Fēngjiàn (封建) was a political ideology developed from Confucian and "Legalist" philosophers during the latter part of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China, its social structure forming a decentralized system of government based on four occupations, or "four categories of the people." The Zhou kings enfeoffed their fellow warriors and relatives, creating large domains of land. The Fengjian system they created allocated a region or piece of land to an individual, establishing him as the ruler of that region. These eventually rebelled against the Zhou Kings, and developed into their own kingdoms, thus ending the centralized rule of the Zhou dynasty. As a result, Chinese history from the Zhou or Chou dynasty (1046 BC–256 BC) to the Qin dynasty has been termed a feudal period by many Chinese histo

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  • Fēngjiàn (封建) was a political ideology developed from Confucian and "Legalist" philosophers during the latter part of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China, its social structure forming a decentralized system of government based on four occupations, or "four categories of the people." The Zhou kings enfeoffed their fellow warriors and relatives, creating large domains of land. The Fengjian system they created allocated a region or piece of land to an individual, establishing him as the ruler of that region. These eventually rebelled against the Zhou Kings, and developed into their own kingdoms, thus ending the centralized rule of the Zhou dynasty. As a result, Chinese history from the Zhou or Chou dynasty (1046 BC–256 BC) to the Qin dynasty has been termed a feudal period by many Chinese historians, due to the custom of enfeoffment of land similar to that in Europe. But scholarship has suggested that fengjian otherwise lacks some of the fundamental aspects of feudalism. Each state was independent and had its own tax and legal systems along with unique currency. The nobles were required to pay regular homage to the king and to provide him with soldiers at the time of war. This structure played an important part in the political structure of Western Zhou which was expanding its territories in the east. In due course this resulted in the rising power of the nobles, who fought among themselves for power, leading to the dwindling authority of the Zhou kings which eventually brought about their downfall. (en)
  • 封建制度是一種政治制度。由共主或中央王朝给宗室成员、王族和功臣分封领地。 「封建」即「封土建國」,即天子把自己直接管轄的王畿以外的土地,分封給諸侯,並授予他們爵位,诸侯再分封卿大夫,诸侯和卿大夫在自己的领地上有相当的自主权。分封是讓他們建立封國和軍隊,协助统治。 汉语对古代中国的中原王朝,所封之地称为“诸侯”(“诸侯国”、“封国”或“王国”),统治诸侯(王国)的君主称普為“诸侯王”、“君”或“王”,也使用“诸侯王”的称谓。同时,汉语对欧洲从中世纪起的君主制国家也称为“王国”,君主称为“国王”,尽管两者有所不同,但从纯粹的土地分封来看两者都是一致的。 (zh)
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  • 11043254 (xsd:integer)
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  • 745025720 (xsd:integer)
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  • 井田制度
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  • jǐngtián zhìdù
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • 封建制度是一種政治制度。由共主或中央王朝给宗室成员、王族和功臣分封领地。 「封建」即「封土建國」,即天子把自己直接管轄的王畿以外的土地,分封給諸侯,並授予他們爵位,诸侯再分封卿大夫,诸侯和卿大夫在自己的领地上有相当的自主权。分封是讓他們建立封國和軍隊,协助统治。 汉语对古代中国的中原王朝,所封之地称为“诸侯”(“诸侯国”、“封国”或“王国”),统治诸侯(王国)的君主称普為“诸侯王”、“君”或“王”,也使用“诸侯王”的称谓。同时,汉语对欧洲从中世纪起的君主制国家也称为“王国”,君主称为“国王”,尽管两者有所不同,但从纯粹的土地分封来看两者都是一致的。 (zh)
  • Fēngjiàn (封建) was a political ideology developed from Confucian and "Legalist" philosophers during the latter part of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China, its social structure forming a decentralized system of government based on four occupations, or "four categories of the people." The Zhou kings enfeoffed their fellow warriors and relatives, creating large domains of land. The Fengjian system they created allocated a region or piece of land to an individual, establishing him as the ruler of that region. These eventually rebelled against the Zhou Kings, and developed into their own kingdoms, thus ending the centralized rule of the Zhou dynasty. As a result, Chinese history from the Zhou or Chou dynasty (1046 BC–256 BC) to the Qin dynasty has been termed a feudal period by many Chinese histo (en)
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  • Fengjian (en)
  • 封建制度 (中國) (zh)
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