aviazione esistono i ranghi di maresciallo delle forze aeree (Marshal of the Air Force) e di maresciallo dell'aria; gli equivalenti nella marina sono invece i gradi di ammiraglio di flotta (Admiral of the Fleet) e grande ammiraglio. Al momento della promozione ai feldmarescialli veniva tradizionalmente assegnato, in segno del loro rango, un bastone decorativo spesso adornato di gioielli e intarsiato di metalli preziosi. (it)
  • Фельдма́ршал (от нем. Feldmarschal(k)) — чин, высшее воинское звание, существовавшее в армиях Священной Римской империи (позже — Австрийской империи) и германских государств, затем многих других государств.Соответствует званию маршала в некоторых других странах. (ru)
  • 陸軍元帥是一个军官等级,是在英國、德國及一些國家軍隊中最高軍階的委任軍官,相當於美國陸軍的將軍位階。在現今的法國與十七世紀早期之前的英國,此軍階則為第二位,在將軍之下。 (zh)
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  • Field marshal est un grade militaire utilisé dans différents pays anglophones. Traditionnellement, il s'agit du plus haut grade de l'armée et n'est attribué qu'en temps de guerre. (fr)
  • Фельдма́ршал (от нем. Feldmarschal(k)) — чин, высшее воинское звание, существовавшее в армиях Священной Римской империи (позже — Австрийской империи) и германских государств, затем многих других государств.Соответствует званию маршала в некоторых других странах. (ru)
  • 陸軍元帥是一个军官等级,是在英國、德國及一些國家軍隊中最高軍階的委任軍官,相當於美國陸軍的將軍位階。在現今的法國與十七世紀早期之前的英國,此軍階則為第二位,在將軍之下。 (zh)
  • Field marshal is a very senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks. Usually it is the highest rank in an army, and when it is, few (if any) persons are appointed to it. Considered as a five-star rank (OF-10) in modern-day armed forces in many countries.The origin of the term dates to the early Middle Ages, originally meaning the keeper of the king's horses (from Old German Marh-scalc = "horse-servant"), from the time of the early Frankish kings. (en)
  • Il maresciallo di campo (a volte feldmaresciallo, da non confondere con il feldmaresciallo generale) è un grado militare della categoria degli ufficiali generali dell'esercito. Le sue origini risalgono all'alto medioevo, quando, all'epoca dei primi re franchi, il termine maresciallo indicava il custode dei cavalli del sovrano.Al momento della promozione ai feldmarescialli veniva tradizionalmente assegnato, in segno del loro rango, un bastone decorativo spesso adornato di gioielli e intarsiato di metalli preziosi. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Field marshal (en)
  • Field marshal (fr)
  • Maresciallo di campo (it)
  • Фельдмаршал (ru)
  • 陸軍元帥 (zh)
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