(This name uses Philippine naming customs. The matronymic is Edralin and the family name is Marcos.) Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled as dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981. While his regime started an unprecedented number of infrastructure projects and monuments (known colloquially as an "edifice complex'" and at great taxpayer cost), it also became infamous for its corruption, extravagance and brutality.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • (This name uses Philippine naming customs. The matronymic is Edralin and the family name is Marcos.) Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled as dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981. While his regime started an unprecedented number of infrastructure projects and monuments (known colloquially as an "edifice complex'" and at great taxpayer cost), it also became infamous for its corruption, extravagance and brutality. Prior to Marcos's presidency, he served as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives from 1949 to 1959 and of the Philippine Senate from 1959 to 1965, where he was also Senate President from 1963 to 1965. While Marcos fought alongside with the Americans during the Japanese Invasion and participated in the Bataan Death March, he would later claim during his election campaigns that he has been "the most decorated war hero in the Philippines", a claim which was later proven to be false. United States Army documents that were uncovered called the claim "fraudulent" and "absurd". He was elected President in 1965. The Philippine national debt grew from $2 billion at the beginning of his term to $26 billion by the end of 1985—while used to fund development projects, of which the Marcos family had plundered $5–10 billion USD, according to source documents provided by the Presidential Commission on Good Government, which by itself was affected by corruption scandals after it was alleged that officials wanted a cut of Marcos' assets and were "milking" sequestered assets. Meanwhile, based on World Bank data, Philippine Annual Gross Domestic Product grew from $5.27 billion in 1964 to $37.14 billion in 1982, a year prior to the assassination of Ninoy Aquino. Indeed, between 1972 and 1979, the Philippines enjoyed its best economic development since 1945. Political instability in the wake of the Aquino assassination, debt-driven growth and protectionist economic policies subsequently fueled a disastrous economic recession in 1984 and 1985. By the end of 1985, GDP stood at $30.7 following two years of economic contraction and poverty grew from 41% at the time Marcos took the Presidency in the 60s to around 59% in 1986 when he was removed from power. Citing more than 15 bombing incidences and an intensifying armed communist insurgency, Marcos placed the Philippines under martial law on September 23, 1972, during which he revamped the constitution, silenced the media, and used violence and oppression against political opposition. Martial law was ratified by 90.77% of the voters during the Philippine Martial Law referendum, 1973 though the referendum was marred with controversy. The Washington Post revealed in 1989 that the Communists plotted the 1971 Plaza Miranda bombing to provoke Marcos into cracking down his opponents, allowing them to increase recruits which were needed to make use of weapons and financial aid coming from China. A 1976 Amnesty International report had listed 88 government torturers. The same report mentioned "President Ferdinand E. Marcos, Secretary of National Defense Juan Ponce Enrile, Solicitor General Estelito P. Mendoza, Major General Fidel V. Ramos (Commanding General of The Philippine Constabulary), Brigadier General Guillermo Santos, Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and other senior officials" with responsibility for the administration of prisoners arrested under martial law. Public outrage led to the snap elections of 1986 and to the People Power Revolution in February 1986, which removed him from power. To avoid what could have been a military confrontation in Manila between pro- and anti-Marcos troops, Marcos was advised by President Ronald Reagan through Sen. Paul Laxalt to "cut and cut cleanly", after which Marcos fled to Hawaii. Marcos was succeeded by Corazon (Cory) Aquino, widow of the assassinated opposition leader Senator Benigno (Ninoy) Aquino, Jr. who had flown back to the Philippines to face the dictator. The Marcos family enjoyed a decadent lifestyle—taking away billions of dollars from the country in the course of their US-backed rule between 1965 and 1986. His wife Imelda Marcos, whose excesses during the couple's kleptocracy made her infamous in her own right, spawned the term "Imeldific". In 2008, Philippines trial court judge Silvino Pampilo, acquitted Imelda Marcos, then widow of Ferdinand Marcos, of 32 counts of illegal money transfer after having previously been convicted of graft in 1993. In 2010, she was ordered to repay the Philippine government almost $280,000 for funds taken by Ferdinand Marcos in 1983. In 2012, a US Court of Appeals of the Ninth Circuit upheld a contempt judgement against Imelda and her son Bongbong Marcos for violating an injunction barring them from dissipating their assets, and awarded $353.6 million to human rights victims. Despite still facing numerous ongoing criminal graft charges, as of March 2016, she was still active in Philippine politics along with two of her four children, Imee Marcos and Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr. As of October 2015, Imelda Marcos still faces 10 criminal charges of graft, down from 900 cases in the 1990's, as most of the cases were dismissed for lack of evidence. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) فرديناند ماركوس (11 سبتمبر 1917 - 28 سبتمبر 1989). هو الرئيس العاشر لجمهورية الفلبين. تولى رئاسة الفلبين من 30 ديسمبر 1965 إلى 25 فبراير 1986 عندما فر هو وعائلته بعد إضرابات شهدتها الفلبين ضد حكمه وذلك بناء على نصيحة أمريكية. غادر مع عائلته إلى غوام أولا ثم ذهب إلى هاواي. مات بعد ذلك بثلاث سنوات. لم يتم دفنه حتى الآن، لأن زوجته تصر على دفنه في مقبرة الأبطال القوميين التي يرقد فيها كل رؤساء الفلبين السابقين، إلا أن طلبها يرفض حتى الآن لأن ماركوس كان دكتاتورا وحكم الشعب بالحديد والنار.زعيمة المعارضة كورازون أكينو تولت الحكم بعده بدعم من الجيش. مشاريع شقيقة في كومنز صور وملفات عن: فرديناند ماركوس * 32xبوابة أعلام * 32xبوابة السياسة * 32xبوابة القانون * 32xبوابة سويسرا * 32xبوابة الولايات المتحدة * 32xبوابة الفلبين * 32xبوابة الحرب الباردة * 32xبوابة علاقات دولية25بك هذه بذرة مقالة عن شخصية سياسية بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (* 11. September 1917 in Sarrat, Provinz Ilocos Norte; † 28. September 1989 in Honolulu, Hawaii) war vom 30. Dezember 1965 bis zum 25. Februar 1986 der zehnte Präsident der Philippinen und regierte ab 1972 das Land diktatorisch. 1986 musste Marcos nach einem Volksaufstand – auch bekannt als EDSA-Revolution – das Land verlassen und floh in die USA. (de)
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (Sarrat, 11 de septiembre de 1917 - Honolulu, 28 de septiembre de 1989) fue un prominente abogado y político filipino que ejerció como dictador de Filipinas desde 1965 a 1986, gobernando mediante una auténtica autocracia el país, y centralizando el poder a nivel nacional con la ayuda de su esposa, la primera dama de Filipinas, Imelda Marcos. Proveniente de una reconocida e influyente familia filipina, Ferdinand Marcos participó en el ejército filipino durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, desempeño que le ganó un reconocimiento notorio, que usó para encumbrarse en una brillante carrera política. Desempeñó en tres períodos consecutivos como miembro de la Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas, desde 1949 a 1959, tras lo cual pasó a ejercer como Senador de Filipinas y llegó a ser presidente del Senado de Filipinas desde 1962 a 1965, tras lo cual fue elegido para la Presidencia de Filipinas en 1965 y de nuevo en 1969. Es entonces, con la consiguiente proclamación de una ley marcial, se mantuvo en el poder durante los nueve años que estuvo en vigencia. Posteriormente pasó a ejercer el cargo de primer ministro de Filipinas, desde 1978 hasta 1981, año en que volvió a conseguir ser reelegido para la presidencia, cargo en el que permaneció durante 21 años. Fue finalmente depuesto por la Revolución de EDSA en 1986, tras lo cual partió al exilio junto con su esposa en Hawái. (es)
  • Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (11 septembre 1917 – 28 septembre 1989) fut le 10e président de la République des Philippines. Il a dirigé le pays du 30 décembre 1965 au 25 février 1986. (fr)
  • Nativo della città di Sarrat, nell'estremo nord del Paese, Marcos visse un'avventurosa giovinezza e studiò giurisprudenza all'Università delle Filippine. Affermò di aver partecipato alle attività anti-nipponiche tra il 1942 e il 1945 durante la Seconda guerra mondiale e di aver svolto un ruolo fondamentale nel movimento di resistenza filippina. Le sue 33 medaglie ottenute lo resero il soldato più decorato della storia filippina. Sulla base di queste esperienze che contribuirono ai incrementare la sua popolarità, iniziò la carriera politica: nel 1946 divenne assistente del primo Presidente della Repubblica indipendente delle Filippine, Manuel Roxas; fu quindi membro della Camera dei Rappresentanti, il Parlamento filippino, dal 1949 al 1959 e successivamente entrò a far parte del Senato. Come Senatore propose un elevato numero di leggi e divenne uno delle figure di spicco del Partito Liberale. Vinse le elezioni presidenziali del 1965, 1969 e 1981, rimanendo in carica ininterrottamente dal dicembre 1965 al febbraio 1986. È stato il primo dei due unici presidenti filippini a rassegnare le dimissioni dalla massima carica dello Stato insieme a Joseph Estrada, nonché l'unico ad essere eletto per tre mandati. Marcos avviò un ambizioso progetto di opere pubbliche e di intensificazione nella riscossione delle imposte che condusse il Paese verso un periodo di prosperità economica per tutti gli anni settanta. Dopo la sua prima rielezione, gli oppositori di Marcos bloccarono i suoi ambiziosi piani e la prosperità politica venne scossa con la graduale comparsa di una guerriglia comunista e un'altra musulmana; per fronteggiare all'aumento della criminalità e della disobbedienza civile e con la minaccia di un'insurrezione comunista guidata dai gruppi NPA e CPP, Marcos dichiarò la legge marziale il 21 settembre 1972 in virtù della Proclamazione n. 1081. Affermò che la legge marziale era il preludio per la creazione di un Bagong Lipunan (in italiano "Nuova Società") basata su nuovi valori sociali e politici. Mosso da una fede fortemente anti-comunista, il Presidente decretò la riduzione della libertà di stampa e di altre libertà civili, chiuse il Congresso e aziende nel campo dei media, ordinò l'arresto dei leader dell'opposizione e gli attivisti militanti accusati di istigazione alla violenza, tra cui i senatori a lui più critici come Benigno Aquino Jr., Jovito Salonga e Jose Diokno. La proclamazione della legge marziale venne ben accolta inizialmente. Il tasso di criminalità diminuì profondamente dopo aver attuato il coprifuoco. Molti oppositori politici furono costretti all'esilio. La legge marziale venne revocata ufficialmente il 17 gennaio 1981 e sei mesi dopo Marcos venne rieletto per un terzo mandato della durata di 6 anni. In seguito alla delicata situazione venutasi a creare dopo l'assassinio di Benigno Aquino nel 1983 e all'aumento dell'insoddisfazione popolare, iniziò il declino del governo Marcos, con la pressione da parte degli Stati Uniti (i quali da sempre avevano supportato il suo regime) che culminò con le elezioni anticipate nel febbraio 1986, dove il Presidente venne nuovamente dichiarato vincitore. La vedova di Benigno Aquino, Corazón Aquino, e i suoi sostenitori denunciarono i risultati ufficiali e diedero inizio a una pacifica sollevazione civile e militare. La rivoluzione del Rosario e le massicce e oramai incontrollabili proteste costrinsero Marcos ad abbandonare la presidenza il 25 febbraio 1986 e a partire con la moglie Imelda in esilio per le Hawaii, dove morì il 28 settembre 1989. Figura estremamente polarizzante e spesso travisata, Ferdinand Marcos rimane uno dei presidenti più controversi della storia delle Filippine. Benché l'imposizione della legge marziale sia stata criticata e il suo regime sia stato accusato pesantemente di corruzione e di numerose violazioni dei diritti umani, nei suoi 20 anni al potere Marcos fu in grado di erigere più scuole, ospedali e infrastrutture di tutti i presidenti che lo precedettero messi assieme. Malgrado le centinaia di incriminazioni lanciate contro Marcos dopo la sua caduta, egli non fu mai giudicato colpevole. I coniugi Marcos, accusati di appropriazione indebita, furono assolti da una grand jury di Manhattan nel 1988. Sin da allora i loro figli Ferdinand Jr. ed Imee sono entrati a loro volta nello scenario politico del paese. (it)
  • フェルディナンド・エドラリン・マルコス(Ferdinand Edralin Marcos、1917年9月11日 - 1989年9月28日)は、フィリピン共和国の政治家で独裁者。第10代フィリピン大統領。20年間にわたって権力を握ったが、1986年の人民革命(エドゥサ革命)によって打倒された。 (ja)
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (Sarrat, 11 september 1917 - Honolulu, 28 september 1989) was van 1965 tot 1986 de tiende en langst regerende president van de Filipijnen. Na het afkondigen van de staat van beleg tijdens zijn tweede termijn in 1972 regeerde Marcos het land op dictatoriale wijze totdat een volksopstand, na de bekendmaking van de zeer controversiële verkiezingsuitslag in 1986, hem dwong af te treden en te vluchten naar Hawaï. Hij werd opgevolgd door zijn voornaamste rivale bij de verkiezingen, Corazon Aquino. (nl)
  • Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (ur. 11 września 1917 na Sarrat, zm. 28 września 1989 w Honolulu) – filipiński polityk i prezydent, a w praktyce dyktator tego kraju w latach 1965-1986. Był mężem Imeldy Marcos. (pl)
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (Sarrat, 11 de setembro de 1917 — Honolulu, Havaí, 28 de setembro de 1989) foi um político e advogado filipino, presidente de seu país de 1965 a 1986. Casado com Imelda Marcos, ex-ganhadora de concurso de beleza nas Filipinas, que também ficou conhecida por sua grande coleção de sapatos. Foi eleito para a Câmara dos Representantes, em 1949, e para o Senado em 1959. Depois de ter perdido as eleições presidenciais como candidato do Partido Liberal em 1964, veio a ser eleito presidente como candidato do Partido Nacionalista ainda em 1964, sendo reeleito em 1969 e ainda em 1981. Durante o seu governo realizaram-se reformas econômicas e sociais, assim como elaborou uma nova Constituição em que atribuía mais poderes à Presidência. A forte oposição levou-o a prender os seus líderes opositores e a instaurar a lei marcial, iniciando uma guerra de guerrilha pelos maoistas e separatistas muçulmanos. Levantou a lei marcial em 1981, mas, no entanto, a corrupção do Governo aumentou, bem como a pobreza e a guerrilha. Em 1986, foi declarado oficialmente vencedor das eleições, mas suspeitou-se a nível nacional e internacional de fraude eleitoral maciça, tendo-se o exército, então, dividido e Marcos fugido para o Havaí (já no curso da chamada Revolução de Edsa ou Revolução do Poder Popular ) subindo ao poder Corazón Aquino, a viúva de Benigno Aquino, um dos seus grandes opositores, assassinado em 1983, quando do seu regresso às Filipinas. (pt)
  • Фердина́нд Ма́ркос (Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos; 11 сентября 1917 — 28 сентября 1989) — президент Филиппин в 1965—1986 годах. (ru)
  • 费迪南德·马科斯(他加祿語:Ferdinand Marcos,1917年9月11日-1989年9月28日)菲律賓政治人物、独裁者,1965年至1986年統治菲律賓。因主张经济和社会改革而上台,在任期间以腐败的裙带资本主义和政治打压的威权主义统治而闻名于世。1983年其政敌贝尼格诺·阿基诺自美國回国却在馬尼拉國際機場(今尼諾伊·阿基諾國際機場)被刺身亡,马科斯被疑幕后指使。1986年因选举舞弊导致群众大规模抗议(人民力量革命)而被迫流亡美國夏威夷州,直到去世。 (zh)
dbo:almaMater
dbo:battle
dbo:birthDate
  • 1917-09-11 (xsd:date)
  • 1917-9-11
dbo:birthPlace
dbo:child
dbo:country
dbo:deathDate
  • 1989-09-28 (xsd:date)
  • 1989-9-28
dbo:deathPlace
dbo:militaryRank
dbo:office
  • 10thPresident of the Philippines
  • 11thPresident of the Senate of the Philippines
  • 3rdPrime Minister of the Philippines
  • Secretary of National Defense
  • Senator of the Philippines
  • Member of thePhilippine House of RepresentativesfromIlocos Norte'sSecond District
dbo:otherParty
dbo:party
dbo:predecessor
dbo:president
dbo:primeMinister
dbo:profession
dbo:religion
dbo:signature
  • Marcos Sig.svg
dbo:spouse
dbo:successor
dbo:termPeriod
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:vicePresident
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 142721 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744918449 (xsd:integer)
dbp:abovestyle
  • background: lightblue;
dbp:after
dbp:altstyle
  • Mr. President
dbp:before
dbp:birthName
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos
dbp:bodystyle
  • width:26em; padding: 0px;
dbp:caption
  • Marcos in 1982.
dbp:data
  • 33710000 (xsd:integer)
  • Sources:
  • 4.75
  • USD1 = ₱6.44₱1 = USD0.16
  • ₱285,886 million
  • ₱361,791 million
  • ₱63,626 million
  • ₱70,254 million
  • ₱8,932
  • ₱9,546
dbp:date
  • 20040923032408 (xsd:double)
  • 20080804093918 (xsd:double)
dbp:dipstyle
  • His Excellency
dbp:expiry
  • --11-12
dbp:header
  • Population
  • Per capita income
  • Exchange rates
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • Total exports
dbp:headerstyle
  • background: lightblue;
dbp:honorificPrefix
dbp:label
  • 1966 (xsd:integer)
  • 1967 (xsd:integer)
  • 1971 (xsd:integer)
  • Growth rate, 1966–71 average
dbp:labelstyle
  • font-weight: normal;
dbp:name
  • Ferdinand E. Marcos
dbp:offstyle
  • Your Excellency
dbp:predecessor
  • Pedro Albano
dbp:president
  • Himself
dbp:reason
  • Persistent disruptive editing
dbp:restingPlace
dbp:small
  • yes
dbp:successor
  • Ernesto Mata
  • Simeon M. Valdez
dbp:title
dbp:unit
  • 11 (xsd:integer)
  • 14 (xsd:integer)
dbp:url
dbp:wordnet_type
dbp:years
  • 1949 (xsd:integer)
  • 1963 (xsd:integer)
  • 1976 (xsd:integer)
  • 1978 (xsd:integer)
  • --12-30
dct:description
  • Philippine politician and president (en)
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (* 11. September 1917 in Sarrat, Provinz Ilocos Norte; † 28. September 1989 in Honolulu, Hawaii) war vom 30. Dezember 1965 bis zum 25. Februar 1986 der zehnte Präsident der Philippinen und regierte ab 1972 das Land diktatorisch. 1986 musste Marcos nach einem Volksaufstand – auch bekannt als EDSA-Revolution – das Land verlassen und floh in die USA. (de)
  • Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (11 septembre 1917 – 28 septembre 1989) fut le 10e président de la République des Philippines. Il a dirigé le pays du 30 décembre 1965 au 25 février 1986. (fr)
  • フェルディナンド・エドラリン・マルコス(Ferdinand Edralin Marcos、1917年9月11日 - 1989年9月28日)は、フィリピン共和国の政治家で独裁者。第10代フィリピン大統領。20年間にわたって権力を握ったが、1986年の人民革命(エドゥサ革命)によって打倒された。 (ja)
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (Sarrat, 11 september 1917 - Honolulu, 28 september 1989) was van 1965 tot 1986 de tiende en langst regerende president van de Filipijnen. Na het afkondigen van de staat van beleg tijdens zijn tweede termijn in 1972 regeerde Marcos het land op dictatoriale wijze totdat een volksopstand, na de bekendmaking van de zeer controversiële verkiezingsuitslag in 1986, hem dwong af te treden en te vluchten naar Hawaï. Hij werd opgevolgd door zijn voornaamste rivale bij de verkiezingen, Corazon Aquino. (nl)
  • Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (ur. 11 września 1917 na Sarrat, zm. 28 września 1989 w Honolulu) – filipiński polityk i prezydent, a w praktyce dyktator tego kraju w latach 1965-1986. Był mężem Imeldy Marcos. (pl)
  • Фердина́нд Ма́ркос (Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos; 11 сентября 1917 — 28 сентября 1989) — президент Филиппин в 1965—1986 годах. (ru)
  • 费迪南德·马科斯(他加祿語:Ferdinand Marcos,1917年9月11日-1989年9月28日)菲律賓政治人物、独裁者,1965年至1986年統治菲律賓。因主张经济和社会改革而上台,在任期间以腐败的裙带资本主义和政治打压的威权主义统治而闻名于世。1983年其政敌贝尼格诺·阿基诺自美國回国却在馬尼拉國際機場(今尼諾伊·阿基諾國際機場)被刺身亡,马科斯被疑幕后指使。1986年因选举舞弊导致群众大规模抗议(人民力量革命)而被迫流亡美國夏威夷州,直到去世。 (zh)
  • (This name uses Philippine naming customs. The matronymic is Edralin and the family name is Marcos.) Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled as dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981. While his regime started an unprecedented number of infrastructure projects and monuments (known colloquially as an "edifice complex'" and at great taxpayer cost), it also became infamous for its corruption, extravagance and brutality. (en)
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) فرديناند ماركوس (11 سبتمبر 1917 - 28 سبتمبر 1989). هو الرئيس العاشر لجمهورية الفلبين. تولى رئاسة الفلبين من 30 ديسمبر 1965 إلى 25 فبراير 1986 عندما فر هو وعائلته بعد إضرابات شهدتها الفلبين ضد حكمه وذلك بناء على نصيحة أمريكية. غادر مع عائلته إلى غوام أولا ثم ذهب إلى هاواي. مات بعد ذلك بثلاث سنوات. لم يتم دفنه حتى الآن، لأن زوجته تصر على دفنه في مقبرة الأبطال القوميين التي يرقد فيها كل رؤساء الفلبين السابقين، إلا أن طلبها يرفض حتى الآن لأن ماركوس كان دكتاتورا وحكم الشعب بالحديد والنار.زعيمة المعارضة كورازون أكينو تولت الحكم بعده بدعم من الجيش. (ar)
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (Sarrat, 11 de septiembre de 1917 - Honolulu, 28 de septiembre de 1989) fue un prominente abogado y político filipino que ejerció como dictador de Filipinas desde 1965 a 1986, gobernando mediante una auténtica autocracia el país, y centralizando el poder a nivel nacional con la ayuda de su esposa, la primera dama de Filipinas, Imelda Marcos. (es)
  • Nativo della città di Sarrat, nell'estremo nord del Paese, Marcos visse un'avventurosa giovinezza e studiò giurisprudenza all'Università delle Filippine. Affermò di aver partecipato alle attività anti-nipponiche tra il 1942 e il 1945 durante la Seconda guerra mondiale e di aver svolto un ruolo fondamentale nel movimento di resistenza filippina. Le sue 33 medaglie ottenute lo resero il soldato più decorato della storia filippina. Sulla base di queste esperienze che contribuirono ai incrementare la sua popolarità, iniziò la carriera politica: nel 1946 divenne assistente del primo Presidente della Repubblica indipendente delle Filippine, Manuel Roxas; fu quindi membro della Camera dei Rappresentanti, il Parlamento filippino, dal 1949 al 1959 e successivamente entrò a far parte del Senato. Com (it)
  • Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (Sarrat, 11 de setembro de 1917 — Honolulu, Havaí, 28 de setembro de 1989) foi um político e advogado filipino, presidente de seu país de 1965 a 1986. Casado com Imelda Marcos, ex-ganhadora de concurso de beleza nas Filipinas, que também ficou conhecida por sua grande coleção de sapatos. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Ferdinand Marcos (en)
  • فرديناند ماركوس (ar)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (de)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (es)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (fr)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (it)
  • フェルディナンド・マルコス (ja)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (nl)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (pl)
  • Ferdinando Marcos (pt)
  • Маркос, Фердинанд (ru)
  • 费迪南德·马科斯 (zh)
rdfs:seeAlso
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:gender
  • male (en)
foaf:givenName
  • Ferdinand (en)
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Ferdinand Marcos (en)
foaf:surname
  • Marcos (en)
is dbo:appointer of
is dbo:commander of
is dbo:firstLeader of
is dbo:keyPerson of
is dbo:leader of
is dbo:predecessor of
is dbo:president of
is dbo:secondLeader of
is dbo:spouse of
is dbo:successor of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:afterElection of
is dbp:appointer of
is dbp:beforeElection of
is dbp:burial of
is dbp:currentPresident of
is dbp:enactedBy of
is dbp:leader of
is dbp:name of
is dbp:nominator of
is dbp:nominee of
is dbp:officiallyOpenedBy of
is dbp:operator of
is dbp:predecessor of
is dbp:president of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is foaf:primaryTopic of