Far East Command (FECOM) was a United States military command from 1947 until 1957, functionally organised to undertake the occupation of Japan. It was created on January 1, 1947, and abolished, with functions transferred to Pacific Command, effective July 1, 1957, pursuant to Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) 1259/378. From 1947-51 it was commanded by General Douglas MacArthur, who was then succeeded by Generals Matthew Ridgeway and Mark Clark. Later commanders were Generals John E. Hull, Maxwell D. Taylor, and finally Lyman Lemnitzer.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Pour les articles homonymes, voir Far East Command. Le Far East Command (FECOM) ou commandement américain en Extrême-Orient est une unité de l'armée américaine créé initialement pour gérer l'occupation militaire du Japon le 1er janvier 1947 et dont la fonction s'est progressivement étendue au commandement des forces militaires américaines située en Extrême-Orient en particulier la 8e armée des États-Unis lors de la Guerre de Corée. Les attributions de ce commandement ont été transférées en 1957 au Commandement Pacifique. (fr)
  • Far East Command (FECOM) was a United States military command from 1947 until 1957, functionally organised to undertake the occupation of Japan. It was created on January 1, 1947, and abolished, with functions transferred to Pacific Command, effective July 1, 1957, pursuant to Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) 1259/378. From 1947-51 it was commanded by General Douglas MacArthur, who was then succeeded by Generals Matthew Ridgeway and Mark Clark. Later commanders were Generals John E. Hull, Maxwell D. Taylor, and finally Lyman Lemnitzer. Its initial army forces in 1947 comprised Eighth Army, XXIV Corps/U.S. Army Forces in Korea, and the Ryukyus, Philippines and Marianas-Bonins Commands (MARBO). There was no overall headquarters for the ground elements within the Far East Command, and the five separate ground commands reported directly to CINCFE. Far East Air Forces and Naval Forces Far East also reported directly to CINCFE, initially giving MacArthur seven subordinate military headquarters. The Marianas-Bonins Command (MARBO) was established in January 1947 as result a major reorganization of U.S. military forces in the Asia/Pacific region. The MARBO SSI was approved on August 8, 1948. Whether to place the Bonin and Mariana Islands under PACOM or FECOM became a bone of contention. The Navy saw all Pacific islands as one strategic entity, while the Army insisted that FECOM be able to draw upon military resources in the Bonin-Marianas during an emergency. Accordingly, the Commander in Chief, Far East (CINCFE), was given control over local forces and facilities in these islands, while naval administration and logistics there fell under Commander in Chief, Pacific (CINCPAC). Following signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, September 2, 1945, the Ryukyu Islands were administered by the Department of the Navy, September 21, 1945 - June 30, 1946, with Commanding Officer, Naval Operating Base, Okinawa functioning as chief military government officer under authority of Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet. Transfer of administration from the Department of the Navy to the War Department was authorized by Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) approval, April 1, 1946. Pursuant to implementing instructions of General Headquarters U.S. Army Forces in the Pacific (GHQ AFPAC), the Okinawa Base Command was redesignated Ryukyus Command, effective July 1, 1946, by General Order 162, Headquarters U.S. Army Forces, Western Pacific, and made responsible for administration under a Deputy Commander for Military Government. The Ryukyu Islands was administered successively by Ryukyus Command, July 1-November 30, 1946; and Philippines-Ryukyus Command, December 1, 1946 – July 31, 1948; and Ryukyuan Command, August 1, 1948 – December 15, 1950. All were seemingly headquartered at Fort Buckner. The PHILRYCOM marriage of convenience did not last out 1948, as the command was separated into a Philippine Command (PHILCOM) and a Ryukyus Command (RYCOM) on August 1, 1948 (SCAP, GHQ General Order Number 18, July 9, 1948). In June 1950 GHQ, FEC, located in Tokyo, Japan, with main offices in the Dai Ichi Building, had Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond as chief of staff and Maj. Gen. Doyle O. Hickey as deputy chief of staff. The major subordinate Army commands were Eighth Army, commanded by Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker; Headquarters and Service Group, GHQ, commanded by Maj. Gen. Walter L. Weible; the Ryukyus Command (RYCOM) under Maj. Gen. Josef R. Sheetz; and the Marianas-Bonins Command (MARBO) headed by Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler. In the Philippines, the Thirteenth Air Force controlled U.S. installations through PHILCOM (AF), a small and rapidly diminishing headquarters commanded by Maj. Gen. Howard M. Turner USAF. Naval Forces, Far East, were commanded by Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy. Far East Air Forces came under Lt. Gen. George E. Stratemeyer. FEAF and NavFE headquarters were located in Tokyo in buildings separate from GHQ, FEC. XVI Corps was activated in April 1951 as the command reserve. In 1951, during the Korean War, the Joint Chiefs of Staff shifted responsibility for the Bonins and Marianas as well as the Philippines and Taiwan from FECOM to PACOM. The United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands (USCAR) was established, effective December 15, 1950, by a directive of Headquarters Far East Command. That directive ordered Commander-in-Chief Far East, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, to organize a civil administration for the Ryukyu Islands in accordance with JCS 1231/14 of October 4, 1950. USCAR continued to function under the Department of the Army (formerly the War Department) from 1950-71. (en)
dbo:activeYearsEndYear
  • 1957-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:activeYearsStartYear
  • 1947-01-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:battle
dbo:garrison
dbo:notableCommander
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:type
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 40517816 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 720995112 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
dbp:country
  • United States
dbp:garrisonLabel
  • Headquarters
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Pour les articles homonymes, voir Far East Command. Le Far East Command (FECOM) ou commandement américain en Extrême-Orient est une unité de l'armée américaine créé initialement pour gérer l'occupation militaire du Japon le 1er janvier 1947 et dont la fonction s'est progressivement étendue au commandement des forces militaires américaines située en Extrême-Orient en particulier la 8e armée des États-Unis lors de la Guerre de Corée. Les attributions de ce commandement ont été transférées en 1957 au Commandement Pacifique. (fr)
  • Far East Command (FECOM) was a United States military command from 1947 until 1957, functionally organised to undertake the occupation of Japan. It was created on January 1, 1947, and abolished, with functions transferred to Pacific Command, effective July 1, 1957, pursuant to Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) 1259/378. From 1947-51 it was commanded by General Douglas MacArthur, who was then succeeded by Generals Matthew Ridgeway and Mark Clark. Later commanders were Generals John E. Hull, Maxwell D. Taylor, and finally Lyman Lemnitzer. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Far East Command (États-Unis) (fr)
  • Far East Command (United States) (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Far East Command (FECOM) (en)
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of