An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops. (The word "bishop" derives, via the British Latin and Vulgar Latin term *ebiscopus/*biscopus, from the Ancient Greek επίσκοπος epískopos meaning "overseer".) It is the structure used by many of the major Christian Churches and denominations, such as the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Anglican and Lutheran churches or denominations, and other churches founded independently from these lineages.

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  • An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops. (The word "bishop" derives, via the British Latin and Vulgar Latin term *ebiscopus/*biscopus, from the Ancient Greek επίσκοπος epískopos meaning "overseer".) It is the structure used by many of the major Christian Churches and denominations, such as the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Anglican and Lutheran churches or denominations, and other churches founded independently from these lineages. Churches with an episcopal polity are governed by bishops, practicing their authorities in the dioceses and conferences or synods. Their leadership is both sacramental and constitutional; as well as performing ordinations, confirmations, and consecrations, the bishop supervises the clergy within a local jurisdiction and is the representative both to secular structures and within the hierarchy of the church. Bishops are considered to derive their authority from an unbroken, personal apostolic succession from the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Bishops with such authority are known as the historical episcopate. Churches with this type of government usually believe that the Church requires episcopal government as described in the New Testament (see First Timothy 3 and Second Timothy 1) In some systems, bishops may be subject to higher-ranking bishops (variously called archbishops, metropolitans, and/or patriarchs, depending upon the tradition). They also meet in councils or synods. These gatherings, subject to presidency by higher ranking bishops, usually make important decisions, though the synod or council may also be purely advisory. For much of the written history of institutional Christianity, episcopal government was the only known form of church organization. This changed at the Reformation. Many Protestant churches are now organized by either congregational or presbyterian church polities, both descended from the writings of John Calvin, a Protestant reformer working and writing independently following the break with the Roman Catholic Church precipitated by The Ninety-Five Theses of Martin Luther. (en)
  • Episkopalismus (abgeleitet von griechisch episkopos ‚Vorsteher‘, ‚Bischof‘) bezeichnet eine Grundsatzposition im Streit um die Verfassung der christlichen Kirche. (de)
  • Le système épiscopalien est un système de gouvernance des Églises à structure hiérarchique ayant plusieurs niveaux de clergé sans atteindre le système monarchique. (fr)
  • L'episcopalismo è una forma di governo della Chiesa che prevede una struttura gerarchica caratterizzata dalla presidenza di vescovi. (it)
  • 監督制(かんとくせい、英:Episcopal polity・Episcopacy)とは、聖職者、教役者、教職者において、司教(主教・監督)・司祭、助祭(輔祭・執事)と定める叙任制度。他の教会政治は会衆制、長老制。 おもに、正教会、カトリック教会、聖公会、ルター派、メソジスト、救世軍などがこの制度を採用している。 ただしプロテスタントの万人祭司と異なり、聖職者を叙任する叙階(叙聖)をサクラメント(秘跡・機密)として認める、カトリック教会や正教会の聖職位階制を、プロテスタントの監督制と区別して狭義の「監督制」に含めないことがある。 (ja)
  • Episcopalisme is ofwel het streven om aan de bisschoppen het hoogste gezag toe te kennen of een samenvattende uitdrukking voor allerlei opvattingen in de Katholieke Kerk waarin aan de macht van de bisschoppen in het bestuur van de Kerk uitbreiding werd gegeven ten koste van het primaatschap van de paus. Het gallicanisme, febronianisme en jozefinisme wilden de rechtsmacht van de afzonderlijke bisschoppen accentueren tegenover die van de paus. Het woord 'episcopaals' is afgeleid van het Griekse woord 'episkopos' (Latijn: 'episcopus'), waar het Nederlandse woord 'bisschop' een verbastering van is. 'Episkopos' betekent zoveel als opzichter. Episcopale kerkorde is soms een synoniem van episcopalisme, een vorm van kerkelijke organisatie die heel wat aspecten vertoont van de organisatie van de Katholieke Kerk, maar daar op enkele essentiële punten van afwijkt. Episcopalisme is in die zin niet een bepaald protestants kerkgenootschap, maar een denkrichting. (nl)
  • Episcopado, também conhecido como Governo Episcopal, é uma das formas administrativas da Igreja. É uma forma de organização hierárquica, com a autoridade máxima local exercida por um bispo (episcopos, em grego ou episcopus, em latim). Esta estrutura está presente na maioria das Igrejas Católicas, Igrejas Ortodoxas e Igrejas Episcopais, inclusive na Igreja da Inglaterra (anglicana). Como denominações protestantes podemos citar a Igreja do Evangelho Quadrangular, na qual o bispo rege regiões, e a Igreja Metodista. Algumas outras igrejas independentes também têm esta estrutura. Neste sistema os ministros principais da igreja são os bispos. Outros ministros são presbíteros e diáconos. Todos estes são mencionados no Novo Testamento, embora se creia que, originalmente, fossem sinônimos os termos de pastor, bispo e presbítero. O governo é centralizado na figura de um bispo dirigente, responsável pelas decisões e destinos da igreja, mas que possui um grupo de subalternos, o Colégio Episcopal, responsáveis pela gestão do sistema. (pt)
  • Епископальная система церковного управления — форма организации управления христианской церкви, основанная на иерархии епископов. Епископальная система противостоит пресвитерианской системе, в которой властные полномочия предоставлены коллегиальным органам, и конгрегационалистским конфессиям, в которых каждый церковный приход независим от каких-либо вышестоящих священнослужителей или религиозных организаций. Епископальная система (епископат) принята в большинстве христианских церквей: католической, православной, лютеранской, англиканской, армянской и других. (ru)
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  • Episkopalismus (abgeleitet von griechisch episkopos ‚Vorsteher‘, ‚Bischof‘) bezeichnet eine Grundsatzposition im Streit um die Verfassung der christlichen Kirche. (de)
  • Le système épiscopalien est un système de gouvernance des Églises à structure hiérarchique ayant plusieurs niveaux de clergé sans atteindre le système monarchique. (fr)
  • L'episcopalismo è una forma di governo della Chiesa che prevede una struttura gerarchica caratterizzata dalla presidenza di vescovi. (it)
  • 監督制(かんとくせい、英:Episcopal polity・Episcopacy)とは、聖職者、教役者、教職者において、司教(主教・監督)・司祭、助祭(輔祭・執事)と定める叙任制度。他の教会政治は会衆制、長老制。 おもに、正教会、カトリック教会、聖公会、ルター派、メソジスト、救世軍などがこの制度を採用している。 ただしプロテスタントの万人祭司と異なり、聖職者を叙任する叙階(叙聖)をサクラメント(秘跡・機密)として認める、カトリック教会や正教会の聖職位階制を、プロテスタントの監督制と区別して狭義の「監督制」に含めないことがある。 (ja)
  • Епископальная система церковного управления — форма организации управления христианской церкви, основанная на иерархии епископов. Епископальная система противостоит пресвитерианской системе, в которой властные полномочия предоставлены коллегиальным органам, и конгрегационалистским конфессиям, в которых каждый церковный приход независим от каких-либо вышестоящих священнослужителей или религиозных организаций. Епископальная система (епископат) принята в большинстве христианских церквей: католической, православной, лютеранской, англиканской, армянской и других. (ru)
  • An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops. (The word "bishop" derives, via the British Latin and Vulgar Latin term *ebiscopus/*biscopus, from the Ancient Greek επίσκοπος epískopos meaning "overseer".) It is the structure used by many of the major Christian Churches and denominations, such as the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Church of the East, Anglican and Lutheran churches or denominations, and other churches founded independently from these lineages. (en)
  • Episcopalisme is ofwel het streven om aan de bisschoppen het hoogste gezag toe te kennen of een samenvattende uitdrukking voor allerlei opvattingen in de Katholieke Kerk waarin aan de macht van de bisschoppen in het bestuur van de Kerk uitbreiding werd gegeven ten koste van het primaatschap van de paus. Het gallicanisme, febronianisme en jozefinisme wilden de rechtsmacht van de afzonderlijke bisschoppen accentueren tegenover die van de paus. (nl)
  • Episcopado, também conhecido como Governo Episcopal, é uma das formas administrativas da Igreja. É uma forma de organização hierárquica, com a autoridade máxima local exercida por um bispo (episcopos, em grego ou episcopus, em latim). Esta estrutura está presente na maioria das Igrejas Católicas, Igrejas Ortodoxas e Igrejas Episcopais, inclusive na Igreja da Inglaterra (anglicana). Como denominações protestantes podemos citar a Igreja do Evangelho Quadrangular, na qual o bispo rege regiões, e a Igreja Metodista. Algumas outras igrejas independentes também têm esta estrutura. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Episcopal polity (en)
  • Episkopalismus (de)
  • Episcopalismo (it)
  • Système épiscopalien (fr)
  • 監督制 (ja)
  • Episcopalisme (nl)
  • Episcopado (pt)
  • Епископальная система церковного управления (ru)
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