Ernesto Pérez Balladares González-Revilla (born June 29, 1946 in Panama City), nicknamed El Toro ("The Bull"), was the President of Panama between 1994 and 1999.Educated in the United States, Pérez Balladares worked as a banker before becoming part of the government of military ruler Omar Torrijos; in 1989, he also served as campaign manager for the pro-Manuel Noriega presidential candidate Carlos Duque.

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  • إرنستو بيريث بايإداريس Ernesto Pérez Balladares (ولد في يونيو 1946 في مدينة بنما) كان رئيسا لجمهورية بنما من عام 1994 حتى 1999. كان يطلق عليه El Toro أي الثور.درس في جامعتي نوتردام وبنسيلفانيا، وعمل فترة في أحد البنوك في بنما ووسط أميركا. وفي عام 1975 اختاره الجنرال عمر توريخوس ليكون وزيرا للاقتصاد والمالية. وفي عام 1979 شارك في تأسيس الحزب الديمقراطي الثوري، واختير لأمانة الحزب في 1982.وفي مايو 1994 خاض الانتخابات الرئاسية وفاز بها بنسبة 33% ضد ميريا موسكوسو من حزب أرنولفيستا.تميزت سياسته بتشجيع اقتصاد السوق الحرة. وفي عهده تم تأميم شركة الكهرباء والهاتف، وفي عام 1997 انضمت بنما إلى منظمة التجارة العالمية.
  • Ernesto Pérez Balladares González-Revilla (born June 29, 1946 in Panama City), nicknamed El Toro ("The Bull"), was the President of Panama between 1994 and 1999.Educated in the United States, Pérez Balladares worked as a banker before becoming part of the government of military ruler Omar Torrijos; in 1989, he also served as campaign manager for the pro-Manuel Noriega presidential candidate Carlos Duque. He was elected president in 1994 as the candidate of the Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD), in a close three-way race with Arnulfista Party candidate Mireya Moscoso and salsa singer Ruben Blades.Pérez Balladares' term was notable for free-market reforms and the privatization of government services. He also rehabilitated a number of officials from the Noriega years and sought a closer alliance with the United States than the previous administration of Guillermo Endara. Following a failed constitutional referendum to allow him a second term in office, Pérez Balladares was succeeded by Moscoso in 1999.In 2009, prosecutors opened an investigation into charges of corruption dating to Pérez Balladares' time in office. He was placed under house arrest the following year, making him the first former Panamanian president to be arrested, and in October 2010 was charged with money laundering. A judge dismissed the charge against him in April 2011. In February 2012, Pérez Balladares was convicted of slandering comptroller Alvin Weeden by calling him a narcocriminal, and sentenced to a $3,000 fine or a year in prison.
  • Ernesto Pérez Balladares (* 29. Juni 1946 in Panama-Stadt, Panama) ist Politiker, er war der 46. Staatspräsident Panamas vom 1. September 1994 bis zum 1. September 1999.Pérez studierte in Pennsylvania Volkswirtschaft. Nach seiner Rückkehr nach Panama ging er in die Politik und gründete die Partei Partido Revolucionario Democratico (P.R.D.). In seiner politischen Karriere hatte er viele Ämter inne, so war er u. a. Minister für Planung und Volkswirtschaft, Präsident der Bankenaufsichtsbehörde, Mitglied der Gesetzgebenden Kommission, Direktionsmitglied des Freihafengebiets und der staatlichen Hafenverwaltung. Als Diplomat war er in Europa, Japan, Libanon, Singapur und Sri Lanka. Bei den Panamakanalverträgen von 1977 und 1982 war er maßgeblich beteiligt.Die Wahl zum Staatspräsidenten gewann er 1994 knapp vor Mireya Moscoso, die ihn 1999 schließlich ablöste. Balladares löste seinerseits Guillermo Endara Galimany in seinem Amt ab.
  • Ernesto Pérez-Balladares González-Revilla (n. Panamá, 29 de junio de 1946), fue Presidente Constitucional de la República de Panamá entre el 1 de septiembre de 1994 hasta el 1 de septiembre de 1999.
  • Ernesto Pérez-Balladares Gonzalez-Revilla (1946), é um administrador de empresas e político panamenho.Foi presidente do Panamá entre 1994 e 1999.O Fiscal Anticorrupção do Panamá, José Ayú Prado, emitiu ordens de condução, investigação e prisão para proteger a saúde do processo. Contra essa ordem seus advogados interpuseram um recurso de Habeas Corpus.== Referências ==
  • Ernesto "El Toro" Pérez Balladares González-Revilla (ur. 29 czerwca 1946) – panamski polityk, minister finansów Panamy od 1976 do 1982, sekretarz generalny Rewolucyjnej Partii Demokratycznej (PRD) w latach 1982–1983 i od 1992, prezydent Panamy od 1 września 1994 do 1 września 1999.
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  • Ernesto Pérez-Balladares González-Revilla (n. Panamá, 29 de junio de 1946), fue Presidente Constitucional de la República de Panamá entre el 1 de septiembre de 1994 hasta el 1 de septiembre de 1999.
  • Ernesto Pérez-Balladares Gonzalez-Revilla (1946), é um administrador de empresas e político panamenho.Foi presidente do Panamá entre 1994 e 1999.O Fiscal Anticorrupção do Panamá, José Ayú Prado, emitiu ordens de condução, investigação e prisão para proteger a saúde do processo. Contra essa ordem seus advogados interpuseram um recurso de Habeas Corpus.== Referências ==
  • Ernesto "El Toro" Pérez Balladares González-Revilla (ur. 29 czerwca 1946) – panamski polityk, minister finansów Panamy od 1976 do 1982, sekretarz generalny Rewolucyjnej Partii Demokratycznej (PRD) w latach 1982–1983 i od 1992, prezydent Panamy od 1 września 1994 do 1 września 1999.
  • Ernesto Pérez Balladares González-Revilla (born June 29, 1946 in Panama City), nicknamed El Toro ("The Bull"), was the President of Panama between 1994 and 1999.Educated in the United States, Pérez Balladares worked as a banker before becoming part of the government of military ruler Omar Torrijos; in 1989, he also served as campaign manager for the pro-Manuel Noriega presidential candidate Carlos Duque.
  • إرنستو بيريث بايإداريس Ernesto Pérez Balladares (ولد في يونيو 1946 في مدينة بنما) كان رئيسا لجمهورية بنما من عام 1994 حتى 1999. كان يطلق عليه El Toro أي الثور.درس في جامعتي نوتردام وبنسيلفانيا، وعمل فترة في أحد البنوك في بنما ووسط أميركا. وفي عام 1975 اختاره الجنرال عمر توريخوس ليكون وزيرا للاقتصاد والمالية.
  • Ernesto Pérez Balladares (* 29. Juni 1946 in Panama-Stadt, Panama) ist Politiker, er war der 46. Staatspräsident Panamas vom 1. September 1994 bis zum 1. September 1999.Pérez studierte in Pennsylvania Volkswirtschaft. Nach seiner Rückkehr nach Panama ging er in die Politik und gründete die Partei Partido Revolucionario Democratico (P.R.D.). In seiner politischen Karriere hatte er viele Ämter inne, so war er u. a.
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