Damascus, commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine, is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo. It borders Quneitra, Daraa and As-Suwayda to the south, Jordan to the east, Homs to the north, and Lebanon to the west. It is also the capital city of one of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant.

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  • Damascus is de hoofdstad van Syrië. Damascus vormt een eigen gouvernement en is tevens de hoofdstad van het gouvernement Rif Dimashq. Het is een van de oudste steden ter wereld, mogelijk dé oudste stad ter wereld. Er wonen 1,8 miljoen mensen in de stad, daarmee is het de op een na grootste stad van Syrië na Aleppo. In het gouvernement wonen ongeveer 2,8 miljoen mensen (2010). In de volksmond heet de stad Sjam.
  • ダマスカスはシリア(シリア・アラブ共和国)の首都。ダマスクスとも表記される。アラビア語ではディマシュク(دمشق Dimashq)で、別名をシャーム(الشام al-sham)という。日本語の聖書翻訳の慣行ではダマスコと表記する。「世界一古くから人が住み続けている都市」として知られる。カシオン山の山麓、バラダ川沿いに城壁で囲まれた古代から続く都市と新市街が広がる。現在の人口は約200万人といわれるが、都市圏全体では400万人に迫るといわれる。
  • Damaszek – stolica oraz największe miasto Syrii – 1,71 mln mieszkańców (XII 2009), cały zespół miejski – 4,36 mln mieszkańców (2007). Leży w południowo-zachodniej części kraju, w oazie nad rzeką Barada u podnóża gór Antyliban, na skraju Pustyni Syryjskiej. Jest to największy ośrodek przemysłowy i naukowy w Syrii, jedno z czterech świętych miast islamu, znaczący ośrodek handlowy. Aglomeracja Damaszku stanowi wydzieloną jednostką administracyjną Syrii. Damaszek jest jednym z najstarszych ciągle zamieszkanych miast na świecie (pierwotnie zasiedlonym w VIII tysiącleciu p.n.e. ), jak również kulturalnym i religijnym centrum orientu. W Syrii nazywany jest Damaszek często الشام aš-Šām, w pozostałych państwach arabskich nazwa ta kojarzona jest bezpośrednio z Syrią. Historycznie zaś odnosi się do większego regionu, mianowicie całego lewantu.
  • Damaskus är huvudstaden i Syrien. Staden utgör en egen administrativ enhet, Madinah Dimashq, på samma nivå som landets provinser och har cirka 1,7 miljoner invånare (2009). Damaskus är samtidigt administrativ huvudort för Rif Dimashq, den provins (muhafazah) som omger staden. Gamla staden i Damaskus blev 1980 uppsatt på Unescos världsarvslista. Staden har fått ge namn åt bland annat vävtekniken damast, smidestekniken damaskering och damaskenerstålet, plommonet Prunus Damascena samt damascenerrosorna.
  • Damaskus [daˈmaskʊs] ist die Hauptstadt von Syrien und des Gouvernements Rif Dimaschq (Umgebung von Damaskus). Die Stadt hat offiziell 1.834.741 Einwohner, in der Agglomeration leben offiziell 2.831.738 Menschen (Stand jeweils 1. Januar 2010). Inoffizielle Schätzungen gehen oft von einer wesentlich höheren Einwohnerzahl aus. Die Hauptstadt bildet ein eigenständiges Gouvernement. Es wird von einem Gouverneur regiert, der vom Innenminister ernannt wird. Damaskus ist eine der ältesten kontinuierlich bewohnten Städte der Welt sowie ein kulturelles und religiöses Zentrum des Orients. In Syrien selbst wird Damaskus häufig ‏الشام‎ / aš-Šām genannt; in der restlichen arabischen Welt wird dieser Name oft für das Land Syrien verwendet. Historisch steht er für die gesamte Levante.
  • Damascus, commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine, is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo. It borders Quneitra, Daraa and As-Suwayda to the south, Jordan to the east, Homs to the north, and Lebanon to the west. It is also the capital city of one of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 (2009 est.). Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate due to the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus. First settled in the 2nd millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries. During the ongoing civil war in Syria, Damascus has witnessed intense anti-government protests and violent government responses in which thousands of people died.
  • La ciudad de Damasco, comúnmente conocida en Siria como ash-Sham y apodada la Ciudad del Jazmín, es la capital de la República Árabe Siria. Damasco es la ciudad contínuamente habitada más antigua del mundo. Entre sus atractivos turísticos sobresale la tumba de Saladino, el célebre defensor de la Tierra Santa durante la época de las cruzadas. La ciudad es actualmente sede de tres de los cinco patriarcados orientales que reclaman la sucesión histórica de la sede de la antigua capital siria, Antioquía: el Patriarcado Greco-Ortodoxo (Iglesia de Antioquía), el Patriarcado Greco-Católico Melquita y el Patriarcado Siro-Ortodoxo Jacobita.
  • Damas est la capitale de la Syrie. En arabe la ville s'appelle Dimashq ach-Cham ou simplement Dimashq. La ville même compte plus de 1 700 000 habitants pour une agglomération qui dépasse les 2 600 000 habitants et son territoire correspond au muhafazat (gouvernorat ou province) de Damas-Ville. Damas est la plus ancienne ville continuellement habitée.
  • Damasco è la capitale della Siria. Città storica, nata nello stesso periodo delle civiltà mesopotamiche, in origine la sua popolazione era costituita da genti di stirpe semitica orientale, successivamente note come Aramei. È considerata, al pari di Gerico, la più antica città del mondo fra quelle abitate in maniera continuativa. Con circa 1.600.000 abitanti è la seconda città più popolata del Paese dopo Aleppo, mentre l'area metropolitana, con oltre 5.000.000 di abitanti, è la più popolata della Siria. Città bizantina fino alla conquista araba, attuata dall'esercito musulmano guidato da Khālid b. al-Walīd, da Abū ʿUbayda b. al-Jarrāh, Yazīd b. Abī Sufyān, Shurahbīl b. Hasana e da ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀs Damasco si arrese per accordo, conservando così la libertà di culto e i titoli di proprietà dei suoi abitanti (anche se all'epoca del califfo omayyade al-Walīd I ibn ʿAbd al-Malik si disse che una parte della città, inconsapevole delle trattative era stata conquistata manu militari, legittimando le autorità musulmane ad espropriare del tutto l'area sacra su cui sorgeva la cattedrale di San Giovanni Battista, trasformata nella Moschea degli Omayyadi). Damasco fu dal 661 al 750 la capitale del califfato omayyade e fu solo con la vittoria degli Abbasidi che la sede califfale fu spostata a Baghdād. Declinò politicamente per tutto il periodo abbaside, per riacquistare importanza nel periodo ayyubide e mamelucco. In età ottomana decadde del tutto, trasformandosi in una cittadina di nessuna rilevanza economica, pur mantenendo un certo prestigio culturale. Damasco è stata eletta capitale araba della cultura per il 2008.
  • Damasco é a capital da Síria, e um dos 14 distritos do país. O distrito de Damasco é administrado por um governador indicado pelo Ministro do Interior. Além de ser considerada a (escavações comprovam uma ocupação contínua de mais de 5.000 anos), é um dos principais centros culturais e religiosos do Levante. Em 2010, tem uma população estimada em cerca de 1 669 000 habitantes. Localiza-se no sudoeste da Síria, e é o centro de uma grande área metropolitana de 4,8 milhões de pessoas. Geograficamente, encontra-se nos sopés orientais da cordilheira do Antilíbano, a 80 quilômetros da costa oriental do mar Mediterrâneo, sobre um planalto situado a 680 metros acima do nível do mar. Apresenta um clima semi-árido, devido ao efeito de sombra de chuva. A cidade é cruzada pelo rio Barada. Colonizada pela primeira vez no segundo milênio a.C. , foi escolhida como capital do Califado Omíada entre 661 e 750. Após a vitória da dinastia Abássida, a sede do poder islâmico mudou-se para Bagdá, e Damasco experimentou um declínio político por todo o período, reconquistando importância durante os períodos aiúbida e mameluco. Durante o governo otomano, a cidade entrou em completa decadência, embora tenha mantido algum prestígio cultural. Atualmente é sede do governo central e de todos os ministérios governamentais. Em 2008 foi escolhida como a Capital Árabe da Cultura.
  • Дама́ск (араб. دمشق‎‎, приблизительная транскрипция «Дима́шк»; сирийцы также называют араб. دمشق الشام‎‎ — «Димашк-эш-Шам») — столица и второй по величине город в Сирии. Расположен в юго-западной Сирии рядом с восточным предгорьем Восточно-ливанской горной гряды на Восточном плато (высота 680 метров над уровнем моря) в нижнем течении реки Ба́рада, где она разделяется на семь рукавов. Дамаск территориально расположен в субтропическом поясе, тем не менее, несмотря на близость Средиземного моря, климат жаркий и засушливый. Дамаск — один из старейших городов мира — первые упоминания относятся к 2500 году до нашей эры. Кроме того, Дамаск является крупным культурным и религиозным центром Леванта (от древ. фр.  Soleil levant — «восход солнца», в традиционном русском переводе — Обетова́нная земля́).
  • 大马士革(阿拉伯语官方名称为:دمشق ;非正式的名称沙姆大马士革,有时被直称为沙姆 الشام;在中文和合本《聖經》中則翻為大馬色;阿拉米语:ܕܪܡܣܘܩ,英语:Damascus),亚洲国家叙利亚首都,也是全世界最古老的有人持续居住城市(至今4000多年)。
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  • Damascus is de hoofdstad van Syrië. Damascus vormt een eigen gouvernement en is tevens de hoofdstad van het gouvernement Rif Dimashq. Het is een van de oudste steden ter wereld, mogelijk dé oudste stad ter wereld. Er wonen 1,8 miljoen mensen in de stad, daarmee is het de op een na grootste stad van Syrië na Aleppo. In het gouvernement wonen ongeveer 2,8 miljoen mensen (2010). In de volksmond heet de stad Sjam.
  • Damaskus [daˈmaskʊs] ist die Hauptstadt von Syrien und des Gouvernements Rif Dimaschq (Umgebung von Damaskus). Die Stadt hat offiziell 1.834.741 Einwohner, in der Agglomeration leben offiziell 2.831.738 Menschen (Stand jeweils 1. Januar 2010). Inoffizielle Schätzungen gehen oft von einer wesentlich höheren Einwohnerzahl aus. Die Hauptstadt bildet ein eigenständiges Gouvernement. Es wird von einem Gouverneur regiert, der vom Innenminister ernannt wird.
  • Damaszek – stolica oraz największe miasto Syrii – 1,71 mln mieszkańców (XII 2009), cały zespół miejski – 4,36 mln mieszkańców (2007). Leży w południowo-zachodniej części kraju, w oazie nad rzeką Barada u podnóża gór Antyliban, na skraju Pustyni Syryjskiej. Jest to największy ośrodek przemysłowy i naukowy w Syrii, jedno z czterech świętych miast islamu, znaczący ośrodek handlowy. Aglomeracja Damaszku stanowi wydzieloną jednostką administracyjną Syrii.
  • ダマスカスはシリア(シリア・アラブ共和国)の首都。ダマスクスとも表記される。アラビア語ではディマシュク(دمشق Dimashq)で、別名をシャーム(الشام al-sham)という。日本語の聖書翻訳の慣行ではダマスコと表記する。「世界一古くから人が住み続けている都市」として知られる。カシオン山の山麓、バラダ川沿いに城壁で囲まれた古代から続く都市と新市街が広がる。現在の人口は約200万人といわれるが、都市圏全体では400万人に迫るといわれる。
  • Damaskus är huvudstaden i Syrien. Staden utgör en egen administrativ enhet, Madinah Dimashq, på samma nivå som landets provinser och har cirka 1,7 miljoner invånare (2009). Damaskus är samtidigt administrativ huvudort för Rif Dimashq, den provins (muhafazah) som omger staden. Gamla staden i Damaskus blev 1980 uppsatt på Unescos världsarvslista.
  • Damascus, commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham and nicknamed as the City of Jasmine, is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo. It borders Quneitra, Daraa and As-Suwayda to the south, Jordan to the east, Homs to the north, and Lebanon to the west. It is also the capital city of one of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant.
  • La ciudad de Damasco, comúnmente conocida en Siria como ash-Sham y apodada la Ciudad del Jazmín, es la capital de la República Árabe Siria. Damasco es la ciudad contínuamente habitada más antigua del mundo. Entre sus atractivos turísticos sobresale la tumba de Saladino, el célebre defensor de la Tierra Santa durante la época de las cruzadas.
  • Damas est la capitale de la Syrie. En arabe la ville s'appelle Dimashq ach-Cham ou simplement Dimashq. La ville même compte plus de 1 700 000 habitants pour une agglomération qui dépasse les 2 600 000 habitants et son territoire correspond au muhafazat (gouvernorat ou province) de Damas-Ville. Damas est la plus ancienne ville continuellement habitée.
  • Damasco è la capitale della Siria. Città storica, nata nello stesso periodo delle civiltà mesopotamiche, in origine la sua popolazione era costituita da genti di stirpe semitica orientale, successivamente note come Aramei. È considerata, al pari di Gerico, la più antica città del mondo fra quelle abitate in maniera continuativa.
  • Damasco é a capital da Síria, e um dos 14 distritos do país. O distrito de Damasco é administrado por um governador indicado pelo Ministro do Interior. Além de ser considerada a (escavações comprovam uma ocupação contínua de mais de 5.000 anos), é um dos principais centros culturais e religiosos do Levante. Em 2010, tem uma população estimada em cerca de 1 669 000 habitantes. Localiza-se no sudoeste da Síria, e é o centro de uma grande área metropolitana de 4,8 milhões de pessoas.
  • Дама́ск (араб. دمشق‎‎, приблизительная транскрипция «Дима́шк»; сирийцы также называют араб. دمشق الشام‎‎ — «Димашк-эш-Шам») — столица и второй по величине город в Сирии. Расположен в юго-западной Сирии рядом с восточным предгорьем Восточно-ливанской горной гряды на Восточном плато (высота 680 метров над уровнем моря) в нижнем течении реки Ба́рада, где она разделяется на семь рукавов.
  • 大马士革(阿拉伯语官方名称为:دمشق ;非正式的名称沙姆大马士革,有时被直称为沙姆 الشام;在中文和合本《聖經》中則翻為大馬色;阿拉米语:ܕܪܡܣܘܩ,英语:Damascus),亚洲国家叙利亚首都,也是全世界最古老的有人持续居住城市(至今4000多年)。
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  • Damascus
  • Damaszek
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  • Damasco
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