The United States is a federal republic, with elected officials at the federal (national), state and local levels. On a national level, the head of state, the President, is elected indirectly by the people, through an Electoral College. Today, the electors virtually always vote with the popular vote of their state. All members of the federal legislature, the Congress, are directly elected. There are many elected offices at state level, each state having at least an elective Governor and legislature. There are also elected offices at the local level, in counties and cities. According to a study by political scientist Jennifer Lawless, there were 519,682 elected officials in the United States as of 2012.

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dbo:abstract
  • The United States is a federal republic, with elected officials at the federal (national), state and local levels. On a national level, the head of state, the President, is elected indirectly by the people, through an Electoral College. Today, the electors virtually always vote with the popular vote of their state. All members of the federal legislature, the Congress, are directly elected. There are many elected offices at state level, each state having at least an elective Governor and legislature. There are also elected offices at the local level, in counties and cities. According to a study by political scientist Jennifer Lawless, there were 519,682 elected officials in the United States as of 2012. State law regulates most aspects of the election, including primaries, the eligibility of voters (beyond the basic constitutional definition), the running of each state's electoral college, and the running of state and local elections. The United States Constitution defines (to a basic extent) how federal elections are held, in Article One and Article Two and various amendments. The restriction and extension of voting rights to different groups has been a contested process throughout the United States' history. The federal government has also been involved in attempts to increase voter turnout, by measures such as the National Voter Registration Act of 1993. The financing of elections has always been controversial, because private sources make up substantial amounts of campaign contributions, especially in federal elections. Voluntary public funding for candidates willing to accept spending limits was introduced in 1974 for presidential primaries and elections. The Federal Elections Commission, created in 1975 by an amendment to the Federal Election Campaign Act has the responsibility to disclose campaign finance information, to enforce the provisions of the law such as the limits and prohibitions on contributions, and to oversee the public funding of U.S. Presidential elections. (en)
  • Estados Unidos se rige por un gobierno federal con dirigentes electos a nivel federal (nacional), estatal y local. A nivel nacional, el jefe de estado, el presidente de los Estados Unidos es electo indirectamente por el pueblo, a través de electores de un Colegio Electoral. Hoy en día, los electores virtualmente siempre votan con el voto popular de su estado. (es)
  • Die Kongresswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten finden in jedem geraden Jahr am Dienstag nach dem 1. November statt. Zur Wahl stehen alle 435 Sitze im Repräsentantenhaus und ein Drittel der 100 Sitze im Senat. In jedem durch vier teilbaren Jahr finden die Kongresswahlen gleichzeitig mit der Wahl des Präsidenten und Vizepräsidenten statt. Kongresswahlen, die nicht gleichzeitig mit der Präsidentschaftswahl stattfinden, werden als mid-term elections bezeichnet, da sie in die Mitte der Amtszeit des Präsidenten fallen. Gehören Präsident und die Mehrheit einer oder beider Kammern des Kongresses verschiedenen Parteien an, spricht man von einem divided government (geteilte Regierung). (de)
  • США управляются федеральным правительством, с выборными представителями на федеральном (общенациональном) уровне, уровне штатов и локальном уровне.Выборы и подготовка к ним — стержневое событие и постоянное событие политической жизни американского общества. Выборными являются свыше 18 тысяч должностей, начиная с президента США и кончая шерифом небольшой сельской общины. Выборы в федеральные органы власти проводятся по всей стране одновременно в ноябре каждого четного года. (ru)
  • Os Estados Unidos tem um governo federal, com representantes sendo eleitos em nível federal (nacional), estadual e local. A nível nacional, o chefe de Estado, que é o Presidente, é eleito de forma indireta pelo povo, através de um colégio eleitoral. Todos os membros da legislatura federal, o Congresso, é eleito por voto direto. Há vários cargos eleitos por voto popular a nível estadual, com cada estado tendo pelo menos um governador e uma legislatura. Também há cargos eleitos em nível local, como em condados e cidades. É estimado que, por todo o país, mais de um milhão de cargos ocupados por pessoas eleitas por voto. Os estados são responsáveis por regulamentar todos os aspectos das eleições locais, incluindo as primárias, a elegibilidade dos eleitores (além do que a constituição já define), o sistema de colégio eleitoral, e o andamento das eleições estaduais e locais. A constituição dos Estados Unidos define (o básico) como as eleições federais funcionam, regulamentados no Artigo Primeiro e Artigo Segundo e em várias outras emendas constitucionais. A questão do financiamento eleitoral é controverso, já que várias empresas e empresários do setor privado contribuem enormes quantidades de dinheiro para as campanhas, em especial as feitas a nível federal. Financiamento público é motivo de grandes debates pelo país. A Comissão Eleitoral Federal, criada em 1975 por uma emenda constitucional, tem a responsabilidade de cuidar da divulgação das informações sobre os financiamentos de campanha, de supervisionar e limitar as doações e contribuições, e supervisionar o financiamento público das eleições presidenciais. (pt)
  • 美國有聯邦政府級別和州級等各層次選舉。美國總統由各州的選舉人團選舉產生。聯邦議會的議員則經由直選產生。各州的州長和立法機構也是經由直接選舉產生。美國憲法規定,除部份犯罪者之外,所有18歲以上的美國公民均擁有選舉權。聯邦選舉有總統選舉、國會選舉(包括眾議院選舉和參議院選舉)。國會選舉和總統選舉均會每四年舉行一次,國會還會每兩年舉行一次中間選舉。美國的選舉中,大多數州長和國會席次都高度集中于共和黨和民主黨兩大政黨。 (zh)
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  • Estados Unidos se rige por un gobierno federal con dirigentes electos a nivel federal (nacional), estatal y local. A nivel nacional, el jefe de estado, el presidente de los Estados Unidos es electo indirectamente por el pueblo, a través de electores de un Colegio Electoral. Hoy en día, los electores virtualmente siempre votan con el voto popular de su estado. (es)
  • США управляются федеральным правительством, с выборными представителями на федеральном (общенациональном) уровне, уровне штатов и локальном уровне.Выборы и подготовка к ним — стержневое событие и постоянное событие политической жизни американского общества. Выборными являются свыше 18 тысяч должностей, начиная с президента США и кончая шерифом небольшой сельской общины. Выборы в федеральные органы власти проводятся по всей стране одновременно в ноябре каждого четного года. (ru)
  • 美國有聯邦政府級別和州級等各層次選舉。美國總統由各州的選舉人團選舉產生。聯邦議會的議員則經由直選產生。各州的州長和立法機構也是經由直接選舉產生。美國憲法規定,除部份犯罪者之外,所有18歲以上的美國公民均擁有選舉權。聯邦選舉有總統選舉、國會選舉(包括眾議院選舉和參議院選舉)。國會選舉和總統選舉均會每四年舉行一次,國會還會每兩年舉行一次中間選舉。美國的選舉中,大多數州長和國會席次都高度集中于共和黨和民主黨兩大政黨。 (zh)
  • The United States is a federal republic, with elected officials at the federal (national), state and local levels. On a national level, the head of state, the President, is elected indirectly by the people, through an Electoral College. Today, the electors virtually always vote with the popular vote of their state. All members of the federal legislature, the Congress, are directly elected. There are many elected offices at state level, each state having at least an elective Governor and legislature. There are also elected offices at the local level, in counties and cities. According to a study by political scientist Jennifer Lawless, there were 519,682 elected officials in the United States as of 2012. (en)
  • Die Kongresswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten finden in jedem geraden Jahr am Dienstag nach dem 1. November statt. Zur Wahl stehen alle 435 Sitze im Repräsentantenhaus und ein Drittel der 100 Sitze im Senat. In jedem durch vier teilbaren Jahr finden die Kongresswahlen gleichzeitig mit der Wahl des Präsidenten und Vizepräsidenten statt. Kongresswahlen, die nicht gleichzeitig mit der Präsidentschaftswahl stattfinden, werden als mid-term elections bezeichnet, da sie in die Mitte der Amtszeit des Präsidenten fallen. (de)
  • Os Estados Unidos tem um governo federal, com representantes sendo eleitos em nível federal (nacional), estadual e local. A nível nacional, o chefe de Estado, que é o Presidente, é eleito de forma indireta pelo povo, através de um colégio eleitoral. Todos os membros da legislatura federal, o Congresso, é eleito por voto direto. Há vários cargos eleitos por voto popular a nível estadual, com cada estado tendo pelo menos um governador e uma legislatura. Também há cargos eleitos em nível local, como em condados e cidades. É estimado que, por todo o país, mais de um milhão de cargos ocupados por pessoas eleitas por voto. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Elections in the United States (en)
  • Kongresswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten (de)
  • Elecciones en Estados Unidos (es)
  • Избирательная система США (ru)
  • Eleições nos Estados Unidos (pt)
  • 美國選舉 (zh)
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