Emil Barth (Heidelberg, 23 April 1879 – Berlin, 17 July 1941) was a German Social Democratic metal worker who became a key figure in the German Revolution of 1918. Barth joined the anti-war Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD) in 1917, and became leader of the revolutionary shop stewards in January 1918. He was one of six members of the Council of the People's Deputies (Rat der Volksbeauftragten) created on 10 November 1918 in Berlin to govern Germany after Kaiser Wilhelm II had abdicated and the Republic had been proclaimed by Karl Liebknecht and Philipp Scheidemann. Three members of the Council were Majority Social Democrats (Ebert, Scheidemann and Landsberg), and three were Independent Social Democrats (Haase, Dittmann and Barth). While the former two USPD commissioners were moder

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dbo:abstract
  • Emil Barth (* 23. April 1879 in Heidelberg; † 17. Juli 1941 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Politiker. Zu einer der umstrittensten Figuren der Revolutionszeit von 1918/19 in Deutschland („one of the most controversial figures in the revolutionary period“), wie ihm A. J. Ryder bescheinigt, hat sich bis dato kein Biograf gefunden. Die Quellenlage ist dünn. Details zu seiner Kindheit und Jugend lassen sich nur anhand von globalen Fakten und einzelnen Äußerungen von Zeitzeugen rekonstruieren. Emil Barth avancierte innerhalb weniger Monate vom Revolutionär zum Volksbeauftragten und gehörte somit nach der Abdankung von Kaiser Wilhelm II. bzw. nach der Ausrufung der Republik durch Scheidemann der deutschen provisorischen Regierung, dem so genannten Rat der Volksbeauftragten an. Die wichtigste Quelle zu Leben und Taten von Emil Barth sind seine eigenen Memoiren, die bereits 1919 unter dem Titel Aus der Werkstatt der deutschen Revolution erschienen sind. (de)
  • Emil Barth (Heidelberg, 23 april 1879 - Berlijn, 17 juli 1941) was een Duitse Sociaal-democratische politicus, die een sleutelrol vervulde in de Duitse novemberrevolutie van 1918. Barth werd in 1917 lid van de anti-oorlog Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (USPD). In januari 1918 werd hij leider van de revolutionaire vakbondsafgevaardigden. Hij was een van de zes leden van de Raad van Volkscommissarissen die op 10 november 1918 in Berlijn werd opgericht om Duitsland te regeren nadat keizer Wilhelm II was afgetreden en de Republiek door zowel Karl Liebknecht als Philipp Scheidemann was afgekondigd. (nl)
  • Emil Barth (Heidelberg, 23 April 1879 – Berlin, 17 July 1941) was a German Social Democratic metal worker who became a key figure in the German Revolution of 1918. Barth joined the anti-war Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD) in 1917, and became leader of the revolutionary shop stewards in January 1918. He was one of six members of the Council of the People's Deputies (Rat der Volksbeauftragten) created on 10 November 1918 in Berlin to govern Germany after Kaiser Wilhelm II had abdicated and the Republic had been proclaimed by Karl Liebknecht and Philipp Scheidemann. Three members of the Council were Majority Social Democrats (Ebert, Scheidemann and Landsberg), and three were Independent Social Democrats (Haase, Dittmann and Barth). While the former two USPD commissioners were moderate and interested in conciliation with the MSPD, Barth was the most left-wing, associated with Karl Liebknecht, who refused to serve on the Council because it had a non-revolutionary majority. That same day, 10 November, Barth first acceded to Ebert's plan to place the revolutionary soldiers back under the command of their (counter-revolutionary) officers, but then changed his position in a drawn-out but stormy speech later that evening. The soldiers should not submit to the old "discipline" of their officers. Many heeded Barth's call, and the revolution gained momentum during November. On 29 December 1918, Barth and the other USPD members resigned from the Council to protest Ebert's use of army regulars to disperse a 24 December demonstration by revolutionary sailors demanding back pay. The Council then added two MSPD members, Noske and Wissell, and began calling itself Reich Government. Although he became somewhat more moderate by the end of 1918, Barth had always been the Council's most radical member, calling on workers, for instance, not to 'debase the revolution to a movement for wages,' since that would merely ameliorate conditions, making fundamental change less likely (in an article in Die Rote Fahne, 28 November 1918). In 1920 Barth published his memoirs as From the Workshop of the Revolution, in which he claimed that the USPD had worked toward fomenting revolution against the German war machine already years earlier, and portrayed himself somewhat grandiosely as a major leader. That book was later (for instance in the 1925 Dolchstoss-Trial) used as evidence that the left had undermined the war effort. In 1921/22 Barth became a member of the SPD when the MSPD and USPD merged into one party again. (He did not join the more radical Communist Party KPD, which had split from the USPD in early 1919.) He held some speeches for the SPD during the 1920s, and was arrested several times during the Nazi period after 1933. He died in 1941. (en)
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  • 1879-1-1
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  • 1941-1-1
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  • German politician (en)
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rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Emil Barth (Heidelberg, 23 april 1879 - Berlijn, 17 juli 1941) was een Duitse Sociaal-democratische politicus, die een sleutelrol vervulde in de Duitse novemberrevolutie van 1918. Barth werd in 1917 lid van de anti-oorlog Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (USPD). In januari 1918 werd hij leider van de revolutionaire vakbondsafgevaardigden. Hij was een van de zes leden van de Raad van Volkscommissarissen die op 10 november 1918 in Berlijn werd opgericht om Duitsland te regeren nadat keizer Wilhelm II was afgetreden en de Republiek door zowel Karl Liebknecht als Philipp Scheidemann was afgekondigd. (nl)
  • Emil Barth (* 23. April 1879 in Heidelberg; † 17. Juli 1941 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Politiker. Zu einer der umstrittensten Figuren der Revolutionszeit von 1918/19 in Deutschland („one of the most controversial figures in the revolutionary period“), wie ihm A. J. Ryder bescheinigt, hat sich bis dato kein Biograf gefunden. Die Quellenlage ist dünn. Details zu seiner Kindheit und Jugend lassen sich nur anhand von globalen Fakten und einzelnen Äußerungen von Zeitzeugen rekonstruieren. (de)
  • Emil Barth (Heidelberg, 23 April 1879 – Berlin, 17 July 1941) was a German Social Democratic metal worker who became a key figure in the German Revolution of 1918. Barth joined the anti-war Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD) in 1917, and became leader of the revolutionary shop stewards in January 1918. He was one of six members of the Council of the People's Deputies (Rat der Volksbeauftragten) created on 10 November 1918 in Berlin to govern Germany after Kaiser Wilhelm II had abdicated and the Republic had been proclaimed by Karl Liebknecht and Philipp Scheidemann. Three members of the Council were Majority Social Democrats (Ebert, Scheidemann and Landsberg), and three were Independent Social Democrats (Haase, Dittmann and Barth). While the former two USPD commissioners were moder (en)
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  • Emil Barth (Politiker) (de)
  • Emil Barth (nl)
  • Emil Barth (en)
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