Ensign (/ˈɛnsən/ late 14c., via Scottish, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. As the junior officer in an infantry regiment was traditionally the carrier of the ensign flag, the rank itself acquired the name. This rank has generally been replaced in army ranks by second lieutenant. Ensigns were generally the lowest ranking commissioned officer, except where the rank of subaltern itself existed. In contrast, the Arab rank of ensign, لواء, liwa', derives from the command of units with an ensign, not the carrier of such a unit's ensign, and is today the equivalent of a major general.

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  • Ensign (/ˈɛnsən/ late 14c., via Scottish, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. As the junior officer in an infantry regiment was traditionally the carrier of the ensign flag, the rank itself acquired the name. This rank has generally been replaced in army ranks by second lieutenant. Ensigns were generally the lowest ranking commissioned officer, except where the rank of subaltern itself existed. In contrast, the Arab rank of ensign, لواء, liwa', derives from the command of units with an ensign, not the carrier of such a unit's ensign, and is today the equivalent of a major general. In Thomas Venn's 1672 Military and Maritime Discipline in Three Books, the duties of ensigns are to include not only carrying the colour but assisting the captain and lieutenant of a company and in their absence, have their authority. "Ensign" is enseigne in French, and chorąży in Polish, each of which derives from a term for a flag. The Spanish alférez and Portuguese alferes is a junior officer rank below lieutenant associated with carrying the flag, and so is often translated as "ensign". Unlike the rank in other languages, its etymology has nothing to do with flags, but instead comes from the Arabic for "cavalier" or "knight". Fähnrich in German comes from an older German military title, Fahnenträger (flag bearer); however, it is an officer cadet rank, not a junior officer - the same applies to the Dutch Vaandrig, which has a parallel etymology. In the German Landsknecht armies (c. 1480), the equivalent rank of a Cornet existed for those men who carried the troop standard (known as a "cornet"). It is still used in the artillery and cavalry divisions of the Netherlands (Kornet). The NATO rank code is OF-1 (junior). (en)
  • L'enseigne — nom qui est issu du latin insignia, substantif féminin) du latin classique insigne : « marque distinctive, insigne ; enseigne » — est celui ou celle qui avait la charge de porter le drapeau. C'est un grade militaire, devenu par la suite un grade d'officier de marine subalterne de la Marine en France et au Canada, qui est immédiatement au-dessous de celui de lieutenant de vaisseau. (fr)
  • Энсин (англ. ensign) — младшее офицерское звание в сухопутных и военно-морских силах некоторых западных стран. В сухопутных силах энсин командовал небольшим отрядом, отвечавшим за полковое знамя, и является эквивалентом прапорщика в русской армии. В военно-морских силах энсин часто является первым офицерским званием; соответствующее звание в русском флоте — мичман. (ru)
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  • L'enseigne — nom qui est issu du latin insignia, substantif féminin) du latin classique insigne : « marque distinctive, insigne ; enseigne » — est celui ou celle qui avait la charge de porter le drapeau. C'est un grade militaire, devenu par la suite un grade d'officier de marine subalterne de la Marine en France et au Canada, qui est immédiatement au-dessous de celui de lieutenant de vaisseau. (fr)
  • Энсин (англ. ensign) — младшее офицерское звание в сухопутных и военно-морских силах некоторых западных стран. В сухопутных силах энсин командовал небольшим отрядом, отвечавшим за полковое знамя, и является эквивалентом прапорщика в русской армии. В военно-морских силах энсин часто является первым офицерским званием; соответствующее звание в русском флоте — мичман. (ru)
  • Ensign (/ˈɛnsən/ late 14c., via Scottish, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. As the junior officer in an infantry regiment was traditionally the carrier of the ensign flag, the rank itself acquired the name. This rank has generally been replaced in army ranks by second lieutenant. Ensigns were generally the lowest ranking commissioned officer, except where the rank of subaltern itself existed. In contrast, the Arab rank of ensign, لواء, liwa', derives from the command of units with an ensign, not the carrier of such a unit's ensign, and is today the equivalent of a major general. (en)
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  • Ensign (rank) (en)
  • Enseigne (grade militaire) (fr)
  • Энсин (ru)
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