Dominance in ethology is an "individual's preferential access to resources over another." Dominance in the context of biology and anthropology is the state of having high social status relative to one or more other individuals, who react submissively to dominant individuals. This enables the dominant individual to obtain access to resources such as food or potential mates at the expense of the submissive individual, without active aggression. The absence or reduction of aggression means unnecessary energy expenditure and the risk of injury are reduced for both. The opposite of dominance is submissiveness.

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  • الهيمنة في علم السلوك الحيواني هي "تفضيل فرد الوصول إلى الموارد على حساب فرد أخر". الهيمنة في سياق العلم الأحياء والعلم الإنسان هي حالة التمتع برتبة اجتماعية عالية مقارنة بفرد أو أكثر من الأفراد الآخرين، الذين يتفاعلوا بخضوع للأفراد المهيمنة. وهذا يتيح للفرد المهيمن الحصول على الموارد مثل المواد الغذائية أو الأقران المحتملين على حساب الفرد الخاضع، من دون عدوان. غياب أو الحد من العدوان يعني تقليل استهلاك الطاقة غير الضرورية وتقليل خطر الإصابة. على العكس من الهيمنة هو الاستكانة. (ar)
  • Dominance in ethology is an "individual's preferential access to resources over another." Dominance in the context of biology and anthropology is the state of having high social status relative to one or more other individuals, who react submissively to dominant individuals. This enables the dominant individual to obtain access to resources such as food or potential mates at the expense of the submissive individual, without active aggression. The absence or reduction of aggression means unnecessary energy expenditure and the risk of injury are reduced for both. The opposite of dominance is submissiveness. Dominance may be a purely dyadic relationship, i.e. individual A is dominant over individual B, but this has no implications for whether either of these is dominant over a third individual C. Alternatively, dominance may be hierarchical, with a transitive relationship, so that if A dominates B and B dominates C, A always dominates C. This is called a linear dominance hierarchy. Some animal societies have despots, i.e. a single dominant individual with little or no hierarchical structure amongst the rest of the group. Horses use coalitions so that affiliated pairs in a herd have an accumulative dominance to displace a third horse that normally out-ranks both of them on an individual basis. (en)
  • Dominância no contexto da biologia e antropologia, é o estado de ter uma alta posição social em relação a outros indivíduos, que reagem submissamente aos indivíduos dominantes. O oposto de dominância é submissividade. Hierarquias de dominância são encontradas em muitos animais, incluindo primatas tais como os seres humanos. (pt)
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  • December 2009
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  • الهيمنة في علم السلوك الحيواني هي "تفضيل فرد الوصول إلى الموارد على حساب فرد أخر". الهيمنة في سياق العلم الأحياء والعلم الإنسان هي حالة التمتع برتبة اجتماعية عالية مقارنة بفرد أو أكثر من الأفراد الآخرين، الذين يتفاعلوا بخضوع للأفراد المهيمنة. وهذا يتيح للفرد المهيمن الحصول على الموارد مثل المواد الغذائية أو الأقران المحتملين على حساب الفرد الخاضع، من دون عدوان. غياب أو الحد من العدوان يعني تقليل استهلاك الطاقة غير الضرورية وتقليل خطر الإصابة. على العكس من الهيمنة هو الاستكانة. (ar)
  • Dominância no contexto da biologia e antropologia, é o estado de ter uma alta posição social em relação a outros indivíduos, que reagem submissamente aos indivíduos dominantes. O oposto de dominância é submissividade. Hierarquias de dominância são encontradas em muitos animais, incluindo primatas tais como os seres humanos. (pt)
  • Dominance in ethology is an "individual's preferential access to resources over another." Dominance in the context of biology and anthropology is the state of having high social status relative to one or more other individuals, who react submissively to dominant individuals. This enables the dominant individual to obtain access to resources such as food or potential mates at the expense of the submissive individual, without active aggression. The absence or reduction of aggression means unnecessary energy expenditure and the risk of injury are reduced for both. The opposite of dominance is submissiveness. (en)
rdfs:label
  • هيمنة (سلوك حيواني) (ar)
  • Dominance (ethology) (en)
  • Dominância (etologia) (pt)
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